Section 7. Terminal Area VFR Route
a. The Terminal Area VFR
Route Chart Program has been developed to assist
pilots operating under VFR who do not wish to
communicate with ATC to avoid airspace requiring such
b. Pilot adherence to
Terminal Area VFR Routes, and the recommended
altitudes associated with them, is strictly voluntary
and in no way relieves pilots from requirements to
comply with all applicable Federal Aviation
Terminal Area VFR Routes are
specific flight courses depicted on the chart(s),
which may include recommended altitudes, and described
by reference to electronic navigational aids and/or
prominent visual landmarks for optional use by pilots
to avoid Class B, Class C, and Class D airspace while
operating in complex terminal airspace. An ATC
clearance is not required to fly these routes.
Use the following criteria for
establishing Terminal Area VFR Routes:
1. Recommended routes should
avoid the flow of IFR traffic.
2. Recommended routes must,
to the maximum extent practical, reference prominent
landmarks that can be readily identified from the air.
3. The course must be
described by magnetic compass headings and
latitude/longitude. Radio aids to navigation may be
used as supplemental course guidance when feasible.
b. Recommended Altitudes:
Each segment of a route must have recommended
1. Recommended altitudes
must avoid airspace requiring prior ATC authorization
or contact to enter.
2. Recommended altitude must
be in accordance with VFR cruising altitudes.
3. Recommended altitudes
must avoid areas of expected wake turbulence from
4. Altitude changes should
be based on climb/descent rate of 250-350 feet per
5. Recommended altitudes
beneath the floors of Class B and Class C airspace,
require careful evaluation to avoid compression of
c. Military considerations:
Avoid establishing routes which conflict with
military ground control radar approach paths.
Recommended routes which cross or are close to MTR
should include communication instructions to allow
pilots to determine MTR status.
a. Terminal Area VFR Route
Development: Terminal Operations Service Area
Directors are responsible for determining the need for
recommended routes and for compliance with the
1. Initial action: Terminal
Operations Service Area Directors desiring to
establish recommended routes must form a task group
consisting of local air traffic, FSDO, military, and
other interested parties.
Recommendations for routes must include as a minimum:
(a) Background information
including composition of the task group.
(b) Airspace areas, proposed
routes, recommended altitudes, and other pertinent
3. The task force must
develop descriptions of the recommended routes which
must include as a minimum:
(b) Latitude/longitude of
each turning point on the route. The description must
include a sufficient number of points to establish the
desired turn radius. NAVAID data may be included if
appropriate: e.g., VOR radials.
(c) Recommended altitudes
for each route segment and flight status: i.e., level,
climbing, or descending.
(d) A list of recommended
VFR checkpoints (including latitude/longitude) may be
included, if appropriate.
b. Route Review: Terminal
Operations Service Area Directors are responsible for
reviewing recommended VFR routes and for ensuring that
they comply with all prescribed criteria. Terminal
Operations Service Area Directors must submit route
descriptions to the System Operations Airspace and
Aeronautical Information Management in a tabular
format suitable for publication in the National Flight
Data Digest without additional processing.
c. Annual Review: Terminal
Operations Service Area Directors must as a minimum,
on an annual basis, review routes and submit revisions
to System Operations Airspace and Aeronautical
Information Management in format described above.
d. Route Revisions:
The System Operations Airspace and
Aeronautical Information Management office, must
ensure that route descriptions/revisions submitted by
Service Area offices are published in the National
Flight Data Digest for the use of chart makers and
other interested parties.