Section 6. Basic Radar Service
to VFR Aircraft- Terminal
a. Basic radar services for VFR aircraft must
1. Safety alerts.
2. Traffic advisories.
3. Limited radar vectoring when requested by
4. Sequencing at locations where procedures
have been established for this purpose and/or when
covered by a LOA.
b. Apply the procedures contained in para
7-1-3, Approach Control Service for VFR
Arriving Aircraft, when arriving VFR aircraft are
handled by approach control and provide vectoring
service in accordance with
Chapter 5, Radar,
Section 7, Speed Adjustment, in
addition to the radar services prescribed in
para 5-6-1, Application, and
para 5-6-2, Methods.
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 2-1-16, Surface Areas.
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 7-6-1, Application.
FAAO JO 7210.3, Chapter 11, Section 1, Terminal VFR Radar
AIM, Para 4-1-18, Terminal Radar Services for VFR Aircraft.
c. When ISR is being displayed, target resolution
7-6-2. SERVICE AVAILABILITY
a. Inform aircraft on initial contact whenever this
service cannot be provided because of radar outage
and apply para 7-1-3, Approach Control
Service for VFR Arriving Aircraft.
b. Provide the service, to the extent possible using
an available frequency, if an aircraft desires the
service but cannot communicate on the appropriate
frequencies. Aircraft which do not desire radar
service may be fitted into the landing sequence by the
tower. Coordination of these aircraft must be
accomplished with the approach control unless a
facility directive/LOA prescribes otherwise. Nonparticipating aircraft must, to the extent possible, be
given the same landing sequence they would have
received had they been sequenced by radar vectors.
c. Radar sequencing to the primary airport, when
local procedures have been developed, must be
provided unless the pilot states that the service is not
requested. Arriving aircraft are assumed to want
radar service unless the pilot states “Negative radar
service,” or makes a similar comment.
7-6-3. INITIAL CONTACT
An aircraft sighted by the local controller at the time
of first radio contact may be positioned in the landing
sequence after coordination with approach control.
Identify the aircraft before taking action to position it
in the approach sequence.
Hold VFR aircraft over the initial reporting fix or a fix
near the airport when holding is required to establish
an approach sequence.
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 7-1-4, Visual Holding of VFR
7-6-6. APPROACH SEQUENCE
Do not assign landing sequence numbers, when
establishing aircraft in the approach sequence, unless
this responsibility has been delegated in a LOA or
The landing sequence is ordinarily established by the
a. Establish radar contact before instructing a VFR
aircraft to enter the traffic pattern at a specified point
or vectoring the aircraft to a position in the approach
sequence. Inform the pilot of the aircraft to follow
when the integrity of the approach sequence is
dependent on following a preceding aircraft. Ensure
visual contact is established with the aircraft to follow
and provide instruction to follow that aircraft.
FOLLOW (description) (position, if necessary).
b. Direct a VFR aircraft to a point near the airport
to hold when a position is not available in the
approach sequence for the runway in use. The aircraft
may be vectored to another runway after coordination
with the tower.
c. Apply the following procedures to a VFR
aircraft being radar sequenced:
1. The provisions of para 5-5-4,
Minima, subparas f and g.
2. When parallel runways are less than
2,500 feet apart, do not permit a heavy jet/B757 to
overtake any aircraft nor a large aircraft to overtake
a small aircraft established on final within the
facility's area of responsibility.
7-6-8. CONTROL TRANSFER
a. Inform the tower of the aircraft's position and
then instruct the pilot to contact the tower.
b. The aircraft may be instructed to contact the
tower prior to the tower being advised of the aircraft's
1. The tower advises the aircraft is in sight, and
2. Space is available in the landing sequence.
c. Instruct the pilot to contact the tower at the
appropriate point when the approach control
ARTS/STARS track data is being displayed on the
tower's BRITE/DBRITE/TDW display, the aircraft
is tagged by ARTS/STARS, and a facility directive
specifies change of communications and control
The point at which an aircraft is instructed to contact the
tower is determined by prior coordination between the
tower and approach control and will vary, depending on
the runway in use, weather, etc. The transfer of
communications ordinarily occurs at least 5 miles from the
runway. The point for the transfer of communications
should be a sufficient distance from the airport to permit
the tower to properly sequence the aircraft, but not at a
distance that could derogate the provision of radar traffic
7-6-9. ABANDONED APPROACH
Instruct the aircraft to change to approach control for
sequencing when an aircraft, under tower control,
abandons the approach and coordination with
approach control reveals no immediate space in the
7-6-10. VFR DEPARTURE INFORMATION
Inform departing VFR aircraft who request radar
traffic advisories when to contact departure control
and the frequency to use. Provide traffic advisories in
accordance with para 2-1-21, Traffic
Advisories, after the departure is radar identified.
Departing aircraft desiring traffic information are
expected to request the service and to state their proposed
direction of flight upon initial contact with ground control.
7-6-11. TERMINATION OF SERVICE
Basic radar services should be provided to the extent
possible, workload permitting. Terminate radar
service to aircraft landing at airports other than those
where sequencing service is provided at a sufficient
distance from the airport to permit the pilot to change
to the appropriate frequency for traffic and airport
RADAR SERVICE TERMINATED, SQUAWK ONE TWO
CHANGE TO ADVISORY FREQUENCY APPROVED,
CONTACT (frequency identification),
FREQUENCY CHANGE APPROVED.
7-6-12. SERVICE PROVIDED WHEN
TOWER IS INOPERATIVE
a. Provide the following services during hours
when the tower is not in operation:
1. Wind direction and velocity.
Issue information provided from the FSS or WSO.
Otherwise, inform the pilot that wind information is not
2. Traffic information.
3. Inform aircraft when radar service is
FAAO JO 7110.65, Para 5-1-13, Radar Service Termination.
b. Do not assign landing sequence.