Acceptance of Aeronautical Data Processes and Associated Databases
This AC will help you to:
(1) Obtain a Letter of Acceptance (LOA) from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that acknowledges compliance with this AC regarding aeronautical data processing.
(2) Evaluate whether data processes comply with the requirements of RTCA, Inc. document DO-200A, Standards for Processing Aeronautical Data.
(3) Define the data quality requirements (DQRs) for aeronautical data when obtaining airworthiness approval of new equipment or installations where the function of the equipment is dependent on an updateable database.
(4) Understand how an organization adheres to the data preparation and data transmission criteria applicable to the functions performed by that aeronautical data chain link or participant.
Use of Child Restraint Systems on Aircraft
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and practices regarding the use of child restraint systems (CRS) on aircraft. We intend for operators to use this as a resource during the development, implementation, and revision of an air carrier’s standard operating procedures (SOP) and training programs regarding the use of CRSs. This AC is one of several Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) initiatives designed to address safety concerns of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). In addition, it is a part of the FAA’s ongoing commitment to educate and inform aircraft operators, crewmembers, and airline passengers regarding the use of CRSs on aircraft in order to encourage and increase the use of approved CRSs. For more information, see the following FAA Web site: http://www.faa.gov/passengers/fly_children/crs/.
Guidance for Pressurized Engine Static Parts
This advisory circular (AC) provides definitions and guidance regarding compliance with the strength requirements for pressurized engine static parts in § 33.64 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR part 33). Section 33.64 establishes strength requirements for pressurized static engine parts that operate at significant pressure levels.
Specification for Discharge-Type Flashing Light Equipment
Contains the specifications for discharge-type flashing light equipment to be used for runway end identification lights (REIL) and for an omni-directional approach lighting system (ODALS).
See also Notice to Manufacturers of Airport Lighting and Navigation Aid Equipment about AIP Buy American Requirement (12/19/2011). The FAA is requesting information to determine if waivers to this requirement are needed.
Developing and Implementing an Air Carrier Continuing Analysis and Surveillance System
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for developing and implementing a Continuing Analysis and Surveillance System (CASS). This AC applies to you if you are a Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 119 certificate holder conducting operations under 14 CFR part 121 or 135. For part 135 operations, this AC applies if you conduct your maintenance operations under part 135, § 135.411(a)(2). This AC also applies to each person employed or used by you as a part 119 certificate holder for any maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration of your aircraft. Title 14 CFR part 1, § 1.1 defines “person” as “an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint-stock association, or governmental entity. It includes a trustee, receiver, assignee, or similar representative of any of them.”
Establishing the Certification Basis of Changed Aeronautical Products
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) wrote this advisory circular (AC) to provide guidance for establishing the certification basis for changed aeronautical products in accordance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) § 21.101 and to help identify if it will be necessary to apply for a new type certificate (TC) under 14 CFR § 21.19. The guidance describes the process for establishing the certification basis for amended TCs, supplemental type certificates (STC) and amended STCs, detailing evaluations, classifications, and decisions made throughout the process.
Control of Products and Parts Shipped Prior to Type Certificate Issuance
a. Provides information about Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR), part 21, Certification Procedures for Products, Articles, and Parts. (Articles include parts as defined in 14 CFR § 21.1(b)(2)).
b. Provides a means to control products and articles shipped prior to the issuance of a type certificate (TC), a supplemental type certificate (STC), or a production certificate (PC). For the purposes of this AC, the acronym TC includes STC.
c. Is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with these requirements. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all important respects.
Operational Authorization Process for use of Data Link Communication System
This advisory circular (AC) presents various methods for operators of different data link systems to meet international standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the regional airspace authorities. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) notes that there is presently no requirement in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) to have data link communications when operating in the National Airspace System (NAS). Instead, the regulations in 14 CFR govern radio communication systems, and nothing in this AC relieves an operator from the requirement to have and use a voice communication system when operating in international airspace or the NAS. However, operators that choose to operate in a reduced separation standard that requires the use of a data link system (in addition to the required voice communication system) must obtain FAA design approval and a revision to their 14 CFR part 121, 125, 125M, or 135 operation specifications (OpSpecs), part 91 subpart K (part 91K) management specifications (MSpecs) or part 91 letter of authorization (LOA), as applicable. The original AC 120-70 was applicable to Aeronautical Telecommunication Network (ATN), very high frequency (VHF) data link (VDL) Mode 2 communication systems. The Future Air Navigation System (FANS) 1/A system used in oceanic and remote airspace is an analog system which communicates over Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS). Guidance is needed for the operation of all systems and therefore the first revision AC 120-70A, was created.
Airworthiness and Operational Approval of Digital Flight Data Recorder Systems
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance on compliance with the applicable Regulations for the airworthiness and operational approval for digital flight data recorder systems (DFDRS).
This advisory circular (AC) provides information on certification (design and installation) and continued airworthiness of digital flight data recorder systems (DFDRS). DFDRS provide information for an investigative authority—the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the United States—to conduct more thorough investigations of accidents and incidents. The data recorded is also used by operators to enable the prediction of trends that may be useful in determining modifications needed to avoid accidents and incidents.
This AC provides information to applicants for a supplemental type certificate (STC), and to individuals who are responsible for establishing and maintaining compliance under the operating rules for digital flight data recorders (DFDR). Aircraft manufacturers who intend to install DFDRs in newly manufactured aircraft could also use this information.
This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR).
Standards for Airport Sign Systems
Contains standards for the siting and installation of signs on airport runways and taxiways, including taxiway ending markers, location signs, runway distance remaining signs, mandatory hold signs associated with POFZ and CAT II/III operations, and many others.
Safety Management Systems for Aviation Service Providers
This advisory circular (AC) provides a Framework for Safety Management System (SMS) development by aviation service providers. It contains a uniform set of expectations that align with the structure and format of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Framework; and Aviation Safety (AVS) policy in Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order VS 8000.367, AVS Safety Management System Requirements, Appendix B.
Manufacturers Reporting Failures, Malfunctions, or Defects
This advisory circular (AC) provides information about Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 21, Certification Procedures for Products, Articles and Parts (part 21). The AC covers § 2 t.3, Reporting of failures, malfunctions, and defects. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with the requirements to assist manufacturers of aeronautical products and articles in reporting to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) any defect in any product or article they manufacture. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all-important respects.
Oceanic and International Operations
This advisory circular (AC) contains general information and guidance for operators planning oceanic flights, including authorizations needed for operations outside the continental United States. This includes Special Areas of Operation (SAO) such as North Atlantic Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications (NAT/MNPS), Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM), Area Navigation (RNAV), and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) airspace.
In all geographic regions, the evolution of communication, navigation, surveillance and air traffic management (CNS/ATM) is the catalyst for initiatives such as data link, RNP, RNAV, Automatic Dependent Surveillance (ADS), and RVSM.
b. Critical Areas and Procedures.The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) identifies critical areas and procedures such as Strategic Lateral Offset Procedures (SLOP).
c. Revisions.The dynamics of oceanic operations are such that they are constantly evolving and it is incumbent on the operators to closely monitor any changes. The FAA revised this AC to point the reader to the most current sources of international material. In many cases, the references are to a Web site. The material, however, is still found at www.faa.gov or by calling an FAA navigation specialist. This AC includes specific guidance for authorizations and other FAA policy issues. A detailed study of the FAA Web site is the best source for introduction information about oceanic, international, and remote operations.
Extending a Production Certificate to a Facility Located in a Bilateral Airworthiness Agreement Country
This advisory circular (AC) contains information and guidance concerning Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) production certificate (PC) holders located in the United States that plan 10 extend their PC to include a facility located in another country or jurisdiction.
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to request an extension of a production certificate to a facility located in a country or jurisdiction that has a bilateral agreement with the United States. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all important respects.
Installation, Removal or Change of Identification Data and Identification Plates on Aircraft Engines
This advisory circular (AC) provides information about Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 45, Identification and Registration Marking. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with the requirements for the installation, removal, or change of identification data and identification plates on aircraft engines. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all important respects.
Quality Control for the Manufacture of Composite Structures
This advisory circular (AC) provides information about the requirements of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 21 , Certification Procedures for Products, Articles, and Parts for quality systems for the manufacture of composite structures. These structures involve fiber-reinforced materials; for example. Carbon (graphite), boron, aramid (Kevlar) and glass reinforced polymeric materials. This AC also provides information about essential features of quality systems for composites as mentioned in AC 20-107, Composite Aircraft Structure. This AC provides information for both an applicant for, and a holder of, a production approval, and refers to both as a production approval holder (PAH). This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with these requirements. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all important respects.
Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment (CS&E)
This AC provides the primary certification guidance on how to meet the airworthiness requirements for installation of non-essential, non-required aircraft cabin systems & equipment (CS&E). We incorporate in this AC the guidance in RTCA, Inc. document RTCA/DO-313, Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment, dated October 2, 2008. We also clarify certain guidance in RTCA/DO-313. (See paragraph 6.)
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it we describe a means, though it is not the only means, for manufacturers and installers to show their equipment design and installation performs its intended function. If you use the means described in this AC, however, you should follow it in all respects.
Part 121 Air Carrier Operational Control.
This advisory circular (AC) provides aviation safety inspectors (ASI) and air carrier management personnel with information to consider regarding certificate management and internal evaluation of operational control functions. This AC provides an accepted means, but not the only means for operators to comply with air carrier operational control regulations in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, §§ 121.531 through 121.537, and guidance in Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 25, Operational Control for Air Carriers. If you use the means described in this AC, you must follow the guidance in all important respects.
Ratings and Operating Limitations for Turbine Engines (Sections 33.7 and 33.8)
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance on turbine engine compliance under part 33 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR), specifically §§ 33.7, Engine ratings and operating limitations, and 33.8, Selection of engine power and thrust ratings. This AC also provides information on preparing the data needed for the type certification data sheet (TCDS) specified in § 33.7(a).
Airworthiness Approval of Enhanced Vision System, Synthetic Vision System, Combined Vision System, and Enhanced Flight Vision System Equipment
a. In this advisory circular (AC), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) provides guidance on airworthiness approval of enhanced vision system (EVS), synthetic vision system (SVS), combined vision system (CVS), and enhanced flight vision system (EFVS) equipment installation.
b. This AC provides specific system performance guidance on enhanced and synthetic vision systems and equipment. Other existing ACs address flight guidance symbology, head-up displays (HUD) and visual display characteristics (for example, AC 25-11A, Electronic Flight Deck Displays, and AC 25.1329-1B, Approval of Flight Guidance Systems). For a complete listing of related regulations and guidance, refer to appendix 9. This AC complements existing guidance.
c . In this AC, terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) refers to a system used for fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter terrain awareness and warning system (HTAWS) refers to a system used for rotorcraft.
d. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to install enhanced and synthetic vision technologies. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all aspects.
Issue Paper Process
a. This advisory circular (AC) provides information on the use of issue papers and gives you guidance on your role in describing and tracking the resolution of significant technical, regulatory, and administrative issues derived from the issue paper process. This document provides guidance to you relative to FAA Order 8110.112, Standardized Procedures for Usage of Issue Papers and Development of Equivalent Levels of Safety Memorandums.
b. This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). However, if you choose to use the means described in this AC follow it in its entirety.
Basics of Aviation Fatigue
Summarizes the content of the FAA international symposium on fatigue, “Aviation
Fatigue Management Symposium: Partnerships for Solutions”, June 17-19, 2008;
Describes fundamental concepts of human cognitive fatigue and how it relates to safe Provides information on conditions that contribute to cognitive fatigue; and fatigue and/or mitigate the effects of fatigue. Provides information on how individuals and aviation service providers can reduce performance of duties by employees in the aviation industry;
Enhanced Flight Vision Systems
This advisory circular provides information to and applicant pursuing airworthiness certification and operational approval of and enhanced flight vision systems.
Flight Attendant Seat and Torso Restraint System Installations
This advisory circular
CAe) provides information and guidance regarding an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with th~ portions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 25.785 and 14 CFR 121.311, which deal with flight attendant seats. This material is for guidance purposes; it is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. The guidelines incorporated in this AC are intended to address the adequacy of new designs and are not intended to require that in·service airplanes be modified solely for the purpose of meeting them. Voluntary modifications to existing cabins are not required to meet the new criteria but modifiers should incorporate them to the extent practical considering the scope and intent of the voluntary modification.
Development of Transport Category Airplane Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems Instructions for Continued Airworthiness Using and Enhanced Zonal Analysis Procedure
Airworthiness Program for Airplane Systems/Fuel Tank Safety (EAPAS/FTS)” rule. That rule requires design approval holders (DAHs) and applicants to develop instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA) consisting of maintenance and inspection tasks, intervals, and procedures for the representative airplane’s electrical wiring interconnection systems (EWIS) for each affected type design. The DAH must also review any fuel tank system ICA it has developed in compliance with Special Federal Aviation Regulation No. 88 (SFAR 88) in order to ensure compatibility with the EWIS ICA, including minimizing redundant requirements. The DAH must then submit the EWIS ICA to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) oversight office for review and approval.
This AC provides guidance for developing maintenance and inspection instructions for EWIS using an enhanced zonal analysis procedure (EZAP). For the purposes of this AC, the term “maintenance” encompasses both “maintenance” and “preventive maintenance,” as those terms are defined in Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 1.1. For airplane models whose maintenance programs already include a zonal inspection program, the logic described here provides guidance on improving those programs. For airplanes without a zonal inspection program, use of this logic will produce zonal inspections for wiring that can be added to the existing maintenance program. This AC contains information that can be used by operators to improve EWIS maintenance practices. It stresses the importance of inspecting EWIS and
promotes a philosophy of “protect and clean as you go” when performing maintenance, repair, or alterations on an airplane.