Flight Test Guide for Certification of Transport Category Airplanes
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the flight test evaluation of transport category airplanes. This AC includes flight test methods and procedures to show compliance with the regulations contained in title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 25, subpart B, “Flight,” which address airplane performance and handling characteristics.
This revision, AC 25-7D, clarifies paragraph 23.2.4, Engine Restart Capability—§ 25.903(e); adds paragraph 34.4, Circuit Protective Devices—§ 25.1357; and revises appendix B, Function and Reliability (F&R) Tests, of this AC. This AC has been re-formatted to use a new paragraph numbering system for improved usability.
|90-66B||AFS-800||Non-Towered Airport Flight Operations This AC calls attention to regulatory requirements, recommended operations, and communications procedures for operating at an airport without a control tower or an airport with a control tower that operates only part time. It recommends traffic patterns, communications phraseology, and operational procedures for use by aircraft, lighter-than-air aircraft, gliders, parachutes, rotorcraft, and ultralight vehicles. This AC stresses safety as the primary objective in these operations. This AC is related to the right-of-way rules under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 1, § 1.1 (traffic pattern), and part 91, §§ 91.113 and 91.126.||03-13-2018|
Design and Installation Details for Airport Visual Aids
This AC provides guidance and recommendations on the installation of airport visual aids. See the Principal Changes paragraph for a list of major changes to the document since the last version.
|90-80C||AFS-400||Approval of Offshore Standard Approach Procedures, Airborne Radar Approaches, and Helicopter En Route Descent Areas This AC provides criteria and describes acceptable methods for obtaining approval to use Offshore Standard Approach Procedures (OSAP), Airborne Radar Approaches (ARA), and Helicopter En Route Descent Areas (HEDA) to descend in uncontrolled airspace to an altitude where the pilot can proceed to land using visual references to the surface. This AC provides operational approval information for operators conducting operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91, 91 subpart K (part 91K), and 135 to support issuance of operations specifications (OpSpec) or letters of authorization (LOA).||12-21-2017|
|120-117||AAM-800||Voluntary Disclosure Reporting Program for Apparent Violations of the Drug and Alcohol Testing Regulations Any employer or contractor regulated under Title 14 ofthe Code ofFederal Regulations (14 CFR) part 120 may voluntarily disclose to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) violations ofthe drug and alcohol testing regulations under the voluntary disclosure reporting program (VDRP) described in this Advisory Circular (AC). This AC provides the information and guidance material an employer or contractor needs in order to voluntarily disclose an apparent violation ofthe drug and alcohol testing regulations listed in paragraph 3 ofthis AC.||12-20-2017|
|43-216||AFS-300||Software Management During Aircraft Maintenance This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for developing a software management program and showing compliance with applicable regulations related to continued airworthiness when managing aircraft software during maintenance activities. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). However, if you use the means described in this AC to show compliance, you must follow it in all important respects.||12-20-2017|
14 CFR Part 121 and Part 135 Dangerous Goods Transportation Operations
This Advisory Circular (AC) provides certificate holders with recommended contents for a dangerous goods training program and manual designed to guide and manage dangerous goods operations. Developing and using the comprehensive guidance in this document will promote the establishment of a safe and efficient dangerous goods operation. This AC establishes guidance for all part 119 certificate holders operating in accordance with part 121 or part 135 under operations specifications (OpSpec) to carry dangerous goods (Will Carry), prohibiting the transport of dangerous goods (Will Not Carry) and/or authorized to transport passengers and their baggage. Specifically, this AC sets forth suggestions for establishing a comprehensive dangerous goods training program and manual, regardless of the certificate holder’s OpSpec.
Dangerous goods are known to have been involved in, and the cause of, incidents and accidents associated with air transportation. A certificate holder’s dangerous goods program constitutes the foundation for safely transporting dangerous goods by air. This AC provides guidance on designing and implementing a dangerous goods program to include managing the risks entering the aviation system from declared and undeclared dangerous goods. Passengers and shippers of cargo routinely introduce hazards associated with dangerous goods into the air transport system, often unknowingly. This includes dangerous goods associated with baggage, cargo, and COMAT. Improperly prepared and mismanaged dangerous goods can increase the risks to passengers, crew, aircraft, property, and environment. The hazards posed by these materials are often varied and difficult to specifically identify. Therefore, the risks are best addressed by individual certificate holders within the context of their own systems. This AC is not mandatory, and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of complying with applicable regulations to manage dangerous goods operations.
Operational Safety on Airports During Construction
This AC sets forth guidelines for operational safety on airports during construction. This version adds notification about impacts to both airport-owned and FAA-owned NAVAIDs; adds guidance for the use of orange construction signs (including a new appendix on the placement of these signs); discusses open trenches or excavations in the taxiway safety area while the taxiway is open to aircraft operations, subject to restrictions; enhances guidance for temporary shortened runways and displaced thresholds; and improves figures.
Access to Airports by Individuals with Disabilities
This AC assist airports in complying with the laws and regulations regarding individuals with disabilities by: (1) identifying the relevant statutes and regulations affecting airports; (2) presenting the main features of each of the statutes and regulations; and (3) listing sources of assistance or additional information. It presents and reconciles the Federal accessibility regulations implementing the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA); the Air Carrier Access Act of 1986 (ACAA) as amended; the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended (RA); and the Architectural Barriers Act of 1968, as amended (ABA) which affect the architectural or program accessibility of airports in the U. S. transportation system and employment opportunities at these airports for individuals with disabilities.
This update adds the requirements and recommendations for Service Animal Relief Areas (SARAs) at civil use airports contained in the DOT regulation 14 CFR 382, Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in Air Travel. SARAs are required for each airport with 10,000 or more enplanements and for civil use airports that receive federal financial assistance through the Airport Improvement Program or Passenger Facility Charges program.
|120-76D||AFS-400||Authorization for Use of Electronic Flight Bags This Flight Standards Service AC contains guidance on the operational use of Electronic Flight Bags (EFB). It is intended for all operators conducting flight operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91 subpart K (part 91K), 121, 125, or 135 who want to replace required paper information or utilize other select applications as part of EFB functionality. This AC sets forth an acceptable means, but not the only means, to obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) authorization for the operational use of EFBs utilizing both portable devices or installed equipment evaluated by the operator as their means to display operating information with an equivalent level of accessibility, usability, and reliability to the means they replace. This AC will assist operators in starting and managing the required elements of an EFB program as a means to support their authorization for use. In this AC, “installed equipment” indicates equipment or EFB components, which are installation approved under aircraft type design. For guidance on the installation of EFB components, refer to AC 20-173, Installation of Electronic Flight Bag Components.||10-27-2017|
|120-116||AFS-800||Operations and Airworthiness Considerations for U.S.-Based Leasing Companies Operating U.S.-Registered Large Transport Category Airplanes Which Part 125 Would Apply This advisory circular (AC) provides additional information and guidance for U.S.-based leasing companies conducting operations of large transport category airplanes with a valid U.S. registration certificate that meet Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 125 applicability. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for U.S.-based leasing companies to operate U.S.-registered large transport category airplanes. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all important respects.||10-27-2017|
|91.21-1D||AFS-300||Use of Portable Electronic Devices Aboard Aircraft This AC provides aircraft owners, operators (i.e., certificate holders), and the flying public with information and guidance to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, §91.21. Section 91.21 was established because of the potential for portable electronicdevices (PED) to interfere with aircraft navigation or communication systems, and prohibits the operation of PEDs not installed aboard U.S.-registered civil aircraft while operating under instrument flight rules (IFR). Section 91.21 permits the use of specified PEDs and other devices the operator of the aircraft has determined will not interfere with the safe operation of the aircraft. The recommendations contained herein are one means, but not the only means, of complying with § 91.21 requirements pertaining to the operation of PEDs.||10-27-2017|
|119-2||AFS-300||Operational Use of Radio Frequency Identification Systems Onboard Aircraft This AC provides aircraft operator guidance on the use of radio frequency identification (RFID) devices and systems in operational and maintenance environments as an alternative means of performing specific maintenance and inspection tasks in accordance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 43, 91, 121, 125, 129, and 135. This AC limits its scope to aircraft RFID applications, where RFID tags are installed directly on aircraft, parts, and components to verify identification, serviceability status, or presence. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to show compliance with installation and operational requirements. However, if operators use the means described in this AC, operators must follow it in all important respects.||10-17-2017|
|36-4D||AEE-100||Noise Standards: Aircraft Type and Airworthiness Certification This advisory circular (AC) is intended to promote uniformity of implementation of part 36 of the noise certification requirements of the United States Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 14. It provides (1) guidance to certificating authorities and applicants regarding the intended meaning and stringency of the Standards in part 36 as amended through October 4, 2017 (Amendment 36-31), and (2) the specific procedures that are deemed acceptable in demonstrating compliance with those Standards.||10-12-2017|
|65-34||AFS-200||FAA-Approved Aircraft Dispatcher Certification Courses This advisory circular (AC) provides standards and guidelines for obtaining approval and for operating Aircraft Dispatcher Certification Courses, which are approved by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), in accordance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 65 subpart C. This AC also provides information that could be useful for individuals seeking FAA certification as an Aircraft Dispatcher. This AC provides an acceptable means of complying with the regulations; however, it is not the only means of compliance.||10-11-2017|
|145-9A||AFS-300||Guide for Developing and Evaluating Repair Station and Quality Control Manuals This advisory circular (AC) provides informational material for all repair station certificate holders and/or applicants under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 145 to develop and evaluate a Repair Station Manual (RSM) and Quality Control Manual (QCM). This AC describes an acceptable, but not the only means, to develop a manual and comply with the referenced regulations.||10-06-2017|
Data Link Communications
This advisory circular (AC) applies to all pilots, certificate holders, operators, and/or program managers conducting data link communication operations and to those providing data communication services on behalf of operators to meet Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) requirements. The AC provides guidance for data link communications eligibility and compliance using Future Air Navigation Systems (FANS) 1/A(+) and Aeronautical Telecommunications Network (ATN). It defines performance concepts, data link systems, and data link services available within the National Airspace System (NAS) and international operations. This AC addresses Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Contract (ADS-C) and Controller-Pilot Data Link Communication (CPDLC). ADS-C provides a direct connection between the aircraft automation and ground automation, to exchange status information concerning the flight including automated pilot position reports. CPDLC provides efficient digital communication without frequency congestion or misunderstandings and misinterpretations common to voice communication. CPDLC – Departure Clearance (CPDLC-DCL) service provides automated DCLs with the capability to amend clearances prior to departure. Pre-Departure Clearances (PDC) and Aircraft Communications Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) are discussed as part of the overall data link services. Guidance is also provided for performance monitoring and problem reporting.
Voluntary Disclosure Reporting Program - Hazardous Materials
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance to holders ofcertificates under Ti tie 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) parts 119 and 125 and foreign air carriers issued operations specifications under 14 CFR part 129 (operators) who voluntarily disclose to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) their violation(s) ofcertain hazardous materials regulations (HMR) under this voluntary disclosure reporting program (VDRP). This also provides guidance on the new process used to submit hazmat-related voluntary disclosures, which is now closely aligned with the process used by the F AA's Flight Standards Service (AFS).
|187-1L||AFS-50||Flight Standards Service Schedule of Charges Outside the United States This AC transmits an updated schedule of charges for services of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Flight Standards Service (AFS) aviation safety inspectors (ASI) outside the United States. Rulemaking action to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 187, Docket No. 27809, and Notice 94-24, Fees for Certification Services and Approvals Performed Outside the United States, established the methodology for determining these charges. The rulemaking established that the FAA would publish these fees in an AC.||09-22-2017|
|141-1B||AFS-800||Part 141 Pilot Schools, Application, Certification, and Compliance Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-certificated pilot schools are regulated in accordance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 141. Unlike pilot training conducted under 14 CFR part 61, part 141 pilot schools are required to use a structured training program and syllabus. Part 141 pilot schools may be able to provide a greater variety of training aids and require dedicated training facilities, flight instructor oversight, and FAA-approved course curricula. Colleges and universities, which may offer aviation degrees, often provide pilot training under part 141. This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for part 141 pilot school applicants and others interested in the certification standards and requirements for certification under part 141. This revision updates information found in AC 141-1A, Pilot School Certification, dated February 18, 1993, including additional information on compliance with part 141, and includes a chapter on Transportation Security Administration (TSA) requirements for part 141 pilot schools.||09-12-2017|
|61-65G||AFS-800||Certification: Pilots and Flight and Ground Instructors This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for pilot applicants, pilots, flight instructors, ground instructors, and examiners on the certification standards, knowledge test procedures, and other requirements in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61.||08-25-2017|
|137-1B||AFS-800||Certification Process for Agricultural Aircraft Operators This advisory circular (AC) describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for an agricultural aircraft operator to apply for an Agricultural Aircraft Operator Certificate under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 137. The AC also addresses safety practices for agricultural aircraft operators. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. However, if you use the following means described, you must follow it in all important aspects. This AC does not change regulatory requirements; the provisions of applicable regulations control the AC. Interpretations of regulations are issued only under established agency procedures.||08-21-2017|
|43-215||AFS-300||Standardized Procedures for Performing Aircraft Magnetic Compass Calibration This advisory circular (AC) describes procedures for calibrating an aircraft magnetic compass to minimize the effect of aircraft-induced magnetic fields. These procedures are often referred to as “swinging the compass” or a “compass swing.” This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. These means are not the only means to perform aircraft compass calibration. However, if you use one of the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all important respects. The content of this AC may be of interest to aircraft technicians performing compass swings or to users of aircraft compass systems.||08-07-2017|
|00-69||AIR-100||The title is Best Practices for Airborne Software Development Assurance Using EUROCAE ED-12( ) and RTCA DO-178( ) This advisory circular (AC) provides information in the form of “best practices” and, as such, is not intended as guidance but rather as complementary information to ED-12C/DO-178C (and related documents) and AC 20-115D.||07-21-2017|
Airborne Software Development Assurance Using EUROCAE ED-12( ) and RTCA DO-178( )
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for showing compliance with the applicable airworthiness regulations for the software aspects of airborne systems and equipment in type certification or TSO authorization. This AC is notmandatory and does not constitute a regulation. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all applicable respects. This AC recognizes the following current EUROCAE and RTCA, Inc. documents: (1) EUROCAE ED-12C, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, dated January 2012, and RTCA DO-178C, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, dated December 13, 2011. (2) EUROCAE ED-215, Software Tool Qualification Considerations, dated January 2012, and RTCA DO-330, Software Tool Qualification Considerations, dated December 13, 2011. (3) EUROCAE ED-218, Model-Based Development and Verification Supplement to ED-12C and ED-109A, dated January 2012, and RTCA DO-331, Model-Based Development and Verification Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011. (4) EUROCAE ED-217, Object-Oriented Technology and Related Techniques Supplement to ED-12C and ED-109A, dated January 2012, and RTCA DO-332, Object-Oriented Technology and Related Techniques Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011. (5) EUROCAE ED-216, Formal Methods Supplement to ED-12C and ED-109A, dated January 2012 and RTCA DO-333, Formal Methods Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.