Guidelines for the Certification, Airworthiness, and Operational Use of Electronic Flight Bags
This joint Flight Standards Service (AFS) and Aircraft Certification Service (AIR) advisory circular (AC) contains guidance on the operational use of Electronic Flight Bags (EFBs). It is intended for all operators conducting flight operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, 125, 135, or 91 subpart F (part 91F) and part 91 subpart K (part 91K) who want to replace required paper information or utilize other select functions of an EFB. This AC sets forth an acceptable means, but not the only means, to obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) authorization for the operational use of EFBs. Part 91 operators can find additional EFB information in the current edition of AC 91-78, Use of Class 1 or Class 2 Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). For guidance on the installation of EFB components, refer to the current edition of AC 20-173, Installation of Electronic Flight Bag Components.
|120-73||ANM-100||Damage Tolerance Assessment of Repairs to Pressurized Fuselages Provides guidance to operators of certain transport category airplanes operated under 14 CFR Parts 91, 121, 125, and 129. The guidance provides an acceptable means of compliance with the regulations that require incorporating FAA-approved “repair assessment guidelines” into an operator’s FAA-approved maintenance or inspection program. The means of compliance described is intended to provide guidance to supplement the engineering and operational judgment that must form the basis of any compliance findings relative to repair assessments for pressurized fuselages.||12-14-2000|
|120-72||AFS-300||Maintenance Resource Management Training Presents guidelines for developing, implementing, reinforcing, and accessing Maintenance Resources Management Training Programs for improving communication effectiveness, and safety in maintenance operations.||09-28-2000|
|120-71A||AFS-210||Standard Operating Procedures for Flight Deck Crewmembers. Presents background, basic concepts and philosophy in respect to SOP. SOP’s are universally recognized as basic to safe aviation operations. Effective crew coordination and crew performance, two central concepts of crew resource management depend upon the crew’s having a shared mental model of each task. That mental model, in turn, is founded on SOP’s. This AC emphasizes that SOP’s must be clear, comprehensive, and readily available in the manuals used by flight deck crewmembers. A comprehensive SOP template is provided.||02-27-2003|
Operational Authorization Process for use of Data Link Communication System
This advisory circular (AC) presents various methods for operators of different data link systems to meet international standards set by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the regional airspace authorities. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) notes that there is presently no requirement in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) to have data link communications when operating in the National Airspace System (NAS). Instead, the regulations in 14 CFR govern radio communication systems, and nothing in this AC relieves an operator from the requirement to have and use a voice communication system when operating in international airspace or the NAS. However, operators that choose to operate in a reduced separation standard that requires the use of a data link system (in addition to the required voice communication system) must obtain FAA design approval and a revision to their 14 CFR part 121, 125, 125M, or 135 operation specifications (OpSpecs), part 91 subpart K (part 91K) management specifications (MSpecs) or part 91 letter of authorization (LOA), as applicable. The original AC 120-70 was applicable to Aeronautical Telecommunication Network (ATN), very high frequency (VHF) data link (VDL) Mode 2 communication systems. The Future Air Navigation System (FANS) 1/A system used in oceanic and remote airspace is an analog system which communicates over Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS). Guidance is needed for the operation of all systems and therefore the first revision AC 120-70A, was created.
Pilot Records Improvement Act of 1996
The Pilot Records Improvement Act of 1996 (PRIA), as amended, was enacted to ensure that air carriers and air operators adequately investigate a pilot’s background before allowing that pilot to conduct commercial air carrier flights. Under PRIA, a hiring employer cannot place a pilot into service until he or she obtains and reviews the last 5 years of the pilot’s background and other safety-related records as specified in PRIA.
This advisory circular (AC) is supplemented by the current edition of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8000.88, PRIA Guidance for FAA Inspectors, and numerous other documents found on the PRIA Web site at http://www.faa.gov/pilots/lic_cert/pria. These sources of detailed information related to PRIA provide invaluable assistance to the certificate holder or others concerning the PRIA request process as well as other compliance issues.
The FAA has greatly expanded this AC from the previous version to address operational situations that the hiring employer may encounter that could affect his or her records request process through PRIA.
The Flight Standards Service (AFS) is committed to a stakeholder-driven system of operation that will deliver FAA records and assistance to all parties subject to PRIA, when necessary.
|120-67||AFS-400||Criteria For Operational Approval of Auto Flight Guidance Systems States an acceptable means, but not the only means, for obtaining operational approval of the initial engagement or use of an Auto Flight Guidance System (AFGS) under Title 14 CFR part 121, section 121.579(d); part 125, section 125.329(e); and part 135, section 135.93(e) for the takeoff and initial climb phase of flight.||03-18-1997|
|120-66B||AFS-230||Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) This AC provides guidance for establishing an air transportation Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP). This objective of the ASAP is to encourage air carrier and repair station employees to voluntarily report safety information that may be critical to identifying potential precursors to accidents. Under ASAP, safety issues are not resolved through punishment or discipline.||11-15-2002|
|120-64||AFS-200N||Operational Use & Modification of Electronic Checklists Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, to address the processes for approval, operational use, and modification of electronic checklists (ECL) and ECL data by air carriers.||04-24-1996|
|120-63||AFS-205||Helicopter Simulator Qualification Provides a suggested means of compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of helicopter simulators to be used in training and checking||10-11-1994|
|120-62||AFS-210||Takeoff Safety Training Aid Announces the availability of a joint industry/FAA Takeoff Safety Training Aid to help air carriers and pilots increase safety during the takeoff phase of flight.||09-12-1994|
|120-61A||AFS-210/AAM-600||In-flight Radiation Exposure Recommends subject to be covered in air carrier programs designed to: (1) inform crewmembers about radiation exposure and known associated health risks; and (2) assist crewmembers in making informed decisions with regard to their work on commercial air carriers. This AC provides a possible outline of courses but actual subject material should be gathered by the air carriers.||07-06-2006|
|120-60B||AFS-220||Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program Provides one means, but not the only means, for obtaining approval of a Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program, and for ensuring compliance with FAR Section 121.629.||12-20-2004|
|120-59A||AFS-230||Air Carrier Internal Evaluation Programs Provides information and guidance material that may be used by air carrier certificate holders, operating under Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Parts 121 and 135, to design or develop an Internal Evaluation Program. The procedures and practices outlined in this (AC can be applied to maintenance, flight operations, and security aspects of an air carrier’s organization. Internal evaluation guidance for certificate holders other than those operating under FAR Pars 121 and 135 may be issued separately in the future.||04-17-2006|
|120-58||AFS-400||Pilot Guide Large Aircraft Ground Deicing Contains recommendations for ensuring safe operations of large airplanes during icing conditions and guidelines for the development of adequate procedures for the deicing of large airplanes.||09-30-1992|
|120-57A||AFS-400||Surface Movement Guidance and Control System Describes the standards and provides guidance in the development of a Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (SMGCS) plan for U.S. airports where scheduled air carriers are authorized to conduct operations when the visibility is less than 1,200 feet runway visual range.||12-19-1996|
Air Carrier Operational Approval and Use of TCAS II
This advisory circular (AC) provides an acceptable, but not the only, means to address Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) issues related to installation and use of TCAS II regarding compliance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 121, 125, and 129 requirements for air carriers.
|120-54A||AFS-230||Advanced Qualification Program Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||06-23-2006|
Guidance for Conduction and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations
a. Evaluating Manufactured or Modified Aircraft. It provides a means but not the only means of evaluating manufactured or modified aircraft by the use of standard systems, processes, and tests necessary to determine pilot training and qualification requirements.
b. Differences in Training and Qualification between Aircraft. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with applicable Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) that provide for differences in training and qualification between aircraft with the same type certificate. It further describes an acceptable means for providing related aircraft differences training and qualification under provision of 14 CFR part 121 between aircraft with different type certificates that have been "designated" by the Administrator as related. Both of these processes use the provision of the Flight Standardization Board (FSB) report as the basis for the approval of pilot training and qualification necessary for the operation of aircraft. This AC is intended to enhance safety by:
(1) Providing a standard method of assessing applicant programs.
(2) Directly relating pilot training and qualification requirements to fleet characteristics, operating concepts, and pilot assignments.
(3) Permitting better industry planning and management by outlining what FAA requirements apply, what training resources or devices are needed, and what alternatives are possible.
(4) Encouraging aircraft manufacturers to design with the goal of developing common characteristics between related aircraft
(5) Providing a recommended framework for application of suitable credits or constraints to better address new technology and future safety enhancements.
|120-51E||AFS-210||Crew Resource Management Training Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||01-22-2004|
|120-50A||AFS-210||Guidelines for Operational Approval of Windshear Training Programs Provides guidance for approval of low-altitude windshear training for operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, parts 121 and 135.||02-09-1996|
|120-49||AFS-200||Certification of Air Carriers Provides information and guidance material on the certification process of air carriers under FAR Part 121 and Part 135. It provides information that can be used by applicants who desire to be certificated as an air carrier in accordance with FAR Part 121 and Part 135.||11-23-1988|
|120-48||AFS-220||Communication and Coordination Between Flight Crewmembers and Flight Attendants Presents information on common problems associated with crew coordination between flight crewmembers and flight attendants and how these problems can be avoided.||07-13-1988|
|120-47||AFS-220||Survival Equipment for use in Overwater Operations Provides information regarding the survival items that should be carried during aircraft extended overwater operations. Provides a means, but not the only means, for compliance with the pertinent regulations.||06-12-1987|
|120-45A||AFS-205||Airplane Flight Training Device Qualification Provides an acceptable means of ensuring compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of all training devices in which flight training, qualification, or certification of airmen under Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, is accomplished. Specifies the criteria to be used by the FAA when qualifying a device and determining what the qualification level should be.||02-05-1992|