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Flight Research and Analysis Group

Technical Documents

The research team of the Flight Technologies and Procedures Division publishes many documents addressing various aspects of the safety of new, emerging, and modified flight operational concepts. Below you will find a list of the documents available.

Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2019/R/24
(Controlled Distribution)
Aircraft Low Energy Alerting Awareness and Predictive System State Awareness Human-in-the-Loop Experiment
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2019/R/25 (PDF) Safety Study of Closely Spaced Parallel Operations Utilizing Paired Approach
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2019/R/26 (PDF) Evaluation of Flight Crew Response to Wake Vortex Encounters During Takeoff
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2018/2/22 (PDF) Safety Study of Closely Spaced Parallel Operations with High Update Rate Surveillance
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2018/R/23
(Controlled Distribution)
Reduced Divergence for Simultaneous Independent Area Navigation Standard Instrument Departures
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2017/R/14 (PDF) Altitude Sensitivity Study for Simultaneous Independent Close Parallel Approaches – High Update Rate Surveillance Not Required
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2017/R/15 (PDF) Safety Study on the Selection of an Incorrect Established on Required Navigation Performance Instrument Approach Procedure
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2017/R/16 (PDF) Safety Study on Simultaneous Independent Approaches Using Established on Required Navigation Performance Authorized Approach Procedures with Radius-to-Fix Design
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2017/R/18 (PDF) Effect of Global Positioning System Satellite Vehicle Clock Ramps on the Collison Risk of Simultaneous Independent Operations to Parallel Runways
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2017/R/20 (PDF) Evaluation of High Update Rate Surveillance System Parameters for Closely Spaced Parallel Operations
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2016/R/01 (PDF) Safety Study on Simultaneous Independent Approaches Using Established on Required Navigation Performance Approach Procedures with Track-to-Fix Design
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2016/R/02 (PDF) Vertical Navigation Requirement for Simultaneous Independent Parallel Instrument Approaches to Closely Spaced Parallel Runways
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2016/R/09 (PDF) Flight Crew Performance Study for Paired Approach Operations
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-400-83 (PDF) Reduction of Diagonal Separation from 1.5 Nautical Miles to 1.0 Nautical Mile for Parallel Dependent Approaches
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-88 (PDF) Safety Study of Reducing Diagonal Separation from 2.0 Nautical Miles to 1.5 Nautical Miles for Dependent Approaches to Parallel Runways Spaced between 4,300 feet and 9,000 feet
DOT/FAA/AFS400/2016R/07 (PDF) Evaluation of Pilot and Air Traffic Controller Use of Third Party Call Sign in Voice Communications with Pilot Utilization of Cockpit Display of Traffic Information
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-400-80 (PDF) Closely Spaced Parallel Operations (CSPO) Site Specific Evaluation for Chicago O’Hare
DOT-FAA-AFS-400-84 (PDF) Separation Requirements for Simultaneous Offset Independent Dual Instrument Approaches - High Update Rate Surveillance Not Required
DOT-FAA-AFS-400-85 (PDF) Separation Requirements for Triple Simultaneous Independent Close Parallel Approaches - High Update Rate Surveillance Not Required
DOT-FAA-AFS-400-86 Evaluation and Scaling of Wake Vortex Encounters and Responses During the Approach Phase Flight Segment in the 737 800 Interim Report
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-76 (PDF) Evaluation to Determine if Pilots can Develop a Wake Turbulence Avoidance Strategy while Conducting Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approaches (SOIA) at San Francisco International Airport (SFO) with a Ceiling of 1,600 feet
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-59 (PDF) Analysis of Using Three Nautical Miles as the Minimum Separation Standard for Targets at Intermediate Distances from an Air Surveillance Radar-11 (ASR-11)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-63 (PDF) Geometrical Models for Aircraft in Terminal Area Risk Analyses
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-64 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Final Approach Fix (FAF) Compression
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-65 (PDF) Evaluation of Wide Area Augmentation System Helicopter Operations Including Localizer Performance With Vertical Guidance (LPV) to a Point in Space (PinS) Approach
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-67 (PDF) Report on Pilot Response Times from the March 2010 Human-in-the-Loop Data Collection Effort
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-68 (PDF) Controller Response Times from the August and December 2010 Human-in-the-Loop Data Collection Efforts
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-69 (PDF) Simultaneous Independent Close Parallel Approaches - High Update Radar Not Required
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-71 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Separation Requirements for Simultaneous and Sequential Area Navigation (RNAV) Departures at Atlanta/Hartsfield International Airport (KATL)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-72 Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System Resolution Advisory Impact on Approaches to Closely Spaced Parallel Runways
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-73 (PDF) Comparative Evaluation of Lateral Flight Technical Error for Instrument Landing System and Localizer Only Approaches
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-42 (PDF) Safety Study Report for Dependent Converging Instrument Approaches (DCIAs) with Converging Runway Display Aid (CRDA)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-56 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Simultaneous Parallel Instrument Landing System (ILS) and Area Navigation (RNAV) or Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Approaches - Phases 3 and 4
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-58 (PDF) Angles of Deviation from Localizer Course during Simultaneous Independent Approaches to Parallel Runways
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-60 (PDF) Phase I Helicopter Test Flight Evaluation of Instrument Flight Rules Approaches to a Heliport Under Global Positioning System/Wide Area Augmentation System Guidance
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-61 (PDF) Pilot and Controller Response Times from the July, 2009 Human-in-the-Loop Data Collection Effort
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-62 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Reduced Lateral Separation from an Obstruction and/or Vectors below Minimum Vector Altitude for Chicago Midway International Airport (KMDW)
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-47 (PDF) Technical Report for Operational Evaluation of Transponder Landing System Vertically Guided Offset Approaches in a Category A Aircraft
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-50 (PDF) Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV/RNP-1) En Route Separation Along Adjacent Straight Segments with Radar Surveillance Including Impromptu Routes (Phase III)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-51 (PDF) Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV/RNP-1 and RNP-2) En Route Separation Along Adjacent Straight Segments with Radar Surveillance Including Impromptu Routes (Phase IV)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-52 Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV/RNP-1) En Route Separation Along Adjacent Straight Segements With and Without Radar Surveillance and With Turns (Phase V)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-53 (PDF) Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach (SOIA) Wake Protection Zone (WPZ) Theoretical Size for Runways 24R and 24L at Cleveland Hopkins International Airport, Cleveland, Ohio (KCLE)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-54 (PDF) Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV-2) En Route Separation with Conventional Routes Without Radar Surveillance Including Impromptu Routes
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-55 (PDF) Safety Study Report of ORD Runway 22L Departure and MDW Runway 13C RNAV (RNP) Instrument Approach Separation
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-57 (PDF) Summary of Studies of Area Navigation (RNAV/RNP) En Route Separation Along Adjacent Routes
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-36 (PDF) Safety Study Report on a Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Parallel Approach Transition (RPAT) Operation During Night/Dusk Conditions Using FAA B737-800 Simulator
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-38 (PDF) End-Around Taxiway (EAT) Analysis – East Traffic Arrivals (Runways 17C and 35R) at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-40 (PDF) Human-In-The-Loop (HITL) Pilot Demonstration Category (CAT) I Instrument Landing System (ILS) Approaches to 200' Decision Height (DH) and 1,800' Runway Visual Range (RVR) Minima and CAT II ILS Approaches on Type I ILS to 1,600' and 1,200' RVR
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-27 (PDF) Determination of a Wake Protection Zone (WPZ) for SOIA Operations at San Francisco International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-41 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Simultaneous Parallel Instrument Landing System (ILS) and Area Navigation (RNAV) or Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Approaches - Phases 1B and 2B
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-43 (PDF) Proposed Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach (SOIA) Designs for Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport, Anchorage Alaska (PANC)
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-46 (PDF) Analysis of the Risk of an Airbus A380 Hand-Flown Balked Landing Penetrating the FAA Category I, Code E Obstacle-Free Zone
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-48 (PDF) Missed Approach Rates
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-24 (PDF) Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV) En Route Separation Along Adjacent Straight Segments with Radar Surveillance (Phase I)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-25 (PDF) Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV) En Route Separation Along Adjacent Segments with Radar Surveillance and Turns (Phase II)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-26 (PDF) Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV) En Route Separation with Conventional Routes Including Turns and Special Use Airspace
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-28 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Navigation System Error, Autopilot Use, and Pilot Workload during a Required Navigation Performance Parallel Approach Transition Operation Using FAA B737-800 Simulator
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-29 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Simultaneous Parallel ILS and RNAV/RNP Approaches – Phases 1A and 2A
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-30 (PDF) Safety Study Report for Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport (MSP) Proposed Runway 22 Rejected Landing Procedure
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-32 (PDF) Safety Study Report for Multilateration/STARS FMA Used as a Precision Runway Monitoring System for Triple Simultaneous Independent Approaches to Detroit Metropolitan Wayne County International Airport (KDTW)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-33 (PDF) Safety Study Report On Pilot/Controller Human-In-The-Loop (HITL) Interface during a Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Parallel Approach Transition (RPAT) Operation
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-06-1 (PDF) Safety Risk Analysis of Aircraft Overflight of Industrial Exhaust Plumes
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-18 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Required Navigational Performance (RNP) Parallel Approach Transition (RPAT) Operation Concept Flight at San Francisco International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-19 (PDF) Safety Study Report for Terminal Radar Separation Passing or Diverging Standards Applied to En Route Display Systems using ASR-9 and ARSR Radars
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-20 (PDF) Determination of In-trail Distance at Various Ranges from Runway Threshold at Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD) Using Tracks Data
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-21 Safety Study Report for Multilateration/STARS FMA Used as a Precision Runway Monitoring System to Parallel Runways Separated by 3,400 Feet
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-22 (PDF) Wake Vortex Safety Study for Opposite Direction Departures at Anchorage International Airport (PANC)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-23 (PDF) Safety Study Report for San Francisco International Airport (SFO) Required Navigation Performance (RNP) Parallel Approach Transition (RPAT) Operation Using FAA B737-800 Simulator
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
AFS-440-BSR-01 (PDF) Analysis of the Risk of a Boeing 747 Hand Flown Balked Landing Penetrating the ICAO Code E OFZ
AFS-440-BSR-02 (PDF) Analysis of the Risk of an Airbus A380 Hand Flown Balked Landing Penetrating the ICAO Code E OFZ
AFS-440-BSR-03 (PDF) Analysis of the Risk of an Airbus A380 Hand Flown Balked Landing Penetrating the FAA Code E OFZ
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-7 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Houston to Atlanta Area Navigation (RNAV) Route
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-8 (PDF) Safety Study Report on San Francisco International Airport Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach (SOIA) Wake Vortex Re-Evaluation
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-9 (PDF) Safety Study Report on San Francisco International Airport Simultaneous Approach Procedure Utilizing RNP and ILS
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-11 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Chicago O'Hare and Midway Operations Risk Assessment
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-12 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Aircraft Discrimination and Masking Evaluation for the Proposed Runway 17R End Around Taxiway (EAT) at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-13 (PDF) Safety Study Report for Cleveland-Hopkins International Airport Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach Wake Vortex Evaluation
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-14 (PDF) Analysis of Lateral Track Deviation Along Two Q-Routes
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-15 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Triple Simultaneous Parallel Instrument Landing System (ILS) Approaches using the Standard Terminal Automation Replacement System (STARS) at Covington/Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (KCVG)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-16 (PDF) Safety Study Report on Triple Simultaneous Parallel Instrument Landing System (ILS) and Area Navigation/Required Navigation Performance (RNAV/RNP) Approaches at George Bush Intercontinental Airport (KIAH)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-17 (PDF) Analysis of Area Navigation (RNAV) En Route Separation Along Adjacent Straight Segments
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-4 (PDF) Risk Analysis of Runway 16L Category I and II Instrument Landing System Missed Approach Operations with the new Seattle-Tacoma International Airport (KSEA) Control Tower
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-5 (PDF) Proof-of-Concept Demonstration for the Proposed Runway 8R End Around Taxiway (EAT) at Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport (KATL)
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-6 (PDF) Proof-of-Concept Demonstrations for the Proposed Runway 17R End Around Taxiway (EAT) at Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport (DFW)
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-92 (PDF) Analysis of RNP Maximum Route Length
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-93 (PDF) Go Around Rates for Land and Hold Short Operations
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-94 (PDF) Analysis of Operations Utilizing Runway 22R at Detroit Metro Wayne County International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-95 (PDF) Analysis of Risk Associated with Elimination of 250-KT Speed Restriction at Houston George Bush International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-96 (PDF) Analysis of Risk Associated with Elimination of 250-KT Speed Restriction at Kansas City International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-97 (PDF) Analysis of Risk Associated with Elimination of 250-KT Speed Restriction at Denver International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-98 (PDF) Analysis of Risk Associated with Elimination of 250-KT Speed Restriction at Philadelphia International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-440-1 (PDF) Independent Instrument Approach Procedures to Chicago O'Hare Runways 14L and 14R and Chicago Midway Runway 13C
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-91 (PDF) Analysis of LPV Approach Flight Test Data for Categories A, B, and C Aircraft
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-87 (PDF) Risk Analysis of Rejected Landing Procedure for Land and Hold Short Operations at New York La Guardia Airport, Runways 31 and 4
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-88 (PDF) Risk Analysis of Rejected Landing Procedure for Land and Hold Short Operations at Miami International Airport, Runways 12 and 9R
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-89 (PDF) Lambert-St. Louis International Airport Wake Vortex Study for Runways 30L and 30R
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-90 (PDF) Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) and Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) Collision Risk Differences in the Closely Spaced Approach Environment
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-82 (PDF) Analysis of Missed Approaches to Runway 26 with Departures from Runway 27R at Philadelphia International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-83 (PDF) Comparative Study of Airborne Information for Lateral Spacing (AILS) System with Precision Runway Monitor (PRM) System
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-84 VOL I (PDF) San Francisco International Airport Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach Procedures (SOIA) Volume I
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-84 VOL II (PDF) San Francisco International Airport Simultaneous Offset Instrument Approach Procedures (SOIA) Volume II
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-85 (PDF) 250-Knot Speed Restriction Evaluation
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-86 (PDF) Risk Analysis of Rejected Landing Procedure for Land and Hold Short Operations at Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Rwys 14R and 27L
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-78 (PDF) Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport Runway 17L and Dallas Love Field Runways 13L/R Instrument Landing System (ILS) Approach Procedures Interaction Analysis
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-79 (PDF) St. Louis Lambert Field Close Parallel Approaches Using 3 Degree Offset LDA with Glideslope to Runway 30L
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-80 (PDF) Analysis of Missed Approach Radar Coverage at the John F. Kennedy International Airport
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-81 (PDF) Analysis of Missed Approach Radar Coverage at the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-75 (PDF) Development of FMS Approach Procedure Screening Model
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-76 (PDF) Altimetry Errors Due to Temperatures Below ISA for Approach Altitudes
DOT-FAA-AFS-420-77 (PDF) Analysis of Flight Simulator Tracks Into SFO RWY 28R
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
DOT-FAA-AFS-450-74 (PDF) Independent Converging FMS/LNAV Missed Approach Evaluation
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
FAA-AVN-200-67 (PDF) Honeywell Flight Management System (FMS) Lateral Navigation (LNAV) Investigation
FAA-AVN-200-70 (PDF) Global Positioning System (GPS) Overlay Proof of Concept Project Report
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
FAA-AVN-500-53 Operational Effect of Cold Temperature on Altimeter Indication
Research Team Document Listing
Document Number Document Title
FAA-AVN-500-38 (PDF) C-141 Microwave Landing System (MLS) Flight Test Report
FAA-AVN-500-48 Extreme Cold Weather Altimetry
FAA-AVN-500-51 (PDF) Time to Missed Approach Project
FAA-AVN-500-52 (PDF) B-727 Missed Approach Crew Performance Simulator Project
FAA-AVN-500-54 DC-10 Missed Approach Crew Performance Simulator Project
FAA-AVN-500-55 (PDF) Steep Angle Aircraft Certification

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