November 17 - FAA officials met recently with business aviation operators at the William J. Hughes Technical Center to highlight ways the agency is making it easier for corporate jets to fly in and out of the New York area.
Attendees of the Business Aviation Forum learned how the FAA is improving the efficiency of the region's airspace, helping smaller planes avoid departure delays and increasing safety at satellite airports in the New York region.
They also heard how collaboration can create and foster initiatives that will cut down the region's delays.
"It is imperative that business aviation collaborate closely with the FAA and the Port Authority to implement procedures that are designed to reduce delays and improve throughput at regional airports," said Peter Bellini, a project manager for the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey's Airport Delay Reduction Program.
One way the FAA will increase efficiency in the New York area is through NextGen procedures, including Area Navigation, or RNAV, and Required Navigation Performance, or RNP.
Warren Strickland, the New York Area program integration officer, said the FAA plans to publish an RNAV departure procedure next year for Runway 4L at Newark Liberty International Airport.
The new procedure will deconflict the airspace, Strickland said, and prevent departures at Newark from impacting arrivals at Teterboro Airport, a busy business aviation facility only 10 miles from Newark.
It will also add a layer of safety to the operation. RNAV waypoints with altitude crossing restrictions will allow both Newark departures and Teterboro arrivals to operate independently.
Currently, when bad weather forces Kennedy International Airport to use the instrument landing system to Runway 13L, LaGuardia Airport in turn must use its ILS to Runway 13, and changes must be made to procedures at Newark and Teterboro.
The situation makes it necessary for Newark and Teterboro to share airspace - either stopping Newark departures to make room for Teterboro arrivals, or holding Teterboro arrivals to create space for Newark departures.
The RNAV procedure should help the two airports reduce delays caused by the sharing, and operate more efficiently and safely.
The FAA is also planning to implement an RNP procedure next year for arrivals headed to runways 13L and 13R at Kennedy. Though Kennedy is 20 miles away from Teterboro, use of the ILS approach to 13L during bad weather causes a domino effect of runway configuration changes at LaGuardia and Newark that eventually impact Teterboro's arrivals.
The RNP procedure will allow planes to fly a different flight path than the ILS 13L to Kennedy, preventing that chain reaction from beginning.
To keep corporate jets from waiting on the ground during severe weather or periods of heavy volume, the FAA created the tactical route coordinator, or TRC, position at the New York TRACON, said Ralph Tamburro, the facility's traffic management officer.
The TRC focuses on finding clear routes out of the region for pilots of private jets, who are often willing to fly farther to get to their destination if it means taking off sooner.
The TRC position has been in place for a couple years and has been a great benefit to the business aviation community, according to Ed Bolen, president of the National Business Aviation Association.
Based on that success, the FAA will expand the TRC to cover all the satellite airports in the region, Tamburro said.
In addition to using NextGen to deconflict the area's airspace, the FAA is also looking to features of NextGen to allow planes to land at general aviation airports in reduced visibility conditions.
Localizer Performance with Vertical guidance, or LPV, is a satellite-based system that provides the same navigational service as an Instrument Landing System. But LPV is much cheaper than an ILS because it doesn't require any navigational equipment to be installed at the runway.
The FAA is planning to publish an LPV procedure in February for Morristown Municipal Airport, a general aviation airport in New Jersey 20 miles west of New York City. And the agency is looking into a similar procedure for Teterboro.
The improved guidance provided by the LPV procedures will enhance safety at both airports, Strickland said.
The FAA is also looking into allowing special authorization CAT II procedures at Teterboro and Westchester County Airport in New York. Those procedures would make it possible for planes to land when the cloud deck is at 100 feet.