Section 1. Movement
5-1-1. ORIGINATORS OF
MOVEMENT AREA NOTAMs
a. The term
Movement Area as used for the purpose of NOTAMs include Runways, Taxiways,
Ramps, Aprons, helipads and maneuvering areas.
management is responsible for observing and reporting the condition of a
movement area. The automated/flight service station (AFSS/FSS) air traffic
managers shall coordinate with appropriate airport managers to obtain a list
of airport employees who are authorized to issue NOTAMs.
c. At public
airports without an airport manager, the AFSS/FSS air traffic manager shall
coordinate with the appropriate operating authority to obtain a list of
persons delegated to provide NOTAM information.
Letters of agreement should be executed between airport management and ATC
facilities outlining procedures to be used for originating NOTAMs.
5-1-2. HANDLING REPORTED
MOVEMENT AREA CONDITIONS
a. Copy any
information received verbally and record the name, title (if appropriate),
address, and telephone number of the person submitting the information.
Information obtained from other than an authorized airport or FAA employee
must be confirmed before issuance. If you are informed of or observe a
condition that affects the safe use of a movement area, relay the
information to the airport management for action.
This includes data received from airport inspectors.
b. If unable to
contact airport management, classify and issue a NOTAM publicizing the
unsafe condition always stating the condition and including the word
“UNSAFE;” for example, RWY number or TWY letter or letter/number UNSAFE
DISABLD ACFT. Inform airport management of the action taken as soon
thereafter as practical.
!CRW CRW RWY 15/33 UNSAFE BRKS IN ASPH SE END
!PIE CLW RWY 16/34 UNSAFE DISABLD ACFT
Only airport management can close any portion of an airport.
14 CFR Part 139.
c. (U) –
Unverified aeronautical information (for
use only where authorized by letters of agreement). Movement area or other
information received that meets NOTAM criteria and has not been confirmed by
the airport manager (AMGR) or
designee. If Flight Service is unable to contact airport management, Flight
Service must forward (U) NOTAM information to the USNS. Subsequent to USNS
distribution of a (U) NOTAM, Flight Service will inform airport management
of the action taken as soon as practical. Any such NOTAM will be prefaced
with “(U)” preceding a keyword, following the location identifier.
!ORT 6K8 (U) RWY 7/25 ABANDONED VEHICLE WEF 1110122330
5-1-3. NOTAM (D)
MOVEMENT AREA INFORMATION
must be prefaced with TWY followed by the taxiway identifier letter or
letter/number as assigned. For multiple taxiways, preface the initial
taxiway identifier with TWY, and separate additional taxiway identifiers by
commas, or specify “all.” If not identified, describe as adjacent to a
runway or direction from the runway.
b. For guidance
on NOTAM D composition, see paragraph
4-2-1, NOTAM Composition.
c. Disseminate the following reported conditions as a NOTAM D:
or decommissioning of a movement area or portions thereof. State the type of
surface and lighting when known. State if unlighted.
!ICT MEJ RWY 16/34 CMSND 4800X75 CONC/LGTD
!ICT MEJ RWY 17/35 CLSD PERM
!CDB AK05 AD CLSD PERM
!RIU O88 AD HELI DCMSND
area closures and openings.
!ANB A09 AD CLSD
!AOO PA06 AD CLSD TSNT
!BET BET AD CLSD EXC SKI
!AOO 29D AD CLSD EXC PPR 0330-1430 MON-FRI
!BUF D67 AD CLSD EXC HI-WING
!CEW CEW AD CLSD WEF 1109041400-1109041800
!CDB AKA AD OPEN
AKA airport was published as being closed.
!CLE 15G AD NOW PUBLIC
!CLE 15G AD NOW PRIVATE
1. First example shows 15G is now open to the public and a
second example shows 15G is now closed to the public and is no longer a
public-use airport. The FSS shall contact the USNOF to have 15G deleted from
the NOTAM tables after the NOTAM has been cancelled.
!TYS TYS TWY C CLSD
!TYS TYS TWY A3, A4, A5 CLSD
!EKX EKX TWY ALL CLSD
!DFW DFW TWY JS SOUTH 200 CLSD/TWY ER WEST OF TWY K CLSD
!DFW DFW TWY P CLSD BTN TWY EL AND TWY B/TWY P CLSD BTN TWY A AND TWY ER/TWY
ER CLSD BTN RWY 17C/35C AND TWY Q
!BNA BNA APRON NORTH APRON CLSD
Conditions pertaining to single or multiple taxiways. Use Runway format,
identifying each taxiway by letter or letter/number as assigned, separated
by commas, a slant, or specify “all”. If not identified, describe as
adjacent to a runway or direction from the runway.
that restrict or preclude the use of any portion of a runway, a taxiway, a
ramp, an apron or a waterway.
Weight bearing capacity of a runway can be changed only by authorization of
the Manager, Airports Division (appropriate region). Declared distances can
only be authorized by the FAA Office of Airport Safety and Standards,
Airport Design Division, AAS-100.
!AOO 29D RWY 10 FIRST 1000 CLSD EXC TAXI
Runway 28 is not affected. The first 1,000 feet of runway 10 is closed for
both landing and takeoff but is available for taxi.
!AGC AGC RWY 10/28 W 900 CLSD
Both Runways 10 and 28 are affected. This example is also used to show a
threshold that has been relocated.
!BDL BDL RWY 6/24 CLSD EXC 1 HR PPR 203-627-3001 WEF 0909131300-0909132000
Runways 6 and 24 are closed except by 1 hour prior permission from that
telephone number during the times stated.
!BNA BNA RWY 36 CLSD
Runway 18 is not affected.
!ALS ALS RWY 20 THR DSPLCD 600 NONSTD MARKING
The first 600 feet of runway 20 is closed to landing aircraft. Aircraft
departing on runway 20 or landing or departing runway 2 may use the full
length. The threshold displacement is marked by nonstandard markings.
!BNA M54 RWY 18/36 CLSD JET
Runways 18 and 36 are closed to jet aircraft. When closing a runway to a
type of operation use the appropriate contractions. e.g., JET, ACR, SKED ACR,
!BIG BIG RWY 9/27 CLSD OVR 13500
Runways 9 and 27 are closed to all aircraft weighing more than 13,500
pounds. Do not use class of aircraft when closing runways. Always use
!DAY I17 RWY 8/26 CLSD TGL
Runways 8 and 26 closed to touch and go landing. When closing a runway to a
given operation use the appropriate contractions; e.g., TGL, TSNT, STUDENT,
LDG, TKOF, etc.
!CMH CMH RWY 10R/28L CLSD EXC 10 MIN PPR 120000/OVR 1330-2200 DLY TIL
!GNV 31J RWY 10/28 E 3800 CLSD EXC 12500/OVR 1200-2100 DLY
!ICT 3K7 RWY 17/35 CLSD 4000/OVR
!MCN CCO RWY 14/32 CLSD/PARL TWY 3000X75 AVBL DAY VMC/NO TSNT/NO PLA/NO
!MLT MLT RWY 16/34 UNMARKED
!ROW ROW RWY 3/21 CLSD EXC NE 9500 RWY 3 AVBL TKOF TIL 0911211450
!TYS TYS TWY A BTN TWY A2, A3 CLSD
!DSM DSM APRON SOUTH CARGO RAMP CLSD
!BNA BNA APRON NORTH APRON EAST SIDE CLSD
!EKX EKX AD CLSD NGT EXC 1 HR PPR
friction measuring as reported by airport management.
issued in thirds of a runway for the landing runway(s) only. Do not combine
runways into a single NOTAM. NOTAMs must not be issued if all readings are
above the value 40. If a NOTAM was issued and the airport manager advises
that the readings are above 40, the previous NOTAM must be cancelled.
!DCA DCA RWY 18 RFT MU 40/30/40 WEF 1112211100
!RIC RIC RWY 36 TAP MU 20/20/20 WEF 1109011200
1. A MU value of 40 indicates 40 or greater.
measuring reports are to be expressed using the name of the FAA-approved
device, followed by the word “MU” (pronounced “mew”), followed by the
reported values, then followed by the actual time of the measurement.
3. Use the following abbreviations to indicate the type of
friction measuring device used:
Decelerometer (Bowmonk Sales)
(Findlay, Irvine, LTD)
Mark 4 Mu Meter
(Bison Instruments, Inc.)
tester (K.J. LAW Engineers)
tester (high pressure tire)
(SAAB, Airport Surface Friction Tester AB)
tester (low pressure tire)
(SAAB, Airport Surface Friction Tester AB)
pressure tire)(AEC, Airport Equipment Co.)
pressure tire) (AEC, Airport Equipment Co.)
Decelerometer (Tapley Sales)
!MSP MSP SVC FRICTION MEASURING DEVICE OTS WEF 1109141000
AC 150/5200-30A, Airport Winter Safety and Operations.
reported by airport management, braking action is reported as fair, poor, or
!ANC Z15 RWY 1/19 BA NIL WEF 0709041300
!AKN AKN RWY 18/36 BA POOR WEF 0708051400
!ANC ANC RWY 1/19 BA FAIR WEF 0710061500
1. Do not include the type of vehicle in the NOTAM.
braking action report from a landing aircraft should be processed as a PIREP.
according to the most critical term used. The quality of the braking action
is described by the terms “fair,” “poor,” and “nil,” as received from
airport management. Combining airport management and PIREP information is
appropriate only with airport management authorization.
6. Change of
!PRC SJN RWY 13/31 NOW RWY 14/32
!PRC SJN RWY 2/20 NOW RWY 3/21
accumulation on the runways.
!MAF MAF RWY 16R/34L RUBBER ACCUM NW 2500
direction indicators (WDI).
!ACY ACY AD WDI LIGHTS OTS WEF 1108151200
!SGF SGF AD WINDCONE LIGHT OTS WEF 1110051430
!ACY ACY AD WDI RWY 04 LIGHTS OTS WEF 1111221500
!MCI MCI AD WDI UNAVAILABLE WEF 1109070700
9. Change in
runway distances available. For example, takeoff distance available (TODA),
takeoff run available (TORA), landing distance available (LDA).
!LAS LAS RWY 25R TORA 12986/LDA 12554 WEF 1112010500
10. Change of
!PRC PRC RWY 3L RP 13001800 DLY WEF 1109151300
5-1-4. REPORTING OF SNOW, ICE,
SLUSH, AND WATER CONDITIONS
a. The term
BARE is not to be used in NOTAMs.
ICAO Annex 15 and AC 150/5200-28, Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) for Airport
The depth is always expressed in terms of thin (less than ? inch), ? inch,
y inch, and 1 inch. When 1 inch is reached, additional reports should be in
multiples of 1 inch and the use of fractions discontinued. If a variable
amount is reported, such as 3 to 5 inches, show the greater depth. When a
snow depth of 35 inches is reached, additional reports should be in
multiples of feet only. If a report is halfway between two reportable
values, roundoff to the next higher reportable value.
c. Coverage. Do not express the condition in terms of percentage of
coverage. A surface not completely covered should be described as having
patches of snow, ice, etc.; e.g., PTCHY y IN SNW (surface). The absence of a
described surface indicates the entire landing area.
!MIV MIV RWY 10/28 ? IN LSR WEF 0712251505
Millville runways 10 and 28 have one quarter inch of loose snow covering
their runways and this NOTAM was observed at 0712251505.
!FAI INR RWY 16/34 18 IN LSR WEF 0711132300
Mckinley Park's runways 16 and 34 have 18 inches of loose snow covering the
!ENA 5HO RWY 16/34 THN PSR WEF 0709131520
Hope's runways 16 and 34 have a thin layer (less than a ? inch) of packed or
!ENA CLP RWY 8/26 PTCHY THN WSR WEF 0712132300
Clarks Point's runways 8 and 26 have less than full coverage of a thin layer
of wet snow.
!ENA AK63 RWY 1/19 y IN SN WEF 0711132359
Twin Hill's runways 1 and 19 have y inch of undefined snow.
!ANI ANI RWY 10/28 THN LSR OVR 1 IN PSR WEF 0711132000
!ANI ANI RWY 10/28 THN LSR OVR THN PSR WEF 0712132000
!PAQ PAQ RWY 9/27 6 IN RUF FRZN SN WEF 0710131900
!TYS TYS TWY ALL EXC TWY G 2 IN LOOSE SN WEF 0712231220
!MEM MEM RAMP FEDEX FEEDER RAMP y IN LOOSE SN WEF 0712292345
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON THN SN WEF 0711301645
!EKX EKX AD 6 IN LOOSE SN WEF 0712101500
!AKN AKN RWY 11/29 THN IR WEF 0712131750
King Salmon's runways 11 and 29 have a thin layer of smooth ice.
!AKN AKN RWY 18/36 1 IN RUF IR WEF 0712132145
King Salmon's runways 18 and 36 are covered with 1 inch of rough ice (or
!ENA BGQ RWY 6/24 5 IN WSR OVR RUF IR WEF 0711132230
Big Lake's runways 6 and 24 are covered with 5 inches of wet snow, over
rough ice, depth unknown.
!TYS TYS TWY ALL EXC TWY G y IN ICE WEF 0712051430
!MEM MEM RAMP FEDEX FEEDER RAMP y IN ICE WEF 0711220815
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON THN ICE WEF 0712020200
!EKX EKX AD 2 IN PTCHY SLUSH/ICE WEF 0711292215
3. Snow and
!ENA BGQ RWY 6/24 5 IN SIR WEF 0910131910
Big Lake's runways 6 and 24 are covered with 5 inches of snow and ice.
!MOT MOT TWY ALL y IN LOOSE SN OVR ICE WEF 0912202200
!MEM MEM RAMP FEDEX FEEDER RAMP y IN FRZN SN OVR ICE WEF 0912070700
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON THN SN OVR ICE WEF 0912251115
!EKX EKX AD 6 IN LOOSE SN OVR ICE WEF 0912011545
!BTT BTT RWY 1/19 1 IN SLR WEF 0709132100
Bettles' runways 1 and 19 are covered with 1 inch of slush.
!IAD IAD RWY 1L/19R y IN FRZN SLR (may be described as RUF IR) WEF
!MEM MEM RAMP FEDEX FEEDER RAMP y IN SLUSH WEF 0712052210
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON SLUSH WEF 0712101200
!EKX EKX AD 1 IN SLUSH WEF 0711211235
!EKX EKX AD PTCHY 2 IN SLUSH/ICE WEF 0712242345
!CLE CLE AD y IN WTR WEF 0912241700
!CLE CLE AD PTCHY y IN WTR WEF 0911250900
Do not refer to puddles.
!MEM MEM RAMP FEDEX FEEDER RAMP y IN WATER WEF 0908241205
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON 1 IN WATER WEF 0909102200
!EKX EKX AD 1 IN WTR WEF 0910101000
Words of five letters or less may be contracted or spelled out in accordance
with paragraph 3-3-1 (for example, either WTR or WATER is acceptable).
6. Drifting or
DRFT is used to describe one or more drifts. When the drifts are variable in
depth, report the greater depth.
!SFF SFF AD 4 IN LOOSE SN 9 IN DRFT WEF 0711071900
Conditions prevail throughout the airport surface.
!AVP AVP RWY 4/22 5 IN DRFT WEF 0712201600
!IPT IPT RWY 9/27 5 IN LSR 10 IN DRFT WEF 0712051200
!MEM MEM RAMP FEDEX FEEDER RAMP 4 IN DRFT WEF 0712091111
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON 3 IN DRFT WEF 0712152015
!EKX EKX AD 3 IN LOOSE SN 6 IN DRFT WEF 0712021000
PLW/swept are used when indicating that a portion of a surface has been
plowed or swept and is either bare or has depth, coverage, and conditions
different than the surrounding area. When known, the surrounding area items
will be specified as RMNDR and listed after the plowed information.
Plowed/swept is omitted when the entire runway, taxiway, ramp or apron has
!OQU OQU RWY 16/34 PLW 100 WIDE RMNDR y IN SIR WEF 0911132112
Quonset State's runway is wider than 100 feet and the area inside the center
100 feet is bare. The y inch of snow and ice (SIR) is outside the plowed
!FAI FAI RWY 1/19 PTCHY THN PSR SWEPT 75 WIDE WEF 0910131530
Fairbanks' runways 1 and 19 are wider than 75 feet and the area inside the
center 75 feet has patchy, thin-packed snow on them even though they have
!MOT MOT TWY ALL PLW 50 WIDE RMNDR 6 IN LOOSE SN WEF 0912202200
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON EAST 1000 PLW WEF 0912202000
8. Sanded, deiced.
!MGW MGW RWY 18/36y IN IR SA WEF 0911021300
This means that the entire runway has been sanded. If less than the
published dimensions have been treated, indicate the length and/or width.
!YAK YAK RWY 11/29 THN SIR SA 80 WIDE RMNDR BRAP WEF 0912061530
Less than full width is sanded, and the conditions outside of the sanded
area are as listed.
!IAD IAD RWY 12/30 DEICED LIQUID WEF 0912172100
!IAD IAD RWY 12/30 DEICED SOLID 150 WIDE WEF 0912061615
Report the deicing material used as either “LIQUID” or “SOLID,” as this may
have operational significance to the pilot.
Wordsof five letters or less may be contracted or spelled out in accordance
with paragraph 3-3-1 (e.g., either SLD or SOLID is acceptable).
!MOT MOT TWY ALL DEICED SOLID WEF 0712202200
!MEM MEM RAMP FEDEX FEEDER RAMP DEICED LIQUID WEF 0712202000
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON DEICED LIQUID WEF 0712202000
!EKX EKX AD DEICED SOLID WEF 0712202000
!BTV BTV RWY 15/33 3 IN SN 24 IN SNBNK WEF 0711111915
!BTV BTV RWY 15/33 2 IN LSR PLW 100 WIDE 24 IN SNBNK WEF 0712101750
!BTV BTV RWY 15/33 2 IN LSR PLW 100 WIDE 10 IN BERM WEF 0710091415
Snowbanks shall be assumed to be at the edge of a movement surface, or when
plow/swept are used, at the edge of the plowed/swept area.
!BGR BGR TWY ALL 4 FT SNBNK WEF 0712121200
!BGR BGR RAMP SOUTHEAST RAMP 6 FT WINDROWS WEF 0712201330
!BNA BNA APRON SOUTH AIR CARGO APRON 4 FT SNBNK WEF 0712292330
!EKX EKX AD 3 FT SNBNK WEF 0712012200
!ENA ENA RWY 1/19 PTCHY 2 IN MUD WEF 0710132140
!ENA ENA RWY 1/19 THN MUD WEF 0709132210
!JNU JNU AD THN FROST WEF 0709132315
!BET BET RWY 11/29 FROST HEAVE NW 500 WEF 0711050030
!ORT TSG RWY 12/30 NMRS 5 IN CRACKS WEF 0712050105
!TAL TAL RWY 6/24 4 IN RUTS W 1000 WEF 0712051400
15. Soft Edge.
!TAL TAL RWY 6/24 SOFT EDGES WEF 0711051622
e. Every snow
NOTAM shall have the time that the conditions were observed by the airport
operator as the last element of the NOTAM. If no time was given, inquire as
to when the condition was observed. If still unable to obtain a time, use
the time when the NOTAM information was given to the flight service
specialist. See snow NOTAM examples in paragraph
5-1-4d, for guidance.
f. Each NOTAM
on snow, ice, slush, and water shall contain coverage, measurement (if
known), conditions, and time of NOTAM observation issued in that order.
5-1-5. CERTIFICATED AIRPORT
AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING (ARFF)
a. Issue a
NOTAM D on airports (not runways) certificated under 14 CFR Part 139, when
notified by airport management that required ARFF equipment is
inoperative/unavailable, and replacement equipment is not available. Except
as indicated in paragraph 5-1-5c,
airport management has 48 hours to replace or substitute equipment before
the index changes. Air carriers and others must be notified that ARFF
equipment is out of service. Each NOTAM shall have an ending time as
obtained from airport management. If unable to obtain an ending time, add 48
hours to the time of receipt and advise airport management.
1. The ARFF Index for each certificated airport is published
in the AFD. Legend item 16 in the AFD lists indices and ARFF equipment
requirements. ARFF Index Limited is not a NOTAM. At certificated airports
listed in the AFD, the certificate holder (airport management) is required
to notify air carriers by NOTAM when required ARFF equipment is
inoperative/unavailable and replacement equipment is not available
immediately. If the required Index level of capability is not restored
within 48 hours, airport management is required to limit air carrier
changes to the ARFF Index occurring during publication cycles are issued as
Title 14 CFR Part 139.
!FTW FTW SVC ARFF VEHICLE OTS INDEX UNCHANGED TIL 0910242100
b. If the ARFF
vehicle is still out of service after 48 hours, the airport manager shall
notify the AFSS/FSS of a temporary index change and approximate duration
!FTW FTW SVC ARFF NOW INDEX A TIL 0709072300
Even though the ARFF index is now A, four or less Index B aircraft may still
operate into Fort Worth.
c. If the ARFF Index is
listed in the AFD as A and the ARFF vehicle is out of service, issue the
!STS STS SVC ARFF UNAVBL/AP CLSD TO ACR MORE THAN 30 PAX
SNOW OR ICE REMOVAL OPERATIONS ON MULTIPLE RUNWAYS
A single NOTAM may be
issued for continuous snow removal operations on alternating runways when
all of the following conditions are met:
a. The air
traffic control tower is in operation during the valid period of the NOTAM.
alternating closure time for each runway is two hours or less.
valid time is limited to the period of continuous alternating snow removal.
are based on a letter of agreement between airport management, the FSS, and
!DEN DEN RWY ALL RWYS ALTNLY CLSD SNOW REMOVAL WEF 0910231500
!SLC SLC RWY INSTR RWYS ALTNLY CLSD SN REMOVAL WEF 0911241600
!DEN DEN RWY ALL RWYS ALTNLY CLSD ICE REMOVAL WEF 0912251700
!SLC SLC RWY INSTR RWYS ALTNLY CLSD ICE REMOVAL WEF 0911261800
Words of five letters or less may be contracted or spelled out in accordance
with paragraph 3-3-1 (for example, either SN or SNOW is acceptable).
5-1-7. PERSONNEL AND
EQUIPMENT WORKING (PAEW)
following reported conditions as NOTAM (D):
Any NOTAM associated
with Personnel and Equipment Working (PAEW) on or adjacent to a runway,
taxiway, ramp, aerodrome, or apron must begin with one of the following
keywords: RWY, TWY, AD, or APRON. Additionally, the appropriate direction
must be specified.
!IAD IAD RWY 1L/19R PAEW NORTHWEST
!IAD IAD RWY 1L/19R PAEW ADJ
!CHO CHO RWY 23 PAEW ADJ NORTHEAST 500
This criteria is used for runway checks and other events of short durations.
Otherwise the runway should be closed.
!SBY SBY TWY E PAEW SOUTH SIDE BTN RWY 5/ TWY G
!MEM MEM APRON WEST HALF FEDEX FEEDER RAMP PAEW TIL 1112260400
!BNA BNA APRON PAEW SOUTHEAST THIRD AIR CARGO APRON TIL 1112232000