U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
Air Traffic Organization Policy

ORDER
JO 7210.3
Y
Effective Date:
April 3, 2014
 
     
Subject:  Facility Operation and Administration
       

Section 10. VFR Waypoint Chart Program

11-10-1. POLICY

a. The VFR Waypoint Chart Program was established to provide VFR pilots with a supplemental tool to assist with position awareness while navigating visually in aircraft equipped with area navigation (RNAV) receivers. The program's purpose is to enhance safety, reduce pilot deviations, and provide navigation aids for pilots unfamiliar with an area in or around Class B, Class C, and Special Use Airspace (SUA). The use of VFR waypoints does not relieve the pilot of any responsibility to comply with the requirements of 14 CFR Part 91.

b. This program contains the process for developing and submitting requests for inclusion of VFR waypoints on VFR navigational charts.

11-10-2. DEFINITION

A VFR waypoint is a predetermined geographical point depicted on a chart for transitioning and/or circumventing controlled and/or SUA, that is defined relative to a visual reporting point or in terms of latitude/longitude coordinates.

11-10-3. CRITERIA

Use the following criteria for establishing VFR waypoints on VFR navigation charts. Establishment of VFR waypoints should be minimized to reduce chart clutter and complexity. RNAV and Global Positioning System aircraft will more accurately fly over a specific point and this should be considered when developing VFR waypoints. Avoid placement of VFR waypoints directly over heavily populated or sensitive structures or areas; e.g., hospitals, government buildings, schools, power plants, etc.

a. Applications.

1. Avoidance of specific airspace; e.g., Class B, SUA, etc. VFR waypoints must not be used to define airspace boundaries.

2. Support VFR flyway routes with entry and exit points, and, when necessary, intermediate waypoints.

NOTE-
For VFR routes, refer to Section 7, Terminal Area VFR Route Program.

3. Assist in identifying VFR checkpoints (visual reporting points) where the associated landmark is difficult to discern.

NOTE-
When a VFR waypoint is associated with a VFR checkpoint, the name of that checkpoint must be used in ATC communications.

4. Guidance for the development of VFR waypoints to identify mountain passes/routes is or will be provided in Flight Standards' directives.

5. VFR waypoints are not for use in ATC communications; therefore, the VFR waypoint names are not pronounceable. If it is desired that a VFR waypoint be used for communications, then a new VFR checkpoint must be established. VFR checkpoints can be established by submitting a letter to System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management, describing the checkpoint and providing the latitude/longitude location.

6. VFR waypoints must not be used for those navigational aids, airports, etc., which currently exist in the National Flight Data Center database. When a VFR waypoint is desired where a fix already exists in the database, locate the VFR waypoint in the general vicinity considered the next most desired location.

b. VFR chart depiction:

1. VFR waypoint names (for computer-entry and flight plans) consist of five letters beginning with the letters “VP” and are retrievable from navigation databases.

2. VFR waypoints associated with VFR checkpoints will not have the waypoint symbology depicted; the Interagency Air Cartographic Committee (IACC) checkpoint symbol will remain. Only the five-letter identifier will be charted next to the name of the checkpoint.

3. VFR waypoints will be illustrated using the IACC waypoint symbology.

4. The latitude/longitude for each waypoint will be published in the Airport/Facility Directory (A/FD) and on one of the panels of the appropriate chart.

11-10-4. RESPONSIBILITIES

a. Proponent. Any interested party may recommend the addition of VFR waypoints to VFR navigation charts or helicopter charts via the appropriate air traffic facility.

b. Air traffic facilities must:

1. Prepare VFR waypoint recommendations. The most important task in preparing the recommendation is coordination with local aviation interests; i.e., Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Flight Standards District Office, Flight Service Station (FSS), military, law enforcement, etc.

NOTE-
As FSSs play an integral part in the VFR flight planning process, they may serve as a valuable resource in identifying VFR waypoint recommendations.

2. After consensus with all affected air traffic facilities and local aviation interests on the need and location of the proposed VFR waypoints, submit a package to the respective Terminal Operations Area Office containing:

(a) A new or revised VFR navigation chart depicting the location and five-letter name of each waypoint/checkpoint.

(b) A completed FAA Form 8260-2, Radio Fix and Holding Data Record, in accordance with FAAO 8260.19, Flight Procedures and Airspace. A list of VFR waypoint five-letter names can be obtained from the Terminal Operations Service Area offices obtain five-letter names from System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management. Flight checks are not required.

(c) A camera-ready textual description of each waypoint including the name. Contact the Terminal Operations Area Office for assistance in preparing this document.

(d) A 7 1/2-minute quadrangle chart or obstruction evaluation (OE)/airport airspace analysis (AAA) Geographical Information System (GIS) graphics with the precise point of the VFR waypoint depicted. It is critical that the depictions be easily readable by the Technical Operations Aviation Systems Standards, National Aeronautical Charting office, in order to verify the position for accurate charting. If using OE/AAA GIS graphics, provide the applicable 7 1/2-minute quadrangle map names. Contact the Terminal Operations Area Office for assistance in preparing this chart.

(e) Justification/supporting rationale.

c. The Terminal Operations Area Office must:

1. Provide assistance to the air traffic facility, when requested, to prepare the camera-ready textual description of each waypoint including the name and/or to depict the VFR waypoints on a 7 1/2-minute quadrangle chart.

2. Approve the VFR waypoint charting and ensure compliance with the prescribed criteria. If approval is granted, the Terminal Operations Area Office must forward the package to System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management at least 12 weeks prior to the planned implementation date. The planned implementation date must coincide with a publication date of the respective VFR navigation chart.

3. Coordinate overall activity when multiple facilities are affected by the planned use of VFR waypoints such as numerous VFR waypoints on a VFR chart.

4. Maintain the VFR waypoint forms (FAA Form 8260-2, Radio Fix and Holding Data Record) to include corrections, changes, or modifications, as necessary.

5. Conduct annual reviews.

d. System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management must:

1. Review the incoming VFR waypoint proposals for completeness.

2. Verify that the requested five-letter “VP” combinations are available for use.

3. Forward the package to National Aeronautical Charting for verification of the geographic positions.

4. Upon verification, National Aeronautical Charting must notify System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management prior to publication in the National Flight Data Digest (NFDD).

5. Maintain VFR waypoint forms (FAA Form 8260-2) to include corrections, changes, or modifications, as necessary.

e. National Aeronautical Charting must:

1. Review the incoming VFR waypoint proposals for completeness.

2. Coordinate with System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management for the resolution of any geographic positions that require FAA Form 8260-2 revisions; provide System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management with verification that geographic positions are ready for publication in the NFDD.

3. Coordinate with System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical Information Management to ensure that any new or revised VFR checkpoints are published in the NFDD.

4. Publish VFR waypoint geographic positions in the A/FD and on appropriate VFR charts.

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