U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

ORDER
JO 7110.10X
Effective Date:
April 3, 2014
 
     
Subject:  Flight Services
 

Section 2. Transcribed Weather Broadcasts (TWEB) (Alaska Only)

2-2-1. GENERAL

a. Transcribed weather broadcast service provides continuous aeronautical and meteorological information on low or medium frequency (L/MF) and very high frequency omnidirectional range (VOR) facilities.

b. At TWEB equipment locations controlling two or more VORs, the one used least for ground-to-air communications, preferably the nearest VOR, may be used as a TWEB outlet simultaneously with the nondirectional radio beacon (NDB) facility. Where this is accomplished, capability to manually override the broadcast must be provided for emergency communications.

2-2-2. CONTENT

The sequence, source, and content of transcribed broadcast material must be:

a. Introduction. State the location and preparation time.

PHRASEOLOGY-
(location) TRANSCRIBED AVIATION WEATHER BROADCAST PREPARED AT (time) ZULU.

b. Adverse Conditions. Extracted from convective significant meteorological information (SIGMET) (WST), SIGMET (WS), Airmen's Meteorological Information (AIRMET), AIRMET (WA), Center Weather Advisory (CWA), and Alert Weather Watch (AWW).

PHRASEOLOGY-
WEATHER ADVISORIES ARE IN EFFECT FOR (adverse conditions) OVER (geographical area) (list weather advisories only, no text).

c. Synopsis. A brief statement describing the type, location, and movement of weather systems and/or masses which might affect the route or the area.

d. Terminal Forecasts. Include the valid time of forecast.

PHRASEOLOGY-
TERMINAL FORECAST FOR (location)
VALID UNTIL (time) ZULU.

e. Winds Aloft Forecast. Broadcast winds aloft forecast for the location nearest to the TWEB. The broadcast should include the levels from 3,000 to 12,000 feet but must always include at least two forecast levels above the surface.

PHRASEOLOGY-
WINDS ALOFT FORECAST VALID UNTIL (time) ZULU. (Location) (Altitude) (direction) AT (speed).

f. Surface Weather Reports. Record surface reports as described in paragraph 12񩨄, Weather Phraseology.

1. Broadcast local reports first, then broadcast the remainder of the reports beginning with the first station east of true north and continuing clockwise around the TWEB location.

2. Announce the location name of a surface report once.

(a) Surface weather broadcast introduction:

PHRASEOLOGY-
(Location name) AVIATION WEATHER, (4 digits of time), ZULU OBSERVATIONS.

(b) Special weather reports:

PHRASEOLOGY-
(Location name) SPECIAL REPORT (last 2 digits of time) OBSERVATION, (weather report).

g. Density Altitude. Include temperature and the statement 揅heck Density Altitude as part of the surface weather broadcast for any station with a field elevation of 2,000 feet MSL or above that meets the following criteria: (See TBL 2-2-1.)

TBL 2-2-1
Density Altitude

Field Elevation

Temperature (C)

2,000-2,999

29 degrees or higher

3,000-3,999

27 degrees or higher

4,000-4,999

24 degrees or higher

5,000-5,999

21 degrees or higher

6,000-6,999

18 degrees or higher

7,000-higher

16 degrees or higher

h. PILOT WEATHER REPORTS

Summarize PIREPs and, if the weather conditions meet solicitation requirements, append a request for PIREPs.

PHRASEOLOGY-
PILOT REPORT OF WEATHER CONDITIONS AT (text).

i. Alert Notice (ALNOT) Alert Announcement, if applicable.

PHRASEOLOGY-
OVERDUE AIRCRAFT ALERT, (time) ZULU (aircraft identification), (color), (type), DEPARTED (airport) VIA (route), (destination). LAST KNOWN POSITION (state last known position). THIS AIRCRAFT IS OVERDUE. ALL AIRCRAFT ARE REQUESTED TO MONITOR ONE TWO ONE POINT FIVE FOR E-L-T SIGNAL. INFORM THE NEAREST F-A-A FACILITY OF ANY INFORMATION REGARDING THIS AIRCRAFT.

j. Closing statement.

PHRASEOLOGY-
PILOT WEATHER REPORTS ARE REQUESTED. FOR NOTAM, MILITARY TRAINING ACTIVITY, OR OTHER SERVICES, CONTACT A FLIGHT SERVICE STATION.

2-2-3. TESTING TWEB EQUIPMENT

When TWEB equipment is to be tested, broadcast an advisory to this effect. Ensure no obsolete information is broadcast during a testing period.

2-2-4. SERVICE MAY BE SUSPENDED

TWEB service may be suspended:

a. For routine maintenance only during periods when weather conditions within 100 miles of the broadcast outlet are equal to or better than a ceiling of 3,000 feet and visibility of 5 miles.

b. When the equipment fails. If a malfunction occurs in the recording or control unit but the tape transport unit remains operative, continue broadcasting current data. Remove data as it becomes obsolete.

2-2-5. MONITORING

a. At TWEB equipment locations, listen to at least one complete TWEB cycle each hour. Check for completeness, accuracy, speech rate, and proper enunciation. Correct any noted irregularities.

b. If practical:

1. The control facility must monitor the transmissions through local outlet.

2. The FSS associated with a remote outlet must monitor the transmissions for a sufficient period each hour to assure voice quality and clarity.

c. Promptly correct or inform the TWEB facility of any irregularities.  

 
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