U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
Air Traffic Organization Policy

ORDER
JO 7110.65
U
Effective Date:
February 9, 2012
 
     
Subject:  Air Traffic Control
     Includes:  Change 1 effective 7/26/12, Errata to Change 1 effective 7/26/12,
    Change 2 effective 3/7/13, and Errata to Change 2 effective 3/7/13.
    Change 3 effective 8/22/13.
 

Section 3. Initial Separation of Departing and Arriving Aircraft

6-3-1. SEPARATION MINIMA

a. Separate a departing aircraft from an arriving aircraft making an instrument approach to the same airport by using one of the following minima until vertical or lateral separation is achieved:

b. TERMINAL. When takeoff direction differs by at least 45 degrees from the reciprocal of the final approach course, the departing aircraft takes off before the arriving aircraft leaves a fix inbound not less than 4 miles from the airport.

c. TERMINAL. When takeoff direction is other than in subpara a, the departing aircraft takes off so that it is established on a course diverging by at least 45 degrees from the reciprocal of the final approach course before the arriving aircraft leaves a fix inbound not less than 4 miles from the airport.

d. TERMINAL. When the absence of an appropriate fix precludes the application of subparas b or c and at airports where approach control service is not provided, the separation in subparas e or f must be applied.

e. When takeoff direction differs by at least 45 degrees from the reciprocal of the final approach course, the departing aircraft takes off 3 minutes before the arriving aircraft is estimated at the airport. (See FIG 6-3-1.)

FIG 6-3-1
Separation Minima

atc0603_At Anchor2

f. When takeoff direction is other than in subpara d, the departing aircraft takes off so that it is established on a course diverging by at least 45 degrees from the reciprocal of the final approach course 5 minutes before the arriving aircraft is estimated at the airport or before it starts procedure turn. (See FIG 6-3-2 and FIG 6-3-3.)

FIG 6-3-2
Separation Minima

atc0603_At Anchor1

FIG 6-3-3
Separation Minima

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