Reporting of Laser Illumination of Aircraft
a. This Advisory Circular (AC) provides information to the aviation community, particularly aircrews operating within the National Airspace System (NAS) on measures taken by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to address incidents of unauthorized illumination of aircraft by lasers. The FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012, passed into public law on February 14, 2012, established a prohibition against aiming a laser pointer at an aircraft.
b. In addition, this AC provides guidance to aircrews and reflects current guidance for air traffic control (ATC) on the formal reporting of laser illumination incidents. Reporting laser incidents assists law enforcement and provides support for recommended mitigation actions to be taken to ensure continued safe and orderly flight operations.
c. This AC is issued in serious response to the significant increase of unauthorized laser illumination of aircraft incidents, as well as the proliferation and increased sophistication of laser devices available to the general public and other parties. FAA and other governmental studies show the exposure of aircrews to laser illumination may cause hazardous effects (e.g., distraction, glare, afterimage, flash blindness, and, in extreme circumstances, persistent or permanent visual impairment), which could compromise safety by adversely interfering with the ability of aircrews to carry out their responsibilities. ATC regards a laser illumination incident as an in-flight emergency, and will treat them as such, until the aircrew states otherwise.
d. The FAA, in coordination with local law enforcement, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and other governmental agencies, such as the Department of Homeland Security, Transportation Security Administration (TSA), is taking immediate action to safeguard flights against these unauthorized illuminations and expeditiously locate the source of unauthorized laser transmissions.
Specification for Airport Light Bases, Transformer Housings, Junction Boxes, and Accessories
This AC contains the specifications for airport light bases, transformer housings, junction boxes, and accessories. This AC is not intended to be a compilation of currently available product designs. It provides the basic standard requirements for critical dimensions and performance requirements to which all manufacturers must demonstrate compliance.
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Repair Station Guidance for Compliance with the Safety Agreement between the UnitedStates and the European Union
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance regarding a repair station located in the United States obtaining, renewing, or amending a European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Part-145 approval and an Approved Maintenance Organization (AMO) located within the European Union (EU) obtaining, renewing, or amending a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) repair station certificate under the provisions of the U.S./EU aviation safety agreement (the Agreement).
Identification, marking, and placarding of aircraft issued special airworthiness certificates in the light-sport category (S-LSA) and aircraft issued experimental certificates for the purpose of operating light-sport aircraft (E-LSA)
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with the requirements for identifying S-LSA and E-LSA with identification (ID) plates, displaying nationality and registration marks, and displaying placards. This AC also provides marking guidance for instruments necessary for the safety of flight.
Air Carrier Maintenance Programs
This advisory circular (AC) explains what the term "maintenance program" means. Our explanation describes the scope and content of air carrier aircraft maintenance programs. This is important as there is a significant difference between an air carrier maintenance program and an inspection program used in non-air carrier maintenance operations. We explain the background of these programs as well as the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) regulatory requirements. We also describe and explain each of the 10 elements of air carrier maintenance programs. When we use "must" or "will" in this AC, we are referencing actual regulatory requirements. When we use "we," "us," or "our" in this AC, we mean the FAA. When we use "you," "your," or "yours," we mean you, the air carrier. When we use the term "person," it has the same meaning as that in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 1, § 1.1.
Airworthiness Approval of Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) Out Systems
This Advisory Circular (AC) provides guidance for the installation and airworthiness approval of Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B) Out systems in aircraft.
ICAO Aircraft Company Three-LetterIdentifier and/or TelephonyDesignator Assignment and U.S. Special Telephony/Call Signs
Advisory Circular 120-26K defines the criteria and procedures for obtaining an International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) three-letter identifier and/or telephony designator assignment and for obtaining an FAA Special or Local telephony/call sign.
Flight Test Guide For Certification Of Transport Category Airplanes
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the flight test evaluation of transport category airplanes. This AC includes flight test methods and procedures to show compliance with the regulations contained in subpart B of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 25, which address airplane performance and handling characteristics. This revision, AC 25-7C, is a complete revision to reduce the number of differences from the European Aviation Safety Agency’s Flight Test Guide, provide acceptable means of compliance for the regulatory changes associated with amendments 107, 109, 113, 115, 119, and 123 to part 25, respond to National Transportation Safety Board recommendations, and to provide a general update to reflect current FAA and industry practices and policies.
Fatigue Education and Awareness Training Program
This advisory circular (AC) presents guidelines for developing and implementing a Fatigue Education and Awareness Training Program. These guidelines apply to those certificate holders conducting operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 117. This AC presents an acceptable means, but not necessarily the only way, that certificate holders may comply with Fatigue Education and Awareness Training Program requirements prescribed in part 117, § 117.9. Each 14 CFR part 121 certificate holder conducting operations under part 117 must have an Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-approved Fatigue Education and Awareness Training Program as prescribed in § 117.9. The training program must be designed to increase awareness and understanding of fatigue, the effects of fatigue on pilots and fatigue countermeasures. This AC may also provide valuable information to certificate holders conducting operations other than under part 117 to educate their employees on the effects of fatigue on the safety of flight.
Fitness for Duty
This advisory circular (AC) was developed to demonstrate acceptable methods of compliance with Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 117, § 117.5, Fitness for Duty. While the methods outlined in this AC are not the only means of compliance, the guidance contained herein provides concepts for developing appropriate processes and procedures to comply with § 117.5 and instituting appropriate operator-specific fatigue countermeasures. The guidance also provides a means to educate flightcrew members in the potential of fatigue induced by commuting.
Performance Specification for Airport Vehicle Runway Incursion Warning Systems (RIWS)
This AC contains minimum performance specifications for systems and equipment airports use to provide a warning to drivers on an airfield about a potential runway incursion. This AC discusses two types of detection systems: a preconfigured, commercial off the shelf (COTS) system; and a system with custom hardware and software.
Aircraft Fuel Storage, Handling, Training, and Dispensing on Airports
Contains specifications and guidance for the storage, handling, and dispensing of aviation fuel on airports. Additionally, this AC provides standards and guidance for the training of personnel who conduct these activities.
Please see the associated Addendum for a list of companies offering courses of instruction in line service training as well as supervisory training that are acceptable to the Administrator. We will update the Addendum on a quarterly basis.
Contains the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) standards and recommendations for the geometric layout and engineering design of runways, taxiways, aprons, and other facilities at civil airports.This substantial revision fully incorporates all previous changes to AC 150/5300-13 as well as new standards and technical requirements.
Engineered Materials Arresting Systems (EMAS) for Aircraft Overruns
Contains standards for the planning, design, installation, and maintenance of Engineered Materials Arresting Systems (EMAS) in runway safety areas (RSAs).
Guidelines for Design Approval of Aircraft Data Link Communication Systems Supporting Air Traffic Services (ATS)
This AC provides airworthiness requirements for aircraft with an installed data link system intended to support air traffic services. It identifies specific configurations of aircraft data link systems for applicants seeking approval for type certificates (TC) and supplemental type certificates (STC) in order to facilitate operational approvals. Appendix A of this AC provides a list of related documents. Appendix B of this AC contains a list of applicable acronyms.
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to gain airworthiness approval for your aircraft data link system equipment. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you should follow it in its entirety.
Specification for Obstruction Lighting Equipment
This specification sets forth the FAA requirements for obstruction lighting equipment used to increase conspicuity of structures to permit early obstruction recognition by pilots.
Airport Lighting Equipment Certification Program
This AC describes the Airport Lighting Equipment Certification Program (ALECP). It provides information on how an organization can get Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) acceptance as a third-party certification body (third-party certifier) and how manufacturers may get equipment qualified under the program. It includes a list of the equipments that are certified under the program. This AC does not impose requirements or mandate participation in the ALECP by any party. This revision clarifies the criteria that FAA will use to determine whether a certification body qualifies for participation and how equipment may be qualified.
Flightcrew Member Rest Facilities
This advisory circular (AC) describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 117 conducting augmented flightcrew member operations. Prior to utilizing onboard crewmember rest facilities, all 14 CFR part 121 certificate holders operating under part 117 must obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval and qualification for the classification of onboard rest facilities used. Part 117 identifies onboard sleeping facilities as "Rest Facilities."
Altitude Reporting Equipment and Transponder System Maintenance and Inspection Practices - Including Change 1
This advisory circular (AC) provides information concerning acceptable methods of testing altimeters, static systems, altitude encoders, and air traffic control (ATC) transponder systems (ATCTS). This guidance also applies to the above articles, but does not include all requirements for testing the article, when part of 1090 megahertz (MHz) Extended Squitter (ES) or Universal Access Transceiver (UAT) Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast (ADS-B) systems. Like all advisory material, this AC is not in itself mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It provides a means, but not the only means, of testing at the time of original installation, after performing repairs, or during scheduled recertification. Where indicated, this AC ensures compliance with regulatory requirements. Operators may elect to follow an alternative method that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has found acceptable.
Incorporation of Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into an Operator’s Maintenance Program
On November 8, 2007, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) published the Enhanced Airworthiness Program for Airplane Systems/Fuel Tank Safety (EAPAS/FTS) final rule. The intent of the rule is to help ensure the continued safety of commercial airplanes by improving the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical wiring systems. Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, § 121.1111, and part 129, § 129.111 include requirements for operators to revise their maintenance programs to include instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA), which include inspections and procedures for the electrical wiring interconnection systems (EWIS). This advisory circular (AC) only addresses the EWIS requirements and provides guidance accordingly. The current edition of AC 120-97, Incorporation of Fuel Tank System Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into Operator Maintenance or Inspection Programs, provides guidance for operators to comply with the fuel tank safety (FTS) requirements in the EAPAS/FTS rule.
Application for U.S. Airworthiness Certificate, FAA Form 8130–6
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance and information needed to prepare and submit Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Form 8130-6, Application for U.S. Airworthiness Certificate. This application is required to obtain an airworthiness certificate or to amend a current certificate. In some cases, an application may be required for the issuance of a replacement airworthiness certificate. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with requirements. However, if you use the means described in the AC, you must follow it in all respects.
Federal Surplus Personal Property Program for Public Airport Purposes
This AC explains to public airport sponsors and other interested parties the Federal Surplus Personal Property Program for Public Airports. It contains the procedures for applying for screener credentials and to request authorized surplus personal property through the GSAXcess system administered by the General Services Administration (GSA) for disposition of federal surplus personal property.
Maintenance Review Boards, Maintenance Type Boards, and OEM/TCH Recommended Maintenance Procedures
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidelines that industry may use to develop and revise the minimum scheduled tasking/interval requirements for derivative or newly type-certificated (TC) aircraft and powerplants for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval. This AC refers to these minimum scheduled tasking/interval requirements as the Maintenance Review Board Report (MRBR), the Maintenance Type Board Report (MTBR), or the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM)/type-certificate holder’s (TCH) Recommended Maintenance Procedures. After FAA approval, the requirements become a basis upon which operators develop their own individual maintenance programs. The report will become a dynamic report for each TCH.
Use this AC to standardize the development, implementation, and update of FAA-approved minimum scheduled maintenance/inspection requirements.
Stall and Stick Pusher Training
The information contained in this advisory circular (AC) was developed based on a review of recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations. This AC does not provide guidance for full aerodynamic stall training, which industry and government stakeholders are now developing. Once developed, this AC will be revised to include that guidance.
The goal of this AC is to provide best practices and guidance for training, testing, and checking for pilots, within existing regulations, to ensure correct and consistent responses to unexpected stall warnings and stick pusher activations. This AC emphasizes reducing the angle of attack (AOA) at the first indication of a stall as the primary means of approach-to-stall or stall recovery. Additionally, this AC provides guidance for operators and training centers in the development of stall and stick pusher event training.