U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
Air Traffic Organization Policy

ORDER
JO 7210.3X
Effective Date:
February 9, 2012
 
     
Subject:  Facility Operation and Administration
       Includes:  Errata effective 2/9/12, Change 1 effective 7/26/12, Change 2 effective 3/7/13, and Change 3 effective 8/22/13
 

Chapter 19. Temporary Flight Restrictions

Section 1. General Information

19-1-1. PURPOSE

This section prescribes guidelines and procedures regarding the use and issuance of regulatory temporary flight restrictions (TFRs).

19-1-2. AUTHORITY

a. The FAA Administrator has sole and exclusive authority over the navigable airspace of the United States. The Administrator has broad authority under Section 40103 of Title 49 of the United States Code (U.S.C.) to regulate, control, and develop plans for the use of the navigable airspace and to formulate policy for navigable airspace. See also 49 U.S.C. Section 40101(d).

b. Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91 and 99 contain regulations addressing temporary flight restrictions and Special Security Instructions.

19-1-3. REASONS FOR ISSUING A TFR

While not all inclusive, a TFR may be issued for the following reasons: toxic gas leaks or spills; fumes from flammable agents which, if fanned by rotor or propeller wash, could endanger persons or property on the surface or in other aircraft; volcanic eruptions that could endanger airborne aircraft and occupants; hijacking incidents that may endanger persons or property on the surface, or airborne aircraft and occupants; aircraft accident/incident sites; aviation or ground resources engaged in wildfire suppression; aircraft relief activities following a disaster; aerial demonstrations or major sporting events. A Special Security Instruction may be issued for reasons of national security.

19-1-4. TYPES OF TFRs

TFRs may be issued under the following regulations:

a. Section 91.137, Temporary Flight Restrictions in the Vicinity of Disaster/Hazard Areas.

b. Section 91.138, Temporary Flight Restrictions in National Disaster Areas in the State of Hawaii.

c. Section 91.139, Emergency Air Traffic Rules.

d. Section 91.141, Flight Restrictions in the Proximity of the Presidential and Other Parties.

e. Section 91.143, Flight Limitation in the Proximity of Space Flight Operations.

f. Section 91.145, Management of Aircraft Operations in the Vicinity of Aerial Demonstrations and Major Sporting Events.

g. Section 99.7, Special Security Instructions.

19-1-5. TFR NOTAM CONTENT

TFR NOTAMs must comply with procedures detailed in FAA Order JO 7930.2, Notices to Airmen (NOTAM).

19-1-6. TFR INFORMATION

a. Educational information regarding TFRs can be found in 14 CFR parts 91 and 99, and the Aeronautical Information Manual.

b. National Airspace System (NAS) users or other interested parties should contact the nearest flight service station for TFR information. Additionally, you can find TFR information on automated briefings, Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) publications, and on the Internet at http://www.faa.gov. The FAA also distributes TFR information to aviation user groups and requests these groups to further disseminate the information to their members.

19-1-7. TFRs OUTSIDE OF THE UNITED STATES AND ITS TERRITORIES

TFRs are only implemented for sovereign U.S. airspace and its territories. If restrictions are located in an area that extends beyond the 12-mile coastal limit or a U.S border, the NOTAM will contain language limiting the restriction to the airspace of the U.S., and its territories and possessions. The FAA may issue an advisory via the NOTAM System to inform affected users of any hazard or dangerous information outside of the sovereign U.S. airspace and its territories.

19-1-8. TFR QUESTIONS

Direct any questions or concerns regarding TFRs to the ATO service area manager having jurisdiction over the TFR area. You may also contact Mission Support, Airspace, Regulations, and ATC Procedures Group, FAA Headquarters, Washington, D.C., at (202) 267-8783.

 

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