Air Cargo Operations
This advisory circular (AC) provides operators with recommended procedures for managing cargo operations. Developing and using these comprehensive procedures is key to establishing a safe and efficient cargo operation. The AC provides guidance for aircraft cargo loading systems (CLS), restraints, special cargo, and unit load devices (ULD)This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of complying with applicable regulations to manage cargo operations.
Incorporation of Fuel Tank System Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into Operator Maintenance or Inspection Programs
On May 7, 2001, the Transport Airplane Fuel Tank System Design Review, Flammability Reduction and Maintenance and Inspection Requirements final rule was published in the Federal Register (FR). It has since been referred to as the 2001 Fuel Tank Safety (FTS) rule. It adopted amendments to part 25, Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 88 and operating requirements related to SFAR 88. The operating requirements included requirements to implement instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA) that design approval holders (DAH) developed in compliance with SFAR 88. On November 8, 2007, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) published the Enhanced Airworthiness Program for Airplane Systems (EAPAS)/FTS final rule. The purpose of the rule is to help ensure the continued safety of transport category airplanes by improving the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical wiring systems. The EAPAS/FTS rule amended the operating requirements to implement FTS actions developed in accordance with SFAR 88. Integrating the incorporation of the fuel tank system and electrical wiring interconnection system (EWIS) requirements helps to ensure compatibility and to eliminate duplication. Additionally, the EAPAS/FTS rule redesignates (replaces) Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, § 91.410(b); part 121, § 121.370(b); part 125, § 125.248(b); and part 129, § 129.32(b) of the FTS rule. The new sections are §§ 91.1507, 121.1113, 125.507 and 129.113. These new rules also clarify language with reference to the approval process of the operator’s program. This advisory circular (AC) only addresses the fuel tank system safety requirements and describes acceptable means of compliance (AMC) accordingly. The current edition of AC 120-102, Incorporation of Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into an Operator’s Maintenance Program, addresses EWIS requirements in the EAPAS/FTS rule.
Operator Information for Incorporating Fuel Tank Flammability Reduction Requirements into a Maintenance or Inspection Program
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and describes an acceptable means of compliance (AMC) with the Reduction of Fuel Tank Flammability in Transport Category Airplanes, final rule. It is commonly called the Fuel Tank Flammability Reduction (FTFR) rule. This AC describes acceptable means, but not the only means, for demonstrating compliance with the applicable regulations. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will consider other methods of demonstrating compliance that an applicant may elect to present. While these guidelines are not mandatory, they are derived from extensive FAA and industry experience in determining compliance with the relevant regulations. If the FAA becomes aware of circumstances that convince us that following this AC would not result in compliance with the applicable regulations, the FAA may require additional substantiation or design changes as a basis for finding compliance. This material does not change or create any additional regulatory requirements, nor does it authorize changes in or permit deviations from existing regulatory requirements.
|120-38||AFS-260||Transport Category Airplanes Cabin Ozone Concentrations Provides guidance concerning acceptable means, but not the only means, for an air carrier to demonstrate compliance with the maximum permissible cabin ozone (03) concentrations established by Section 121.578 of the Federal Aviation Regulations.||10-10-1980|
|120-54A||AFS-230||Advanced Qualification Program Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||06-23-2006|
|120-59A||AFS-230||Air Carrier Internal Evaluation Programs Provides information and guidance material that may be used by air carrier certificate holders, operating under Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Parts 121 and 135, to design or develop an Internal Evaluation Program. The procedures and practices outlined in this (AC can be applied to maintenance, flight operations, and security aspects of an air carrier’s organization. Internal evaluation guidance for certificate holders other than those operating under FAR Pars 121 and 135 may be issued separately in the future.||04-17-2006|
|120-66B||AFS-230||Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) This AC provides guidance for establishing an air transportation Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP). This objective of the ASAP is to encourage air carrier and repair station employees to voluntarily report safety information that may be critical to identifying potential precursors to accidents. Under ASAP, safety issues are not resolved through punishment or discipline.||11-15-2002|
|120-82||AFS-230||Flight Operational Quality Assurance Provides guidance on one means, but not necessarily the only means, of developing, implementing, and operating a voluntary Flight Operational Quality Assurance (FOQA) program that is acceptable to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).||04-12-2004|
|120-90||AFS-230||Line Operations Safety Audits Provides the rationale and procedure for conducting an Line Operations Safety Audit (LOSA) at an airline.||04-27-2006|
|120-32||AFS-223||Air Transportation of Handicapped Persons Identifies some of the problems handicapped air travelers face and provides some guidelines to airline personnel to help alleviate these problems.||03-25-1977|
|120-42B||AFS-220||Extended Operations (ETOPS and Polar Operations) States an acceptable means but not the only means for obtaining approval under FAR Section 121.161 for two-engine airplanes to operate over a route that contains a point farther than one hour flying time at the normal one-engine inoperative cruise speed (in still air) from an adequate airport.||06-13-2008|
|120-43||AFS-220||The Influence of Beards on Oxygen Mask Efficiency Provides information about the effects of beards on masks in continuous flow and demand oxygen systems.||01-27-1987|
|120-47||AFS-220||Survival Equipment for use in Overwater Operations Provides information regarding the survival items that should be carried during aircraft extended overwater operations. Provides a means, but not the only means, for compliance with the pertinent regulations.||06-12-1987|
|120-48||AFS-220||Communication and Coordination Between Flight Crewmembers and Flight Attendants Presents information on common problems associated with crew coordination between flight crewmembers and flight attendants and how these problems can be avoided.||07-13-1988|
|120-60B||AFS-220||Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program Provides one means, but not the only means, for obtaining approval of a Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program, and for ensuring compliance with FAR Section 121.629.||12-20-2004|
|120-83||AFS-220||Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment Provides guidance for 14 CFR parts 121, 125, and 135 certificate holders for obtaining an FAA finding regarding the operational safety/suitability of the Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment.||06-03-2004|
|120-89||AFS-220||Ground Deicing Using Infrared Energy Provides guidelines and recommendation for deicing aircraft with infrared technology. Also provides means for obtaining approval for the use & inclusion of infrared technology in an operators deicing program.||12-13-2005|
Fatigue Risk Management Systems for Aviation Safety
(1) Describes the basic concepts of Fatigue Risk Management Systems (FRMS), as prescribed in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 117, § 117.7, and how they relate to aviation industry employees safely performing their duties.
(2) Provides information on the components of an FRMS as applied to aviation, and on how to implement an FRMS within an aviation operation.
(3) Defines an FRMS as an operator-specific process; therefore, while all FRMSs will have common elements, the specifics will be tailored to a certificate holder’s particular conditions.
(4) Provides (in Appendix 2, Fatigue Risk Management System Development) the certificate holder with the necessary detailed guidance to prepare for the FRMS approval process, develop the required documentation, develop and apply fatigue risk management (FRM) and Safety Assurance (SA) processes, collect and analyze data, develop flightcrew FRMS operations procedures and a step-by-step process required for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) evaluation and validation of the proposed FRMS application.
|120-50A||AFS-210||Guidelines for Operational Approval of Windshear Training Programs Provides guidance for approval of low-altitude windshear training for operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, parts 121 and 135.||02-09-1996|
|120-51E||AFS-210||Crew Resource Management Training Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||01-22-2004|
|120-62||AFS-210||Takeoff Safety Training Aid Announces the availability of a joint industry/FAA Takeoff Safety Training Aid to help air carriers and pilots increase safety during the takeoff phase of flight.||09-12-1994|
|120-71A||AFS-210||Standard Operating Procedures for Flight Deck Crewmembers. Presents background, basic concepts and philosophy in respect to SOP. SOP’s are universally recognized as basic to safe aviation operations. Effective crew coordination and crew performance, two central concepts of crew resource management depend upon the crew’s having a shared mental model of each task. That mental model, in turn, is founded on SOP’s. This AC emphasizes that SOP’s must be clear, comprehensive, and readily available in the manuals used by flight deck crewmembers. A comprehensive SOP template is provided.||02-27-2003|
|120-40B||AFS-205||Airplane Simulator Qualification Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) regarding the evaluation of and qualification of airplane simulators used in training programs or airmen checking under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).||07-29-1991|
|120-45A||AFS-205||Airplane Flight Training Device Qualification Provides an acceptable means of ensuring compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of all training devices in which flight training, qualification, or certification of airmen under Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, is accomplished. Specifies the criteria to be used by the FAA when qualifying a device and determining what the qualification level should be.||02-05-1992|
|120-63||AFS-205||Helicopter Simulator Qualification Provides a suggested means of compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of helicopter simulators to be used in training and checking||10-11-1994|