Environment and Energy describes enabling activities leading to the establishment and implementation of the NextGen Environmental Management System, the strategy for ensuring compliance with the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) and technologies that support NextGen environmental goals.
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Timeline for Achieving OIs and Capabilities

OI 109309: Implement EMS Framework ��� Phase 1 (2010-2015) ��� The current timeline spans from FY 2012 to FY 2015.  Environmental Policy is currently available; its availability date moved up from FY 2013 to FY 2012 (see note 1).  Environmental Targets is currently in development and will be available in FY 2014.  NEPA Strategy and Processes will be available in FY 2013 (see note 2).  Decision Support Assessment is currently in development and will be available in FY 2014.  Improved Scientific Knowledge is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015.  Analysis to Support International Environmental Standard Setting is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015.  Aviation Environmental Portfolio Management Tool (APMT) ��� Economics is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015.  Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT) Version 2A is currently available (see note 3).  Environmental Goals and Targets Performance Tracking System is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015.  NextGen EMS Frameworks and Stakeholder Collaboration will be available in FY 2013 and work will continue to FY 2015.  AEDT Version 2B is currently in development and will be available in FY 2014 (see note 4). OI 109315: Implement NextGen Environmental Engine and Aircraft Technologies ��� Phase 1 (2011-2015) ��� The current timeline spans from FY 2012 to FY 2015.  Open Rotor is currently available; its availability date moved up from FY 2013 to FY 2012 (see note 5).  TAPS II Lean Combustor is currently available; its availability date moved up from FY 2014 to FY 2012 (see note 6).  Adaptive Trailing Edges will be available in FY 2013.  Ceramic Matrix Composite Turbine Blade Tracks is currently in development and its availability date has moved up from FY 2014 to FY 2013 (see note 7).  Ceramic Matrix Composite Acoustic Nozzle is currently in development and will be available in FY 2014.  Engine Weight Reduction and High-Temperature Impeller is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015 (see note 8).  Dual-Wall Turbine Blade is currently in development and its availability date has been pushed back from FY 2013 to FY 2015 (see note 9).  Flight Management System (FMS) - Air Traffic Management (ATM) Integration is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015 (see note 10).  Ultra High-Bypass Ratio Geared Turbo Fan is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015. OI 109316: Increased Use of Alternative Aviation Fuels ��� Phase 1 (2011-2015) ��� The current timeline spans from FY 2012 to FY 2015.  Drop-In >50% HRJ/HEFA Fuels (Greater than 50% Blend) is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015 (see note 11).  Other Advanced Aviation Alternative Fuels is currently in development and will be available in FY 2015. OI 109319: Environmentally and Energy Favorable Air Traffic Management Concepts and Gate-to-Gate Operational Procedures ��� Phase 1 (2011-2015) ��� Increments associated with OI 109319 are addressed through other portfolios that affect operational efficiency, capacity and/or flexibility.

1 Implementation of this capability occurred in 2012.

2 Implementation of this capability occurred in 2012.

3 Formerly Aviation Environmental Design Tool (AEDT)-Regional (AEDT2a)

4 Formerly AEDT-Airport (AEDT2b)

5 Demonstration of this capability occurred in 2012.

6 Implementation of this capability occurred in 2012.

7 Demonstration of this capability is planned for 2013.

8 Technical Readiness Level (TRL) 7 demonstration no longer required. Capability will be available upon successful completion of TRL 6 demonstration.

9 Demonstration of this capability is planned to occur in 2015; further analysis and development required to mature technology.

10 TRL 7 demonstration no longer required. Capability will be available upon successful completion of TRL 6 demonstration.

11 Formerly Drop-In >50% Hydrotreated Renewable Jet (HRJ) Fuels (Greater than 50% Blend). HRJ has been relabled as Hydroprocessed Esters and Fatty Acids (HEFA) by ASTM.

Selected Work Activities

1 OI 109309: Implement Environmental Management System (EMS) Framework - Phase 1 (2010-2015)

Budget

  • Supported by NextGen System Development

FY 2012

FY 2013

  • Develop EMS performance tracking system
  • Report on National Airspace System (NAS)-wide impacts of potential aircraft CO2 emissions standard options
  • Enhance AEDT capability and complete Beta version of AEDT2b analysis tool with supporting documentation
  • Deliver report on aviation emissions impact on climate change through Aviation Climate Change Research Initiative program
  • Develop targets for NextGen air quality goal

FY 2014+

  • Refine quantitative targets supporting NextGen goals for noise, air quality, climate and energy
  • Report on the analysis to support International Civil Aviation Organization's Commission on Aviation Environmental Protection noise certification and aircraft emission standard
  • Document standardized approach for aviation stakeholders to apply and address NextGen environmental goals and targets
  • Publicly release AEDT-airport tool (AEDT2b)

2 OI 109315: Implement NextGen Environmental Engine and Aircraft Technologies - Phase 1 (2011-2015)

Budget

  • Supported by NextGen R, E & D

FY 2012

  • Completed: Matured and demonstrated at the following TRLs:
    • Twin Annular Premixing Swirler (TAPS) II Lean Combustor (TRL 6)
    • Adaptive Trailing Edges (TRL 7)
    • Ceramic Matrix Composite Turbine Blade Tracks (TRL 5)
    • Ceramic Matrix Composite Acoustic Nozzle - Completed instrumentation of Ceramic Matrix Composite Nozzle in preparation for ground test demo (TRL 5)
    • Dual-Wall Turbine Blade (TRL 5)
    • Open Rotor (TRL 5)

FY 2013

  • Mature and demonstrate at the following TRLs:
    • Ceramic Matrix Composite Acoustic Nozzle (TRL 7)
    • Ceramic Matrix Composite Turbine Blade Tracks (TRL 6)
    • Flight Management System (FMS)-engine integration (TRL 5)
    • Engine Weight Reduction and High-Temperature Impeller (TRL 5)

FY 2014+

  • Mature and demonstrate at the following TRLs:
    • Dual-Wall Turbine Blade (TRL 6)
    • Ceramic Matrix Composite Acoustic Nozzle (TRL 7)
    • Engine Weight Reduction and High-Temperature Impeller (TRL 6)
    • FMS - Air Traffic Management (ATM) Integration (TRL 6)
    • FMS-engine integration (TRL 6)
    • Ultra High-Bypass Ratio Geared Turbofan (TRL 6)

3 OI 109316: Increased Use of Alternative Aviation Fuels - Phase 1 (2011-2015)

Budget

  • Supported by NextGen System Development

FY 2012

  • Completed: Developed >50% renewable alternative aviation fuel (bio-fuel) characterization Fuel Readiness Level (FRL) 3-4

FY 2013

  • Conduct engine component tests of >50% renewable alternative fuel (FRL 5)

FY 2014+

  • Conduct ground test demonstration of >50% renewable HRJ alternative fuel (FRL 6)

Descriptions of OIs and Capabilities

In Concept
Exploration
In
Development
Available
at least one site
1 OI 109309: Implement EMS Framework - Phase 1
Enable the use of the EMS framework, including environmental goals and decision-support tools, to address, plan and mitigate environmental issues through development of an initial EMS framework, pilot analysis and outreach programs.
Available (at least one site)

Environmental Policy
This enabling activity will refine and formalize NextGen environmental and energy policy, including NextGen environmental goals. It also will establish EMS roles and responsibilities for FAA organizations to efficiently address critical NextGen environmental requirements, goals and other policies to improve environmental performance.

In Development

Environmental Targets
This enabling activity will explore, test and refine quantitative NextGen environmental targets for noise, air quality, climate, energy and water quality.

Available (at least one site)

NEPA Strategy and Processes
This enabling activity establishes effective strategic approaches for addressing the NEPA requirements of NextGen improvements. This includes applying best practices to minimize redundancy of analyses and maximizing time and cost efficiencies. When necessary, it will outline an approach for integrating NEPA considerations into existing FAA guidance at key decision points, such as the Acquisition Management System and Systems Engineering Manual to ensure appropriate consideration is given early in the planning phase.

In Development

Decision Support Assessment
This enabling activity addresses mission-level NextGen decision-support capabilities (capabilities that support FAA planning decisions such as those related to capacity management) and operational-level capabilities, e.g., those related to flow contingency management and trajectory flow. NextGen decision-support capabilities will be screened to identify environmental and energy aspects and possible changes to the decision-support capabilities to support environmental and energy goals.

In Development

Improved Scientific Knowledge
This enabling activity will improve knowledge of aircraft source-level noise and emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases, their atmospheric evolution, and impacts on human health and welfare and climate change. Improved scientific knowledge is used to inform each of the environment- and energy-enabling activities and support other NextGen OIs.

In Development

Analysis to Support International Environmental Standard-setting
This enabling activity addresses analysis and benefit assessment to support the development and implementation of the U.S. Aviation Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Plan and International Civil Aviation Organization environmental standards, such as for aircraft carbon dioxide emissions and more stringent noise levels.

In Development

Aviation Environmental Portfolio Management Tool (APMT) – Economics
APMT capabilities will be continuously enhanced through 2015 to enable analysis of airline-and aviation-market responses to environmental mitigation and policy options, and for analyzing U.S. environmental issues critical to NextGen under various fleet growth and evolution scenarios.

Available (at least one site)

AEDT Version 2A
The AEDT will provide capabilities for integrated environmental analysis at regional levels for fuel burn, emissions and noise.

In Development

Environmental Goals and Targets Performance Tracking System
A system will be established that will support the systematic identification of environmental benefits across the NAS, enabling the FAA to measure progress toward achieving NextGen environmental goals. This system may include business practices, automation capabilities and interfaces with other automation systems.

Available (at least one site)

NextGen EMS Frameworks and Stakeholder Collaboration
Standardized approaches will be identified for aviation stakeholders, e.g., manufacturers, airports, airlines and the FAA, to identify and address key environmental issues critical to stakeholder environmental programs or EMSs. These approaches are intended to allow aviation stakeholders to collaborate and address cross-cutting environmental challenges.

In Development

AEDT Version 2B
The AEDT will provide capabilities for integrated environmental analysis at airport, regional and global levels for fuel burn, emissions and noise.

2 OI 109315: Implement NextGen Environmental Engine and Aircraft Technologies - Phase 1
Mature technologies to reduce noise, emissions and fuel burn of commercial subsonic jet aircraft. Technologies are demonstrated at sufficient readiness levels to achieve goals of the FAA's Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions, and Noise program.
Available (at least one site)

Open Rotor
General Electric will mature open rotor technology to TRL 5. This technology will reduce fuel burn, emissions and noise.

Available (at least one site)

TAPS II Lean Combustor
General Electric will mature TAPS II lean combustor technology to TRL 6. This technology will reduce engine combustion emissions.

Available (at least one site)

Adaptive Trailing Edges
Boeing will mature adaptive trailing edges technology to TRL 7. This technology will reduce fuel burn, emissions and noise.

In Development

Ceramic Matrix Composite Turbine Blade Tracks
Rolls-Royce will mature ceramic matrix composite turbine blade tracks technology to TRL 6. This technology will reduce fuel burn and emissions.

In Development

Ceramic Matrix Composite Acoustic Nozzle
Boeing will mature ceramic matrix composite acoustic nozzle technology to TRL 7. This technology will reduce fuel burn, emissions and noise.

In Development

Engine Weight Reduction and High-Temperature Impeller
Honeywell will mature engine weight reduction and high-temperature impeller technology to TRL 6. This technology will reduce fuel burn, emissions and noise.

In Development

Dual-Wall Turbine Blade
Rolls-Royce will mature dual-wall turbine blade technology to TRL 6. This technology will reduce fuel burn and emissions.

In Development

FMS-ATM Integration
General Electric will mature FMS-ATM technology to TRL 6. This technology will reduce fuel burn, emissions and, potentially noise.

In Development

Ultra High-Bypass Ratio Geared Turbofan
Pratt & Whitney will mature ultra high-bypass ratio geared turbo fan technology to TRL 7. This technology will reduce fuel burn, emissions and noise.

3 OI 109316: Increased Use of Alternative Aviation Fuels - Phase 1
Determine the feasibility and market viability of alternative aviation fuels for commercial aviation use. Obtain ASTM International approval of HRJ blends and other advanced sustainable fuel blends from renewable resources that are compatible with existing infrastructure and fleet, thus meeting requirement to be a drop-in fuel.
In Development

Drop-In Greater Than 50% HRJ/HEFA Blend Fuels
This enabling activity will advance the use, acceptance, and deployment of other HRJ/HEFA blend fuels (>50% ) through air quality impact assessments, lifecycle emissions analyses, engine ground tests and flight demonstrations by 2015.

In Development

Other Advanced Aviation Alternative Fuels
This enabling activity will explore and qualify additional classes of sustainable aviation alternative fuels blends that use novel feedstocks and conversion processes, e.g., advanced fermentation, alcohol oligomerization and pyrolysis. Efforts include environmental and performance feasibility through air quality and lifecycle emissions analyses, fuel properties analysis, engine performance evaluation, ground tests and flight demonstrations by 2015. These efforts will advance deployment of these sustainable alternative fuels, including environmental acceptability and ASTM International approval.

4 OI 109319: Environmentally and Energy Favorable Air Traffic Management Concepts and Gate-to-Gate Operational Procedures - Phase 1
Explore, develop, demonstrate, evaluate and support the implementation and deployment of air traffic management and gate-to-gate operational changes to the NAS that have the potential to reduce the environmental impacts of aviation support mobility growth by increasing the capacity and throughput of the NAS.