When a traveler starts to plan a trip or when an airline operator starts to plan air service, they will look at the points of origin and destination for flights. These points of origin and destination are thought of in terms of pairs of cities or pairs of metroplexes. In measuring city-pair performance, the NPS website looks at flights that either originate or conclude at a specific metroplex, such as the New York/Philadelphia metroplex to Southern California. For each city pair, an origin airport (for example, Newark Liberty International, EWR) and a destination airport (for example, Los Angeles International, LAX) are listed. The city pairs are unidirectional (only measuring EWR to LAX in the example above) and the NPS website reports them as recommended by the NextGen Advisory Committee (NAC).

All results are reported by Fiscal Year (FY), October 1 — September 30.

Flights can depart outside of the reportable hours, but must arrive during the reportable hours at the destination airport. For a list of the reportable hours for each airport, please see the Reference Guide.

Average Airborne Time (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the average Airborne Time for flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year. Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
ATL EWR 105.7 105.3 104.7 104.5 103.6
ATL LGA 106.4 103.6 103.9 103.1 103.0
BOS EWR 54.4 52.2 53.5 53.5 52.8
BOS JFK 47.2 46.2 46.1 44.9 45.2
CLT EWR 82.6 81.4 81.1 80.8 80.4
CLT JFK 87.1 83.9 81.5 80.3 81.2
CLT LGA 81.9 79.4 79.8 79.3 79.6
DCA EWR 43.7 42.8 42.8 42.9 42.4
EWR FLL 149.9 149.8 150.5 150.9 152.6
EWR LAX 328.2 326.2 328.7 323.9 323.0
EWR MCO 133.8 133.8 134.1 134.1 134.5
EWR MDW 1 1 108.5 109.3 110.1
EWR MEM 143.9 139.1 140.5 142.8 144.0
EWR MIA 152.0 151.7 151.3 151.9 152.7
EWR ORD 116.8 115.8 115.3 112.8 112.8
FLL JFK 143.1 141.9 142.4 140.6 141.0
FLL LGA 148.0 144.7 145.8 144.5 144.8
IAD JFK 51.1 49.5 48.3 48.0 48.6
IAD LGA 49.7 47.0 47.0 46.7 46.6
JFK MCO 135.4 134.2 134.4 133.7 135.1
JFK MIA 153.7 152.3 151.6 151.9 152.0
JFK ORD 124.1 122.3 121.6 120.3 119.8
JFK SFO 348.9 347.4 347.6 345.4 347.8
LGA MCO 135.8 134.6 133.3 134.0 134.8
LGA MDW 109.1 112.6 113.1 111.1 112.0
LGA MIA 153.4 152.0 150.7 152.2 154.1
LGA ORD 117.4 116.2 116.4 115.1 114.8
ORD PHL 93.4 92.3 92.1 92.1 92.3

1 No data available.

Effective Gate-to-Gate Time (FY) Average Minutes per Flight

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the difference between the Actual Gate-In Time at the destination airport and the Scheduled Gate-Out Time at the origin airport. Flights may depart outside reportable hours, but must arrive during them. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by FY.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
ATL EWR 166.2 153.6 157.9 151.1 152.2
ATL LGA 155.1 150.2 149.8 140.3 146.1
BOS EWR 118.1 104.4 108.3 101.3 98.3
BOS JFK 94.8 88.9 93.2 80.8 85.8
CLT EWR 140.9 125.8 129.5 124.8 126.3
CLT JFK 143.2 127.5 121.6 111.2 122.6
CLT LGA 122.4 117.0 123.1 116.5 123.2
DCA EWR 92.5 78.2 88.9 97.9 97.3
EWR FLL 192.8 185.5 188.8 187.6 190.5
EWR LAX 383.5 371.5 375.4 373.5 369.4
EWR MCO 179.9 171.7 174.0 172.9 171.8
EWR MDW 1 1 151.6 2 145.2 151.0
EWR MEM 193.5 179.7 182.6 188.1 192.1
EWR MIA 195.7 187.2 186.9 189.5 190.0
EWR ORD 167.9 158.8 162.3 156.8 157.6
FLL JFK 189.1 185.4 186.4 177.5 181.7
FLL LGA 192.3 182.5 186.1 183.3 185.9
IAD JFK 101.9 95.2 95.3 88.1 97.3
IAD LGA 98.6 89.7 94.1 89.7 100.1
JFK MCO 181.2 181.4 180.7 175.0 177.1
JFK MIA 206.6 201.9 198.1 191.5 198.3
JFK ORD 185.7 185.9 184.5 176.1 183.1
JFK SFO 395.8 392.3 392.9 390.9 394.7
LGA MCO 175.8 175.7 179.5 176.9 181.7
LGA MDW 164.3 161.1 163.7 150.9 155.7
LGA MIA 198.3 194.2 194.1 193.5 197.1
LGA ORD 162.1 157.9 161.9 157.4 162.1
ORD PHL 132.1 126.4 129.0 123.5 131.1

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Airborne Distance (FY) Nautical Miles

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the average airborne distance of flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year. Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
ATL EWR 1 1 708.7 704.1 702.8
ATL LGA 1 1 719.9 715.9 716.9
BOS EWR 1 1 250.9 249.2 247.5
BOS JFK 1 1 218.8 218.3 218.8
CLT EWR 1 1 510.2 509.7 507.4
CLT JFK 1 1 535.1 532.6 536.9
CLT LGA 1 1 515.5 513.9 514.5
DCA EWR 1 1 211.0 211.5 208.6
EWR FLL 1 1 987.6 986.2 992.3
EWR LAX 1 1 2176.2 2171.9 2176.4
EWR MCO 1 1 876.2 873.5 873.2
EWR MDW 1 1 644.9 638.2 639.4
EWR MEM 1 1 852.3 856.0 849.2
EWR MIA 1 1 1001.0 1003.6 1011.8
EWR ORD 1 1 679.4 674.0 675.7
FLL JFK 1 1 992.1 986.3 992.0
FLL LGA 1 1 1006.7 1003.6 1006.5
IAD JFK 1 1 258.8 258.4 259.2
IAD LGA 1 1 247.3 246.6 245.9
JFK MCO 1 1 879.7 874.0 878.8
JFK MIA 1 1 1014.8 1008.4 1011.6
JFK ORD 1 1 721.3 716.3 716.8
JFK SFO 1 1 2318.0 2314.9 2318.7
LGA MCO 1 1 873.3 877.9 878.6
LGA MDW 1 1 654.9 652.0 655.5
LGA MIA 1 1 1007.2 1015.8 1019.2
LGA ORD 1 1 688.7 683.2 684.7
ORD PHL 1 1 627.6 626.3 626.2

1 No data available.

Efficiency:

As described by ICAO; efficiency addresses the operational and economic cost-effectiveness of gate-to-gate flight operations from a single-flight perspective. In all phases of flight, airspace users want to depart and arrive at the times they select and fly the trajectory they determine to be optimum.

Airborne Time Predictability (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the difference between the 85th and 15th percentiles of Airborne Time for flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by FY. Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
ATL EWR 16 16 16 14 16
ATL LGA 18 14 14 13 15
BOS EWR 15 12 12 11 12
BOS JFK 12 10 10 9 9
CLT EWR 14 13 13 13 13
CLT JFK 21 15 12 12 13
CLT LGA 15 11 12 12 12
DCA EWR 12 10 10 10 10
EWR FLL 20 21 22 21 24
EWR LAX 38 32 41 36 37
EWR MCO 18 20 20 19 21
EWR MDW 1 1 13 2 16 16
EWR MEM 25 25 25 25 25
EWR MIA 20 21 21 21 22
EWR ORD 19 19 19 20 17
FLL JFK 21 19 18 17 17
FLL LGA 21 16 17 16 17
IAD JFK 13 10 10 9 9
IAD LGA 13 10 10 9 9
JFK MCO 19 20 21 19 21
JFK MIA 23 22 21 21 21
JFK ORD 21 21 20 20 19
JFK SFO 42 36 42 33 36
LGA MCO 18 21 19 19 21
LGA MDW 11 16 17 16 16
LGA MIA 19 22 20 20 22
LGA ORD 19 18 19 19 18
ORD PHL 14 13 13 12 12

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Effective Gate-to-Gate Time Predictability (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours, the difference between the 85th and 15th percentiles of the Effective Gate-to-Gate Time metric. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by FY. Additional percentile and reportable hour information can be found in the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
ATL EWR 93 63 70 61 67
ATL LGA 58 54 53 44 50
BOS EWR 104 72 74 61 60
BOS JFK 66 54 62 39 49
CLT EWR 102 67 72 60 61
CLT JFK 84 57 52 35 52
CLT LGA 51 43 54 39 53
DCA EWR 74 50 74 87 91
EWR FLL 55 48 48 46 52
EWR LAX 63 52 60 61 61
EWR MCO 56 47 45 46 45
EWR MDW 1 1 59 2 41 48
EWR MEM 64 59 66 76 77
EWR MIA 53 44 45 47 50
EWR ORD 67 58 63 56 59
FLL JFK 67 64 59 42 53
FLL LGA 65 48 53 50 58
IAD JFK 82 61 63 54 74
IAD LGA 78 56 64 56 80
JFK MCO 48 55 53 43 49
JFK MIA 66 60 55 43 51
JFK ORD 77 82 82 68 88
JFK SFO 66 63 67 60 65
LGA MCO 50 49 55 51 55
LGA MDW 70 71 60 41 47
LGA MIA 54 54 54 49 51
LGA ORD 57 52 58 50 60
ORD PHL 59 49 55 39 59

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Predictability:

As described by ICAO: Predictability refers to the ability of airspace users and ATM service providers to provide consistent and dependable levels of performance.

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