Performance Based Navigation (PBN) is comprised of Area Navigation (RNAV) and Required Navigation Performance (RNP) and describes an aircraft's capability to navigate using performance standards. RNAV enables aircraft to fly on any desired flight path within the coverage of ground or space based navigation aids, within the limits of the capability of the self-contained systems, or a combination of both capabilities.

RNP is RNAV with the addition of onboard performance monitoring and alerting capability. A defining characteristic of RNP operations is the ability of the aircraft navigation system to monitor the navigation performance it achieves and inform the crew if the requirement is not met during an operation. The performance requirements of PBN are conveyed to the operators through navigation specifications. PBN navigation specifications include Advanced RNP (A-RNP), RNP 0.3, RNP 1, RNP 2, RNP 4, RNAV 1, RNAV 2, RNP 10(RNAV 10), as well as RNAV (GPS) and RNAV (RNP) approaches.

Type of Operation Guidance Materials Overview Presentations Approval Mechanism Additional Information
Advanced RNP (A-RNP) (En route and Terminal) AC 90-105A   OpSpec/MSpec/LOA  B035/B036C063H123 Nat Resource Guide (PDF)

Pacific Resource Guide (PDF)

NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)

WATERS, GOMEX and Caribbean Resource Guide (PDF)
RNP 0.3 (En route and Terminal) AC 90-105A   OpSpec/MSpec H123 NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)
RNAV 1 (Departures and Arrival Procedures) AC 90-100A RNAV1, RNP1, RNAV2 (SWF) OPSPEC / MSPEC / LOA C063 GPS RAIM Prediction
"Climb Via" video

Climb Via/Descend Via FAQs (PDF)

AC 90-100A Compliance Table (PDF)

NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)
RNP 1 (Departure and Arrival Procedures) AC 90-105A RNAV1, RNP1, RNAV2 (SWF) OPSPEC / MSPEC / LOA  C063 GPS RAIM Prediction

NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)
RNP 2 (Domestic, Offshore, and Oceanic/Remote En route) AC 90-105A   OPSPEC / MSPEC / LOA B035/B036 Nat Resource Guide (PDF)

Pacific Resource Guide (PDF)

NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)

WATERS, GOMEX and Caribbean Resource Guide (PDF)
RNAV 2 (Q and T-Routes) AC 90-100A RNAV1, RNP1, RNAV2 (SWF) OPSPEC / MSPEC / LOA B035 GPS RAIM Prediction

NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)
RNAV (GPS) and GPS (RNP Approaches) AC 90-105A RNP Approaches (SWF) OPSPEC / MSPEC / LOA C052 GPS RAIM Prediction
RNAV (GPS) Approaches Fact Sheet (PDF)

NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)
RNAV (RNP) (RNP AR Approaches) AC 90-101A RNP AR (SWF) OPSPEC / MSPEC / LOA C384 Additional Information for RNP AR

NAS RNP Resource Guide (PDF)
RNP 10 AC 90-105A CNS (SWF) OPSPEC/MSPEC B036 Order 7110.82
FAA Oceanic and Offshore Operations Group

NAT Resource Guide (PDF)

RNP 10 Though Data Collection (PDF)
RNP 4 AC 90-105A CNS (SWF) OPSPEC/MSPEC B036 Order 7110.82
FAA Oceanic and Offshore Operations Group

NAT Resource Guide (PDF)
RNP AR Advisory Circular 90-101 RNP AR (SWF) OPSPEC / MSPEC / LOA C384 RNP AR Consultant Approval

ICAO PBN Programme