U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

ORDER
JO 7400.2K
Effective Date:
April 3, 2014
 
     

Subject:  Procedures for Handling Airspace Matters
This Basic includes Change 1 effective 7/24/14.

 

Section 2. Authority and Order Use

1-2-1. POLICY

The navigable airspace is a limited national resource that Congress has charged the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to administer in the public interest as necessary to ensure the safety of aircraft and its efficient use. Although the FAA must protect the public's right of freedom of transit through the airspace, full consideration must be given to all airspace users, to include national defense; commercial and general aviation; and space operations. Accordingly, while a sincere effort must be made to negotiate equitable solutions to conflicts over the use of the airspace for nonaviation purposes, preservation of the navigable airspace for aviation must be the primary emphasis.

1-2-2. AUTHORITY AND APPLICABILITY

The authority for the procedures and associated rules and regulations addressed in this order are provided in 49 U.S.C. Subtitle VII, Aviation Programs, Part A - Air Commerce and Safety, and Part B - Airport Development and Noise:

a. Section 40101, Policy.

b. Section 40102, Definitions.

c. Section 40103, Sovereignty and Use of Airspace, and the Public Right of Transit.

d. Section 40106(a), Deviations From Regulations.

e. Section 40109, Authority to Exempt.

f. Section 40113, Administrative.

g. Section 44501(a), Long Range Plans and Policy Requirements.

h. Section 44502, General Facilities and Personnel Authority.

i. Section 44502(c), Military Construction, Rockets, and Missiles.

j. Section 44718, Structures Interfering with Air Commerce.

k. Section 44719, Standards for Navigational Aids.

l. Section 44720, Meteorological Services.

m. Section 44721, Aeronautical Maps and Charts.

n. Section 46104(e), Designating Employees to Conduct Hearings.

o. Section 46301, Civil Penalties.

p. Section 46308, Interference with Air Navigation.

q. Chapter 471, Airport Development - All of Subchapters I and II.

r. Chapter 475, Noise - All of Subchapters I and II.

1-2-3. FUNCTIONAL RESPONSIBILITIES

Functional responsibilities of headquarters and regional/service area organizations referred to in this order are detailed in Order 1100.1, FAA Organization  - Policies and Standards; Order 1100.2, Organization - FAA Headquarters; and Order 1100.5, FAA Organization - Field.

1-2-4. TITLE 14 CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (CFR) REFERENCES

a. Part 11, General Rulemaking Procedures.

b. Part 71, Designation of Class A, B, C, D, and E Airspace Areas; Air Traffic Service Routes; and Reporting Points.

c. Part 73, Special Use Airspace.

d. Part 77, Objects Affecting Navigable Airspace.

e. Part 91, General Operating and Flight Rules.

f. Part 93, Special Air Traffic Rules.

g. Part 95, IFR Altitudes.

h. Part 97, Standard Instrument Approach Procedures.

i. Part 101, Moored Balloons, Kites, Unmanned Rockets and Unmanned Free Balloons.

j. Part 152, Airport Aid Program.

k. Part 157, Notice of Construction, Alteration, Activation, and Deactivation of Airports.

l. Chapter III, Commercial Space Transportation.

m. Chapter V, National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

1-2-5. WORD USAGE

The concept of word usage and intended meaning as used in this order is set forth below:

a. “Shall" or “must" means an action/procedure is mandatory.

b. “Shall not" or “must not" means an action/procedure is prohibited.

c. “Should" is used when application is recommended.

d. “May" and “need not" are used when application is optional.

e. “Will" is used only to indicate futurity, never to indicate any degree of requirement for application of a procedure.

f. “Navigable airspace" is airspace at or above the minimum altitudes of flight prescribed by the Code of Federal Regulations, and must include airspace needed to ensure safety in the takeoff and landing of aircraft. By policy, the term “airspace above minimum altitudes of flight" is interpreted to mean “airspace at or above minimum flight altitudes."

g. “Controlled airspace" is a generic term used to describe Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D, and Class E airspace.

1-2-6. ABBREVIATIONS

As used in this manual, TBL 1-2-1 contains abbreviations found in this order and their meanings.

TBL 1-2-1
FAA Order JO 7400.2 Abbreviations

Abbreviation

Meaning

A/FD

Airport/Facility Directory

AAS

Office of Airport Safety and Standards

ADO

Airport District Office

AE

Airport Elevation

AeroNav

Aeronautical Navigation Products

AFS

Flight Standards Service

AGC

Office of the Chief Counsel

AGL

Above Ground Level

AIM

Aeronautical Information Management

ALP

Airport Layout Plan

APO

Office of Aviation Policy and Plans

APP

Office of Airport Planning and Programming

ARP

Airport Reference Point

ARSR

Air Route Surveillance Radar

ARTCC

Air Route Traffic Control Center

ARU

Airborne Radar Unit

ASR

Spectrum Policy and Management

AST

Office of Commercial Space Transportation

ATC

Air Traffic Control

ATCAA

Air Traffic Control Assigned Airspace

ATCRBS

Air Traffic Control Radar Beacon System

ATCSCC

David J. Hurley Air Traffic Control System Command Center

ATCT

Airport Traffic Control Tower

ATO

Air Traffic Organization

ATREP

Air Traffic Representative

CARF

Central Altitude Reservation Function

CDRH

Center for Devices and Radiological Health

CFA

Controlled Firing Area

CFZ

Critical Flight Zone

CFR

Code of Federal Regulations

CP

Construction Permit

DF

Directional Finder

DME

Distance Measuring Equipment

DMS

Docket Management System

DNE

Does Not Exceed

DNH

Determination of No Hazard

DOD

Department of Defense

DOH

Determination of Hazard

EBO

Exceeds But Okay

EMI

Electromagnetic Interference

ERP

Effective Radiated Power

FAAO

Federal Aviation Administration Order

FACSFAC

Fleet Area Control and Surveillance Facility

FCC

Federal Communications Commission

FDA

Food and Drug Administration

FL

Flight Level

FPT

Flight Procedures Team

FSDO

Flight Standards District Office

FSS

Flight Service Station

GAO

Government Accountability Office

HIL

High Intensity Light

IAP

Instrument Approach Procedure

ICAO

International Civil Aviation Organization

IFR

Instrument Flight Rules

ILS

Instrument Landing System

IR

IFR Military Training Route

IRAC

Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee

J

Joule

L/MF

Low/Medium Frequency

LFZ

Laser Free Zone

LLWG

Local Laser Working Group

LMM

Middle Compass Locator

LOA

Letter of Agreement

LOD

Letter of Determination

LOM

Outer Compass Locator

LSO

Laser Safety Officer

MAJCOM

Military Major Command

MCA

Minimum Crossing Altitude

MCP

Minimum Crossing Point

MEA

Minimum En Route Altitude

MHA

Minimum Holding Altitude

MIA

Minimum IFR Altitude

MLS

Microwave Landing System

MOA

Military Operations Area

MOCA

Minimum Obstruction Clearance Altitude

MPE

Maximum Permissible Exposure

MRAD

Milliradian

MRU

Military Radar Unit

MSA

Minimum Safe Altitude

MSL

Mean Sea Level

MTR

Military Training Route

MVA

Minimum Vectoring Altitude

NAD

North American Datum

NAS

National Airspace System

NASA

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

NAVAID

Navigational Aid

NDB

Nondirectional Radio Beacon

NEPA

National Environmental Policy Act

NFDD

National Flight Data Digest

NFZ

Normal Flight Zone

NM

Nautical Mile

NPH

Notice of Presumed Hazard

NOHD

Nominal Ocular Hazard Distance

NOTAM

Notice to Airmen

NPIAS

National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems

NPRM

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking

NR

Nonrulemaking

NRA

Nonrulemaking Airport

NSA

National Security Area

NWS

National Weather Service

OE

Obstruction Evaluation

OE/AAA

Obstruction Evaluation/Airport Airspace Analysis

OFZ

Obstacle Free Zone

PAPI

Precision Approach Path Indicator

PFC

Passenger Facility Charge

PL

Public Law

PSR

Project Status Request

RBS

Radar Bomb Site

REIL

Runway End Identifier Lights

RNAV

Area Navigation

ROFA

Runway Object Free Area

RPZ

Runway Protection Zone

RVR

Runway Visual Range

RVV

Runway Visibility Value

SFZ

Sensitive Flight Zone

SIAP

Standard Instrument Approach Procedure

SMO

System Maintenance and Operations

SR

Scientific/Research Lasers

STAR

Standard Terminal Arrival Route

SUA

Special Use Airspace

TERABA

Termination/Abandoned Letter

TEREXP

Termination/Expired Letter

TERPS

United States Standard for Terminal Instrument Procedures

TERPSR

Termination Project Status Letter

TOFA

Taxiway Object Free Area

USC

United States Code

UTC

Coordinated Universal Time

VASI

Visual Approach Slope Indicator

VFR

Visual Flight Rule

VGSI

Visual Glide Scope Indicator

VOR

Very High Frequency Omnidirectional Range

VORTAC

Very High Frequency Omni-Directional Radio Range and Tactical Air Navigation Aid

VR

VFR Military Training Route

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