The purpose of this advisory circular (AC) is to describe enhanced guidelines for autorotations during rotorcraft/helicopter flight training. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has found a need to raise awareness of the risks inherent in performing autorotations in the training environment, and in particular the 180 degree autorotation. In this AC, the FAA recommends procedures that will mitigate safety risk during autorotations. This information is intended to supplement information about autorotation training found in the current edition of the Helicopter Flying Handbook (HFH), FAA-H-8083-21. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of training applicants for a rotorcraft/helicopter airman to meet the qualifications for various rotorcraft/helicopter ratings under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61. You may use alternate methods for training if you establish that those methods meet the requirements of the HFH and FAA practical test standards (PTS).
Institution of Higher Education’s Application for Authority to Certify its Graduates for an Airline Transport Pilot Certificate with Reduced Aeronautical Experience
This advisory circular (AC) provides instructions for institutions of higher education on how to obtain authority to certify students who graduate from the institution’s degree program with an aviation major and otherwise meet the requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.160(b), (c), or (d). Graduates of an institution of higher education that has received Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) authorization to certify graduates may be eligible to apply for a restricted privileges airline transport pilot (ATP) certificate. The total flight time requirements for a restricted privileges ATP Certificate based on a degree with an aviation major are:
• 1,250 hours for a graduate who holds an associate’s degree with an aviation major and meets the remaining requirements of § 61.160(c); and
• 1,250 hours for a graduate who holds a bachelor’s
Airline Transport Pilot Certification Training Program
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and courseware guidelines to authorized providers, to aid in the development of a training program which meets the requirements of Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.156.
Approval of Manufacturer's Required Training Programs
This advisory circular (AC) provides information to organizations providing training in aircraft that contain a training requirement in the limitations section of the Airplane Flight Manual (Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM), Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM), etc.).
FAA Approval of Aviation Training Devices and Their Use for Training and Experience
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance for Aviation Training Device (ATD) manufacturers seeking Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval of basic aviation training devices (BATD) or advanced aviation training devices (AATD) under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.4(c). This AC also provides information and guidance for those persons who intend to use a BATD or AATD for activities involving pilot training and experience, other than for practical tests, aircraft-type-specific training, or an aircraft type rating. This AC contains specific procedures regarding the evaluation, approval, and use of an ATD under 14 CFR parts 61 and 141. The criteria specified in this AC are used by the FAA to determine whether an ATD is qualified for approval as a BATD or an AATD. These guidelines have developed from extensive FAA and industry experience in determining methods of compliance with the pertinent 14 CFR regulations. Applicable regulations are noted only for reference. This AC does not change regulatory requirements; therefore, the provisions of the current regulation always control. This AC applies only to the evaluation and use of BATDs and AATDs. This notice does not apply to full flight simulators (FFS) and flight training devices (FTD) that are regulated under 14 CFR part 60.
Conversion Process for Pilot Certificates in Accordance with the Implementation Procedures for Licensing as part of the Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement Between the Federal Aviation Administration and Transport Canada Civil Aviation Authority for Pilot Licensing
This advisory circular (AC) provides the procedure and eligibility requirements for a Transport Canada Civil Aviation Authority (TCCA) pilot license holder converting to an Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) pilot certificate and an outline of the procedures and eligiblity requirments for an FAA pilot certificate holder converting to a TCCA pilot license. Pilots who are licensed by TCCA and comply with the special conditions listed within the Implementation Procedures for Licensing (IPL) are considered to be eligible for the associated FAA pilot certificate for airplane and/or rotorcraft–helicopter at the private, commercial, and airline transport pilot (ATP) levels including associated instrument ratings and applicable pilot type ratings. The procedure describes the FAA’s conditions for a TCCA pilot license conversion, the application process including required information, and considerations for exercising the privileges of an FAA pilot certificate. Adherence to this AC provides an acceptable method by which the FAA may convert a TCCA pilot license to an FAA pilot certificate.
|61-134||AFS-800||General Aviation Controlled Flight into Terrain Awareness Highlights the inherent risk that controlled flight into terrain (CFIT) poses for general aviation (GA) pilots. This AC includes the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) common definition of the term CFIT, identifies some, but not all, of the risks associated with GA CFIT accidents, and provides some recommendations and strategies to combat CFIT within the GA community. This AC is not an all-inclusive document on CFIT; rather, this AC is designed to help flight instructors, FAA Aviation Safety Program Managers, and other trainers develop CFIT training materials by identifying some of the factors involved in GA CFIT accidents.||04-01-2003|
|61-126||AFS-840||Qualification and Approval of Personal Computer-Based Aviation Training Devices Provides information and guidance to potential training device manufacturers and aviation training consumers concerning a means, acceptable to the Administrator, by which personal computer-based aviation training devices (PCATD) may be qualified and approved for flight training toward satisfying the instrument rating training under the provisions of 14 CFR parts 61 and 141.||05-12-1997|
Aircraft Operations at Altitudes Above 25,000 Feet Mean Sea Level or Mach Numbers Greater Than .75
This advisory circular (AC) alerts pilots transitioning from aircraft with less performance capability to complex, high-performance aircraft that are capable of operating at high altitudes and high airspeeds. In particular, this AC stresses special physiological, equipment, and aerodynamic considerations involved in these kinds of operations. It also provides information to aid pilots in becoming familiar with the basic phenomena associated with high-altitude and high-speed flight.
Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61 prescribes the knowledge and skill requirements for the various airman certificates and ratings, including category, class, and type ratings authorized to be placed thereon. The civil aircraft fleet consists of numerous aircraft capable of high-altitude flight. Certain knowledge elements of high-altitude flight are essential for the pilots of these aircraft. As required by 14 CFR § 61.31, pilots who fly at altitudes at or above FL250 in a pressurized aircraft must receive training in the critical factors relating to safe flight operations under those circumstances. These critical elements include knowledge of the special physiological and/or aerodynamic considerations that should be given to highperformance aircraft operating in the high-altitude environment. High-altitude flight has different effects on the human body than those experienced during lower altitude flight. An aircraft's aerodynamic characteristics displayed in high altitude flight may differ significantly from those experienced when penetrating at a lower altitude. Knowledge of and skill in operating high-performance aircraft will enhance the pilot's ability to easily transition into aircraft capable of high speed, high altitude flight.
Currency Requirements and Guidance for the Flight Review and Instrument Proficiency Check
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for certificated pilots and flight instructors to use in complying with the flight review required by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.56 and the recent flight experience requirements of § 61.57. This AC is particularly directed to General Aviation (GA) pilots holding sport or higher grades of pilot certificates who wish to maintain currency and to certificated flight instructors (CFI) who give flight instruction to support such activities. This AC does not apply to training programs or proficiency checks conducted pursuant to 14 CFR part 121 or 135, nor to curriculums approved pursuant to 14 CFR part 142.
|61-94||AFS-840||Pilot Transition Course for Self Launching or Powered Sailplanes (Motorgliders) Provides recommendations, but is not the only means, that may be used by glider pilots who desire to transition into sailplanes or gliders with self-launching capability.||07-31-1984|
WINGS - Pilot Proficiency Programs
The objective of the WINGS Pilot Proficiency Program is to reduce the number of accidents in General Aviation (GA) by assisting airmen to find educational opportunities designed to help them apply the principles of risk assessment and risk management (RM). When properly applied, these principles will help mitigate accident causal factors associated with common pilot errors, lack of proficiency, and faulty knowledge. The Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) purpose is to encourage the majority of GA pilots, through WINGS, to engage in ongoing, targeted flying tasks and learning activities keyed to identified risks and which are designed to mitigate those risks. The FAA continually collects and assesses its databases to identify the risks associated with GA flying and incorporates risk mitigation strategies into initial and ongoing pilot education.
|61-89E||AFS-630||Pilot Certificates: Aircraft Type Ratings Provides a generic type rating curriculum that may serve as a basis for schools to develop a training requirements of Federal Aviation Regulations Parts 61 and 141.||08-04-2000|
Nationally Scheduled FAA-Approved Industry-Conducted Flight Instructor Refresher Course
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for the preparation and approval of training course outlines (TCO) for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-approved, industry-conducted flight instructor refresher courses (FIRC) in accordance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.197(a)(2)(iii). The FIRC is intended to keep flight instructors informed of the changing world of General Aviation (GA) flight training, and to enhance aviation safety through continued refresher training of the flight instructor cadre. It is one of several methods by which a flight instructor may renew his or her flight instructor certificate. Adherence to this AC provides one acceptable method by which the FAA may approve the FIRC program. Effective August 4, 1997, the holder of a pilot school certificate issued under 14 CFR part 141 may also obtain approval to provide a FIRC program under the authority of part 141 appendix K, paragraph 11. The holder of a part 141 pilot school certificate that desires to offer a FIRC program under their Air Agency Certificate should refer to this AC, which may be helpful as guidance in developing the TCO for FAA approval.
|61-67C||AFS-840||Stall and Spin Awareness Training||09-25-2000|
|61-65E||AFS-800||Certification: Pilots and Flight and Ground Instructors Provides guidance for pilots and flight instructors on the certification standards, written test procedures, and other requirements contained in FAR Part 61.||11-29-2005|
|61-47A||AFS-820||Use of Approach Slope Indicators for Pilot Training This advisory circular informs pilot schools, flight instructors, and student IJilots of the recommendation of the Federal Aviation Administration for the use of approach slope indicator systems for pilot training.||03-26-1979|
|61-10A||AFS-630||Private and Commercial Pilots Refresher Courses Provides a syllabus of study requirements and describes the areas of training that should be emphasized. SN 050-011-00060-7||09-27-1972|
|60-29||AFS-630||Renumbering of Airmen Training and Testing Publications Announces the renumbering of airman training and testing materials published by the Airman Testing Standards Branch, AFS-630, Oklahoma City, OK||02-01-1999|
English Language Skill Standards Required by 14 CFR Parts 61,63, and 65
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for airman applicants, training organizations, designated examiners, and aviation safety inspectors (ASI) in determining English language skills currently required for airman certification as required by the Administrator under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 61, 63, and 65.
|60-25F||AFS-630||Reference Materials and Subject Matter Knowledge Codes for Airman Knowledge Testing Appendixes 1 and 2 contain the latest list of reference materials and subject matter knowledge codes for airman knowledge testing.||06-08-2004|
|60-22||AFS-800||Aeronautical Decision Making Provides introductory material, background information, and reference material on aeronautical decision making. Provides a systematic approach to risk assessment and stress management in aviation, illustrates how personal attitudes can influence decision||12-13-1991|
|60-11C||AFS-630||Test Aids and Materials that may be used by Airman Knowledge Testing Applicants Provides information concerning test aids and materials that may be used by applicants taking airman knowledge tests.||04-26-1999|
|60-6B||AFS-820||Airplane Flight manuals (AFM), Approved Manual Materials, Markings, and Placards Airplanes Calls attention to the regulatory requirements relating to the subject and provides information to aid pilots to comply with these requirements.||09-25-1980|
Identification, marking, and placarding of aircraft issued special airworthiness certificates in the light-sport category (S-LSA) and aircraft issued experimental certificates for the purpose of operating light-sport aircraft (E-LSA)
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with the requirements for identifying S-LSA and E-LSA with identification (ID) plates, displaying nationality and registration marks, and displaying placards. This AC also provides marking guidance for instruments necessary for the safety of flight.