U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

ORDER
JO 7930.2N
Effective Date:
August 22, 2013
 
     
Subject:  Notices to Airmen
 

Chapter 5. NOTAM Criteria

Section 1. Movement Area NOTAMs

5-1-1. ORIGINATORS OF AERODROME NOTAMs

a. Airport management is responsible for observing and reporting the condition of the aerodrome services, facilities, and movement area. The FSS air traffic managers must coordinate with appropriate airport managers to obtain a list of airport employees who are authorized to originate NOTAMs.

b. At public airports without an airport manager, the FSS air traffic manager must coordinate with the appropriate operating authority to obtain a list of persons delegated to provide NOTAM information.

NOTE-
Letters of agreement should be executed between airport management and ATC facilities outlining procedures to be used for originating NOTAMs.

5-1-2. HANDLING REPORTED AERODROME CONDITIONS

a. Copy any information received verbally, and record the name, title (if appropriate), address, and telephone number of the person submitting the information. Information obtained from other than an authorized airport or FAA employee must be confirmed before issuance. If you are informed of or observe a condition that affects the safe use of a movement area, relay the information to the airport management for action.

NOTE-
This includes data received from airport inspectors.

b. If unable to contact airport management, classify and issue a NOTAM publicizing the unsafe condition always stating the condition and including the word “UNSAFE;” for example, RWY number or TWY letter or letter/number “UNSAFE DISABLED ACFT.” Inform airport management of the action taken as soon thereafter as practical.

EXAMPLE-
!CRW CRW RWY 15/33 UNSAFE BREAKS IN ASPH SE END 1304030730­130701500EST

!PIE CLW RWY 16/34 UNSAFE DISABLED ACFT 1303251800­1303261000EST

NOTE-
Only airport management can close any portion of an airport.

REFERENCE-
14 CFR Part 139

c. (U) – Unverified aeronautical information (for use only where authorized by letters of agreement). Movement area or other information received that meets NOTAM criteria and has not been confirmed by the airport manager or designee. If Flight Service is unable to contact airport management, Flight Service must forward (U) NOTAM information to the USNS. Subsequent to USNS distribution of a (U) NOTAM, Flight Service will inform airport management of the action taken as soon as practical. Any such NOTAM will preface the keyword with “(U)” and must include the condition and cause.

EXAMPLE-
!ORT 6K8 (U) RWY 7/25 UNSAFE ABANDONED VEHICLE 1310122330­1310130300EST

5-1-3. MOVEMENT AREA INFORMATION

a. When the condition includes a limitation, follow the condition with “TO” or “EXC;” for example, “CLSD EXC SKI” or “CLSD TO TRANSIENT.”

b. Originate a NOTAM D for the following reported conditions:

1. Aerodrome conditions.

EXAMPLES-
!ANB A09 AD AIRPORT CLSD 1310122330­1310131300

!AOO P45 AD AIRPORT CLSD TO TRANSIENT 1310122330­1310131300EST

!CRW CRW RWY 15/33 UNSAFE BREAKS IN ASPH SE END 1304030730­130701500EST

!BET BET AD AIRPORT CLSD EXC SKI 1310122330­1310131300EST

!LOU EKX AD AIRPORT CLSD EXC 1 HR PPR DAILY SS­SR 1311221500­1312221100

!AOO 29D AD AIRPORT CLSD EXC PPR MON-FRI 0330-1430 1310120330­1310171430

!BUF D67 AD AIRPORT CLSD EXC HI-WING ACFT 1310122330­1310131300
!CDB KVC AD AIRPORT CLSD 1310122330­PERM

!RIU O88 AD HELIPORT CLSD 1310122330­PERM

!DAY O12 AD SEAPLANE BASE CLSD 1309041400-1309041800

!CDB AKA AD AIRPORT OPEN 1309041800­PERM

NOTE-
AKA airport was published as being closed.

EXAMPLE-
!CLE 15G AD AIRPORT NOW PUBLIC 1309041800­PERM

NOTE-
15G is now open to the public and a public­use airport.

EXAMPLE-
!CLE 15G AD AIRPORT NOW PRIVATE 1309041800­PERM

NOTE-
15G is now closed to the public and is no longer a public­use airport. The NFDC must contact the USNOF to have 15G deleted from the NOTAM tables after the NOTAM has been canceled.

2. Commissioning of a movement area or portions thereof. State the type of surface, length and width of the surface, lighting status, and declared distances.

(a) Lighting status; for example, LGTD, NOT LGTD.

(b) Length and declared distances required for only runway commissioning.

TBL 5-1-1
Movement Area ­ Surface

ASPH

Asphalt/tarmacadam

CONC

concrete

GRVL

gravel

DIRT

dirt

SOD

sod

TBL 5-1-2
Movement Area ­ Lighting

LGTD

lighted

NOT LGTD

unlighted

EXAMPLES-
!ICT ICT RWY 1L/19R COMMISSIONED 10301FT X 150FT CONC LGTD. DECLARED DISTANCES: RWY 1L TORA 10301 TODA 10301 ASDA 10301 LDA 10301. RWY 19R TORA 10301 TODA 10301 ASDA 10301 LDA 10301 1310122330-PERM

!ICT ICT TWY M8 COMMISSIONED 500FT X 75FT CONC LGTD 1310122330 ­ PERM

3. Closure of a movement area or portion thereof.

EXAMPLES-
!BNA BNA APRON NORTH APRON CLSD 1309041800­1309062200EST

!BNA BNA APRON NORTH APRON EAST SIDE CLSD 13111221500­1312220700

!TYS TYS TWY A3, A4, A5 CLSD 1309041800­1309062200EST

!TYS TYS TWY A BTN TWY A2 AND TWY A3 CLSD 1311221500­1312220700

!EKX EKX TWY ALL CLSD 1309041800­1309062200EST

!DFW DFW TWY JS SOUTH 200FT, TWY ER WEST OF TWY K CLSD 1309041800­1309062200EST

!DFW DFW TWY P BTN TWY EL AND TWY B, TWY P BTN TWY A AND TWY ER, TWY ER BTN RWY 17C/35C AND TWY Q CLSD 1309041800­1309062200EST

!BNA BNA RWY 36 CLSD 1309131300-1309132000EST

!BDL BDL RWY 6/24 CLSD EXC 1 HR PPR 203-627-3001 1309131300-1309132000EST

NOTE-
Runways 6 and 24 are closed except by 1 hour prior permission from that telephone number during the times stated.

(a) Permanent closure (decommissioning). State the surface description and the condition “CLSD” with expiration time “PERM.”

EXAMPLES-
!TYS TYS TWY C CLSD 1309041800­PERM
!ICT MEJ RWY 17/35 CLSD 1310122330­PERM

4. Operational limitations on the use of any portion of a runway, a taxiway, a ramp, an apron or a waterway. Weight bearing capacity of a runway can be changed only by authorization of the Manager, Airports Division (appropriate region).

EXAMPLE-
!BNA M54 RWY 18/36 CLSD TO JET ACFT 1309131300-1309132000EST

NOTE-
Runways 18 and 36 are closed to jet aircraft.

EXAMPLE-
!BIG BIG RWY 9/27 CLSD TO ACFT MORE THAN 13500LB 1309131300-1309132000EST

NOTE-
Runways 9 and 27 are closed to all aircraft weighing more than 13,500 pounds. Do not use class of aircraft when closing runways. Always use aircraft weight.

EXAMPLES-
!ICT 3K7 RWY 17/35 CLSD TO ACFT 4000LB OR MORE 1311211450­1311211700EST

!CMH CMH RWY 10R/28L CLSD EXC ACFT 12000LB OR MORE 10 MIN PPR DAILY 1330­2200 13112111330­1311212200EST

!GNV 31J RWY 10/28 E 3800FT CLSD EXC ACFT MORE THAN 12500LB DAILY 1200-2100 1311211200­1311212100EST

!CLE CLE RWY 16/34 CLSD TO ACFT WINGSPAN MORE THAN 70FT AND TO ACFT TAIL HEIGHT MORE THAN 49FT 1309131300-1309132000EST!ICT MEJ RWY 17/35 CLSD 1310122330­PERM

NOTE-
Runways 16 and 34 are closed to aircraft with a wingspan more than 70 feet and is also closed to aircraft with tail height more than 49 feet.

EXAMPLES-
!CLT CLT RWY 5 CLSD TO LDG ACFT 1306110300 – 206112100EST


!PDX PDX RWY 3 CLSD TO DEPARTING ACFT 1306110300­1306112100EST

!DAY I17 RWY 8/26 CLSD TO TGL 1309131300-1309132000EST

5. Changes to usable runway length and declared distances.

(a) When a runway condition restricts or precludes the use of any portion of a runway resulting in a change to the declared distances, include the published take­off run available (TORA), take­off distance available (TODA), accelerated stop distance available (ASDA), and landing distance available (LDA) in the NOTAM. Ensure that a second NOTAM is originated for the reciprocal runway with all declared distances if any value has changed. Declared distances can only be authorized by the FAA Office of Airport Safety and Standards, Airport Design Division, AAS-100.

EXAMPLES-
!MKC MKC RWY 19 THR DISPLACED 300FT NOT STD MARKING. DECLARED DISTANCES: TORA 6827 TODA 6827 ASDA 6827 LDA 6527. 130601150300–1307141600EST

!MKC MKC RWY 1 DECLARED DISTANCES: TORA 6827 TODA 6827 ASDA 6527 LDA 6527. 130601150300–1307141600EST

NOTE-
Runway 19 threshold is displaced 300 feet, therefore the Runway 19 landing LDA is reduced by 300 feet. The LDA and ASDA for Runway 1 are also reduced by 300 feet.

EXAMPLES-
!ORD ORD RWY 28 THR DISPLACED 1500FT. DECLARED DISTANCES: TORA 13001 TODA 13001 ASDA 13001 LDA 11501. 1306110300–1306130600EST

!ORD ORD RWY 10 DECLARED DISTANCES: TORA 13001 TODA 13001 ASDA 11501 LDA 11501. 1306110300–1306130600EST

NOTE-
A temporary structure becomes a controlling obstacle to the approach of Runway 28 and departure of Runway 10 resulting in the Runway 28 threshold being displaced 1500 feet resulting in changes to declared distances to Runways 10 and 28.

EXAMPLE-
!CLT CLT RWY 5/23 NE 500FT CLSD. DECLARED DISTANCES: RWY 5 TORA 7002 TODA 7002 ASDA 7002 LDA 7002 RWY 23 TORA 7002 TODA 7002 ASDA 7002 LDA 7002. 1306110300–1306112100EST

NOTE-
Construction on Runway 5 requires 500 feet to be closed to protect a construction area thus changing declared distances to Runways 5 and 23.

EXAMPLE-
!MEM MEM RWY 9/27 WEST 500FT CLSD FOR TKOF. DECLARED DISTANCES: RWY 9 TORA 8446 TODA 8446 ASDA 8446 LDA 8446 RWY 27 TORA 8946 TODA 8946 ASDA 8246 LDA 8246. 1306110300–1306112100EST

NOTE-
The west 500 feet of Memphis' Runway 9 is closed. Aircraft will enter the runway and depart Runway 9 from an intersecting taxiway. Because the NOTAM uses both runways as the runway designator, if any declared distance has changed, all declared distances for both runways must be included in the NOTAM.

(b) In the event the published TORA, TODA, ASDA, and LDA need to be reported without reference to the runway condition that caused the change, report declared distances or changes to published declared distances. For example, when the published runway length is changed, report the declared distances, or erroneous declared distances were published and need to be corrected.

EXAMPLE-
!CLT CLT RWY 5/23 DECLARED DISTANCES: RWY 5 TORA 7502 TODA 7502 ASDA 7202 LDA 7202. RWY 23 TORA 7502 TODA 7502 ASDA 7202 LDA 7202. 1307140300–PERM

NOTE-
A temporary or permanent situation at an airport with non­standard Runway Safety Areas or Object Free Area leads to defining declared distances.

EXAMPLE-
!JAX JAX RWY 8/26 DECLARED DISTANCES: RWY 8 TORA 10000 TODA 10500 ASDA 10000 LDA 10000RWY 26 TORA 10000 TODA 10000 ASDA 10400 LDA 11000. 1306110300–PERM

NOTE-
A NOTAM is required to correct an error in the Airport Facility Digest (AFD) until the next AFD publication date.

EXAMPLE-
!JAX JAX RWY 8/26 NOW 10000FT X 150FT . DECLARED DISTANCES: RWY 8 TORA 9000 TODA 9500 ADSA 9000 LDA 9000. RWY 26 TORA 9000 TODA 9000 ASDA 9400 LDA 10000. 1306110300–PERM

6. Change of runway identification.

EXAMPLE-
!PRC SJN RWY 13/31 CHANGED TO RWY 14/32 1308151200­PERM

7. Change of traffic pattern.

EXAMPLE-
!PRC PRC RWY 3L RIGHT PATTERN DAILY 1300­1800 1309151300­1309201800

8. Runway Visual Range (RVR). When originating a NOTAM on RVR, RVR touchdown (RVRT), RVR midpoint (RVRM), and RVR rollout (RVRR), the originator may specify the runway pair designators, if applicable, only when the entire RVR system is out of service.

EXAMPLES-
!BWI BWI RWY 10/28 RVR OUT OF SERVICE 1310090815­1310151500

!BWI BWI RWY 10 RVR OUT OF SERVICE 1310090815­1310151500

9. Surface Markings and Signage.

(a) Exclamation point (!).

(b) Accountability.

(c) Airport designator.

(d) Keyword. Specify the keyword for the type of surface on which the sign/marking is located.

(e) Surface designator. Specify the designator of the surface on which the sign/marking is located.

(f) Geographical Relationship of surface from relevant intersection/point of reference, (NORTH OF, EAST OF), if needed.

(g) Name of sign/surface marking.

(h) Sign/surface marking location from users' perspective (LEFT/RIGHT SIDE), as needed.

(i) Condition. For example, NOT STD, NOT LGTD, OBSC.

(j) Remarks (optional).

(k) Schedule, if needed.

(l) Effective time/expiration time.

EXAMPLES-
!IAD IAD TWY U7 HOLDING POSITION SIGN FOR RWY 1L/19R NOT LGTD 1305112300­1305131200EST

!MBS MBS TWY ALL SURFACE PAINTED HOLDING POSITION SIGNS NOT STD DUE TO REPAINTING 1309271200­1309302300EST

10. Other reportable conditions. The airport operator must ensure that a NOTAM is submitted for conditions considered to be hazardous or potentially hazardous to the aircraft operator. Permanent changes in surface conditions must be coordinated for publication in accordance with Paragraph 2-1-3, Publication Criteria.

EXAMPLES-
!MLT MLT RWY 16/34 UNMARKED 1311121450­1401051800EST

!MDW MDW RWY 31C ENGINEERED MATERIAL ARRESTING SYSTEM NOT STD 1305141320­1305202200EST
!MDW MDW RWY 31C ENGINEERED MATERIAL ARRESTING SYSTEM OUT OF SERVICE 1309151335­1309301200EST

!ILI ILI AD CARIBOU NEAR MVMT AREAS 1309251300­1309262200EST

!CAK CAK AD BIRD ACTIVITY NW SIDE 1309151335­1309301200EST

!FAI FAI RWY 2R/20L S 2600FT FROST HEAVES 1302271930­1304302200EST

!ORT TSG RWY 12/30 NUMEROUS 5IN CRACK 1312050100­1404301700EST

!TAL TAL RWY 6/24 W 1000FT 4IN RUTS 1312051400­1403301200EST

NOTE-
NOTAM format for temporary field conditions (FICON) caused by weather phenomena, such as ruts in a snow covered runway, are covered in Paragraph 5­1­4, Reporting of Field Conditions.

5-1-4. REPORTING FIELD CONDITIONS

Field condition (FICON) NOTAMs are used to report surface conditions, braking action, and friction values on runways, taxiways, and aprons/ramps. Keyword AD must not be used with descriptor FICON.

a. FICON. Insert “FICON” after the surface designator(s) and surface segments, and before the field condition.

b. Pilot­reported field conditions. During periods when field conditions are not being monitored, a FICON NOTAM may be originated for a pilot­reported condition. The words “PILOT REPORTED” must precede the word “FICON.”

REFERENCE-
AC 150/5200-28, Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) for Airport Operators

c. Reporting surface conditions.

1. Coverage. Do not express the condition in terms of percentage of coverage. Use the word “PATCHY” to describe a contaminant that covers 25 percent or less of the reported portion of the surface.

2. Use the term “DRY” to describe a surface that is neither wet nor contaminated. A FICON NOTAM must not be originated for the sole purpose of reporting a dry runway. A dry surface must be reported only when there is need to report conditions on the remainder of the surface.

3. Use the term “WET” to describe a surface that is neither dry nor contaminated but has visible dampness, moisture, and/or water less than ⅛ inch in depth.

4. A surface condition must be reported in each FICON NOTAM when reporting the condition on any part of the surface; for example, edges, remaining length.

d. Reporting contaminant depths.

1. Use the word “THIN” for reporting contaminant depths of less than ⅛ inch.

2. The contaminant depth is specified in feet and inches.

TBL 5-1-3
Reportable Depth Measurements

Use value “1/8IN” to report ⅛ inch

Use value “1/4IN” to report > ⅛ inch to and including ¼ inch

Use value “1/2IN” to report > ¼ inch to and including ½ inch

Use value “3/4IN” to report > ½ inch to and including ¾ inch

Use value “1IN” to report > ¾ inch to and including 1 inch

(a) When 1 inch is reached, report values in multiples of 1 inch and discontinue the use of fractions. When a snow depth of 35 inches is reached, report values in multiples of feet only. Round depths greater than 1 inch to the next higher reportable depth.

(b) Report the highest depth of the contaminant along the reported portion of the surface.

(c) The runway contaminants for which depth is mandatory when reporting runway surface conditions are specified in TBL 5-1-4. The contaminant depth is optional for taxiway and apron/ramp conditions.

e. Reporting the contaminants.

1. Only the contaminants marked with an “*” are to be accompanied by a depth. When reporting a runway condition, a depth is mandatory with those contaminants marked by an asterisk, “*”, in TBL 5-1-4.

TBL 5-1-4
Reportable Contaminants

Water (⅛ inch and greater)

Frost

Slush*

Ice

Wet ice

Water* over ice

Wet snow*

Wet snow* over ice

Dry snow*

Dry snow* over ice

Compacted snow

Water* over compacted snow

Wet snow* over compacted snow

Dry snow* over compacted snow

Ash*

Mud*

Rubber

Oil

Sand

REFERENCE-
AC 150/5200-28, Notices to Airmen (NOTAMs) for Airport Operators

2. PLOWED, SWEPT. The terms “PLOWED” and “SWEPT” are used to describe a surface that has been plowed or swept and has a surface condition that is different than the surrounding area. If other than the full width or length is treated, report the width and/or length and the condition of the treated portion of the surface. The treatment is omitted when the entire surface has been treated. When known, the surrounding area items will be specified as “REMAINDER.”

3. Use the term “SANDED” after the surface contaminant to report when a surface has been sanded.

4. Use the terms “DEICED LIQUID” or “DEICED SOLID” after the surface contaminant to report the presence of liquid or solid deicing material, as this may have operational significance to the pilot.

5. Use the term “DRIFT” to describe one or more drifts. When the drifts are variable in depth, report the greater depth.

6. Use the terms “SNOWBANKS,” “BERMS,” or “WINDROWS” after the surface condition. Snowbanks must be assumed to be at the edge of a movement surface or, when plow/sweeper is used, at the edge of the plowed/swept area.

7. Use the term “RUTS” to report ruts in a contaminant after the surface contaminant.

8. Use the word “REMAINDER” to provide additional information about the surface condition. For example, the runway surface conditions vary significantly on one end of the runway or a runway has been treated, resulting in differing field conditions on the untreated parts of the surface.

f. Observation time. Every FICON NOTAM must have the time that the conditions were observed. If unable to obtain a time, use the time when the NOTAM information is given to the flight service specialist.

g. CONDITIONS NOT MONITORED. When the field conditions will not be monitored, follow the most recent observation with the words “CONDITIONS NOT MONITORED (date/time) (date/time).” The time parameters specified must fall within the effective/expiration times.

h. Effective time/expiration time. FICON NOTAMs are considered temporary, therefore an estimated expiration time for FICON NOTAMs must not exceed24 hours from the effective time, except:

1. When the reported contaminant is RUBBER, SAND, or OIL.

2. When appended with remarks “CONDITIONS NOT MONITORED.”

3. When the FICON is “PILOT REPORTED,” the expiration time must not exceed 12 hours. Unless the NOTAM is canceled, the NOTAM will auto­expire, therefore “EST” is not permitted. The “PILOT REPORTED FICON” NOTAM must not cancel or otherwise affect a NOTAM advertising “CONDITIONS NOT MONITORED.”

i. The following are example NOTAMs (not inclusive):

1. Snow and ice.

EXAMPLE-
!FOE FOE RWY 13/31 FICON WET ICE OBSERVED AT 1301040230 CONDITIONS NOT MONITORED 1301040300­1301041045. 1301040253­1301041115EST

NOTE-
The field conditions are not monitored from 0300UTC­ 1045UTC. The airport operator expects to have a new NOTAM submitted by 1115UTC.

EXAMPLE-
!FOE FOE RWY 13/31 PILOT REPORTED FICON 1/2IN WET SN OVER ICE OBSERVED AT 1301040738. 1301040745­1301041115

NOTE-
A pilot has reported a field condition that was observed at 0738UTC during a period when a NOTAM was in effect stating “CONDITIONS NOT MONITORED.” The NOTAM originator entered the PILOT REPORTED FICON NOTAM into the NOTAM system at 0745UTC and established an expiration time that matches the expiration time of the NOTAM advertising CONDITIONS NOT MONITORED. The originator must not establish an expiration time that exceeds 12 hours.

EXAMPLE-
!MIV MIV RWY 10/28 FICON 1/4IN DRY SN OVER ICE OBSERVED AT 1312201200. 1312201202­1312201600EST

NOTE-
Millville Runway 10/28 has ¼ inch of dry snow over ice. The depth of the ice layer is not reported. The conditions were observed at 1312201200.

EXAMPLE-
!MOT MOT TWY C, C1, C6, D BTN RWY 13/31 AND TWY C FICON 1/2IN DRY SN OVER ICE OBSERVED AT 1312202200. 1312202203­1312210000EST

NOTE-
Minot Airport has reported a number of taxiways to have ½ inch of dry snow over ice. The depth of the dry snow has been reported, however the depth of the contaminant is not required when reporting the conditions of taxiways or aprons/ramps. In this example, the depth of the dry snow is not required.

2. Plowed/swept.

EXAMPLE-
!OQU OQU RWY 16/34 FICON SWEPT ICE SANDED OBSERVED AT 1311132112. 1311132115­1311140600EST

NOTE-
Quonset State's runway 16/34 has been swept. It is ice covered and has been sanded.

EXAMPLE-
!OQU OQU RWY 16/34 FICON PLOWED 100FT WIDE DRY REMAINDER 1/2IN WET SN OVER ICE OBSERVED AT 1311132112. 1311132115­1311140600EST

NOTE-
Quonset State's runway 16/34 is wider than 100 feet and the area inside the center 100 feet has been plowed and is free of contaminants. The remainder of the runway is covered with ½ inch of wet snow over ice.

EXAMPLE-
!FAI INR RWY 16/34 FICON PLOWED 50FT WIDE 4IN WET SN REMAINDER 18IN WET SN OBSERVED AT 1311132300. 1311132300­1311141200EST

NOTE-
McKinley National Park Airport runways 16/34 have been plowed 50 feet wide, which is less than the full runway width, and is covered by 4 inches of wet snow. At the highest measurement of the remainder of the runway, which has not been plowed, is covered with 17.5 inches of snow, which is rounded up to 18 inches.

EXAMPLE-
!OQU OQU RWY 16/34 FICON PLOWED 100FT WIDE WET REMAINDER 1/2IN WET SN OVER ICE OBSERVED AT 1311132112. 1311132115­1311140500EST

NOTE-
Quonset State's
runway is wider than 100 feet and the area inside the center 100 feet is wet. The ½ inch of wet snow over ice is outside of the plowed area.

EXAMPLE-
!FAI FAI RWY 1/19 NORTH 2700FT FICON SWEPT 75FT WIDE PATCHY THIN COMPACTED SN REMAINDER 8IN DRY SN OBSERVED AT 1310131530. 1310131530­1310131930EST

NOTE-
Fairbanks' Runway 1/19 is wider than 75 feet. A portion of the runway 2700 feet in length and 75 feet wide has been swept. The swept area has thin compacted snow while the remainder of the runway has 8 inches of dry snow.

EXAMPLE-
!MOT MOT TWY ALL FICON PLOWED 50FT WIDE DRY REMAINDER DRY SN OBSERVED AT 1312202200. 1312202200­1312210900EST

NOTE-
Minot Airport taxiways were plowed 50 feet wide and are dry The part that has not been plowed has dry snow. The depth of the dry snow is not required for conditions on taxiways.

EXAMPLE-
!OQU OQU RWY 16/34 FICON PLOWED 75FT WIDE COMPACTED SN REMAINDER 1/2IN WATER OVER COMPACTED SN OBSERVED AT 1311132112. 1311132120­1311141000EST

NOTE-
Quonset State Airport's Runway 16/34 has been plowed 75 feet wide. The plowed portion is covered by compacted snow The area that has not been plowed has ½ inch water over compacted snow. The depth is not reported for compacted snow.

3. Snowbanks.

EXAMPLE-
!OQU OQU RWY 16/34 FICON COMPACTED SN 12IN SNOWBANKS OBSERVED AT 1311132112. 1311132120­1311141000EST

NOTE-
Quonset State's runway 16/34 has been plowed and swept in its entirety; therefore, neither “PLOWED” nor “SWEPT” is used. The runway is covered with compacted snow and has 12 inch snowbanks.

EXAMPLE-
!BTV BTV RWY 15/33 FICON PLOWED 100FT WIDE COMPACTED SN 24IN BERM OBSERVED AT 1310091411. 1310091415­1310092200EST

NOTE-
Burlington International Airport's Runway 15/33 has been plowed 100 feet wide leaving compacted snow on the runway. The depth of the compacted snow is not reported, however 24 inch berms are also observed along the edges of the surface.

EXAMPLE-
!BGR BGR TWY ALL FICON WET 4FT SNOWBANK OBSERVED AT 1312121149. 1312121200­1312130000EST

NOTE-
Bangor International Airport reports all taxiways as being wet with snowbanks reaching 4 feet in depth.

4. Ice.

EXAMPLE-
!MKC MKC RWY 1/19 NORTH 2000FT FICON ICE REMAINDER 1IN SLUSH OBSERVED AT 1302241100. 13022241107­1302241700EST

NOTE-
The north 2000 feet of Kansas City Downtown Airport's runway 1/19 is covered with ice. The remainder has 1 inch of slush.

EXAMPLE-
!MEM MEM APRON FEDEX FEEDER RAMP WEST 700FT FICON ICE OBSERVED AT 1311220815. 1311220818­1311221200EST

NOTE-
The west 700 feet of the FedEx Feeder Ramp at Memphis International Airport is covered with ice. The depth of ice is not reported.

EXAMPLE-
!ENA BGQ RWY 7/25 WEST 1200FT FICON PATCHY ICE REMAINDER WET OBSERVED AT 130131910. 130131919­1302010400EST

NOTE-
The west 1200 feet of runways 7/25 are covered by patchy ice. The remainder of runways 7/25 has visible moisture, described as “WET.”

EXAMPLE-
!ENA BGQ RWY 7/25 FICON PLOWED 50FT WIDE 1/2IN WET SN OVER ICE REMAINDER 2IN WET SN OVER COMPACTED SN OBSERVED AT 1301311910. 130131915­1302010400EST

NOTE-
The full length of Big Lake airport runways 7/25 have been plowed 50 feet wide. The plowed portion has ½ inch of wet snow over ice while the remainder of the runway has 2 inches of wet snow over compacted snow. Contaminant depths are not reported for ice or compacted snow.

EXAMPLE-
!CLE CLE RWY 10/28 FICON 1/2IN WATER OVER ICE OBSERVED AT 1310241700. 1310241707­1310250100EST

NOTE-
Cleveland's runway10/28 has up to ⅜ inch of water over ice observed on the runway. Contaminant depths exceeding ¼ inch to and including ½ inch are reported as ½ inch.

5. Wet.

EXAMPLE-
!CLE CLE RWY 10/28 FICON WET OBSERVED AT 1311231400. 1311231400­ 1311241400EST

NOTE-
Cleveland's runway 10/28 has visible moisture but less than ⅛ inch of water.

6. Frost.

EXAMPLE-
!JNU JNU TWY ALL FICON FROST OBSERVED AT 1309132315. 1309132315­1309140400EST

NOTE-
Frost is observed on all taxiways at Juneau Airport.

7. Snow.

EXAMPLE-
!ENA 5HO RWY 16/34 FICON PATCHY COMPACTED SN OBSERVED AT 1309131520. 1309131527­1309141527EST

NOTE-
Hope Runway 16/34 is 25 percent or less covered with compacted snow. The depth of the compacted snow is not reported.

EXAMPLE-
!ENA CLP RWY 8/26 FICON THIN WET SN OBSERVED AT 1312132300. 1312132310­1312142300EST

NOTE-
Clarks Point's runway 8/26 is covered by less than ⅛ inch of wet snow.

EXAMPLE-
!ANI ANI RWY 10/28 FICON 2IN DRY SN OVER COMPACTED SN OBSERVED AT 1311132000. 1311132004­1311132200EST

NOTE-
Aniak's Runway 10/28 is covered by 2 inches of dry snow over compacted snow. The depth of compacted snow is not reported.

EXAMPLE-
!MEM MEM APRON FEDEX FEEDER RAMP FICON DRY SN OBSERVED AT 1312292345. 1312292348­1312300200EST

NOTE-
The FedEx Feeder ramp at Memphis International Airport is covered by dry snow. The depth of the contaminant on an apron/ramp is not required.

EXAMPLE-
!BNA BNA APRON AIR CARGO APRON EAST 500FT FICON PLOWED 1IN WET SN OBSERVED AT 1312202000. 1312202003­1312210400EST

NOTE-
The east 500 feet of Nashville Airport's Air Cargo apron has been plowed. An inch of wet snow has accumulated since being plowed.

8. Slush.

EXAMPLE-
!TYS TYS TWY ALL EXC TWY G FICON SLUSH OBSERVED AT 1312231220. 1312231220­1312231400EST

NOTE-
All of the taxiways at the McGhee Tyson Airport, except taxiway G, are covered by slush. The depth off the contaminant is not required when reporting the conditions of taxiways or aprons/ramps. In this example, the depth is not required.

9. Drift.

EXAMPLE-
!SFF SFF RWY 3R/21L FICON 4IN DRY SN 9IN DRIFT OBSERVED AT 1311071900. 1311071906­1311080001EST

NOTE-
Spokane's Felt Field's Runway 3R/21L is covered with 4 inches of dry snow and 9 inch snow drifts.

EXAMPLE-
!AVP AVP RWY 4/22 FICON DRY 5IN DRIFT OBSERVED AT 1312201600. 1312201609­1312210400EST

NOTE-
The Wilkes Barre/Scranton International Airport's Runway 4/22 is contaminant free, however there are 5 inch snow drifts on the surface.

10. Sanded.

EXAMPLE-
!MGW MGW RWY 18/36 FICON ICE SANDED OBSERVED AT 1311021254. 1311021300­13111031300EST

NOTE-
Morgantown Municipal Airport's Runway 18/36 is covered by ice and has been treated with sand. The depth of ice is not reported.

EXAMPLE-
!YAK YAK RWY 11/29 FICON THIN DRY SN OVER ICE SANDED 80FT WIDE OBSERVED AT 1312061524. 1312061530­1312062000EST

NOTE-
Yakutat Airport's Runway 11/29 is covered with less than ⅛ inch dry snow over ice and has been sanded 80 feet wide. The depth of dry snow is reported, however the depth of ice is not reportable.

11. Deiced.

EXAMPLE-
!IAD IAD RWY 12/30 FICON WET DEICED LIQUID OBSERVED AT 1312172057. 1312172100­1312180800EST

NOTE-
Dulles International Airport's Runway 12/30 is wet and has been treated with a liquid deicing chemical.

EXAMPLE-
!IAD IAD RWY 12/30 FICON DRY DEICED SOLID 100FT WIDE REMAINDER ICE OBSERVED AT 1312172058. 1312172100­1312180800EST

NOTE-
Dulles International Airport's Runway 12/30 is dry 100ft wide as result of a solid deicing material being applied. The remainder of the runway is covered with ice. The depth of the ice is not reported.

12. Miscellaneous (ruts, soft edge, mud, ash, rubber).

EXAMPLE-
!TAL TAL RWY 6/24 FICON 6IN COMPACTED SN 3IN RUTS W 1000FT OBSERVED AT 1312051352. 1312051400­1312061400EST

NOTE-
Ralph Calhoun Memorial Airport's Runway 6/24 is covered with compacted snow. Airport activity has created 3 inch ruts in the west 1000 feet of the runway. The depth of the compacted snow is not reportable.

EXAMPLE-
!TAL TAL RWY 6/24 FICON WET SOFT EDGES OBSERVED AT 1311051615. 1311051622­1311061600EST

NOTE-
Ralph Calhoun Memorial Airport's Runway 6/24is wet and has soft edges.

EXAMPLE-
!ENA ENA RWY 1R/19L N 700FT FICON 2IN MUD OBSERVED AT 1310132135. 1310132140­1310140600EST

NOTE-
Kenai Municipal Airport's Runway 1R/19L north 700 feet is covered with 2 inches of mud.

EXAMPLE-
!ENA ENA RWY 1L/19R FICON THIN ASH OBSERVED AT 1309132210. 1309132213­13309141200EST

NOTE-
Kenai Municipal Airport's Runway 1L/19R is covered with less than ⅛ inch volcanic ash.

EXAMPLE-
!MKC MKC RWY 1/19 N 800FT FICON RUBBER OBSERVED AT 1307191056. 1307191103­1308302000EST

NOTE-
The north 800 feet of Kansas City Downtown Airport's Runway 1/19 is covered by rubber. The depth of rubber is not reportable. Although the rubber is observed only at the approach end of Runway 1, FICON NOTAMs are reported using both runway designators.

j. FICON NOTAMs are used by airport management to report braking action and MU values.

1. Runway friction measuring values are reported in thirds of a runway for landing runway(s) only. A MU value for the thirds of a runway should be reported when contaminant(s) are present or there is precipitation occurring.

2. Do not combine runways into a single NOTAM.

3. NOTAMs for MU values may be issued as value 40 if readings are 40 or above.

4. If a NOTAM was issued and the airport manager advises that the readings are above 40, the MU value NOTAM may remain as 40 or canceled.

EXAMPLES-
!DCA DCA RWY 18 FICON RFT MU 40/30/40 OBSERVED AT 1312211100. 1312111105­1312111500EST

!RIC RIC RWY 36 FICON TAP MU 20/20/20 OBSERVED AT 1309011200. 1309011213­1309011400EST

NOTE-
A MU value of 40 indicates 40 or greater. Current friction measurement technologies are not reliable in determining braking effectiveness of a contaminated surface condition above measurements of 40. (Advisory Circular 150/5200­30C, Airport Winter Safety and Operations).

5. Friction measuring reports are to be expressed using the name of the FAA­approved device, followed by the word “MU” (pronounced “mew”), followed by the reported values, then followed by the actual time of the measurement.

6. Use the following abbreviations (not all encompassing) to indicate the type of friction measuring device used.

TBL 5-1-5
Friction Measuring Devices

BOW

Bowmonk Decelerometer (Bowmonk Sales)

BRD

Brakementer – Dynometer

ERD

Electronic Recording Decelerometer (Bowmonk)

GRT

Griptester (Findlay, Irvine, LTD)

MUM

Mark 4 Mu Meter (Bison Instruments, Inc.)

NAC

Neubert Aero Corp

RFT

Runway friction tester (K.J. LAW Engineers)

SFH

Surface friction tester (high pressure tire) (SAAB, Airport Surface Friction Tester AB)

SFL

Surface friction tester (low pressure tire) (SAAB, Airport Surface Friction Tester AB)

SKH

Skiddometer (high pressure tire) (AEC, Airport Equipment Co.)

SKL

Skiddometer (low pressure tire) (AEC, Airport Equipment Co.)

TAP

Tapley Decelerometer (Tapley Sales)

VER

Vericom (VC3000)

7. Braking action is reported as fair, poor, or nil, as received from airport management. Classify according to the most critical term used.

EXAMPLES-
!ANC Z15 RWY 1/19 FICON BA NIL OBSERVED AT 1309041300. 1309041303­1309041500EST

!AKN AKN RWY 18/36 FICON BA POOR OBSERVED AT 1308051400. 1308051400­1308051600EST

!ANC ANC RWY 1/19 FICON BA FAIR OBSERVED AT 1310061500. 1310061500­3210061800EST

NOTE-
1. Do not include the type of vehicle in the NOTAM.

2. A braking action report from a landing aircraft should be processed as a PIREP.

3. Combining airport management and PIREP information is appropriate only with airport management authorization.

5-1-5. AERODROME FACILITIES

Issue a NOTAM if any aerodrome service availability has changed from that which is published.

a. Certified Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF).

1. Issue a NOTAM D on airports (not runways) certificated under 14 CFR Part 139, when notified by airport management that required ARFF equipment is inoperative/unavailable and replacement equipment is not available. Except as indicated in paragraph 5­1­5a 3, airport management has 48 hours to replace or substitute equipment before the index changes. Air carriers and others must be notified that ARFF equipment is out of service. Each NOTAM must have an expiration time as obtained from airport management. If unable to obtain an expiration time, add 48 hours to the time of receipt and advise airport management.

NOTE-
The ARFF Index for each certificated airport is published in the A/FD, which lists indices and ARFF equipment requirements.

2. At certificated airports listed in the A/FD, the certificate holder (airport management) is required to notify air carriers by NOTAM when required ARFF equipment is inoperative/unavailable and replacement equipment is not available immediately. If the required Index level of capability is not restored within 48 hours, airport management is required to limit air carrier operations.

REFERENCE-
Title 14 CFR Part 139

EXAMPLES-
!FTW FTW AD ARFF VEHICLE OUT OF SERVICE INDEX UNCHANGED 1310242100­1310262100EST
!FTW FTW AD ARFF VEHICLE OUT OF SERVICE 1310021200­1310121200EST

3. If the ARFF vehicle is still out of service after 48 hours, the airport manager must notify the FSS of a temporary index change and approximate duration time.

EXAMPLE-
!FTW FTW AD ARFF NOW INDEX A 1309072300­1309092300EST

NOTE-
Even though the ARFF index is now A, four or less Index B aircraft may still operate into Fort Worth.

4. If the ARFF Index is listed in the A/FD as A and the ARFF vehicle is out of service, the NOTAMs would be issued using the following format:

EXAMPLES-
!STS STS AD ARFF NOT AVBL 1310021200­1310121200EST

!STS STS AD AIRPORT CLSD TO AIR CARRIER MORE THAN 30 PAX 1310021200­1310121200EST

b. Fuel services.

EXAMPLES-
!CXO ARM AD FUEL 100LL NOT AVBL 1311011200­1311041800EST

!CLE CLE AD MOBILE JET A FUEL NOT AVBL 1311041600­1311151800EST

!LAX LAX AD HYDRANT FUEL NOT AVBL 1312011200­1312312359

c. MU­Friction Measuring Device.

EXAMPLE-
!MSP MSP AD FRICTION MEASURING DEVICE OUT OF SERVICE 1309141000­1309211000EST

d. Customs Services. Describe the change of services by using “CUSTOMS,” followed by plain language.

EXAMPLE-
!BDL BDL AD CUSTOMS PROCESSING DELAYED DUE TO CAPACITY, INTERNATIONAL CARRIERS MAY EXPERIENCE SIGNIFICANT DELAYS IN CLEARING CUSTOMS, CONTACT AIRPORT MANAGEMENT AT XXX­XXX­XXXX 1310021200­1310121200EST

e. Aerodrome beacon (ABN). If either of the lights is out of service, the whole system is down.

EXAMPLE-
!SPA SPA AD ABN OUT OF SERVICE 1310021200­1310121200EST

f. Wind direction equipment, including wind cones, wind direction indicator, wind sock, etc.

EXAMPLES-
!ACY ACY AD WDI NOT LGTD 1308151200­1308152000

!SGF SGF AD WINDCONE NOT LGTD 1310051430­1310101200

!ACY ACY AD WDI FOR RWY 4 NOT LGTD 1311221500­1311251200

!MCI MCI AD WDI NOT AVBL 1309070700­1309101500

!BKL BKL AD WIND SOCK NOT AVBL 1303010600­1303071200EST

!DEN DEN AD WDI LEFT SIDE RWY 17L OUT OF SERVICE 1303010600­1303071200

5-1-6. WORK IN PROGRESS

Any NOTAM associated with work in progress on or adjacent to a runway, taxiway, apron/ramp, or aerodrome must be formatted as follows:

a. Exclamation point (!).

b. Accountability.

c. Airport designator.

d. Keyword. RWY, TWY, APRON, or AD.

e. Surface name/designator. Specify the name/designator of the surface on which the work is being conducted.

f. Surface segment description must be specified in feet or from a specific point to point; for example, BTN TW A AND TWY B.

NOTE-
A surface segment differs from the optional plain language description of the work areas in that the surface segment description can be captured and depicted graphically in a digital environment. The optional plain language comments will be delivered in text form only.

g. Condition or activity; “WORK IN PROGRESS.”

NOTE-
Any NOTAM associated with snow/ice removal must be described as “WORK IN PROGRESS (reason);” for example, SNOW REMOVAL, ICE REMOVAL. Airport operators must ensure this NOTAM remains active only when actual snow and ice removal operations are taking place.

h. Reason (optional). The work area may be described in plain language text after the reason by specifying the area by cardinal direction in relationship to the work area, by an intersection, or distance from an intersection.

i. Remarks, if needed.

j. Schedule, if needed; for example, “DAILY 1200­1800.”

k. Effective time/expiration time.

EXAMPLES-
!IAD IAD RWY 1L/19R WORK IN PROGRESS RESURFACING 1309070700­1309101500

!SBY SBY TWY E BTN RWY 5/23 AND TWY A WORK IN PROGRESS TRENCHING 1309070700­1309101500

!SBY SBY TWY E BTN RWY 5/23 AND TWY A WORK IN PROGRESS TRENCHING SOUTH SIDE 1309070700­1309101500

!MEM MEM APRON FEDEX FEEDER RAMP WORK IN PROGRESS RESURFACING WEST HALF 1309070700­1309101500

!CHO CHO RWY 21 WORK IN PROGRESS RWY LGT REPLACEMENT NORTHEAST TWY E 1309070700­1309101500

!IAD IAD RWY 1L/19R WORK IN PROGRESS MOWING ADJ NE 500FT 1309070700­1309101500

!IAD IAD RWY 1L/19R WORK IN PROGRESS MAINTENANCE VEHICLES EAST SIDE OF RWY 1309070700­1309101500

!MEM MEM APRON FEDEX FEEDER RAMP WORK IN PROGRESS RESURFACING WEST HALF 1309070700­1309101500

!ICT ICT AD ALL SURFACES WORK IN PROGRESS SNOW REMOVAL 1312070700­1312101500EST

!MCI MCI RWY 1L/19R WORK IN PROGRESS SNOW REMOVAL 1312070700­1312101500

!DSM DSM TWY D4, D5, D6, TWY B BTN RWY 13/31 AND TWY D, TWY D WEST OF RWY 5/23 WORK IN PROGRESS SNOW REMOVAL 1312070700­1312101500

!FAI FAI APRON EAST RAMP WORK IN PROGRESS SNOW REMOVAL EAST HALF 1312070700­1312101500EST

 

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