Executive Order 12898, signed on February 11, 1994, requires Federal agencies to achieve EJ by identifying and addressing disproportionately high and adverse human health and environmental effects, including interrelated social and economic effects, of their programs, policies, and activities on minority populations and low-income populations.

Order 5610.2, EJ for Minority Populations & Low Income Populations, describes the process for incorporating EJ principles into all existing DOT programs, policies, and activities. Therefore, airport sponsors must take into consideration EJ impacts to surrounding populations regarding airport noise, airport construction, or other adverse human health and environmental effects.

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