Canada Border Crossing


New U.S. Customs Procedures for cross-border operations to and from the United States - Began on May 18, 2009

See the eAPIS Tutorial on the U.S. Customs web site at: The eAPIS Web site


Entering USA/Alaska

PILOTS MUST HAVE:

  1. Pilot Certificate - Private or above
  2. Current Medical Certificate
  3. Proof of citizenship

AIRCRAFT MUST HAVE:

  1. Radio station license and operator's permit.
  2. Transponder. See latest NOTAMs.

TO CLEAR THE BORDER:

  1. File a U.S. flight plan to allow Customs notification at least 2 hrs. prior to ETA. Include a request for Customs notification on flight plan.
  2. Use flight plan form or give the following information:
    • Type of flight - IFR or VFR
    • Type of aircraft
    • Departure point from Canada
    • U.S. Destination
    • Number of people on board and citizenship
    • ETA at U.S. Border
    • Pilot's last name
    • Customs notification in remarks section.
  3. At least 30 minutes advance notice required by U.S. Customs for changes of ETA via radio, fax through FSS, or a direct call to U.S. Customs (1-800-98CLEAR).

ALASKA:

  • Be sure to carry current VFR, IFR and approach charts as appropriate. Navigation facilities and radar coverage are limited in Alaska. Be prepared to assume responsibility for your own navigation. Do not take unnecessary risks.
  • Special Air Traffic Rules apply at Ketchikan and Anchorage. See the Alaska Supplement for further information. For the latest information, contact the nearest FSS.

THIS INFORMATION SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.

Entering Canada

PILOTS MUST HAVE:

  • Pilot Certificate - Private or above
  • Current Medical Certificate
  • Proof of citizenship

AIRCRAFT MUST HAVE:

  1. Current airworthiness/registration certicates. Experimental aircraft must validate airworthiness certificate with Transport Canada prior to entry. Ferry flights must contact Transport Canada prior to entry.
  2. Radio station license and operator's permit. Two-way radio for flight in controlled airspace. Mode C transponder for flight in class A, B, C and some class D airspace.
  3. Operating limitations, weight and balance documentation.
  4. Public liability and private aircraft passengers liability insurance certificate. Owner's written permission for renters.

TO CLEAR THE BORDER:

  1. File a flight plan to an approved airport of entry (AOE). Arrive within established Customs service hours to avoid callout charges.
  2. Call 1-888-CANPASS (226-7277) with estimated time of arrival (ETA) between 1 and 72 hrs. before entering Canada. Alternate number (604) 363-0343.
  3. Notify Customs if ETA changes significantly. Notify Customs or RMCP if weather or emergency forces a change in destination.
  4. Contact Customs at 1-888-CANPASS immediately upon arrival.
  5. Proof of citizenship required for all persons on board.
  6. Papers required for pets over three months.

NOTABLE DIFFERENCES:

  • Visual flight rules (VFR) in controlled airspace: 3 mi. vis. 500 ft. vertically and 1 mi. horizontally from cloud, at least 500 ft. AGL in control zones.
  • Class C airspace: clearance required prior to entry.
  • Class F airspace: CYR - STAY OUT; CYA - proceed with caution. Canadian VFR over the top rules differ from U.S. VFR on top.

REFER TO CANADA FLIGHT SUPPLEMENT (CFS) FOR:

  • Aerodrome Directory
  • Mandatory and Aerdrome Traffic Frequencies (MF/ATF)
  • Customs AOEs
  • Intercept signals
  • Search and Rescue signals
  • Refer to Canadian Aviation Regulations before flight in Canada.

THIS DOCUMENT APPLIES TO OVERFLIGHT AND LANDING AND IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE WITHOUT NOTICE.