Chapter 3. Facility Equipment
Section 1. General
a. The basic
operating equipment for ARTCCs consist of flight progress boards, radar
displays, communications, automation, and, where applicable, URET
equipment. At facilities utilizing Ocean21, additional equipment consists
of Air Traffic Situation Displays and Auxiliary Displays. This equipment
is arranged in individual units called sectors and laid out in accordance
with master plans maintained in the En Route and Oceanic Service Area
offices. Air traffic managers may recommend changes to these plans.
b. The basic
operating equipment for terminals consists of a control desk, frequency
control panel, weather instruments, recorders and, as required, “data
communication,” radar, and automation equipment arranged in many different
configurations according to the type of facility and generally conforming
to master plans maintained in Terminal Service Area offices. Air traffic
managers may recommend changes to these plans.
terminal facilities where certified information display system (IDS)
equipment is installed, the IDS must be the display source for the time,
DASI, RVR, wind (including wind shear ribbon display terminals), and
weather data from ASOS, AWOS, SAWS, etc.
Certified and Uncertified Systems
Information Display System 4 (IDS-4)
NAS IDS (NIDS)
2. If all
control positions are using a certified IDS, no more than one legacy
display for each type (DASI, RVR, etc.) may remain in the tower and/or
TRACON for back-up purposes.
that use uncertified IDS must ensure the information is cross-checked with
the actual source for accuracy in accordance with the facility's daily
watch checklist (for example, ASOS, RVR, LLWAS, etc.).
For facilities using certified systems, these comparisons are performed by
technical operations personnel.
traffic facilities that use electronic IDS must ensure that all displayed
information is current. Facilities must ensure that any information with a
scheduled expiration is removed from the controller display at the time of
expiration. If the system is capable of automatically removing expired
information, it must be configured to do so.
c. The basic
operating equipment for FSSs consist of radio and landline communications
equipment, flight progress boards, pilot briefing equipment, recorders,
“data communication” equipment, displays of aeronautical and
meteorological information, direction-finding equipment, aircraft
orientation plotting boards, “orientation, direction-finding equipment and
aircraft orientation” arranged according to master plans maintained in
Flight Service Area offices. Air traffic managers may recommend changes to
from Technical Operations personnel for approval to shut down air traffic
system components for periodic maintenance are forwarded to the air
traffic facility having approval authority.
conditions prevent approval of the shutdown at the time requested, the
OMIC/OSIC should cooperate fully and work with Technical Operations
personnel in arranging an alternative time. Ordinarily, shutdowns of air
traffic system components should be planned to occur during the hours of
least traffic activity regardless of the time of day.
The OMIC/OSIC should coordinate with System Operations Traffic Management
in determining alternate times.
c. When a
NAVAID shutdown will affect another facility's operation, the facility
having approval authority must coordinate with other facilities concerned.
This includes coordination of VHF/DF shutdown with the appropriate DF Net
d. Upon facility acceptance of any URET system, that system becomes
a component of the air traffic system for the purposes of requests from
Technical Operations personnel for approval to shut down that system for
of any planned or unplanned outage of URET must be coordinated following
the guidelines in Chapter 8, NAS En Route Automation, and guidelines
developed and maintained by URET facilities.
AIRSPACE SYSTEM (NAS) CHANGES
When programs are
initiated which will result in inauguration, commissioning, alteration, or
decommissioning of NAS components (NAVAIDs, facilities, services, etc.),
supervisors must ensure, to the extent practicable, that effective dates
coincide with the U.S. 56-day cycle effective dates for charting
LIGHTS, GATES, AND SIGNALS
personnel must not operate traffic lights, gates, signals, or similar
devices for restricting or preventing transit of persons or vehicles
between airport movement areas and other on/off airport areas, or to
control vehicular traffic on streets, highways, rail, or other similar
areas when traffic thereon may be incompatible with aircraft operations.
The control of such traffic is the responsibility of airport management or
other appropriate authorities.
managers must ensure that personnel use a moist cloth when cleaning glass
or plastic instrument covers to preclude the creation of static charges.
FSS OASIS facilities should exercise caution in the handling of flat panel
monitors. Do not touch the screen with any object, including hands. Damage
to the screen will occur. Detailed instructions for the care of the
monitors can be found in the WINGS Systems Users Guide.
GENERATOR TRANSFER PROCEDURES FOR ANTICIPATED POWER FAILURE
a. STMCIC or
OSIC at terminal facilities and ARTCCs must inform the systems engineer
(SE) or other appropriate Technical Operations supervisor of any severe
storm activity approaching the facility. The STMCIC or OSIC must advise
facilities without an operational power conditioning system (PCS), the
STMCIC or OSIC must coordinate with the SE or other appropriate Technical
Operations supervisor to determine a mutually acceptable time to change
to/from generator power.
1. Air traffic and Technical Operations personnel are
required to monitor weather reports and radar to determine when severe
storm activity is approaching a facility. At least 30 minutes prior to the
estimated arrival of a severe storm in the area of a facility, maintenance
personnel will start engine generators at facilities as indicated in
appropriate agency directives. (These include the Facilities Master File;
FAAO JO 6030.31, National Airspace System Failure Response; FAAO 6980.5,
Engine Generator Transfer Procedures for Anticipated Power Failure; local
contingency/emergency plans, or any other directives pertaining to
restoration of services.) This 30-minute start-up requirement does not
apply at facilities where at least one of the following conditions exists:
a. The facility has an operational PCS.
b. Maintenance personnel are not on duty at the time action
c. Air traffic has remote control of the engine generators.
coordinating with air traffic, Technical Operations must (depending on the
type of auxiliary power system) either place the facility on generator
power or place the generator on the loadbank until the storm activity has
left the area. (The change back to commercial power will be made at the
3. It is
important to note that at facilities with an operational PCS, no action
other than the initial storm notification is required since the transfer
to generator power occurs automatically with no power interruption when
commercial power fails.
FAAO JO 6030.31, National Airspace System Failure Response;
FAAO 6980.5, Engine Generator Transfer Procedures for Anticipated Power