Airworthiness Approval of Attitude Heading Reference System (AHRS) Equipment
This advisory circular (AC) supplements existing airworthiness approval guidance for attitude heading reference system (AHRS) articles approved under technical standard order (TSO)?C201, Attitude Heading Reference System, or later revisions. TSO-C201 includes performance standards for non-gimbaled attitude, heading, and turn and slip systems.
Approved Model List Supplemental Type Certificate (AML-STC)
This advisorycircular(AC)providesguidelines and requirements to obtain approved model list (AML)supplemental typecertificate(STC). This ACis not mandatoryand does not constitutearegulation. It describes anacceptablemethod, but not theonlymethod to obtain an AML-STC. You mayusean alternatemethod ifyou establish that it adequatelymeets therequirements. However, ifyou usethis ACto obtain approval,you must comply with all ofits provisions.
Flammability Testing of Aircraft Cabin Interior Panels After Alterations
This advisory circular (AC) describes acceptable methods to test aircraft cabin interior materials when new finishes are used on existing aircraft cabin interior panels, typically performed on supplemental type certificates (STC) or major alterations. This AC applies to materials for self-extinguishing flammability only. This AC does not apply to materials that must meet heat release or smoke emissions,standards established by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 25, Amendment 25-61, and 14 CFR part 121, Amendment 121-289. We, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), have written this AC for applicants, offering several methods for demonstrating compliance that may be more cost-effective and less time-consuming than current methods.
Controls for Flight Deck Systems
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the installation and airworthiness approval of flight deck system control devices, from primarily a human factors perspective. It does not address primary flight controls, secondary flight controls, or controls that are not located in the flight deck. This AC addresses traditional dedicated controls such as physical switches and knobs, as well as multifunction controls such as touch screens and cursor control devices.
Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems
This advisory circular (AC) recognizes the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 4754A, Guidelines for Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems, dated December 21, 2010, as an acceptable method for establishing a development assurance process. SAE ARP 4754A discusses the development of aircraft and systems taking into account the overall aircraft operating environment and functions. This includes validation of requirements and verification of the design implementation for certification and process assurance.
Installation of Electronic Flight Bag Components
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance material on the installation of electronic flight bag (EFB) components including aircraft connectivity provisions. In it, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) describes certification considerations for individual EFB components and for installing EFB aircraft connectivity provisions by addressing the principal elements, or “components,” which comprise a typical EFB device or system.
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 23, 25, 27, or 29. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it entirely. The term “must” is used to indicate mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC. The terms “should” and “recommend” are used when following the guidance is recommended but not required to comply with this AC.
Alternatives to RTCA/DO-178B for Software in Airborne Systems and Equipment
On January 11,1993, we, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), published Advisory Circular (AC) 20-115B recognizing RTCA/DO-178B, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, dated December 1, 1992, as a means, but not the only means, to seek FAA approval of airborne software. RTCA/DO-178B is recognized by industry and certification authorities as an accepted approach for assuring that software in airborne systems and equipment has been developed to meet the safety objectives of the regulations.
This AC identifies what you, as an applicant, will have to address and document when you propose an alternative approach to that defined in RTCA/DO-178B. This AC is intended to provide you, the applicant, with guidance on how to establish that your proposed alternative provides the same level of assurance as that provided in RTCA/DO-178B for airborne software. Your proposed alternative should be evaluated in conjunction with the certification process and applied to airborne systems and equipment (containing software) for which you are seeking FAA approval in order to obtain a Type Certificate, Supplemental Type Certificate, Amended Type Certificate, or Amended Supplemental Type Certificate.
Integrated Modular Avionics Development. Verification, Integration and Approval using RTCA/DO-297 and Technical Standard Order C153
This advisory circular (AC) shows you how to obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) airworthiness approval for the development, verification, and integration of an integrated modular avionics (IMA) system for installation into an aircraft or engine. We cite RTCA, Inc. document RTCA/DO-297, Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) Development Guidance and Certification Considerations, dated November 8, 2005 and supplement it with this text. This AC also provides guidance on how to show compliance with Technical Standard Order (TSO)-C153, Integrated Modular Avionics Hardware Elements.
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it, we describe an acceptable means, though it is not the only means, to obtain FAA approval of IMA systems.
This AC uses the terminology “should” when discussing compliance to the AC itself, as the AC represents one, but not the only, method of complying with the regulations. This AC uses the term “must” when discussing compliance to the regulations, as compliance to a regulation is not optional. In these cases, the AC text supplies, in square brackets, a reference to the specific rule(s) being discussed.
Guidance for Certification of Military and Special Mission Modifications and Equipment for Commercial Derivative Aircraft (CDA)
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the certification of commercial derivative aircraft (CDA). CDA are aircraft that have been modified with specialized equipment to perform military and other non-civil missions. CDA are operated-by, or under the operational control of, governmental entities. With certain limited exceptions, they are operated as public aircraft. This advisory circular (AC) sets forth acceptable means, but not the only means, to show compliance to the provisions of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 23, 25, 27, and 29 regarding type certification requirements for commercial derivative aircraft (CDA). This AC is presented as companion material to the procedures outlined in Order 8110.101, Type Certification Procedures for Military Commercial Derivative Aircraft.” The guidance provided in this AC is for use on certification projects for Military CDA. Certain provisions of this AC may also be applicable to certification projects for non-military CDA e.g., aircraft operated by state or local governments under public-use or aircraft owned by a foreign government.
Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment (CS&E)
This AC provides the primary certification guidance on how to meet the airworthiness requirements for installation of non-essential, non-required aircraft cabin systems & equipment (CS&E). We incorporate in this AC the guidance in RTCA, Inc. document RTCA/DO-313, Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment, dated October 2, 2008. We also clarify certain guidance in RTCA/DO-313. (See paragraph 6.)
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it we describe a means, though it is not the only means, for manufacturers and installers to show their equipment design and installation performs its intended function. If you use the means described in this AC, however, you should follow it in all respects.
Airworthiness Approval of Enhanced Vision System, Synthetic Vision System, Combined Vision System, and Enhanced Flight Vision System Equipment
a. In this advisory circular (AC), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) provides guidance on airworthiness approval of enhanced vision system (EVS), synthetic vision system (SVS), combined vision system (CVS), and enhanced flight vision system (EFVS) equipment installation.
b. This AC provides specific system performance guidance on enhanced and synthetic vision systems and equipment. Other existing ACs address flight guidance symbology, head-up displays (HUD) and visual display characteristics (for example, AC 25-11A, Electronic Flight Deck Displays, and AC 25.1329-1B, Approval of Flight Guidance Systems). For a complete listing of related regulations and guidance, refer to appendix 9. This AC complements existing guidance.
c . In this AC, terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) refers to a system used for fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter terrain awareness and warning system (HTAWS) refers to a system used for rotorcraft.
d. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to install enhanced and synthetic vision technologies. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all aspects.
Issue Paper Process
a. This advisory circular (AC) provides information on the use of issue papers and gives you guidance on your role in describing and tracking the resolution of significant technical, regulatory, and administrative issues derived from the issue paper process. This document provides guidance to you relative to FAA Order 8110.112, Standardized Procedures for Usage of Issue Papers and Development of Equivalent Levels of Safety Memorandums.
Airworthiness Approval of Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) Out Systems
This Advisory Circular (AC) provides guidance for the installation and airworthiness approval of Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B) Out systems in aircraft.
Designing and Demonstrating Aircraft Tolerance to Portable Electronic Devices
This advisory circular (AC) identifies RTCA, Inc., document DO-307, Aircraft Design and Certification for Portable Electronic Device (PED) Tolerance, dated October 11, 2007, and RTCA/DO-307, Change 1, dated December 16, 2008, as an acceptable means for designing and demonstrating aircraft tolerance to potential electromagnetic interference from portable electronic devices (PEDs).
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it, we describe an acceptable means, though not the only means, to demonstrate aircraft tolerance to PEDs
|20-163||AIR-100||Displaying Geometric Altitude Relative to Mean Sea Level a. This advisory circular (AC) shows you how to gain a type certificate (TC), supplemental TC (STC), amended TC (ATC), amended supplemental TC (ASTC), or technical standard order (TSO) authorization for systems incorporating the presentation of geometric altitude relative to mean sea level (MSL) on electronic displays. b. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it, we describe an acceptable means, though it is not the only means, to gain approval. If you use the means described, you must follow it in all important respects.||07-09-2009|
|20-162||AIR-100||Airworthiness Approval and Operational Allowance of RFID Systems||09-22-2008|
|20-161||AIR-130||Aircraft Onboard Weight and Balance Systems This Advisory Circular (AC)gives manufacturers and installers an acceptable means of compliance to meet the installation, operation, and airworthiness requirements for aircraft onboard weight and balance systems (OBWBS)||04-11-2008|
|20-160||AIR-100||Onboard Recording of Controller Pilot Data Link Communication in Crash Survivable Memory The AC offers one way to achieve an acceptable level of performance for an aircraft recording system when a controller-pilot data communication capability is installed. We wrote this AC for aircraft equipment installers and type certificate applicants to identify design approval requirements for data link communication recording equipment.||02-21-2008|
|20-159||AIR-130||Obtaining Design and Production Approval of Airport Moving Map Display Applications Intended for Electronic Flight Bag Systems This AC will guide you in obtaining a design and production approval inder Technical Standard Order (TSO) C-165, Electronic Map Display Equipment for Graphical Depiction of Aircraft Position, for the software used to provide an airport moving map display(AMMD) intended for use on a Class 2 electronic flight bag (EFB).||04-30-2007|
The Certification of Aircraft Electrical and Electronic Systems for Operation in the High-intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) Environment
a. This advisory circular (AC) will provide you with information and guidance on how to show compliance with Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 23.1308, 25.1317, 27.1317, and 29.1317, High-intensity Radiated Fields (HIRF) Protection.
b. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for you to show compliance with the requirements for protection of the operation of electrical and electronic systems on an aircraft when the aircraft is exposed to an external HIRF environment. If you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it entirely to comply with this AC. The term "must" is used to indicate mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC. The term "should" is used when following the guidance is recommended but not required to comply with this AC.
|20-157||AIR-120||How to Prepare Reliability Assessment Plans for Aircraft Systems and Equipment This AC shows you how to develop and use a reliability assessment plan. An assessment plan documents the controlled, repeatable processes for assessing the reliability of aircraft and engine electronic and electrical systems, including their electromechanical elements and equipment||01-19-2007|
|20-156||AIR-100||Aviation Databus Assurance Provide a means to gain FAA approval of you aviation databus by showing the databus design performs it intended function and satisfies the applicable airworthiness requirements when install on an aircraft or aircraft engine||08-04-2006|
Industry Documents To Support Aircraft Lightning Protection Certification
a. This advisory circular (AC) recognizes several SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARPs) and European Organization for Civil Aviation Equipment (EUROCAE)documents as acceptable methods for showing compliance with airworthiness regulations. These industry documents provide guidance on aircraft lightning environment and test waveforms, aircraft lightning zoning, aircraft lightning test methods, and aircraft lightning direct effects.
b. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but is not the only means, to help you to obtain certification for lightning protection.
Guide for Developing a Receiving Inspection System for Aircraft Parts and Material - Change 1
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance and information for incorporation into operators’ existing receiving/inspection systems to help prevent the introduction of unairworthy parts into inventories. The aim is to establish sufficient traceability to establish that the part(s) were manufactured under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 21, were previously determined to be Airworthy under 14 CFR part 43, and produced to established industry or U.S. Government standards or accepted foreign standards. Like all AC material, this AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It is issued for guidance and to outline a method of compliance with the rules. This is one means but not the only means for developing a receiving inspection system. In lieu of following the method(s) prescribed herein, the applicant may elect to follow an alternate method.
Acceptance of Aeronautical Data Processes and Associated Databases
This AC will help you to:
(1) Obtain a Letter of Acceptance (LOA) from the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) that acknowledges compliance with this AC regarding aeronautical data processing.
(2) Evaluate whether data processes comply with the requirements of RTCA, Inc. document DO-200A, Standards for Processing Aeronautical Data.
(3) Define the data quality requirements (DQRs) for aeronautical data when obtaining airworthiness approval of new equipment or installations where the function of the equipment is dependent on an updateable database.
(4) Understand how an organization adheres to the data preparation and data transmission criteria applicable to the functions performed by that aeronautical data chain link or participant.