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Fact Sheet – Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: Slot Management and Transparency for LaGuardia Airport (LGA), John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK), and Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR)

For Immediate Release

January 6, 2015
Contact: Henry J.Price
Phone: (202) 267-3883

Rationale for NPRM

  • The Slot Management and Transparency for LaGuardia Airport (LGA), John F. Kennedy International Airport (JFK)and Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) rule would replace the temporary Orders limiting scheduled operations at these three airports.  The Orders previously were extended until October 29, 2016. 

  • The combination of high demand and limited capacity at JFK, EWR, and LGA has created a dilemma:  how can the agency manage delays and still provide some measure of access to carriers wishing to operate at the airport, encouraging competition?  This proposal attempts to address that dilemma. 

  • Ongoing implementation of the New York/New Jersey/Philadelphia Metropolitan Area Airspace Redesign project and Next Generation Air Transportation System technologies will reduce congestion and delays at the New York City airports over time. 

  • The FAA will continue to monitor whether changes in airspace and airport capacity are long-term trends that warrant adjustment of the scheduling limits at one or more airports.

  • Letting the Orders expire without replacing them with a more permanent solution likely would result in a growth in operations and consequent unacceptable congestion and delays.

Summary of NPRM

  • Slot Limits:  Hourly Slot Limits would remain unchanged from the existing Orders.  Limits to unscheduled operations would remain the same at LaGuardia and become effective at JFK and EWR.  The limits under the NPRM would be as follows:    
    - JFK:  81 scheduled operations per hour & 2 unscheduled operations per hour.  (Daily 0600 to 2259);
    - EWR:  81 scheduled operations per hour & 1 unscheduled operation per hour. (Daily 0600 to 2259);
    - LGA:  71 scheduled operations per hour & 3 unscheduled operations per hour  (M-F 0600 to 2159 & Sundays 1200 to 2159). 

  • Daily Slot Limit:  There would be a daily limit on scheduled operations at all three airports as follows:
    - JFK Daily Limit: 1205 slots between the hours 0600 to 2159;
    - EWR Daily Limit:  1205 slots between the  hours 0600 to 2159;
    - LGA Daily Limit:  1136 slots between the hours 0600 to 2159.

  • Usage Requirement: The NPRM would require use of an allocated slot 80 percent of the time for the same flight or series of flights throughout the scheduling season.  (Note: This is a change from the existing usage rules because it would require each slot to be accounted for individually).

  • Secondary Market: The NPRM proposes to allow airlines to buy, sell, lease, or trade slots through a secondary market.  The NPRM proposes five alternatives for the secondary market.

  • Competitive and Public Interest Review:  The proposed rule outlines procedures DOT proposes to take to review standalone slot transactions with potentially significant anti-competitive or adverse public interest effects. The NPRM does not propose to review slot transactions resulting from air carrier mergers or acquisitions.  The NPRM would provide a safe harbor for certain routine small and/or short-term transactions.
    - The FAA would forward all proposed transactions along with their final terms to the DOT for review.
    - The DOT has 14 days to determine if the transaction can be approved or if more information is necessary.
    - If, after such review, the transaction raises concerns, the DOT would notify the parties of those concerns, propose–remedies or other actions, and set an appropriate procedure and timeline for review.

  • Costs & Benefits: The FAA estimates the cost of the proposed rule would be $53.1 million.  The estimated benefits would be $74.7 million.


  • Comments will be accepted for 90-days after publication of the NPRM in the Federal Register.



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