FAA Approval of Aviation Training Devices and Their Use for Training and Experience
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance for Aviation Training Device (ATD) manufacturers seeking Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval of basic aviation training devices (BATD) or advanced aviation training devices (AATD) under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.4(c). This AC also provides information and guidance for those persons who intend to use a BATD or AATD for activities involving pilot training and experience, other than for practical tests, aircraft-type-specific training, or an aircraft type rating. This AC contains specific procedures regarding the evaluation, approval, and use of an ATD under 14 CFR parts 61 and 141. The criteria specified in this AC are used by the FAA to determine whether an ATD is qualified for approval as a BATD or an AATD. These guidelines have developed from extensive FAA and industry experience in determining methods of compliance with the pertinent 14 CFR regulations. Applicable regulations are noted only for reference. This AC does not change regulatory requirements; therefore, the provisions of the current regulation always control. This AC applies only to the evaluation and use of BATDs and AATDs. This notice does not apply to full flight simulators (FFS) and flight training devices (FTD) that are regulated under 14 CFR part 60.
Issue Paper Process
a. This advisory circular (AC) provides information on the use of issue papers and gives you guidance on your role in describing and tracking the resolution of significant technical, regulatory, and administrative issues derived from the issue paper process. This document provides guidance to you relative to FAA Order 8110.112, Standardized Procedures for Usage of Issue Papers and Development of Equivalent Levels of Safety Memorandums.
Specification for Constant Current Regulators and Regulator Monitors
Contains a specification for constant current regulators (CCR) and a monitor for use with airport lighting circuits.
Approval of Manufacturer's Required Training Programs
This advisory circular (AC) provides information to organizations providing training in aircraft that contain a training requirement in the limitations section of the Airplane Flight Manual (Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM), Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM), etc.).
Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast Operations
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has issued a new rule contained in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, §§ 91.225 and 91.227. This rule requires Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) Out performance when operating in designated classes of airspace within the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS) after January 1, 2020. This advisory circular (AC) provides users of the NAS guidance on a means of conducting flight operations in accordance with §§ 91.225 and 91.227. The appendices in this AC provide guidance for additional operations enabled by ADS-B to include ADS-B In.
Performance and Handling Characteristics in Icing Conditions
This advisory circular describes an acceptable means of showing compliance with the airplane performance and handling characteristics certification requirements for flight in the icing conditions defined in Appendices C and 0 of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations part 25.
Compliance of Transport Category Airplanes with Certification Requirements for Flight in Icing Conditions
This advisory circular (AC) describes an acceptable means of showing compliance with the supercooled large drop condition requirements of § 25.773, Pilot compartment view, § 25.1323, Airspeed indicating system, § 25.1324 Angle of attack system and § 25.1325, Static pressure system, as well as the requirements of § 25.1419, Ice protection, and § 25.1420, Supercooled large drop icing conditions, of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 25. Part 25 contains the certification requirements for transport category airplanes. The compliance means described in this document are intended as guidance. They are meant to supplement the engineering judgment that must form the basis of any compliance findings for the supercooled large drop icing conditions in §§ 25.773, 25.1323, 25.1324, and 25.1325, as well as the compliance findings for §§ 25.1419 and 25.1420.
Approval of Flight Guidance Systems
This advisory circular (AC) describes an acceptable means for showing compliance with certain requirements of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) 25.1329, Flight guidance systems. While part 25 contains the airworthiness standards applicable to transport category airplanes, the guidance in this AC pertains to the functions of autopilots, flight directors, and automatic thrust control as well as any interactions with stability augmentation and trim functions. This revision incorporates minor changes associated with issuance of the final rule for Airplane and Engine Certification Requirements in Supercooled Large Drop, Mixed Phase, and Ice Crystal Icing Conditions.
Aeroelastic Stability Substantiation of Transport Category Airplanes
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance material for acceptable means, but not the only means, of demonstrating compliance with the provisions of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations part 25 associated with the design requirements for transport category airplanes to preclude the aeroelastic instabilities offlutter, divergence, and control reversal. The precise details for analytical procedures and testing techniques are beyond the scope of this AC. However, some general information is included, with supporting discussions, for consideration when demonstrating compliance with§ 25.629 and related regulations. Revision B incorporates changes only to the portions of this AC affected by the Airplane and Engine Certification Requirements in Supercooled Large Drop, Mixed Phase, and Ice Crystal Icing Conditions final ru
Turbojet, Turboprop, Turboshaft, and Turbofan Engine Induction System Icing and Ice Ingestion
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for demonstrating compliance with the engine induction system icing and engine installation ice requirements of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 23, 25, 27, 29, and 33. This AC discusses the icing environments depicted in appendices C and O of part 25, appendix C of part 29, and appendix D of part 33. This AC discusses turboshaft engine installations, but not the rotary wing aircraft they are installed on.
Guidelines and Procedures for Maintenance of Airport Pavements
This AC provides guidelines and procedures for maintaining airport pavements.
Airport Pavement Management Program (PMP)
This AC discusses the Airport Pavement Management Program (PMP) concept, its essential components, and how it is used to make cost-effective decisions about pavement maintenance and rehabilitation (M&R).
Electronic Flight Displays
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for showing compliance with certain requirements of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations part 25 for the design, installation, integration, and approval of electronic flight deck displays, components, and systems installed in transport category airplanes. Revision B adds appendices F and G to the original AC and updates references to related rules and documents.
Fuel Tank Strength in Emergency Landing Conditions
This advisory circular describes an acceptable means for showing compliance with the fuel tank structural integrity requirements of §§ 25.561, 25.721, and 25.963 of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations. Section 25.963(d) addresses fuel tank safety in emergency landing conditions. Section 25.963(d) references §§ 25.561 and 25.721, which also address emergency landing conditions.
Proof of Structure
This advisory circular describes acceptable means for showing compliance with the requirements of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations 25.307, Proof of structure. Section 25.307 requires structural testing to demonstrate compliance with the strength and deformation requirements of subpart C, unless structural analysis has been shown to be reliable.
This advisory circular describes an acceptable means for showing compliance with the requirements of § 25.621, Casting factors, of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations part 25. Section 25.621 outlines the factors, tests, and inspections that must be applied to castings used in structural applications.
Architectural, Engineering, and Planning Consultant Services for Airport Grant Projects
This AC provides guidance for airport sponsors in the selection and engagement of architectural, engineering, and planning consultants. It also discusses services that normally would be included in an airport grant project, types of contracts for these services, contract format and provisions, and guidelines for determining the reasonableness of consultant fees. Please see the Principal Changes paragraph for a list of major changes from the last version of this AC.
Airport Snow and Ice Control Equipment
This advisory circular provides guidance to assist airport operators in the procurement of snow and ice control equipment for airport use.
Flight Standards Service Schedule of Charges Outside the United States
This advisory circular (AC) transmits an updated schedule of charges for services of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Flight Standards Service (AFS) aviation safety inspectors (ASI) outside the United States. Rulemaking action to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 187, Docket No. 27809 and Notice 94-24, Fees for Certification Services and Approvals Performed Outside the United States, established the methodology for determining these charges. The rulemaking established that the FAA would publish these fees in an AC.
Oxidation, Hot Corrosion, Thermal Fatigue, and Erosion Characteristics Testing to Support 14 CFR, Part 33, § 33.15, Compliancefor Turbine Engines
This advisory circular (AC) describes an acceptable method, but not the only method, to support certain comparative assessment compliance findings to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 33, § 33.15, Materials, for turbine engine projects. Comparative assessment of certain data is often necessary to show the required functional and durability equivalencies between engine combustor and turbine section parts from different design or manufacturing processes, e.g., parts manufacturer approvals (PMA) versus type design parts. These equivalencies relate to oxidation, hot corrosion, and thermal fatigue and erosion characteristics in the engine environment. This data is necessary to support overall FAA design approval of turbine engine and auxiliary power unit (APU) parts approved under PMA, type certificate (TC) design change, supplemental type certificate (STC), or repair or alteration authority.
Additional Pilot Program for Phase I Flight Test
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance on the Additional Pilot Program (APP) for flight testing experimental aircraft. The APP was developed to improve safety by enhancing Builder/Owner Pilot (BP) skills and mitigate risks associated with Phase I flight testing of aircraft built from commercially produced kits through the use of a qualified additional pilot and powerplant testing. The APP is an optional program which provides another pathway to conducting Phase I flight testing. The traditional option for a pilot to test their aircraft solo during Phase I is not covered or affected by this AC, and remains an option for those who choose to do so in accordance with their aircraft’s operating limitations.
Mitigating the Risks of a Runway Overrun Upon Landing
This advisory circular (AC) provides ways for pilots and airplane operators to identify, understand, and mitigate risks associated with runway overruns during the landing phase of flight. It also provides operators with detailed information that operators may use to develop company standard operating procedures (SOP) to mitigate those risks.
Airfield Pavement Surface Evaluation and Rating Manuals
This AC provides limited guidance on understanding and rating the surface condition of flexible (asphalt) and rigid (concrete) airfield pavements. Appendices A and B of this AC include the Asphalt and Concrete Airfield Pavement Surface Evaluation and Rating Manuals (PASER Manuals). The FAA recommends the information and procedures contained in the manuals for use by airport staff and consultants, directly or in combination with additional testing and data collection, only when it is not possible to complete a more detailed pavement condition index (PCI) survey as part of a more comprehensive pavement maintenance management program.
Statistical Analysis Considerations for Comparative Test and Analysis Based Compliance Findings for Turbine Engine and Auxiliary Power Unit Replacement, Redesign and Repaired Parts
a. This advisory circular (AC) describes acceptable statistical methods, but not the only methods, to help develop substantiating data for comparative test and analysis compliance findings. The findings support the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval of turbine engine and auxiliary power unit (APU) replacement, redesign and repaired parts produced under:
(1) Parts manufacturer approval (PMA),
(2) Type Certificate (TC),
(3) Supplemental Type Certificate (STC), or
(4) Repair or alteration.
b. The AC describes statistical principles that can be used to help determine adequate sample sizes for a comparative showing of equivalency of parts from different design or manufacturing processes. The guidance in this AC is acceptable for determining sample sizes and/or populations of specimens. The resulting data may be used to support a showing of compliance to the airworthiness requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 21.303, 14 CFR part 33, 14 CFR part 43 and Technical Standard Order (TSO) C77.
Standardized Method of Reporting Airport Pavement Strength - PCN
This AC provides guidance for using the standardized International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) method, called the Aircraft Classification Number – Pavement Classification Number (ACN-PCN) method, to report airport runway, taxiway, and apron pavement strength. Includes instructions for using the COMFAA program to calculate ACN values to determine PCN.
Also provides guidance for reporting changes to airport data that is generally published on Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Form 5010, Airport Master Record, particularly those data elements associated with Gross Weight (Data Elements 35 through 38) and Pavement Classification Number (Data Element 39).
Access COMFAA and related Support Spreadsheet on our Airport Design Software page.