Oceanic and International Operations
This advisory circular (AC) contains general information and guidance for operators planning oceanic flights, including authorizations needed for operations outside the continental United States. This includes Special Areas of Operation (SAO) such as North Atlantic Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications (NAT/MNPS), Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM), Area Navigation (RNAV), and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) airspace.
In all geographic regions, the evolution of communication, navigation, surveillance and air traffic management (CNS/ATM) is the catalyst for initiatives such as data link, RNP, RNAV, Automatic Dependent Surveillance (ADS), and RVSM.
b. Critical Areas and Procedures.The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) identifies critical areas and procedures such as Strategic Lateral Offset Procedures (SLOP).
c. Revisions.The dynamics of oceanic operations are such that they are constantly evolving and it is incumbent on the operators to closely monitor any changes. The FAA revised this AC to point the reader to the most current sources of international material. In many cases, the references are to a Web site. The material, however, is still found at www.faa.gov or by calling an FAA navigation specialist. This AC includes specific guidance for authorizations and other FAA policy issues. A detailed study of the FAA Web site is the best source for introduction information about oceanic, international, and remote operations.
|91-70||AFS-400||[Large AC] Oceanic Operations Contains information and guidance to be used by operators and pilots planning oceanic flights.||09-06-1994|
|91-69A||AFS-820||Seaplane Safety for FAR Part 91 Operators Provides revised information to FAR Part 91 seaplane operators regarding seaplane preflight, oral briefings for seaplane passengers, the use of safety belts and shoulder harnesses in seaplanes, escape/egress after capsizing, water survival, and flotation gear for seaplane occupants. This AC generally covers seaplanes engaged in not-for-hire operations. Most for-hire seaplane operations are subject to 14 CFR part 135, as well as part 91.||11-19-1999|
|91-68||AFS-820||Pilot Qualification and Operation of all Surplus Military Turbine-Powered Airplanes Provides information and guidance to pilots who wish to become qualified to operate surplus military turbine-powered airplanes under a letter of authorization, as required by operating limitations issued for this type of aircraft.||02-25-1992|
|91-67||AFS-820||Minimum Equipment Requirements for General Aviation Operations Under FAR Part 91 Describes acceptable methods for the operation of aircraft under Federal Aviation Regulations Part 91 with certain inoperative instrument and equipment, which are not essential for safe flight.||06-28-1991|
|91-66||AFS-840||Noise Abatement for Helicopters Presents guidelines intended to assist pilots, operators, managers, and other interested persons in the establishment of effective noise reduction procedures when operating helicopters.||06-04-1987|
|91-65||AFS-820||Use of Shoulder Harness in Passenger Seats Provides guidance and information to pilots, passengers, and maintenance personnel regarding the crash survivability aspects of small aircraft equipped with shoulder harnesses and the hazards of modifying seats, adding appendages to seats, and storage of articles, beneath the seats. Recommends inspection and maintenance of seats, lap belts and shoulder harnesses to enhance their effectiveness for crash survivability.||08-04-1986|
|91-63D||AJV-1||Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFR) and Flight Limitations This advisory circular (AC): (1) explains and defines the different flight limitations and Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs); (2) describes conditions under which the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) may establish a flight limitation or TFR area; (3) explains which FAA offices are authorized to issue flight limitations or TFRs; (4) lists the agencies/offices from which the FAA will accept requests to establish a flight limitation or TFR area; and (5) provides an appendix for each type of flight limitation or restriction.||12-09-2015|
|91-62A||AIR-120||Use of Child Seats in Aircraft Provides information to assist the public in the proper use of child seats aboard aircraft and provides precautions so all occupants are able to exit rapidly from aircraft during emergencies.||10-15-1992|
|91-61||AFS-800/AAM-500||A Hazard in Aerobatics: Effects of G-Forces of Pilots Provides background information on G-forces, their effect on the human body and their role in safe flying, and offers suggestions for avoiding problems caused by acceleration encountered in aerobatic maneuvers.||02-28-1984|
|91-59A||AFS-300||Inspection and Care of General Aviation Aircraft Exhaust Systems||07-23-2007|
Uus of Pyrotechnic isual Distress Signaling Devices
This advisory circular (AC) suggests standards and procedures for the acquisition, use, and storage of pyrotechnic visual distress signaling devices that are intended for use in aircraft emergencies.
Model Aircraft Operating Standards - Including Change 1
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance to persons operating UnmannedAircraft (UA) for hobby or recreation purposes meeting the statutory definition of "model aircraft" contained in Section 336 of Public Law 112-95, the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012. This AC describes means by which model aircraft may be operated safely in the National Airspace System (NAS). Nothing in this AC changes the requirement to comply with the statute or any applicable regulations.
|91-56B||ANM-115||Continuing Structural Integrity Program for Airplanes Provides guidance material to manufacturers and operators of transport category airplanes for use in developing a continuing structural integrity program to ensure safe operation of older airplanes throughout their operational lives. This guidance material applies to large transport airplanes which were certified under the fail-safe and fatigue requirements of Civil Air Regulations (CAR) 4b o 14 CFR part 25 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR), prior to Amendment 25-45, and which have a maximum gross weight greater than 75,000 pounds. Guidance material on this subject for other transports is provided in AC 91-60. The procedures set forth by this AC are applicable to the large transport category airplanes operated under Subpart D of part 91, and parts 121 and 125.||03-07-2008|
|91-55||AFS-310||Reduction of Electrical System Failures following Aircraft Engine Starting Warns general aviation aircraft owner/pilots and maintenance personnel of possible total electrical system failure following aircraft engine starting.||10-28-1980|
|91-54||AFS-820||Automatic Reporting Systems Altimeter Setting and Other Operational Data Provides guidelines for the development and installation of automatic reporting systems for altimeter setting and other operational data intended for use in connection with IFR operations.||02-26-1979|
|91-53A||AFS-820||Noise Abatement Departure Profile Describes acceptable criteria for safe noise abatement departure profiles (NADP) for subsonic turbojet-powered airplanes with a maximum certificated gross takeoff weight of more than 75,000 pounds. These procedures provide the user with one means, although not the only means, of establishing acceptable NADP’s. These departure profiles are consistent with the airworthiness standards required by the Federal Aviation Regulations Part 25 for type certification and Part 91 for general airplane operations.||07-22-1993|
|91-50||AFS-820||Importance of Transponder Operation and Altitude Reporting Provides information and guidance concerning the importance of transponder operation and altitude reporting in the National Airspace System.||08-24-1977|
|91-48||AFS-820||Acrobatics-Precision Flying with a Purpose Provides information to persons who are interested in acrobatic flying to improve their piloting skills as recreation, sport, or as a competitive activity.||06-29-1977|
|91-46||AFS-350||Gyroscopic Instruments - Good Operating Practices Issued to re-emphasize to general aviation instrument-rated pilots the need to determine the proper operation of gyroscopic instruments, the importance of instrument crosschecks and proficiency in partial-panel operations.||02-04-1977|
|91-45C||AFS-810||Waivers: Aviation Events Provides prospective aviation event sponsors and other interested parties with information necessary to assist in planning and conducting a safe aviation event. In addition, it provides information on the application process for a certificate of Waiver or Authorization.||02-01-1990|
|91-44A||AIR-120||Operational and Maintenance Practices for Emergency Locator Transmitters and Receivers Combines and updates material in several Advisory Circulars on the subject of emergency locator transmitters (ELT) receivers for airborne service.||12-12-1980|
|91-42D||AFS-310||Hazards of Rotating Propeller and Helicopter Rotor Blades Updates statistical information on propellers-and rotor-to-person accidents and offers suggestions to reduce the frequency of such accidents.||03-03-1983|
|91-37B||AFS-800||Truth in Leasing This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance for lessees and conditional buyers of U.S.-registered aircraft. While truth-in-leasing requirements are required by regulation for aircraft weighing more than 12,500 pounds, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) prepared this AC to ensure any person who is seeking to lease an aircraft understands the meaning of operational control and does not enter into an agreement where operational control is not clearly maintained by the appropriate party.||02-10-2016|
|91-36D||ATO-R||Visual Flight Rules (VFR) Flight Near Noise-Sensitive Areas Encourages pilots making VFR flights near noise-sensitive areas to fly at altitudes higher than the minimum permitted by regulation and on flight paths, which will reduce aircraft noise in such area.||09-17-2004|