U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION

ORDER
JO 7930.2N
Effective Date:
August 22, 2013
 
     
Subject:  Notices to Airmen
 

Section 2. Lighting Aid and Obstruction NOTAMs

5-2-1. LIGHTING AIDS

Originate NOTAMs on lighting aids for public­use civil landing areas listed in the A/FD. NOTAMS regarding lighting aids are originated as follows:

a. Approach light systems (ALS). Only use the runway direction for which the equipment pertains.

1. When commissioning approach light systems, indicate the exact type of system; for example, MALSR, MALSF, etc.

2. Once commissioned and published, approach light systems need only be shown as ALS.

EXAMPLES-
!ANB EUF RWY 36 ALS DECOMMISSIONED 1306011300­PERM

!ANB EUF RWY 18 ALS OUT OF SERVICE 1310112300­1310131200EST

!CLE CLE RWY 6L ALS OUT OF SERVICE EXC SSALR 1307112300­1307131200EST

b. Lead off /lead on lights.

NOTE-
Lead off and lead on light will be the standardized verbiage for lead off/on lights which are sometimes referred to as turnoff lights.

EXAMPLES-
!IAD IAD RWY 1C LEAD OFF LGT FOR TWY Y4 OUT OF SERVICE 1309112300­1309131200EST

!IAD IAD RWY 1C LEAD ON LGT FOR TWY Y9 OBSC 1305112300­1305131200EST

c. Runway status light system.

EXAMPLE-
!MCO MCO RWY 18L RUNWAY STATUS LGT SYSTEM OUT OF SERVICE 1300111200­1303311830EST

1. Runway entrance lights.

EXAMPLES-
!PHL PHL TWY ALL RUNWAY ENTRANCE LGT FOR RWY 9L SOUTH SIDE OUT OF SERVICE 1302011200­1302031500EST

!PHL PHL TWY K5, K6, T RUNWAY ENTRANCE LGT FOR RWY 9L OUT OF SERVICE 1311232300­1315251200EST

2. Take­off hold lights.

EXAMPLE-
!BWI BWI RWY 28 TKOF HOLD LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1311232300­1315251200EST

d. Sequence flashing lights/runway alignment indicator lights.

EXAMPLES-
!ANB EUF RWY 18 SEQUENCED FLASHING LGT OBSC 1305112300­1305131200EST

!ANB EUF RWY 18 RAI LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

e. Visual approach lighting.

1. Visual approach slope indicator (VASI).

EXAMPLES-
!SBY SBY RWY 5 VASI OUT OF SERVICE 1309111200­1309131200EST

!RIC RIC RWY 22 VASI LEFT SIDE OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

!BTL BTL RWY 13 VASI UNUSABLE 5 DEG LEFT OF COURSE 1311041400­1312301930

2. Precision approach path indicator (PAPI).

EXAMPLE-
!IAD IAD RWY 1L PAPI OUT OF SERVICE 1311031200­131142200EST

3. Runway end identifier lights.

EXAMPLE-
!DCA DCA RWY 18 RUNWAY END IDENTIFIER LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

4. Threshold lights (THR LGT).

EXAMPLES-
!SAV SAV RWY 27 THR LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

f. Runway edge lights (EDGE LGT).

1. When commissioning runway edge light systems, indicate the exact type of system; for example, LIRL, MIRL, HIRL, etc.

2. Once commissioned and published, runway edge lights must only be shown as EDGE LGT.

EXAMPLE-
!BNA BNA RWY 13/31 EDGE LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

3. Runway lights obscured due to snow and ice.

EXAMPLE-
!BTV BTV RWY 15/33 EDGE LGT OBSC 1310131300-1310141300EST

NOTE-
1. All runway 15/33 edge lights are completely obscured. The reason for the obscuration should not be reported.

2. Lights that are partially obscured should not be reported.

g. Runway centerline light (RCLL).

EXAMPLE-
!ATL ATL RWY 8R/26L RCLL OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

h. Touchdown zone lights (TDZ LGT).

EXAMPLE-
!ATL ATL RWY 8R TDZ LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

i. Runway lead­in lighting system (RLLS).

EXAMPLE-
!DCA DCA RWY 18 RLLS OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

j. Airport lighting total power failure.

EXAMPLE-
!SPA SPA AD LGT ALL OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

k. Pilot­controlled lighting (PCL) frequency when it controls approach lights or runway lights.

EXAMPLES-
!SBY SBY SVC PCL ALL OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

!JLN JLN SVC PCL RWY 18/36 EDGE LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

!ANB EUF SVC PCL RWY 18 VASI OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

!JLN JLN SVC PCL RWY 18 ALS OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

!JLN JLN SVC PCL RWY 18/36 OUT OF SERVICE EXC LOW INTST 1305112300­1305131200EST

NOTE-
If the lights are set on continuous as result of the PCL outage, the PCL OUT OF SERVICE NOTAM must be canceled and a new NOTAM originated regarding the condition/status of the affected lighting system.

EXAMPLES-
!BFD 8G5 SVC PCL RWY 14/32 COMMISSIONED FREQ 122.7 DAILY 0200­1100 1305110200­1305131100EST
!SBY SBY SVC PCL FREQ CHANGED TO 122.8 1305112300­PERM

NOTE-
PCL frequency need not be an ATC frequency.

l. Taxiway lighting.

1. Taxiway edge lights.

EXAMPLE-
!SHD SHD TWY K, L EDGE LGT OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

2. Runway lights obscured due to snow and ice.

EXAMPLE-
!ROA ROA TWY E CL LGT BTN TWY E1 AND RWY 15/33 OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

3. Runway guard lights.

EXAMPLE-
!MCI MCI TWY ALL RUNWAY GUARD LGT FOR RWY 1L/19R OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

4. Stop bar lights.

EXAMPLE-
!SEA SEA TWY C STOP BAR LGT FOR RWY 16R/34L AND FOR EAST SIDE RWY 16L/34R OUT OF SERVICE 1305112300­1305131200EST

5. Taxiway lights obscured due to snow and ice.

EXAMPLE-
!BTV BTV TWY C EDGE LGT OBSC 1310131300-1310141300EST

NOTE-
1. OBSC can be used to describe the physical state of airport infrastructure, including signs and markings.

2.  All taxiway C edge lights are completely obscured. The reason for the obscuration should not be reported.

3. Lights that are partially obscured should not be reported.

5-2-2. TOWER LIGHT OUTAGES

a. The NOTAM text for telecommunication antenna tower light outages must be formatted as follows:

1. Exclamation point (!).

2. Accountability.

3. Location designator.

4. Keyword “OBST.”

5. Specify the attribute “TOWER LGT.”

6. The FCC antenna structure registration (ASR) number in parentheses.

7. Obstruction location by latitude and longitude to the nearest one hundredth of a second.

8. Plain language location in parentheses.

(a) When the tower is within 5SM of an airport, describe the plain language location in feet or nautical miles using 16 points of compass from a specified location on the airport; for example, (.5NM E APCH END RWY 18) (2000FT SSE DEP END RWY 20).

(b) When the tower is within 500 feet either side of the centerline of a charted helicopter route (see 14 CFR Section 77.23), or 5SM or more from an airport and more than 200 feet AGL, describe the plain language location by using the bearing, distance, and aerodrome designator of the nearest public­use airport; for example, (12NM SSW SPA).

9. Specify the altitude MSL with the unit of measurement (FT).

10. In parentheses, specify the height with the unit of measurement and reference datum (AGL).

NOTE-
Height of tower lights on terrain (hills) are identified as MSL only.

11. Specify the condition “OUT OF SERVICE.” A light condition of OUT OF SERVICE refers to a top light or flashing obstruction light regardless of its position.

12. Effective time/expiration time.

(a) When a notice of light outage is received without an expiration time, inform the sponsor that you will be adding 15 days to the current time for the expiration time, at which time the NOTAM will be auto canceled. Advise the sponsor that a NOTAM must be canceled in the event that the return­to­service time is earlier than 15 days.

(b) When a tower light outage NOTAM is auto canceled after 15 days, the canceled NOTAM, including the tower's ASR number will be forwarded to the appropriate FCC field office.

NOTE-
Appendix C lists FCC Field Office FAX numbers.

EXAMPLES-
!GSP GSP OBST TOWER LGT (ASR 1234567) 345313.12N0815744.34W (3NM SSW SPA) 1528FT (564FT AGL) OUT OF SERVICE 1310291200­1311131200

!PWK PWK OBST TOWER LGT (ASR 1234567) 420651.07N087546.27W (12NM N PWK) 1049FT (330FT AGL) OUT OF SERVICE 1309151600­1309301600

b. Commercial tower light operators must report the operating status of tower lights and ensure that a NOTAM is originated via a direct entry tool or contacting FSS.

5-2-3. OBSTRUCTIONS

a. Obstructions include cranes, stacks, wind turbines, non­FCC towers, powerlines, etc. Any failure or malfunction which affects a top light or flashing obstruction light regardless of its position is a condition for a NOTAM.

b. The NOTAM text for obstructions must be formatted as follows:

1. Exclamation point (!).

2. Accountability.

3. Location designator.

4. Keyword “OBST.”

5. Specify the attribute; for example, “CRANE,” “STACK,” “AIRCRAFT TAIL,” “BUILDINGS,” etc.

6. Obstruction location by fix/radial/distance or latitude and longitude to the nearest second.

7. Plain language location in parentheses.

(a) When the obstruction is within 5SM of an airport, describe the plain language location in feet or nautical miles using 16 points of compass from a specified location on the airport; for example, (.5NM E APCH END RWY 18) (2000FT SSE DEP END RWY 20).

(b) When the obstruction is within 500 feet either side of the centerline of a charted helicopter route, or 5SM or more from an airport and more than 200 feet AGL, describe the plain language location by using the bearing, distance, and aerodrome designator of the nearest public­use airport; for example, (12NM SSW SPA)

8. Specify the altitude MSL with the unit of measurement (FT).

9. In parentheses, specify the height with the unit of measurement and reference datum (AGL).

10. Specify the condition; for example, “NOT LGTD,” “LGTD,” “FLAGGED.”

11. Effective time/expiration time.

EXAMPLES-
!RDU N52 OBST CRANE 345140N0804506W (1.44NM SW N52) 580FT (195FT AGL) NOT LGTD 1311292300­1311302300

!BGR 60B OBST WIND TURBINE 452315N0701346W (18.4NM SW 60B) 2820FT (410FT AGL) NOT LGTD 1311302330­13121752359EST

!ZOB ZOB OBST WIND TURBINE FARM WITHIN AREA DEFINED AS 4NM RADIUS OF 452315N0701346W 2820FT (410FT AGL) NOT LGTD 1311302330­13121752359

5-2-4. MOORED BALLOONS AND KITES

Upon receipt of a waiver to 14 CFR Part 101, but not more than 3 days prior to the event, issue a NOTAM containing the following information in the following order:

a. Exclamation point (!).

b. Accountability.

c. Location designator.

d. Keyword “OBST.”

e. The type of obstruction; for example “MOORED BALLOON,” “KITE.”

f. Description of area impacted; for example, a nautical mile radius of a NAVAID, fix/radial/distance, or latitude and longitude to the nearest second.

g. Plain language location in parentheses.

1. When the obstruction is within 5SM of an airport, describe the plain language location in feet or nautical miles using 16 points of compass from a specified location on the airport; for example, (.5NM E APCH END RWY 18) (2000FT SSE DEP END RWY 20).

2. When the obstruction is within 500 feet either side of the centerline of a charted helicopter route (see reference), or 5SM or more from an airport and more than 200 feet AGL, describe the plain language location by using the bearing, distance, and aerodrome designator of the nearest public­use airport; for example, (12NM SSW SPA)

h. Specify the altitude MSL with the unit of measurement (FT).

i. In parentheses, specify the height with the unit of measurement and reference datum (AGL).

j. Specify the condition, if needed; for example, “LGTD,” “FLAGGED.”

k. Schedule, if needed; for example, DAILY 1200­1800 or DAILY SR­SS.

l. Effective time/expiration time.

EXAMPLES-
!SJT SJT OBST MOORED BALLOON WITHIN AREA DEFINED AS 1NM RADIUS OF SJT 2430FT (510FT AGL) FLAGGED 1309251400-1309261400EST

!SJT SJT OBST MOORED BALLOON WITHIN AREA DEFINED AS 1NM RADIUS OF 400720N0943105W (30NM NE SJT) 2350FT (431FT AGL) LGTD FLAGGED 1310271700­1311051200

!ABQ ABQ OBST KITE WITHIN AREA DEFINED AS 1NM RADIUS OF ABQ020002 5860FT (505FT AGL) DAILY SR­SS 1310011900-1310112100EST

 

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