When a traveler starts to plan a trip or when an airline operator starts to plan air service, they will look at the points of origin and destination for flights. These points of origin and destination are thought of in terms of pairs of cities or pairs of metroplexes. In measuring city-pair performance, the NPS website looks at flights that either originate or conclude at a specific metroplex, such as the New York/Philadelphia metroplex to Southern California. For each city pair, an origin airport (for example, Newark Liberty International, EWR) and a destination airport (for example, Los Angeles International, LAX) are listed. The city pairs are unidirectional (only measuring EWR to LAX in the example above) and the NPS website reports them as recommended by the NextGen Advisory Committee (NAC).

All results are reported by Fiscal Year (FY), October 1 — September 30.

Flights can depart outside of the reportable hours, but must arrive during the reportable hours at the destination airport. For a list of the reportable hours for each airport, please see the Reference Guide.

Average Airborne Time (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the average Airborne Time for flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year. Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
BWI ORD 101.8 100.5 102.7 100.8 101.0 102.7
CLT ORD 96.1 95.6 96.7 94.7 95.0 96.0
DCA ORD 97.6 96.5 97.3 95.5 96.0 97.4
DEN ORD 113.3 113.1 112.3 113.1 113.3 114.0
DFW ORD 109.5 108.6 108.7 108.2 109.1 109.7
EWR MDW 1 1 108.5 2 109.3 110.1 112.9
EWR ORD 116.8 115.8 115.3 112.8 112.8 115.8
JFK ORD 124.1 122.3 121.6 120.3 119.8 122.4
LGA MDW 109.1 112.6 113.1 111.1 112.0 115.3
LGA ORD 117.4 116.2 116.4 115.1 114.8 117.6
MEM ORD 82.6 82.3 83.2 82.8 82.6 83.1
MSP ORD 55.3 55.7 54.5 53.6 54.5 55.4
ORD PHL 93.4 92.3 92.1 92.1 92.3 91.5

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Effective Gate-to-Gate Time (FY) Average Minutes per Flight

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the difference between the Actual Gate-In Time at the destination airport and the Scheduled Gate-Out Time at the origin airport. Flights may depart outside reportable hours, but must arrive during them. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by FY.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
BWI ORD 131.6 131.0 136.8 131.3 139.3 145.0
CLT ORD 134.0 133.5 136.2 127.4 134.1 138.5
DCA ORD 127.6 127.3 130.5 129.3 134.1 139.5
DEN ORD 150.5 147.8 147.8 147.7 154.5 157.9
DFW ORD 146.4 146.4 144.1 140.5 146.5 150.8
EWR MDW 1 1 149.4 2 145.2 151.0 156.9
EWR ORD 167.9 158.8 161.6 156.8 157.6 165.4
JFK ORD 185.7 185.9 183.2 176.1 183.1 175.2
LGA MDW 164.3 161.1 163.5 150.9 155.7 161.5
LGA ORD 162.1 157.9 161.3 157.4 162.1 166.2
MEM ORD 115.7 118.7 119.2 113.7 120.6 124.8
MSP ORD 87.0 92.2 91.2 86.8 96.8 101.0
ORD PHL 132.1 126.4 129.5 123.5 131.1 129.5

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Airborne Distance (FY) Nautical Miles

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the average airborne distance of flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year. Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
BWI ORD 1 1 589.0 586.5 586.7 586.6
CLT ORD 1 1 573.2 568.7 569.9 573.0
DCA ORD 1 1 572.6 569.6 570.2 568.9
DEN ORD 1 1 812.8 814.0 816.7 827.0
DFW ORD 1 1 746.1 742.4 745.7 751.0
EWR MDW 1 1 644.9 2 638.2 639.4 642.4
EWR ORD 1 1 679.4 674.0 675.7 680.0
JFK ORD 1 1 721.3 716.3 716.8 718.5
LGA MDW 1 1 654.9 652.0 655.5 657.8
LGA ORD 1 1 688.7 683.2 684.7 687.4
MEM ORD 1 1 506.5 505.4 504.8 513.6
MSP ORD 1 1 322.8 318.3 322.3 337.7
ORD PHL 1 1 627.6 626.3 626.2 627.8

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Efficiency:

As described by ICAO, efficiency addresses the operational and economic cost-effectiveness of gate-to-gate flight operations from a single-flight perspective. In all phases of flight, airspace users want to depart and arrive at the times they select and fly the trajectory they determine to be optimum.

Airborne Time Predictability (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the difference between the 85th and 15th percentiles of Airborne Time for flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by FY. Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
BWI ORD 15 15 17 16 16 18
CLT ORD 14 14 15 13 14 14
DCA ORD 15 15 15 15 14 15
DEN ORD 14 15 14 13 14 13
DFW ORD 16 14 15 14 14 14
EWR MDW 1 1 13 2 16 16 18
EWR ORD 19 19 19 20 17 19
JFK ORD 21 21 20 20 19 20
LGA MDW 11 16 17 16 16 17
LGA ORD 19 18 19 19 18 18
MEM ORD 15 15 15 14 13 14
MSP ORD 10 11 11 9 11 9
ORD PHL 14 13 13 12 12 12

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Effective Gate-to-Gate Time Predictability (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours, the difference between the 85th and 15th percentiles of the Effective Gate-to-Gate Time metric. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by FY. Additional percentile and reportable hour information can be found in the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
BWI ORD 39 44 47 39 55 59
CLT ORD 43 49 51 39 51 51
DCA ORD 40 41 45 40 48 49
DEN ORD 42 40 43 38 46 53
DFW ORD 47 51 47 42 49 51
EWR MDW 1 1 49 2 41 48 53
EWR ORD 67 58 62 56 59 62
JFK ORD 77 82 82 68 88 61
LGA MDW 70 71 60 41 47 55
LGA ORD 57 52 57 50 60 57
MEM ORD 43 51 51 40 55 60
MSP ORD 36 46 45 35 55 49
ORD PHL 59 49 55 39 59 51

1 No data available.

2 Partial year data.

Predictability:

As described by ICAO: Predictability refers to the ability of airspace users and ATM service providers to provide consistent and dependable levels of performance.

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Metroplex Map

magnifying glass This map shows airports in the Chicago Metroplex area.

Core Airports within Chicago Metroplex

MDW
Chicago Midway International Airport
ORD
Chicago O'Hare International Airport