Aircraft Wake Turbulence
This advisory circular (AC) presents basic information on wake vortex behavior, alerts pilots to the hazards of aircraft wake turbulence, and recommends operational procedures to avoid wake turbulence encounters.
|90-34||AFS-840||Accidents Resulting from Wheelbarrowing in Tricycle Gear Equipped Aircraft Explains “wheel barrowing”, the circumstances under which it is likely to occur, and recommended corrective action.||02-27-1968|
|90-42F||AFS-820||Traffic Advisory Practices at Airports without Operating Control Towers Contains good operating practices and procedures for use when approaching or departing airports without an operating control tower and airports that have control towers operating part time. Includes changes in radio frequencies and phraseology.||05-21-1990|
Approval of Area Navigation Systems for use in the U.S. National Airspace System
Provides guidelines for implementation of two-dimensional area navigation (2D RNAV) within the U.S. National Airspace System (NAS). Provides for both VOR/DME dependent systems and self-contained systems such as Inertial Navigation Systems (INS).
AC 20-138C - Airworthiness Approval of Positioning and Navigation Systems supersedes the airworthiness considerations in AC 90-45A, Approval of Area Navigation Systems for use in the U.S. National Airspace System. Equipment previously approved per the airworthiness guidance in AC 90-45A is still valid for the operations and conditions stated in their approvals.
|90-48C||AFS-820||Pilots' Role in Collision Avoidance Alerts all pilots to the potential hazards of midair collision and near midair collision, and to emphasize those basic problem areas related to the human causal factors where improvements in pilot education, operating practices, procedures, and improved scanning techniques are needed to reduce midair conflicts.||03-18-1983|
|90-50D||ASR-520||Requirements for 760-Channel VHF Radio for Aeronautical Operations Encourages aircraft owners to upgrade their air-ground radio communication systems. Describes and upgrades civil air traffic control frequencies in the very high frequency (118.000 to 136.975 MHz) band. The 136.000 to 136.975 MHz band became available for aeronautical use on January 1, 1990.||04-09-1992|
|90-58C||AFS-310||VOR Course Errors Resulting from 50 kHz Channel Mis-Selection Provides information concerning a potentially hazardous situation when a 200 channel VOR receiver is inadvertently mistuned by 50 kHz from the frequency of a 100 kHz ground station.||04-07-1975|
|90-66A||AFS-820||Recommended Standards Traffic Patterns for Aeronautical Operations at Airports without Operating Control Towers Calls attention to regulatory requirements and recommended procedures for aeronautical operations at airports without operating control towers. It recommends traffic patterns and operational procedures for aircraft, lighter than air, glider, parachute, rotorcraft, and ultra-light vehicle operations where such use is not in conflict with existing procedures in effect at those airports.||08-26-1993|
|90-67B||ATP-129||Light Signals from the Control Tower for Ground Vehicles, Equipment, and Personnel Provides the aviation community with the meaning of the light signals used when communicating with ground vehicles, equipment, and personnel on the airport movement area from the control tower.||08-25-1994|
|90-75||AFS-310||Strobe Light System Inspection Advises the general aviation community of the importance of proper maintenance of capacitive discharge strobe light systems which are installed within or near fuel systems.||02-10-1977|
|90-80B||AFS-420||Approval of Offshore Standard Approach Procedures (OASP), Airborne Radar Approaches (ARA), and Helicopter En Route Descent Areas (HEDA) Provides criteria and describes methods for obtaining to use Offshore Standard Approach Procedures, Airborne Radar Approaches, and Helicopter Enroute Areas.||04-12-1992|
|90-87||AFS-840||Helicopter Dynamic Rollover Familiarize the helicopter pilot/instructor and pilot school personnel of the hazards associated with dynamic rollover.||01-27-1986|
|90-89A||AFS-340||Amateur-Built Aircraft and Ultralight Flight Testing Handbook Provides suggestions and safety-related recommendations to assist amateur and ultra-light builders in developing individualized aircraft flight test plans. It includes flight testing recommendations for canard-type and ultra-light aircraft. SN 050-007-01087-7||05-24-1995|
|90-91K||AJR-1||North American Route Program Provides guidance to users of the National Air Space System for participation in the North American Route Program (NRP).||12-11-2008|
|90-93A||ATP-40||Operating Procedures for Airport Traffic Control Towers (ATCT) that are not Operated by, or Under Contract with, the United States (Non-Federal) Recommends publications, administrative and operational procedures that will assist in the management of a non-federal ATCT (NFCT).||11-15-1999|
|90-95||AFS-800||Unanticipated Right Yaw in Helicopters Examines the unanticipated right yaw phenomenon, the circumstances under which it may be encountered, how it can be prevented, and how the pilot should react if it is encountered.||02-07-1995|
Approval of U.S. Operators and Aircraft to Operate Under Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) in European Airspace Designated for Basic Area Navigation (B-RNAV) and Precision Area Navigation (P-RNAV)
Provides guidance regarding on-board Area Navigation (BRNAV) equipment requirements for operators of U.S. registered civil aircraft, operating in a Basic Area Navigation (BRNAV) environment in the European region.
|90-99||ATA-301||High Altitude Airspace Redesign Phase 1||09-22-2003|
U.S Terminal and En Route Area Navigation (RNAV) Operations with Change 1
This advisory circular (AC) provides operational and airworthiness guidance for operation on U.S. Area Navigation (RNAV) routes, Instrument Departure Procedures (DPs), and Standard Terminal Arrivals (STARs). Operators and pilots should use the guidance in this AC to determine their eligibility for these U.S. RNAV routes and procedures. In lieu of following this guidance without deviation, operators may elect to follow an alternative method, provided the alternative method is found to be acceptable by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). For the purpose of this AC, "compliance" means meeting operational and functional performance criteria. Mandatory terms in this AC such as "must" are used only to ensure applicability of these particular methods of compliance when the acceptable means of compliance described are used. This AC does not change, add, or delete regulatory requirements or authorize deviations from regulatory requirements.
Approval Guidance for RNP Procedures with Special Aircraft and Aircrew Authorization Required (SAAAR)
This advisory circular (AC) provides airworthiness and operational approval guidance material for aircraft operators conducting Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 97 Area Navigation (RNAV) Required Navigation Performance (RNP) instrument approach procedures (IAP) with Authorization Required (AR), charted as "RNAV (RNP) RWY XX." Hereafter, refer to these procedures as "RNP AR" within this AC. Operational approvals obtained under the guidelines of this AC also apply to existing RNAV (RNP) IAP with special aircraft and aircrew authorization required (SAAAR). As current RNAV (RNP) SAAAR instrument approach charts are revised or amended, they will be updated to reflect AR.
|90-102||AJR-1||Airspace Flow Program||05-01-2006|
|90-102A||AJR-1||Airspace Flow Program This Advisory Circular replaces AC 90-102 and provides guidance to customers of the National Airspace System (NAS) regarding changes to the traffic management process for managing flights through a constrained area with an Airspace Flow Program (AFP). In this process, traffic managers identify a constraint in the en route system, develop a real-time list of flights that are filed into the constrained area, and implement an AFP. Pilots need to be aware that an AFP distributes expect departure clearance times (EDCT) in order to meter air traffic demand through the area. Examples of constraints include thunderstorm activity, turbulence, and periods of excess demand. The list of flights includes aircraft that have filed flight plans, filed early intent flight plans, or operate in the constrained area based on historical flight plan data.||05-30-2008|
|90-103||AJR-0||Reporting of Threats in Accordance with the Common Strategy||09-11-2006|
|90-105||AFS-400||Approval Guidance for RNP Operations and Barometric Vertical Navigation in the U.S. National Airspace System||01-23-2009|
Guidance for localizer performance with Vertical Guidance and Localizer
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for operators to conduct Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 97 instrument flight rules (IFR) Area Navigation (RNAV) Global Positioning System (GPS) instrument approach procedures (IAP) with Localizer Performance with Vertical guidance (LPV) and Localizer Performance without vertical guidance (LP) lines of minima using the wide area augmentation system (WAAS).