Parts 91 and 135 Single Pilot, Flight School Procedures During Taxi Operations
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidelines for the development and implementation of standard operating procedures (SOP) for conducting safe aircraft operations during taxiing to avoid causing a runway incursion. In accordance with the current edition of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 7050.1, Runway Safety Program, the definition of a runway incursion is, any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle, or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. This AC is intended for use by persons operating aircraft single pilot under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91 and 135, and flight schools. The FAA recommends that these guidelines become an integral part of all SOPs, Flight Operations Manuals (FOM), and formal flight training programs.
Oceanic and International Operations
This advisory circular (AC) contains general information and guidance for operators planning oceanic flights, including authorizations needed for operations outside the continental United States. This includes Special Areas of Operation (SAO) such as North Atlantic Minimum Navigation Performance Specifications (NAT/MNPS), Reduced Vertical Separation Minimum (RVSM), Area Navigation (RNAV), and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) airspace.
In all geographic regions, the evolution of communication, navigation, surveillance and air traffic management (CNS/ATM) is the catalyst for initiatives such as data link, RNP, RNAV, Automatic Dependent Surveillance (ADS), and RVSM.
b. Critical Areas and Procedures.The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) identifies critical areas and procedures such as Strategic Lateral Offset Procedures (SLOP).
c. Revisions.The dynamics of oceanic operations are such that they are constantly evolving and it is incumbent on the operators to closely monitor any changes. The FAA revised this AC to point the reader to the most current sources of international material. In many cases, the references are to a Web site. The material, however, is still found at www.faa.gov or by calling an FAA navigation specialist. This AC includes specific guidance for authorizations and other FAA policy issues. A detailed study of the FAA Web site is the best source for introduction information about oceanic, international, and remote operations.
Guidance on Carrying Noise Certification Documents On Board Aircraft Operating Outside the United States
a. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is amending its operating rules to require U.S. operators flying outside the United States to carry aircraft noise certification information on board the aircraft.
b. This Advisory Circular (AC) provides guidance to affected U.S. operators that operate aircraft outside the United States with aircraft that were never required to be noise certified. If you have such an aircraft, this AC outlines the noise certification requirement dates so you can confirm that your aircraft indeed pre-dates the requirements and should be considered acceptable. We use the term “grandfathered” for these aircraft. We strongly recommend operators of such aircraft to use the FAA form in Appendix 1 that includes a grandfather clause.
|91-85||AFS-400||Approval of Aircraft and Operators for flight in Reduced Vertical||08-21-2009|
|91-76A||AAM-630||Hazard Associated with Sublimation of Solid Carbon Dioxide (Dry Ice) Aboard Aircraft||05-22-2009|
|91-84||AFS-800||Fractional Ownership Programs This advisory circular (AC) provides backgroung information, and describes fractional ownership programs and te application process for obtaining management specifications (MSpecs) to operate under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14CFR) part 91 subpart k (part 91K)||03-31-2009|
Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC) Hotlines
This advisory circular provides guidance to customers of the National Airspace System (NAS) in regard to the use of and participation on ATCSCC hotlines.
|91-81||AJR-1||Dual J80 Route Procedure This advisory circular provides information to customers of the National Airspace System (NAS) in regards to the implementation and use of the dual J80 route procedure. The concept of the dual J80 route is to provide a near-term alternative for aircraft that normally file their flight on J80, westbound from New York and Philadelphia area airports. The dual J80 route virtually parallels the current J80 airway. This new procedure will be implemented as an unpublished route available on May 15, 2008. This route will be established and published as a “Q-Route” or Area area Navigation navigation (RNAV) route at a later date. The objective is to provide additional departure capability for westbound aircraft by alleviating constraints associated with airport departure flows that compete for J80, i.e., New York metropolitan and Philadelphia departures, and over flights from points north of the New York area. Current routes through this airspace transit very busy air traffic sectors, and delays are frequently encountered due tobecause of the large volume of aircraft that use these routes everyday. During summer months, these paths can be constrained by thunderstorms and turbulence. New York area departures will benefit from the additional route and increased flexibility, allowing our customers to receive more efficient air traffic services.||05-13-2008|
Fatigue Management Programs for Airplanes with Demonstrated Risk of Catastrophic Failure Due to Fatigue
a. This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance on developing and implementing a Fatigue Management Program (FMP). An applicant may develop an FMP as one method to address the unsafe condition that arises when the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has determined an airplane type design has an unsafe condition associated with a demonstrated risk of catastrophic failure due to fatigue (hereinafter referred to as demonstrated risk). An FMP incorporates damage-tolerance based inspections or a part replacement/modification program to mitigate the demonstrated risk. An FMP also incorporates inspections based on service history and engineering judgment to address the broader risk posed by potential cracking of other fatigue critical structure in the airplane. The FAA may mandate an FMP by Airworthiness Directive (AD) only in cases in which the FAA has determined that airworthiness action is necessary to address an unsafe condition. The FAA may also approve an FMP as an alternative method of compliance (AMOC) to an AD. b. This AC provides guidance for actions once the FAA determines that an AD is necessary to address the unsafe condition associated with a demonstrated risk. Existing FAA guidance supports development of damage-tolerance based inspection programs for transport category airplanes to look proactively for potential cracks. Such guidance includes AC 91-56B, Continuing Structural Integrity Program for Airplanes, and AC 25.571-1C, Damage Tolerance and Fatigue Evaluation of Structure. These existing ACs do not describe all the actions that should be used to address a demonstrated risk. c. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for maintaining the continued operational safety for airplane type designs that have a demonstrated risk. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all important aspects. In this AC, we use terms such as “must” or “require” only in the sense of ensuring applicability of a particular method of compliance when you use a specific acceptable method of compliance described herein.
|91-56B||ANM-115||Continuing Structural Integrity Program for Airplanes Provides guidance material to manufacturers and operators of transport category airplanes for use in developing a continuing structural integrity program to ensure safe operation of older airplanes throughout their operational lives. This guidance material applies to large transport airplanes which were certified under the fail-safe and fatigue requirements of Civil Air Regulations (CAR) 4b o 14 CFR part 25 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR), prior to Amendment 25-45, and which have a maximum gross weight greater than 75,000 pounds. Guidance material on this subject for other transports is provided in AC 91-60. The procedures set forth by this AC are applicable to the large transport category airplanes operated under Subpart D of part 91, and parts 121 and 125.||03-07-2008|
|91-74A||AFS-800||Pilot Guide: Flight in Icing Conditions||12-31-2007|
|91-59A||AFS-300||Inspection and Care of General Aviation Aircraft Exhaust Systems||07-23-2007|
|91-78||AFS-800||Use of Class 1 or Class 2 Electronic Flight Bag (EFB) This advisory circular (AC) provides aircraft owners, operators, and pilots operating aircraft under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, with information for removal of paper aeronautical charts and other documentation from the cockpit through the use of either portable or installed cockpit displays (electronic flight bags (EFB).||07-20-2007|
|91-77||AJR-1||General Aviation, Coded Departure Routes (CDR) Provides guidance to customers of the National Airspace System on the use of Coded Departure Routes. CDRs provide more flexibility for selecting an alternate departure for specific airport when traffic constraint such as thunderstorms, turbulence, and periods of excessive demand exist. Use of a CDR reduces key-entry inputs for controllers and minimizes read-back time between tower staff and pilots, which creates an abbreviated clearance. These abbreviated clearances provide an efficient means for air traffic control (ATC) to provide alternate routes if an airspace constraint occurs.||06-01-2007|
|91.21-1B||AFS-350||Use of Portable Electronic Devices Aboard Aircraft Provides aircraft operators with information and guidance for assistance in the compliance to FAR Section 91.21.||08-25-2006|
|91-36D||ATO-R||Visual Flight Rules (VFR) Flight Near Noise-Sensitive Areas Encourages pilots making VFR flights near noise-sensitive areas to fly at altitudes higher than the minimum permitted by regulation and on flight paths, which will reduce aircraft noise in such area.||09-17-2004|
|91-63C||ATO-R||Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs/TFR) Describes the types of conditions under which the FAA may impose a temporary flight restriction. Also explains which elements have been delegated authority by the Administrator to issue TFR’s and lists the types of responsible agencies/offices from which the FAA will accept requests to establish TFR’s. Examples of NOTAM’s for each type of TFR are also provided.||05-20-2004|
|91-75||AFS-400||Attitude Indicator Provides a method to substitute an approved attitude indicator for the rate-of-turn indicator mandated by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, section 91.205(d)(3). This AC excludes airplanes covered by section 91.205(d)(3)(i) and (ii). This AC is applicable to part 23-certificated airplanes (or airplanes certificated under earlier equivalent regulations) that weigh less than 12,500 pounds and are operated under part 91.||06-25-2003|
|91-69A||AFS-820||Seaplane Safety for FAR Part 91 Operators Provides revised information to FAR Part 91 seaplane operators regarding seaplane preflight, oral briefings for seaplane passengers, the use of safety belts and shoulder harnesses in seaplanes, escape/egress after capsizing, water survival, and flotation gear for seaplane occupants. This AC generally covers seaplanes engaged in not-for-hire operations. Most for-hire seaplane operations are subject to 14 CFR part 135, as well as part 91.||11-19-1999|
Safety in and Around Helicopters
This Advisory Circular (AC) provides safety guidelines for persons associated with helicopter operations and suggests ways to avoid hazards and reduce the risk of accidents. The information in this AC pertains primarily to helicopter operations conducted under the provisions of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91; however, the safety considerations discussed may be applicable to all helicopter operations.
|91-72||AFS-820||Waivers of Provisions of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations Part 91 Provides information concerning the submission of applications for the issuance of waivers of certain sections of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91.||11-08-1996|
|91-51A||AFS-820||Effect of Icing on Aircraft Control and Airplane Deice and Anti-Ice Systems Provides information for pilots regarding the hazards of aircraft icing and the use of airplane deice and anti-ice systems.||07-19-1996|
|91-71||AFS-820||Operation of Hot Air Balloons with Airborne Heaters Provides guidance for the safe and practical operation of hot air balloons with airborne heaters in compliance with appropriate portions of 14 CFR 91.||06-13-1996|
|91-70||AFS-400||Large AC] Oceanic Operations Contains information and guidance to be used by operators and pilots planning oceanic flights.||09-06-1994|
|91-53A||AFS-820||Noise Abatement Departure Profile Describes acceptable criteria for safe noise abatement departure profiles (NADP) for subsonic turbojet-powered airplanes with a maximum certificated gross takeoff weight of more than 75,000 pounds. These procedures provide the user with one means, although not the only means, of establishing acceptable NADP’s. These departure profiles are consistent with the airworthiness standards required by the Federal Aviation Regulations Part 25 for type certification and Part 91 for general airplane operations.||07-22-1993|