Section 6. Watch Supervision-Terminal/En Route
2-6-1. WATCH SUPERVISION
supervision requires maintaining situational awareness (defined
below) of traffic activity and operational conditions in order to
provide timely assistance to specialists and that ensure available
resources are deployed for optimal efficiency. Watch supervision
may be performed by a manager, supervisor, or controller-in-charge
(CIC). The objectives and tasks of watch supervision must be
specified in a facility directive, which is focused on operational
requirements. The directive must specify, as a minimum, the
required tasks for maintaining a safe and efficient operation.
These tasks must include, but are not limited to:
requirement to provide guidance and goals for the shift.
leave requests (e.g., leave approval).
7. Configuring/monitoring/reporting equipment
collection and reporting.
presidential aircraft and reporting security requirements.
awareness is defined as a continuous extraction of environmental
information, integration of this information with previous
knowledge to form a coherent mental picture, and the use of that
picture in directing further perception and anticipating future
events. Simply put, situational awareness means knowing what is
going on around you.
of the operational environment with a goal toward eliminating
(a) Non-operationally-related activities
or tasks that are distracting, such as controller schedule or
needed items and equipment.
(c) When activities or tasks that are not
time critical or operationally necessary become distracting to
the operation, watch supervision must take steps to defer or
relocate these activities or tasks.
duties must not be accomplished to the detriment of any
Individuals medically disqualified or taking medically
disqualifying substances must not be assigned watch supervision
duties, in accordance with para 2-8-6, Restricted Drugs.
the role of watch supervision, a CIC must perform these duties in
accordance with management direction, with the following
and counseling employees on their performance.
selections, promotions, awards, disciplinary actions, and
Coordinator for drug or alcohol testing.
On-the-spot corrections are not considered an evaluation of
performance and are required as part of CIC duties.
2-6-2. WATCH SUPERVISION ASSIGNMENTS
air traffic services require watch supervision regardless of the
number of people assigned. Facilities must establish local
procedures for watch supervision assignments.
authorized, when two or more operations managers are assigned to
the shift, one must be designated as the Operations Manager in
Charge (OMIC). The OMIC is responsible for the day-to-day, shift
by shift, management of the control room operation.
two or more supervisory traffic management coordinators (STMC) are
on duty, one must be assigned as supervisory traffic management
two or more operations supervisory personnel are on duty in an
operational area (for example, radar room, tower, ARTCC area,
etc.), one must be assigned as in charge.
These “in charge” personnel may be called OSIC, front line
manager-in-charge (FLMIC), or other names designated by the
two or more specialists are on duty and no supervisory personnel
are available, one specialist who is fully qualified and rated in
the assigned operational area must be designated as CIC to perform
the watch supervision duties.
In combined radar/tower facilities, when there's a tower CIC and
TRACON CIC, one must be designated as the overall
f. At facilities where a specialist
stands a watch alone, the responsibility for watch supervision
becomes part of his/her duties.
performing watch supervision duties may be required to perform
operational duties in addition to watch supervision duties. The
performance of operational duties should be done on a limited
basis such as during periods of low activity.
individual is considered available for watch supervision when
he/she is physically present in the operational area and is able
to perform the primary duties of the function. If the supervisor/CIC
leaves the operational area or is engaged in an activity
which will interfere with or preclude the performance of
watch supervision duties, then another qualified individual must
be designated to supervise the watch.
a. Prior to being
designated as a CIC, specialists must meet the following
1. Have been
certified for 6 months in the area/facility CIC duties to be
performed. (The Director of En Route and Oceanic Operations Area
Office or Terminal Operations Service Area Office may issue a
facility waiver for the 6 month requirement where a more immediate
assignment is needed. Waivers to facilities will be for 1 year,
with renewals based on the result of a yearly evaluation by the
area office director.)
selected by the air traffic manager or his/her designee.
complete CIC training.
who have been designated as a CIC and subsequently transfer to
another facility are not required to fulfill the requirement of
subpara 2-6-3a1 at the new facility; however, they must meet all
facilities that use CICs to provide midwatch coverage,
specialists that provide such coverage must be designated as a
CIC only for the purpose of providing midwatch coverage upon
facility/area certification and completion of the local CIC
training course. Air traffic managers must ensure the local CIC
training course is completed within 30 days of facility/area
In combined radar/tower facilities, specialists who are certified
in the tower cab may be designated as CIC in the tower, provided
all of the above prerequisites are met.
2-6-4. CONTROLLER-IN-CHARGE (CIC) SELECTION PROCESS
eligible employees who meet the prerequisites of subparas 2-6-3a1
and 2 must be considered for selection as CIC. Air traffic
managers, when determining facility requirements for CICs, must
consider the following:
facility requirements are established, air traffic managers may
designate a panel to forward recommendations for CIC candidates to
the designated selecting official. A facility may have one
recommendation panel for each area of specialization.
recommendation panel must consider the following knowledge,
skills, and abilities (KSA) in reviewing each candidate. These
KSAs must include but are not limited to:
solving and analytical ability.
recommendation panel must forward its recommendations to the air
traffic manager or his/her designee. Written feedback must be
provided to the selecting official for all candidates not
recommended including dissenting opinions.
who are not selected to be a CIC, upon request, must be advised of
the reasons for nonselection. If applicable, specific areas the
employee needs to improve must be identified. Employees may
request assistance from their immediate supervisor in developing
options to improve the identified areas.
These provisions do not apply to midwatch CIC coverage.
2-6-5. CONSOLIDATING POSITIONS
personnel to positions as required by activity, equipment, and
facility function. Positions may be consolidated in consideration
of activity and the qualifications of the personnel involved.
b. To the extent staffing resources
permit, and where the position is established, the tower associate
(local assist) position must be staffed. This position is
considered essential to the operational integrity and safety
levels required to minimize the potential for surface errors and
land‐over incidents. Nonlocal control functions must not be
consolidated/combined at the local control position except during
periods of significantly reduced traffic levels.
conducting line up and wait (LUAW) operations, local control
position must not be consolidated/combined with any other
non-local control position.
FAAO JO 7210.3, Para 10-3-8, Line Up and Wait (LUAW) Operations
2-6-6. RELIEF PERIODS
performing watch supervision duties are responsible for ensuring
that breaks are administered in an equitable manner and applied so
as to promote the efficiency of the agency. They are also
responsible for ensuring that breaks are of a reasonable duration.
performing watch supervision duties are responsible for knowing
the whereabouts of employees to ensure their availability for
performing watch supervision duties must not condone or permit
individuals to sleep during any period duties are assigned. Any
such instance must be handled in accordance with applicable Agency
policy and the applicable collective bargaining agreement.
2-6-7. BASIC WATCH SCHEDULE
watch schedules must take into account normal traffic flow,
thereby permitting the posting of a continuing schedule for an
indefinite period of time. Facility management is responsible for
ensuring watch schedules are in accordance with collective
traffic control specialists whose primary duties are those
directly related to the control and separation of aircraft must
meet the following criteria:
not work more than 10 operational hours in a shift.
worked before a shift, whether operational or not, will count as
work beyond 10 hours must be nonoperational.
at least an 8-hour break from the time work ends to the start of
any shift, except as follows:
are required to have a minimum of 9 consecutive hours off duty
preceding the start of a day shift. For purposes of this
paragraph only, a day shift is generally defined as a shift
where the majority of hours fall between 7:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m.
requirement applies to all shift changes, swaps, and overtime to
include scheduled, call-in, and holdover assignments.
an off-duty period of at least 12 hours following a midnight
shift. (A midnight shift is defined as a shift in which the
majority of hours are worked between 10:30 p.m. and 6:30 a.m.)
an employee is assigned more than two (2) consecutive ten (10)
hour midnight shifts, all of the consecutive ten (10) hour
midnight shifts require a 2100L (Non flex) start time.
7. Ten (10) hour midnight shifts are
limited to no more than four (4) in any six (6) day period.
8. No day shift may
immediately precede a ten (10) hour midnight shift.
9. Eight (8) hour midnight shifts may be
extended by no more than one (1) hour per single shift.
10. A 0530L start time or later is
required when working an eight (8) hour day shift prior to an
eight (8) hour midnight shift. Employees may not flex to an
earlier start time than 0530L.
11. Do not work more than six shifts
without taking a regular day off.
12. Authorized leave, compensatory time
used, and credit hours used are considered hours of work.
13. These criteria apply to shift
adjustments, including the exchange of shifts and/or days off
and the change of shifts and/or days off.
2-6-8. OVERTIME DUTY
air traffic managers must ensure that overtime duty is equitably
distributed among all eligible employees who desire it. Retain
overtime duty records for 12 months.
2-6-9. HOLIDAY STAFFING
Air Traffic Managers must ensure that the scheduled staffing is
adjusted on holidays to a level consistent with the anticipated
workload. Application of this policy is not intended to result in
a standardized holiday staffing schedule for all holidays. Holiday
staffing schedules may vary for individual holidays since the
traffic in a particular area cannot always be expected to be the
same for each holiday.
to establishing work schedules for a Federal holiday, facility air
traffic managers must:
the previous year's traffic statistics for each holiday.
as appropriate, with local sources (Air National Guard, USN, USAF
Reserves, local flying schools, fixed base operators, etc.), for
information concerning anticipated activity.
2-6-10. ADMINISTRATIVE HOURS OF DUTY
duty of facility air traffic managers and administrative staffs
should conform with the duty hours of their respective service
2-6-11. FACILITY COMPLEMENTS
air traffic managers will be currently informed by the service
area office of their authorized facility personnel complements.
The authorized complement will always be the end-of-year
employment ceiling authorization. Circumstances may result in the
establishment of a complement different from that provided in
2-6-12. CONSOLIDATING TOWER/TRACON FUNCTIONS
facilities where both tower and radar/nonradar approach control
services are provided, the air traffic manager must ensure, to
the maximum extent possible, that these functions are not
consolidated during non-midwatch operations unless unforeseen
circumstances or emergency situations arise which would preclude
compliance with this paragraph.
midwatch operations (where the majority of hours fall between
10:30 p.m. and 6:30 a.m.) when traffic permits, all functions
may be consolidated for meals or breaks.
traffic managers must ensure that no less than two
fully-certified and current operational personnel are assigned
to midnight shift, unless no such personnel are available for
2-6-13. SINGLE PERSON
In order to ensure that a receiving controller is prepared to
accept an aircraft, coordination between facilities/operational
areas must be accomplished either manually via landline, or
positively acknowledged via automation, (for example, acceptance
of the handoff by keystroke entry), when an operational area is
operated with one ATCS between the hours of 0000L to 0500L.
Coordination procedures during the time period defined in
paragraph a can be suspended during periods of increased of
traffic. An increase of traffic may include, but is not limited
to, the following:
Late night SWAP events.
Multiple arrivals/departures in a short period of time.
The coordination procedures do not supersede existing
requirements in FAA Order JO 7110.65.
Facilities must have local procedures to be used during the
hours identified above. Such procedures are to be placed into
local SOP or LOAs between facilities.
Automated coordination cannot be handoffs that do not include
In the event there is no response from the facility/operational
area with which coordination is attempted, immediate action must
be taken to determine the status of the unresponsive controller
and begin appropriate notification.
When operations permit, it is expected that functions will be
consolidated to facilitate breaks in up/down facilities during