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City Pairs - D.C.

When a traveler plans a trip or when an airline operator plans air service, they look at the origin and destination of the flight. These are viewed in terms of pairs of cities. In measuring city-pair performance, the FAA looks at flights that either originate or conclude at a specific metroplex — metropolitan areas with multiple airports and complex air traffic flows.

Average Airborne Time (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the average Airborne Time for flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year. Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
BOS BWI 67.0 65.1 66.4 66.7 66.4 66.8 65.5 64.5
BOS DCA 73.1 71.7 71.2 70.9 71.1 71.6 71.1 71.3
BOS IAD 73.8 72.5 74.4 74.0 73.8 74.3 72.8 72.6
BWI CLT 62.7 61.9 61.8 60.5 61.5 62.8 62.6 62.9
BWI ORD 101.8 100.5 102.7 100.8 101.0 102.7 99.9 99.3
CLT DCA 54.1 54.2 54.8 54.9 55.0 54.4 55.3 56.0
CLT IAD 54.5 54.9 55.5 55.2 54.7 54.7 55.7 53.0
DCA EWR 43.7 42.8 42.8 42.9 42.4 42.6 42.2 42.6
DCA ORD 97.6 96.5 97.3 95.5 96.0 97.4 97.7 96.6
IAD JFK 51.1 49.5 48.3 48.0 48.6 48.4 48.2 48.5
IAD LGA 49.7 47.0 47.0 46.7 46.6 46.0 45.9 1

1 No data available.

Effective Gate-to-Gate Time (FY) Average Minutes per Flight

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the difference between the Actual Gate-In Time at the destination airport and the Scheduled Gate-Out Time at the origin airport. Flights may depart outside reportable hours, but must arrive during them. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year (FY).

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
BOS BWI 101.5 95.1 100.6 95.4 99.7 99.1 99.4 97.5
BOS DCA 97.2 95.0 99.5 92.1 96.4 96.1 98.2 100.3
BOS IAD 105.9 104.3 109.4 105.8 106.8 105.1 103.8 99.9
BWI CLT 91.5 89.8 91.8 85.6 89.0 94.2 94.7 94.2
BWI ORD 131.6 131.0 136.8 131.3 139.3 145.0 143.0 133.3
CLT DCA 81.3 82.1 87.1 80.4 83.0 83.5 86.6 91.2
CLT IAD 92.2 90.5 90.5 84.4 88.6 93.1 98.5 99.0
DCA EWR 92.5 78.2 89.0 97.9 97.3 88.3 84.0 86.6
DCA ORD 127.6 127.3 130.5 129.3 134.1 139.5 137.8 136.5
IAD JFK 101.9 95.2 95.3 88.1 97.3 97.7 85.5 82.6
IAD LGA 98.6 89.7 94.7 89.7 100.1 102.4 112.4 1

1 No data available.

Airborne Distance (FY) Nautical Miles

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the average airborne distance of flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year (FY). Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
BOS BWI 1 1 364.4 365.9 363.9 360.1 359.4 364.3
BOS DCA 1 1 396.5 398.7 396.4 393.3 394.1 400.1
BOS IAD 1 1 414.9 415.2 412.7 409.0 409.2 412.5
BWI CLT 1 1 343.5 341.3 343.4 344.9 346.7 349.4
BWI ORD 1 1 589.0 586.5 586.7 586.6 587.0 592.8
CLT DCA 1 1 329.4 330.7 330.6 328.6 331.1 330.1
CLT IAD 1 1 326.4 325.4 323.3 322.5 328.7 306.1
DCA EWR 1 1 211.0 211.5 208.6 211.1 208.4 207.4
DCA ORD 1 1 572.6 569.6 570.2 568.9 568.0 576.0
IAD JFK 1 1 258.8 258.4 259.2 260.0 259.6 263.5
IAD LGA 1 1 247.3 246.6 245.9 245.7 244.4 1

1 No data available.

Efficiency:

As described by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), efficiency addresses the operational and economic cost-effectiveness of gate-to-gate flight operations from a single-flight perspective. In all phases of flight, airspace users want to depart and arrive at the times they select and fly the trajectory they determine to be optimum.

Airborne Time Predictability (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours at the destination airport, the difference between the 85th and 15th percentiles of Airborne Time for flights between the selected city pair. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year (FY). Additional reportable hour information can be found in the airport information section of the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
BOS BWI 12 10 11 12 12 12 11 11
BOS DCA 16 15 14 12 14 15 14 12
BOS IAD 12 11 13 12 12 13 12 12
BWI CLT 14 15 14 13 13 13 13 14
BWI ORD 15 15 17 16 16 18 17 15
CLT DCA 10 9 9 10 10 10 10 11
CLT IAD 8 8 9 8 9 9 10 4
DCA EWR 12 10 10 10 10 10 8 10
DCA ORD 15 15 15 15 14 15 15 14
IAD JFK 13 10 10 9 9 9 8 9
IAD LGA 13 10 10 9 9 9 8 1

1 No data available.

Effective Gate-to-Gate Time Predictability (FY) Minutes

During reportable hours, the difference between the 85th and 15th percentiles of the Effective Gate-to-Gate Time metric. The reportable hours vary by airport and the results are reported by fiscal year (FY). Additional percentile and reportable hour information can be found in the Reference Guide.

Origin Destination 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
BOS BWI 43 35 40 30 38 38 38 34
BOS DCA 36 33 39 27 33 31 35 36
BOS IAD 40 37 46 35 39 36 36 28
BWI CLT 36 36 36 31 32 35 37 34
BWI ORD 39 44 47 39 55 59 60 41
CLT DCA 31 29 41 28 31 34 35 34
CLT IAD 42 39 37 29 37 44 49 36
DCA EWR 74 50 74 87 91 67 55 55
DCA ORD 40 41 45 40 48 49 47 45
IAD JFK 82 61 63 54 74 75 57 45
IAD LGA 78 56 64 56 80 76 108 1

1 No data available.

Predictability:

As described by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO): Predictability refers to the ability of airspace users and Air Traffic Management (ATM) service providers to provide consistent and dependable levels of performance.

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For each city pair, an origin airport — for example, Newark Liberty International (EWR) — and a destination airport — for example, Los Angeles International (LAX) — are listed. The city pairs are unidirectional, which means the trip is measured in one direction only from origin to destination. In the example above, EWR to LAX would be measured but not LAX to EWR.

The FAA reports city pairs recommended by the NextGen Advisory Committee (NAC), a federal advisory committee made up of aviation stakeholders. All results are reported by Fiscal Year (FY), October 1–September 30.

Flights can depart outside of the reportable hours, but must arrive during the reportable hours at the destination airport. For a list of the reportable hours for each airport, please see the Reference Guide.

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This page was originally published at: https://www.faa.gov/nextgen/snapshots/airportpairs/?locationId=7