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Number Office Title Date
120-57A AFS-400 Surface Movement Guidance and Control System Describes the standards and provides guidance in the development of a Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (SMGCS) plan for U.S. airports where scheduled air carriers are authorized to conduct operations when the visibility is less than 1,200 feet runway visual range. 12-19-1996
120-58 AFS-200 Pilot Guide Large Aircraft Ground Deicing

Contains recommendations for ensuring safe operations of large airplanes during icing conditions and guidelines for the development of adequate procedures for the deicing of large airplanes.


New OPR effectives 10/20/14 is AFS-200

120-59A AFS-230 Air Carrier Internal Evaluation Programs Provides information and guidance material that may be used by air carrier certificate holders, operating under Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Parts 121 and 135, to design or develop an Internal Evaluation Program. The procedures and practices outlined in this (AC can be applied to maintenance, flight operations, and security aspects of an air carrier’s organization. Internal evaluation guidance for certificate holders other than those operating under FAR Pars 121 and 135 may be issued separately in the future. 04-17-2006
120-60B AFS-220 Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program Provides one means, but not the only means, for obtaining approval of a Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program, and for ensuring compliance with FAR Section 121.629. 12-20-2004
120-61B AFS-200 In-flight Radiation Exposure

This advisory circular (AC) provides basic background information and links to sources of more detailed information that can be used to improve air carrier programs that inform crewmembers about in-flight ionizing radiation exposure.

120-62 AFS-210 Takeoff Safety Training Aid Announces the availability of a joint industry/FAA Takeoff Safety Training Aid to help air carriers and pilots increase safety during the takeoff phase of flight. 09-12-1994
120-63 AFS-205 Helicopter Simulator Qualification Provides a suggested means of compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of helicopter simulators to be used in training and checking 10-11-1994
120-64 AFS-200N Operational Use & Modification of Electronic Checklists Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, to address the processes for approval, operational use, and modification of electronic checklists (ECL) and ECL data by air carriers. 04-24-1996
120-66B AFS-230 Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) This AC provides guidance for establishing an air transportation Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP). This objective of the ASAP is to encourage air carrier and repair station employees to voluntarily report safety information that may be critical to identifying potential precursors to accidents. Under ASAP, safety issues are not resolved through punishment or discipline. 11-15-2002
120-68F AFS-600 Pilot Records Improvement Act of 1996

The Pilot Records Improvement Act of 1996 (PRIA), as amended, was enacted to ensure that air carriers and air operators adequately investigate a pilot’s background before allowing that pilot to conduct commercial air carrier flights. Under PRIA, a hiring employer cannot place a pilot into service until he or she obtains and reviews the last 5 years of the pilot’s background and other safety-related records as specified in PRIA.

This advisory circular (AC) is supplemented by the current edition of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8000.88, PRIA Guidance for FAA Inspectors, and numerous other documents found on the PRIA Web site at http://www.faa.gov/pilots/lic_cert/pria. These sources of detailed information related to PRIA provide invaluable assistance to the certificate holder or others concerning the PRIA request process as well as other compliance issues.

The FAA has greatly expanded this AC from the previous version to address operational situations that the hiring employer may encounter that could affect his or her records request process through PRIA.

The Flight Standards Service (AFS) is committed to a stakeholder-driven system of operation that will deliver FAA records and assistance to all parties subject to PRIA, when necessary.

120-70C AFS-400 Operational Authorization Process for Use of Data Link Communication System

This advisory circular (AC) applies to all operators conducting data link operations and presents various methods for all air operators using data link systems to meet Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Standards, to include as well-recommended practices. The AC introduces U.S. domestic Controller-Pilot Data Link Communication Departure Clearances (CPDLC-DCL) and the European LINK 2000+ CPDLC program. This revision also incorporates an expanded description of event reporting and defines the roles and responsibilities during the authorization process. It provides operational approval information for operators conducting operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91, 91 subpart K (part 91K), 121, 125, 129, 133, and 135. For complete airworthiness guidance for new aircraft and systems, refer to the current edition of AC 20-140, Guidelines for Design Approval of Aircraft Data Communications Systems Supporting Air Traffic Services (ATS). Authorizations to conduct data link operations approved under previous versions of AC 120-70 do not require further evaluation.

120-71A AFS-210 Standard Operating Procedures for Flight Deck Crewmembers. Presents background, basic concepts and philosophy in respect to SOP. SOP’s are universally recognized as basic to safe aviation operations. Effective crew coordination and crew performance, two central concepts of crew resource management depend upon the crew’s having a shared mental model of each task. That mental model, in turn, is founded on SOP’s. This AC emphasizes that SOP’s must be clear, comprehensive, and readily available in the manuals used by flight deck crewmembers. A comprehensive SOP template is provided. 02-27-2003
120-72 AFS-300 Maintenance Resource Management Training Presents guidelines for developing, implementing, reinforcing, and accessing Maintenance Resources Management Training Programs for improving communication effectiveness, and safety in maintenance operations. 09-28-2000
120-73 ANM-100 Damage Tolerance Assessment of Repairs to Pressurized Fuselages Provides guidance to operators of certain transport category airplanes operated under 14 CFR Parts 91, 121, 125, and 129. The guidance provides an acceptable means of compliance with the regulations that require incorporating FAA-approved “repair assessment guidelines” into an operator’s FAA-approved maintenance or inspection program. The means of compliance described is intended to provide guidance to supplement the engineering and operational judgment that must form the basis of any compliance findings relative to repair assessments for pressurized fuselages. 12-14-2000
120-76C AFS-400 Guidelines for the Certification, Airworthiness, and Operational Use of Electronic Flight Bags

This joint Flight Standards Service (AFS) and Aircraft Certification Service (AIR) advisory circular (AC) contains guidance on the operational use of Electronic Flight Bags (EFBs). It is intended for all operators conducting flight operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, 125, 135, or 91 subpart F (part 91F) and part 91 subpart K (part 91K) who want to replace required paper information or utilize other select functions of an EFB. This AC sets forth an acceptable means, but not the only means, to obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) authorization for the operational use of EFBs. Part 91 operators can find additional EFB information in the current edition of AC 91-78, Use of Class 1 or Class 2 Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). For guidance on the installation of EFB components, refer to the current edition of AC 20-173, Installation of Electronic Flight Bag Components.

120-77 AFS-300 Maintenance and Alteration Data This advisory circular (AC) provides one means, but not the only means, of ensuring that the contemplated maintenance, alteration, or continue-in-service condition is in compliance with applicable regulations and existing policy. 10-07-2002
120-78 AFS-300 Acceptance and Use of Electronic Signatures, Electronic Recordkeeping Systems, and Electronic Manuals This AC provides guidance on the acceptance and use of electronic signatures to satisfy certain operational and maintenance requirements. This AC also provides guidance on the acceptability of electronic recordkeeping systems and electronic maintenance manuals, including inspection procedures manuals, quality, operations manuals, and training manuals required by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). 10-29-2002
120-80A AFS-200 In-Flight Fires

This advisory circular (AC) updates information regarding the hazards and risks of in-flight fires on transport category aircraft. The information includes recommended crewmember procedures and training for combating in-flight fires. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) issued Safety Recommendations A-11-87 through A-11-91 during the investigation of United Parcel Service (UPS) flight 6 accident on September 3, 2010 in the United Arab Emirates. The flightcrew encountered a "Fire Main Deck" master warning about 22 minutes into the flight; they declared an emergency and initiated a return to Dubai International Airport (DXB). The aircraft crashed inside an Emirate army post 9 miles from DXB, and both flightcrew members were fatally injured. NTSB findings revealed safety issues related to the training and use of oxygen mask; communicating with oxygen masks donned; and oxygen mask stowage and the smoke, fire, or fumes checklists. This revision to AC 120-80 is in response to NTSB recommendations A-11-88 through A-11-90.

120-81 AFS-200W Whistleblower Protection Program (Air Carrier) Provides guidance for air carrier employees, air carrier contractor employees, and air carrier subcontractor employees, concerning the joint Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)/Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Whistleblower Protection Program. 03-25-2004
120-82 AFS-230 Flight Operational Quality Assurance Provides guidance on one means, but not necessarily the only means, of developing, implementing, and operating a voluntary Flight Operational Quality Assurance (FOQA) program that is acceptable to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). 04-12-2004
120-83 AFS-220 Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment Provides guidance for 14 CFR parts 121, 125, and 135 certificate holders for obtaining an FAA finding regarding the operational safety/suitability of the Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment. 06-03-2004
120-84 AFS-309 Aging Aircraft Inspections and Records Reviews

This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance pertaining to aging aircraft inspections and records reviews accomplished to satisfy the requirements of the Aging Aircraft Safety Final Rule. This information represents an acceptable way, but not the only way, for an aging airplane inspection and records review to be conducted. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all important aspects.


Change 1 dated 01/15/2009

120-85A AFS-300 Air Cargo Operations

This advisory circular (AC) provides operators with recommended procedures for managing cargo operations. Developing and using these comprehensive procedures is key to establishing a safe and efficient cargo operation. The AC provides guidance for aircraft cargo loading systems (CLS), restraints, special cargo, and unit load devices (ULD)This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of complying with applicable regulations to manage cargo operations.

  • The terms must and will are used in this AC to reflect regulatory requirements.
  • When this AC uses suggestive and permissive language (e.g., should and may), it is used to describe recommended or acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with this AC.
120-87C AFS-200 Use of Child Restraint Systems on Aircraft

This advisory circular (AC) provides information and practices regarding the use of child restraint systems (CRS) on aircraft. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) intends for operators to use this as a resource during the development, implementation, and revision of an air carrier’s standard operating procedures (SOP), Web sites and training programs regarding the use of CRSs.

 FAA Initiatives. This AC is one of several FAA initiatives designed to address safety concerns of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). It is a part of the FAA’s ongoing commitment to educate and inform aircraft operators, crewmembers, and airline passengers regarding the use of CRSs on aircraft in order to encourage and increase the use of approved CRSs. For more information, refer to the following FAA Web site: http://www.faa.gov/passengers/fly_children/.


Regulatory Requirements. In addition, this AC provides information to air carriers conducting Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 operations about the requirement to make available on their Web sites the width of the narrowest and widest passenger seats in each class of service for each make, model, and series (M/M/S) of airplane used in passenger-carrying operations. If an air carrier does not have a Web site, the air carrier is not required to establish a Web site in order to comply with this regulation.


120-88A AFS-200 Preventing Injuries Caused by Turbulence
CHANGE 1 (11-19-2007)

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