Safety Management Systems for Aviation Service Providers
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 air carriers that are required to implement Safety Management Systems (SMS) based on 14 CFR part 5. Specifically, this document provides a description of regulatory requirements, guidance, and methods of developing and implementing an SMS. This AC may also be used by other aviation service providers interested in voluntarily developing an SMS based on the requirements in part 5.
An SMS is an organization-wide comprehensive and preventive approach to managing safety. An SMS includes a safety policy, formal methods for identifying hazards and mitigating risk, and promotion of a positive safety culture. An SMS also provides assurance of the overall safety performance of your organization. An SMS is intended to be designed and developed by your own people and should be integrated into your existing operations and business decisionmaking processes. The SMS will assist your organization’s leadership, management teams, and employees in making effective and informed safety decisions.
Part 5 specifies a basic set of processes integral to an effective SMS but does not specify particular methods for implementing these processes. In other words, the regulation defines "what" must be accomplished, not "how" it must be accomplished. This AC provides additional guidance on how the SMS may be developed to achieve the safety performance objectives outlined by your organization. As is demonstrated by this AC, there is no one-size-fits-all method for complying with the requirements of part 5. This design is intentional, in that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) expects each air carrier to develop an SMS that works for its unique operation. Thus, this AC provides guidance regarding designing and implementing acceptable methods of compliance with the requirements of part 5. These methods, however, are not the only means of compliance.
|120-93||ANM-100||Damage Tolerance Inspections for Repairs and Alterations This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance material for Type Certificate (TC) Holders, Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) Holders, and operators to comply with requirements in the Aging Airplane Safety Act to ensure the airworthiness of aging airplane parts and components. The Aging Airplane Safety Rule that supports the Act specifies incorporating damage tolerance-based inspections into an operator’s continuous airworthiness maintenance program. These inspections will help ensure the integrity of fatigue critical structure on transport category airplanes operated in air transportation. This guidance will provide persons who have developed repairs and alterations with a means to develop damage tolerance data to be used to determine damage tolerance inspections for repairs and alterations that affect fatigue critical structure. This AC will give guidance on developing compliance documents, schedules and plans that will assist in developing and incorporating damage tolerance inspections into maintenance programs of certain transport category airplanes with respect to repairs and alterations.||11-20-2007|
|120-94||ANM-100||Aircraft Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems Training Program||11-20-1997|
|120-95||AFS-200||Portable Oxygen Concentrators This advisory circular (AC) summarizes Federal Aviation Administration Flight Standards Service (AFS) Safety and Enforcement Policy about the use of portable oxygen concentrators (POC) onboard aircraft||10-23-2007|
|120-96||AFS-200||Integration of Operation Control Centers into Helicopter Emergency Medical Services Operations||05-05-2008|
Incorporation of Fuel Tank System Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into Operator Maintenance or Inspection Programs
On May 7, 2001, the Transport Airplane Fuel Tank System Design Review, Flammability Reduction and Maintenance and Inspection Requirements final rule was published in the Federal Register (FR). It has since been referred to as the 2001 Fuel Tank Safety (FTS) rule. It adopted amendments to part 25, Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 88 and operating requirements related to SFAR 88. The operating requirements included requirements to implement instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA) that design approval holders (DAH) developed in compliance with SFAR 88. On November 8, 2007, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) published the Enhanced Airworthiness Program for Airplane Systems (EAPAS)/FTS final rule. The purpose of the rule is to help ensure the continued safety of transport category airplanes by improving the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical wiring systems. The EAPAS/FTS rule amended the operating requirements to implement FTS actions developed in accordance with SFAR 88. Integrating the incorporation of the fuel tank system and electrical wiring interconnection system (EWIS) requirements helps to ensure compatibility and to eliminate duplication. Additionally, the EAPAS/FTS rule redesignates (replaces) Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, § 91.410(b); part 121, § 121.370(b); part 125, § 125.248(b); and part 129, § 129.32(b) of the FTS rule. The new sections are §§ 91.1507, 121.1113, 125.507 and 129.113. These new rules also clarify language with reference to the approval process of the operator’s program. This advisory circular (AC) only addresses the fuel tank system safety requirements and describes acceptable means of compliance (AMC) accordingly. The current edition of AC 120-102, Incorporation of Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into an Operator’s Maintenance Program, addresses EWIS requirements in the EAPAS/FTS rule.
Operator Information for Incorporating Fuel Tank Flammability Reduction Requirements into a Maintenance or Inspection Program
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and describes an acceptable means of compliance (AMC) with the Reduction of Fuel Tank Flammability in Transport Category Airplanes, final rule. It is commonly called the Fuel Tank Flammability Reduction (FTFR) rule. This AC describes acceptable means, but not the only means, for demonstrating compliance with the applicable regulations. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will consider other methods of demonstrating compliance that an applicant may elect to present. While these guidelines are not mandatory, they are derived from extensive FAA and industry experience in determining compliance with the relevant regulations. If the FAA becomes aware of circumstances that convince us that following this AC would not result in compliance with the applicable regulations, the FAA may require additional substantiation or design changes as a basis for finding compliance. This material does not change or create any additional regulatory requirements, nor does it authorize changes in or permit deviations from existing regulatory requirements.
Basics of Aviation Fatigue
Summarizes the content of the FAA international symposium on fatigue, “Aviation
Fatigue Management Symposium: Partnerships for Solutions”, June 17-19, 2008;
Describes fundamental concepts of human cognitive fatigue and how it relates to safe Provides information on conditions that contribute to cognitive fatigue; and fatigue and/or mitigate the effects of fatigue. Provides information on how individuals and aviation service providers can reduce performance of duties by employees in the aviation industry;
Part 121 Air Carrier Operational Control.
This advisory circular (AC) provides aviation safety inspectors (ASI) and air carrier management personnel with information to consider regarding certificate management and internal evaluation of operational control functions. This AC provides an accepted means, but not the only means for operators to comply with air carrier operational control regulations in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, §§ 121.531 through 121.537, and guidance in Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 25, Operational Control for Air Carriers. If you use the means described in this AC, you must follow the guidance in all important respects.
Incorporation of Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into an Operator’s Maintenance Program
On November 8, 2007, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) published the Enhanced Airworthiness Program for Airplane Systems/Fuel Tank Safety (EAPAS/FTS) final rule. The intent of the rule is to help ensure the continued safety of commercial airplanes by improving the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical wiring systems. Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, § 121.1111, and part 129, § 129.111 include requirements for operators to revise their maintenance programs to include instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA), which include inspections and procedures for the electrical wiring interconnection systems (EWIS). This advisory circular (AC) only addresses the EWIS requirements and provides guidance accordingly. The current edition of AC 120-97, Incorporation of Fuel Tank System Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into Operator Maintenance or Inspection Programs, provides guidance for operators to comply with the fuel tank safety (FTS) requirements in the EAPAS/FTS rule.
Fatigue Risk Management Systems for Aviation Safety
(1) Describes the basic concepts of Fatigue Risk Management Systems (FRMS), as prescribed in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 117, § 117.7, and how they relate to aviation industry employees safely performing their duties.
(2) Provides information on the components of an FRMS as applied to aviation, and on how to implement an FRMS within an aviation operation.
(3) Defines an FRMS as an operator-specific process; therefore, while all FRMSs will have common elements, the specifics will be tailored to a certificate holder’s particular conditions.
(4) Provides (in Appendix 2, Fatigue Risk Management System Development) the certificate holder with the necessary detailed guidance to prepare for the FRMS approval process, develop the required documentation, develop and apply fatigue risk management (FRM) and Safety Assurance (SA) processes, collect and analyze data, develop flightcrew FRMS operations procedures and a step-by-step process required for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) evaluation and validation of the proposed FRMS application.
Establishing and Implementing Limit of Validity to Prevent Widespread Fatigue Damage
This advisory circular (AC)offers guidance on compliance with Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 26.21, 26.23, 121.1115, and 129.115. It tells design approval holders of transport category airplanes how to establish a limit of validity of the engineering data that supports the structural maintenance program (hereafter referred to as LOV) for those airplanes. It also tells design approval holders how to address maintenance actions that have been determined necessary to support an LOV. It tells operators of those airplanes how to incorporate the LOV into their maintenance programs. Finally, this AC provides guidance to anyone wishing to extend an LOV. Guidance for establishing an LOV for airplanes whose type certificate was applied for after (XXXX) is contained in AC 25.571-1X. Guidance for extending an LOV approved under § 25.571, § 26.21, or § 26.23 can be found here. The actions described in this AC are meant to prevent widespread fatigue damage (WFD) in the transport airplane fleet up to the LOV.
Foreign Terminal Instrument Procedures (FTIP) Acceptance/Review
This advisory circular (AC) establishes guidelines for U.S. operators to use when reviewing Foreign Terminal Instrument Procedures (FTIP). Occasionally, the author uses the word "must" or similar language when he deems the desired actions critical. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) does not intend for the use of such language to add to, interpret, or relieve a duty imposed by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR).
Scope and Recommended Content for a Contractual Agreement Between an Air Carrier and a Contract Maintenance Provider
This advisory circular (AC) describes the scope and recommended content requirements for contractual agreements between an air carrier and a contract maintenance provider (CMP). It explains the background and the necessity to interject specific requirements into a contractual agreement to ensure the air carrier fully supports the requirements imposed by Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). Because the air carrier has the primary responsibility for the airworthiness of its aircraft it must ensure the proper controls are in place to assess, qualify, and authorize work performed for it by other persons, regardless of whether the performance of work is by a certificated or noncertificated CMP.
Use of Remote On-Ground Ice Detection System
This advisory circular (AC) provides a standard means for a certificate holder to obtain approval for use of a Remote On-Ground Ice Detection System (ROGIDS). The purpose of this system is to identify clear ice after deicing as a replacement for or to augment the post-deicing visual and tactile check of aircraft surfaces. This approval is essential to the ground-deicing/anti-icing program contained within Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, § 121.629, part 135, § 135.227, or part 125, § 125.221
Continuous Descent Final Approach
This advisory circular provides guidance for all operators using the continuous descent final approach (CDFA)technique while conducting a nonprecision Approach (NPA) procedure. It describes the rationale for using the CDFA Technique, as well as recommended general procedures and training.
Stall and Stick Pusher Training
The information contained in this advisory circular (AC) was developed based on a review of recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations. This AC does not provide guidance for full aerodynamic stall training, which industry and government stakeholders are now developing. Once developed, this AC will be revised to include that guidance.
The goal of this AC is to provide best practices and guidance for training, testing, and checking for pilots, within existing regulations, to ensure correct and consistent responses to unexpected stall warnings and stick pusher activations. This AC emphasizes reducing the angle of attack (AOA) at the first indication of a stall as the primary means of approach-to-stall or stall recovery. Additionally, this AC provides guidance for operators and training centers in the development of stall and stick pusher event training.
Aircraft Secondary Barriers and Alternate Flight Deck Security Procedures
This advisory circular (AC) calls attention to RTCA Document (RTCA/DO-329) Aircraft Secondary Barriers and Alternative Flight Deck Security Procedures, as guidance to achieve effective protection of the flight deck as required by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 § 121.584(1)(a).
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with pertinent regulatory requirements.
Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
This advisory circular (AC) describes the recommended training for airplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT). The goal of this AC is to provide recommended practices and guidance for academic and flight simulation training device (FSTD) training for pilots to prevent developing upset conditions and ensure correct recovery responses to upsets. The AC was created from recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations. This AC provides guidance to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 air carriers implementing the regulatory requirements of §§ 121.419, 121.423, 121.424, and 121.427. Although this AC is directed to air carriers to implement part 121 regulations, the FAA encourages all airplane operators, pilot schools, and training centers to implement UPRT and to use this guidance, as applicable to the type of airplane in which training is conducted.
Although a stall is by definition an upset, stall prevention and recovery training is contained in the current edition of AC 120-109, Stall Prevention and Recovery Training.
|121-6||AIR-110||Portable Battery-Powered Megaphones Sets forth an acceptable means for complying with rules (applicable to various persons operating under Part 121 of the Federal Aviation Regulations) that prescribe the installation of approved megaphones.||01-05-1966|
|121-16||AFS-330||Maintenance Certification Procedures Provides guidance for the preparation of an Operations Specification--Preface Page which will afford nominal and reasonable relief from approved service and overhaul time limits when a part is borrowed from another operator.||11-09-1970|
Maintenance Review Boards, Maintenance Type Boards, and OEM/TCH Recommended Maintenance Procedures
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidelines that industry may use to develop and revise the minimum scheduled tasking/interval requirements for derivative or newly type-certificated (TC) aircraft and powerplants for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval. This AC refers to these minimum scheduled tasking/interval requirements as the Maintenance Review Board Report (MRBR), the Maintenance Type Board Report (MTBR), or the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)/type-certificate holder’s (TCH) Recommended Maintenance Procedures. After FAA approval, the requirements become a basis upon which operators develop their own individual maintenance programs. The report will become a dynamic report for each TCH.
Use this AC to standardize the development, implementation, and update of FAA-approved minimum scheduled maintenance/inspection requirements.
|121-24C||AFS-200||Passenger Safety Information Briefing and Briefing Cards Provides updated information regarding the items that are required to be covered in oral passenger briefings and on passenger briefing cards. Provides specific information about air carrier operations conducted under 14 CFR Part 121 and 135. It also provides suggestions for making this information interesting meaningful.||07-23-2003|
|121-25||AFS-224||Additional Weather Information: Domestic and Flag Air Carriers Provides guidance and standards to domestic and flag air carriers for approval of a system for obtaining forecasts and reports of adverse weather phenomena||09-16-1977|
|121-26||AFS-250||Airports--Required Data Provides guidance as to acceptable methods for compliance with changes to the Federal Aviation Regulations 121.97(b) and 121.117(b).||06-29-1981|