For Immediate Release
July 20, 2004
Contact: Alison Duquette
The U.S. Department of Transportation's Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) today issued new requirements for light-sport aircraft, pilots and repairman.
Light-sport aircraft are small, simple, low-performance, low-energy aircraft limited to:
- 1,320 lb.(600 kg), (1,430 lb. seaplanes) maximum takeoff weight
- 1 or 2 occupants
- single engine (non-turbine)
- maximum stall speed (without lift enhancing devices) of 45 knots
- maximum airspeed in level flight of 120 knots
- fixed landing gear
- fixed pitch propeller.
According to the rule, "light-sport aircraft" are: airplanes, gliders, gyroplanes, balloons, airships, weight-shift-control, and powered parachutes. Helicopters and powered lifts are excluded because of complexity. Weight-shift-control aircraft and powered parachutes are also defined in the rule.
The FAA has created two new aircraft airworthiness certificates for:
- Special Light-Sport Aircraft. A new special airworthiness certificate for a light-sport category aircraft that is "ready to fly" when the manufacturer determines the aircraft meets a consensus standard developed jointly with FAA and industry (gyroplane category is excluded).
- Aircraft holding this airworthiness certificate may be used for personal use and for compensation while conducting flight training, rental (similar to primary category), or towing (of light-sport gliders or unpowered ultralights).
Experimental Light-Sport Aircraft. Aircraft holding this certificate may be used only for personal use. There are three ways to earn this new certificate:
- existing ultralight-like aircraft that do not meet the requirements for ultralight vehicles
- aircraft assembled from eligible kits that meet a consensus standard
- aircraft previously issued a special, light-sport category airworthiness certificate.
Certain type-certificated aircraft that meet the above criteria may also be operated with a light-sport pilot certificate.
An ultralight is a vehicle that is manned by one occupant for recreation or sport purposes. It does not have a U.S. or foreign airworthiness certificate. If unpowered, it weighs less than 155 lbs. If powered, it weighs less than 254 lbs. empty, has a fuel capacity not exceeding five U.S. gallons, is incapable of more than 55 knots airspeed in level flight, and has a power-off stall speed which does not exceed 24 knots.
There are maintenance and inspection requirements for light-sport aircraft certificated as an experimental light-sport aircraft or special light-sport aircraft. There are also new pilot training and certification requirements for:
- a sport pilot certificate,
- a sport pilot rating at the flight instructor certificate level,
- two category ratings – weight-shift-control and powered parachute, both with land and sea class ratings at the private pilot certificate level, and
- a repairman certificate – light-sport aircraft with an inspection or maintenance rating.
FAA certificated pilots and flight instructors exercising sport pilot privileges must hold a valid U.S. driver's license or FAA medical certificate.
The rule will cost approximately $158.4 million (discounted) over nearly 10 years. Industry costs will be roughly $144.5 million (discounted), of which $98.9 million (discounted) represents out-of-pocket expenses. Government costs are approximately $13.9 million (discounted). The estimated potential benefits range from $57.7 million to $220.3 million (discounted).