|20-69||AIR-120||Conspicuity of Aircraft Instrument Malfunction Indicators Provides design guidance information on methods of improving conspicuity of malfunction indication devices.||05-14-1970|
|20-71||AIR-120||Dual Locking Devices on Fasteners Provides guidance and acceptable means, not the sole means, by which compliance may be shown with the requirements for dual locking devices on removable fasteners installed in rotorcraft and transport category airplanes.||12-08-1970|
|20-73A||AIR-120||Aircraft Ice Protection Provides information relating to the substantiation of ice protection systems on aircraft.||08-16-2006|
|20-74||AIR-120||Aircraft Position and Anticollision Light Measurements Contains useful information concerning measurements for intensity, covering, and color of aircraft position and anti-collision lights.||07-29-1971|
|20-100||AIR-120||General Guidelines for Measuring Fire-Extinguishing Agent Concentrations in Powerplant Compartments Describes the installation and use of a model GA-2A fire extinguisher agent concentration recorder in determining the distribution and concentration of fire-extinguishing agents when discharged in an aircraft powerplant compartment.||09-21-1977|
|20-104||AIR-120||Revised Powerplant Engineering Report No. 3A Standard Fire Test Apparatus and Procedure (for Flexible Hose Assemblies) Announces the availability of the subject report.||07-19-1978|
Airborne Software Assurance
a. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for showing compliance with the applicable airworthiness regulations for the software aspects of airborne systems and equipment certification. This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. Other ACs may describe alternate means.
b. We, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), wrote this AC to recognize the following RTCA, Inc. documents (RTCA DO):
(1) RTCA DO-178C, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, dated December 13, 2011.
(2) RTCA DO-330, Software Tool Qualification Considerations, dated December 13, 2011.
(3) RTCA DO-331, Model-Based Development and Verification Supplement to DO178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
(4) RTCA DO-332, Object-Oriented Technology and Related Techniques Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
(5) RTCA DO-333, Formal Methods Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
Note: RTCA DO is hereafter referred to as DO.
c. References to use of DO-178C in this AC include use of supplements and DO-330 as applicable.
d. This AC also establishes guidance for transitioning to DO-178C when making modifications to software previously approved using DO-178, DO-178A, or DO-178B.
07/19/2013 AC 20-115C
e. This AC also explains the use of DO-178C for Technical Standard Order (TSO) authorizations.
f. This AC does not obligate the FAA to approve any data or perform any activities as specified within the referenced RTCA documents.
g. If you use the means in this AC as a means of compliance, you must follow it entirely.
|20-119||AIR-120||Fuel Drain Valves Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with the requirements of the FARs for positive locking of fuel drain valves in the closed position.||02-07-1983|
|20-134||AIR-120||Test Procedures for Maximum Allowable Airspeed Indicators Provides guidance concerning test procedures which may be used in showing compliance with the standards in technical standards orders C 46a.||02-14-1990|
|20-157||AIR-120||How to Prepare Reliability Assessment Plans for Aircraft Systems and Equipment This AC shows you how to develop and use a reliability assessment plan. An assessment plan documents the controlled, repeatable processes for assessing the reliability of aircraft and engine electronic and electrical systems, including their electromechanical elements and equipment||01-19-2007|
Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment (CS&E)
This AC provides the primary certification guidance on how to meet the airworthiness requirements for installation of non-essential, non-required aircraft cabin systems & equipment (CS&E). We incorporate in this AC the guidance in RTCA, Inc. document RTCA/DO-313, Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment, dated October 2, 2008. We also clarify certain guidance in RTCA/DO-313. (See paragraph 6.)
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it we describe a means, though it is not the only means, for manufacturers and installers to show their equipment design and installation performs its intended function. If you use the means described in this AC, however, you should follow it in all respects.
Integrated Modular Avionics Development. Verification, Integration and Approval using RTCA/DO-297 and Technical Standard Order C153
This advisory circular (AC) shows you how to obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) airworthiness approval for the development, verification, and integration of an integrated modular avionics (IMA) system for installation into an aircraft or engine. We cite RTCA, Inc. document RTCA/DO-297, Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) Development Guidance and Certification Considerations, dated November 8, 2005 and supplement it with this text. This AC also provides guidance on how to show compliance with Technical Standard Order (TSO)-C153, Integrated Modular Avionics Hardware Elements.
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it, we describe an acceptable means, though it is not the only means, to obtain FAA approval of IMA systems.
This AC uses the terminology “should” when discussing compliance to the AC itself, as the AC represents one, but not the only, method of complying with the regulations. This AC uses the term “must” when discussing compliance to the regulations, as compliance to a regulation is not optional. In these cases, the AC text supplies, in square brackets, a reference to the specific rule(s) being discussed.
Alternatives to RTCA/DO-178B for Software in Airborne Systems and Equipment
On January 11,1993, we, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), published Advisory Circular (AC) 20-115B recognizing RTCA/DO-178B, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, dated December 1, 1992, as a means, but not the only means, to seek FAA approval of airborne software. RTCA/DO-178B is recognized by industry and certification authorities as an accepted approach for assuring that software in airborne systems and equipment has been developed to meet the safety objectives of the regulations.
This AC identifies what you, as an applicant, will have to address and document when you propose an alternative approach to that defined in RTCA/DO-178B. This AC is intended to provide you, the applicant, with guidance on how to establish that your proposed alternative provides the same level of assurance as that provided in RTCA/DO-178B for airborne software. Your proposed alternative should be evaluated in conjunction with the certification process and applied to airborne systems and equipment (containing software) for which you are seeking FAA approval in order to obtain a Type Certificate, Supplemental Type Certificate, Amended Type Certificate, or Amended Supplemental Type Certificate.
Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems
This advisory circular (AC) recognizes the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 4754A, Guidelines for Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems, dated December 21, 2010, as an acceptable method for establishing a development assurance process. SAE ARP 4754A discusses the development of aircraft and systems taking into account the overall aircraft operating environment and functions. This includes validation of requirements and verification of the design implementation for certification and process assurance.
Controls for Flight Deck Systems
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the installation and airworthiness approval of flight deck system control devices, from primarily a human factors perspective. It does not address primary flight controls, secondary flight controls, or controls that are not located in the flight deck. This AC addresses traditional dedicated controls such as physical switches and knobs, as well as multifunction controls such as touch screens and cursor control devices.
|20-133||AIR-130||Cockpit Noise and Speech Interference Between Crewmember Provides information about the relationship between flight crew members cockpit voice communication and cockpit noise levels. Guidance, on speech interference levels, noise measurement and measurement systems, and methods to improve cockpit communication, is provided for those manufacturers, owners or operators who believe cockpit noise may be a problem on their aircraft. This guidance material is relevant to the operation of all types of civil aircraft.||03-22-1989|
Airworthiness Approval of Positioning and Navigation Systems (Including Change 2)
This revision adds minor clarifications and new guidance material based on issues and questions since revision ‘C’ was published. There are several new changes such as: equipment capability versus installed limitations; clarifying database configuration versus equipment capability; adding step-down fixes to navigation databases; a new appendix for demonstrating radius to fix (RF) leg capability; and, including required navigation performance (RNP) prediction guidance for RNP authorization required approach (RNP AR APCH).
Guidelines for Design Approval of Aircraft Data Link Communication Systems Supporting Air Traffic Services (ATS)
This AC provides guidance material for applicants seeking an airworthiness approval for aircraft with an installed data link system intended to support air traffic services (ATS) data communication. It identifies specific configurations of aircraft data link systems for applicants seeking approval for type certificates (TC) and supplemental type certificates (STC) in order to facilitate operational approvals. Appendix A of this AC provides a list of related documents. Appendix B of this AC contains a list of applicable acronyms. 1.2 This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for you to gain airworthiness approval for aircraft data link system equipment. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all important respects. 1.3 The term “must” is used in this AC to indicate a mandatory requirement driven by regulation that is to be followed when using the guidance in this AC. The term “should” is used in this AC to indicate a recommendation and not a requirement when using the guidance in this AC. Since this AC represents an accepted means of compliance, an applicant seeking an alternative to any requirement or recommendation within this AC will need to be discussed with the Aircraft Certification Office (ACO) in order to achieve a common performance level with the AC.
Airworthiness and Operational Approval of Digital Flight Data Recorder Systems
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance on compliance with the applicable Regulations for the airworthiness and operational approval for digital flight data recorder systems (DFDRS).
This advisory circular (AC) provides information on certification (design and installation) and continued airworthiness of digital flight data recorder systems (DFDRS). DFDRS provide information for an investigative authority—the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the United States—to conduct more thorough investigations of accidents and incidents. The data recorded is also used by operators to enable the prediction of trends that may be useful in determining modifications needed to avoid accidents and incidents.
This AC provides information to applicants for a supplemental type certificate (STC), and to individuals who are responsible for establishing and maintaining compliance under the operating rules for digital flight data recorders (DFDR). Aircraft manufacturers who intend to install DFDRs in newly manufactured aircraft could also use this information.
This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR).
Airworthiness Approval of Satellite Voice (SATVOICE) Equipment Supporting Air Traffic Service (ATS) Communication
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance on airworthiness approval for designers, manufacturers, and installers of Satellite Voice (SATVOICE) equipment supporting air traffic service (ATS). In this AC, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommends one way to gain airworthiness approval for SATVOICE equipment. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to gain airworthiness approval for your SATVOICE equipment. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in its entirety.
Airworthiness Approval of Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance Systems (TCAS II), Versions 7.0 & 7.1 and Associated Mode S Transponders
This advisory circular (AC) provides applicants with guidance for obtaining an airworthiness approval for traffic alert collision avoidance systems II (TCAS II). It also provides guidance for certification of a stand-alone Mode S transponder system. This AC includes the TCAS II versions 7.0 and 7.1 (TSO-C119b and TSO-C119c respectively) along with the latest iteration, which is version 7.1, containing hybrid surveillance functionality as defined by TSO-C119d.
|20-153B||AIR-130||Acceptance of Aeronautical Data Processes and Associated Databases This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for showing compliance with the applicable airworthiness regulations for equipment with an installed aeronautical database. This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. However, if you use the means described herein, you must follow it in all important respects. The term “must” indicates mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC. The terms “should” and “recommend” indicate recommended guidance, but are not required for meeting the objectives of this AC. The term “objectives” identifies requirements when used in this AC.||04-19-2016|
Industry Documents To Support Aircraft Lightning Protection Certification
a. This advisory circular (AC) recognizes several SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARPs) and European Organization for Civil Aviation Equipment (EUROCAE)documents as acceptable methods for showing compliance with airworthiness regulations. These industry documents provide guidance on aircraft lightning environment and test waveforms, aircraft lightning zoning, aircraft lightning test methods, and aircraft lightning direct effects.
b. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but is not the only means, to help you to obtain certification for lightning protection.
The Certification of Aircraft Electrical and Electronic Systems for Operation in the High-intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) Environment
a. This advisory circular (AC) will provide you with information and guidance on how to show compliance with Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 23.1308, 25.1317, 27.1317, and 29.1317, High-intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) Protection.
b. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for you to show compliance with the requirements for protection of the operation of electrical and electronic systems on an aircraft when the aircraft is exposed to an external HIRF environment. If you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it entirely to comply with this AC. The term "must" is used to indicate mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC. The term "should" is used when following the guidance is recommended but not required to comply with this AC.
Onboard Recording of Controller Pilot Data Link Communication (CPDLC) In Crash Survivable Memory
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance material for applicants seeking an airworthiness approval for aircraft with an installed Data Link Recording (DLR) system that records Controller Pilot Data Link Communications (CPDLC). This AC describesan acceptable means, but not the only means, to gain design approval of your data link communication recording system. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in its entirety.
In this AC, we focus on data to be recorded and logical recording point locations for storing CPDLC messages in onboard crash-survivable memory. These logical point locations, also called observation points, are physical locations within airborne avionic architectures deemed ideal for recording system data sources, as defined in Section 7.1 of this AC.