The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the general aviation (GA) community’s national #FlySafe campaign helps educate GA pilots about how to avoid loss of control (LOC) accidents.
A LOC accident involves an unintended departure of an aircraft from controlled flight. LOC can happen when the aircraft enters a flight regime that is outside its normal flight envelope and quickly develops into a stall or spin. It can introduce an element of surprise for the pilot.
The General Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC) has identified a number of fatal general aviation accidents caused by flying in an aircraft that is undergoing maintenance and is not approved for return to service. Before you take or fly an aircraft, always check for the signed, “Approval for Return to Service” entry in the aircraft’s logbook.
What is an Approval for Return to Service?
Your aircraft has been under the weather and in the care of an experienced mechanic. When do you know it safe to fly again? This seems like a simple question, but there are some specifics you need to know.
When is your aircraft approved for Return to Service? Is it:
A. When the mechanic gives you a thumbs up?
B. When the mechanic says, “Don’t worry….”
C. When the mechanic calls and leaves a message?
D. When the status board says, “OK to dispatch”?
E. When the aircraft’s log book contains a description of the work performed, the date, and the signature and certificate number of the mechanic?
If you answered anything other than “E”, you are incorrect. Your aircraft is safe to fly only when a licensed mechanic has noted the type of work, the date of work, the aircraft’s total time in service, and has signed the log book with his or her certificate number. The log entry should include a complete description of the service done, and you should see these types of notations for every inspection.
Perform an Advanced Preflight Check
It’s always a good idea to do an advanced preflight on aircraft that has been returned to service. Your preflight should start with the aircraft documentation. Make sure the maintenance work has been documented in the appropriate aircraft log book, and check that the aircraft has been returned to service. Note that if the aircraft was test flown, there may be a discrepancy between the logbook time and what you see on the panel. Take your time looking the aircraft over and pay particular attention to the areas that were worked on, including any disconnections that may have been required to access the parts that were serviced.
It Is Your Responsibility
The bottom line? It “is” the bottom line. As the aircraft owner/operator, it is your responsibility to ensure that maintenance personnel make the appropriate entries in the aircraft logbook.
Proper logbook entries that detail the work completed not only keep you up-to-speed on the condition of your aircraft, but they also serve as an important factor in maintaining the airworthiness and long-term value of your airplane.
As a best practice, always check the logbooks after an aircraft is returned from maintenance. And before you take or fly that aircraft, always look for the signed, “Approval for Return to Service” entry. That way you’ll know for sure that your aircraft is ready to fly.
More about Loss of Control:
Contributing factors may include:
- Poor judgment or aeronautical decision making
- Failure to recognize an aerodynamic stall or spin and execute corrective action
- Intentional failure to comply with regulations
- Failure to maintain airspeed
- Failure to follow procedure
- Pilot inexperience and proficiency
- Use of prohibited or over-the-counter drugs, illegal drugs, or alcohol
Did you know?
- From October 2017 through September 2018, 382 people died in 226 general aviation accidents.
- Loss of Control was the number one cause of these accidents.
- Loss of Control happens in all phases of flight. It can happen anywhere and at any time.
- There is one fatal accident involving Loss of Control every four days.
To see appealed cases on the topic of maintenance entries, go to the NTSB website and review Legal Matters for appealed cases. Enter maintenance entries in the box of the search engine.
Plane Sense is an FAA publication that is chock-full of good information for GA pilots.
Understand your aircraft’s maintenance records and what is required. AC 43-9C has the information.
Time is getting short!!The FAA’s Equip ADS-B website gives you the information you need to equip now.
Curious about FAA regulations (Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations)? It’s a good idea to stay on top of them. You can find current FAA regulations on this website.
The FAASafety.gov website has Notices, FAAST Blasts, online courses, webinars, and more on key general aviation safety topics.
The WINGS Pilot Proficiency Program helps pilots build an educational curriculum suitable for their unique flight requirements. It is based on the premise that pilots who maintain currency and proficiency in the basics of flight will enjoy a safer and more stress-free flying experience.
The General Aviation Joint Steering Committee (GAJSC) is comprised of government and industry experts who work together to use data to identify risk, pinpoint trends through root cause analysis, and develop safety strategies to reduce the risk of GA accidents. The GAJSC combines the expertise of many key decision makers in the FAA, several government agencies such as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, and stakeholder groups. Industry participants include the Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association, Experimental Aircraft Association, General Aviation Manufacturers Association, Light Aircraft Manufacturers Association, National Business Aviation Association, National Air Transportation Association, National Association of Flight Instructors, Society of Aviation and Flight Educators, and the aviation insurance industry. The National Transportation Safety Board and the European Aviation Safety Agency participate as observers.