Ground Based Augmentation System - How It Works
GBAS is comprised of ground equipment and avionics. The ground equipment includes 4 reference receivers, a GBAS ground facility, and a VHF data broadcast transmitter. This ground equipment is complemented by GBAS avionics installed on the aircraft.
Signals from GPS satellites are received by the GBAS GPS Reference Receivers (4 receivers for each GBAS) at the GBAS-equipped airport. The reference receivers calculate their position using GPS.
The GPS Reference Receivers and GBAS Ground Facility work together to measure errors in GPS-provided position. The GBAS Ground Facility produces a GBAS correction message based on the difference between actual and GPS-calculated position. Included in this message is suitable integrity parameters and approach path information.
This GBAS correction message is then sent to a VHF data broadcast (VDB) transmitter.
The VDB broadcasts the GBAS signal throughout the GBAS coverage area to avionics in GBAS-equipped aircraft. GBAS provides its service to a local area (approximately a 20-30 mile radius). The signal coverage is designed support the aircraft's transition from en route airspace into and throughout the terminal area airspace.The GBAS equipment in the aircraft uses the corrections provided on position, velocity, and time to guide the aircraft safely to the runway. This signal provides ILS-look-alike guidance as low as 200 feet above touchdown. GBAS will eventually support landings all the way to the runway surface.
Page Last Modified: 08/23/10 09:32 EDT
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