|120-77||AFS-300||Maintenance and Alteration Data This advisory circular (AC) provides one means, but not the only means, of ensuring that the contemplated maintenance, alteration, or continue-in-service condition is in compliance with applicable regulations and existing policy.||10-07-2002|
|120-66B||AFS-230||Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) This AC provides guidance for establishing an air transportation Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP). This objective of the ASAP is to encourage air carrier and repair station employees to voluntarily report safety information that may be critical to identifying potential precursors to accidents. Under ASAP, safety issues are not resolved through punishment or discipline.||11-15-2002|
|120-71A||AFS-210||Standard Operating Procedures for Flight Deck Crewmembers. Presents background, basic concepts and philosophy in respect to SOP. SOP’s are universally recognized as basic to safe aviation operations. Effective crew coordination and crew performance, two central concepts of crew resource management depend upon the crew’s having a shared mental model of each task. That mental model, in turn, is founded on SOP’s. This AC emphasizes that SOP’s must be clear, comprehensive, and readily available in the manuals used by flight deck crewmembers. A comprehensive SOP template is provided.||02-27-2003|
|120-51E||AFS-210||Crew Resource Management Training Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||01-22-2004|
|120-81||AFS-200W||Whistleblower Protection Program (Air Carrier) Provides guidance for air carrier employees, air carrier contractor employees, and air carrier subcontractor employees, concerning the joint Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)/Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Whistleblower Protection Program.||03-25-2004|
|120-82||AFS-230||Flight Operational Quality Assurance Provides guidance on one means, but not necessarily the only means, of developing, implementing, and operating a voluntary Flight Operational Quality Assurance (FOQA) program that is acceptable to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).||04-12-2004|
|120-83||AFS-220||Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment Provides guidance for 14 CFR parts 121, 125, and 135 certificate holders for obtaining an FAA finding regarding the operational safety/suitability of the Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment.||06-03-2004|
Aging Aircraft Inspections and Records Reviews
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance pertaining to aging aircraft inspections and records reviews accomplished to satisfy the requirements of the Aging Aircraft Safety Final Rule. This information represents an acceptable way, but not the only way, for an aging airplane inspection and records review to be conducted. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all important aspects.
Change 1 dated 01/15/2009
|120-60B||AFS-220||Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program Provides one means, but not the only means, for obtaining approval of a Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program, and for ensuring compliance with FAR Section 121.629.||12-20-2004|
|120-27E||AFS-200/AFS-300||Aircraft Weight and Balance Control Provides one means, but not the only means, for obtaining approval of a weight and balance control system. It provides guidance to certificate holders that are required to have an approved weight and balance program by Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 121 or choose to have an approved program under 14 CFR Part 135.||06-10-2005|
|120-89||AFS-220||Ground Deicing Using Infrared Energy Provides guidelines and recommendation for deicing aircraft with infrared technology. Also provides means for obtaining approval for the use & inclusion of infrared technology in an operators deicing program.||12-13-2005|
Preventing Injuries Caused by Turbulence
|120-59A||AFS-230||Air Carrier Internal Evaluation Programs Provides information and guidance material that may be used by air carrier certificate holders, operating under Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Parts 121 and 135, to design or develop an Internal Evaluation Program. The procedures and practices outlined in this (AC can be applied to maintenance, flight operations, and security aspects of an air carrier’s organization. Internal evaluation guidance for certificate holders other than those operating under FAR Pars 121 and 135 may be issued separately in the future.||04-17-2006|
|120-90||AFS-230||Line Operations Safety Audits Provides the rationale and procedure for conducting an Line Operations Safety Audit (LOSA) at an airline.||04-27-2006|
|120-91||AFS-400||Airport Obstacle Analysis Describes acceptable methods and guidelines for developing takeoff and initial climb-out airport obstacle analyses and in-flight procedures to comply with the intent of the regulatory requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations part 121,§§ 121.177, 121.189, and part 135, §§ 135.367, 135.379 and powered airplanes operated under parts 121 and 135||05-05-2006|
|120-54A||AFS-230||Advanced Qualification Program Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||06-23-2006|
|120-93||ANM-100||Damage Tolerance Inspections for Repairs and Alterations This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance material for Type Certificate (TC) Holders, Supplemental Type Certificate (STC) Holders, and operators to comply with requirements in the Aging Airplane Safety Act to ensure the airworthiness of aging airplane parts and components. The Aging Airplane Safety Rule that supports the Act specifies incorporating damage tolerance-based inspections into an operator’s continuous airworthiness maintenance program. These inspections will help ensure the integrity of fatigue critical structure on transport category airplanes operated in air transportation. This guidance will provide persons who have developed repairs and alterations with a means to develop damage tolerance data to be used to determine damage tolerance inspections for repairs and alterations that affect fatigue critical structure. This AC will give guidance on developing compliance documents, schedules and plans that will assist in developing and incorporating damage tolerance inspections into maintenance programs of certain transport category airplanes with respect to repairs and alterations.||11-20-2007|
|120-42B||AFS-220||Extended Operations (ETOPS and Polar Operations) States an acceptable means but not the only means for obtaining approval under FAR Section 121.161 for two-engine airplanes to operate over a route that contains a point farther than one hour flying time at the normal one-engine inoperative cruise speed (in still air) from an adequate airport.||06-13-2008|
Basics of Aviation Fatigue
Summarizes the content of the FAA international symposium on fatigue, “Aviation
Fatigue Management Symposium: Partnerships for Solutions”, June 17-19, 2008;
Describes fundamental concepts of human cognitive fatigue and how it relates to safe Provides information on conditions that contribute to cognitive fatigue; and fatigue and/or mitigate the effects of fatigue. Provides information on how individuals and aviation service providers can reduce performance of duties by employees in the aviation industry;
Part 121 Air Carrier Operational Control.
This advisory circular (AC) provides aviation safety inspectors (ASI) and air carrier management personnel with information to consider regarding certificate management and internal evaluation of operational control functions. This AC provides an accepted means, but not the only means for operators to comply with air carrier operational control regulations in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, §§ 121.531 through 121.537, and guidance in Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 25, Operational Control for Air Carriers. If you use the means described in this AC, you must follow the guidance in all important respects.
Establishing and Implementing Limit of Validity to Prevent Widespread Fatigue Damage
This advisory circular (AC)offers guidance on compliance with Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 26.21, 26.23, 121.1115, and 129.115. It tells design approval holders of transport category airplanes how to establish a limit of validity of the engineering data that supports the structural maintenance program (hereafter referred to as LOV) for those airplanes. It also tells design approval holders how to address maintenance actions that have been determined necessary to support an LOV. It tells operators of those airplanes how to incorporate the LOV into their maintenance programs. Finally, this AC provides guidance to anyone wishing to extend an LOV. Guidance for establishing an LOV for airplanes whose type certificate was applied for after (XXXX) is contained in AC 25.571-1X. Guidance for extending an LOV approved under § 25.571, § 26.21, or § 26.23 can be found here. The actions described in this AC are meant to prevent widespread fatigue damage (WFD) in the transport airplane fleet up to the LOV.
Continuous Descent Final Approach
This advisory circular provides guidance for all operators using the continuous descent final approach (CDFA)technique while conducting a nonprecision Approach (NPA) procedure. It describes the rationale for using the CDFA Technique, as well as recommended general procedures and training.
Air Carrier Operational Approval and Use of TCAS II
This advisory circular (AC) provides an acceptable, but not the only, means to address Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) issues related to installation and use of TCAS II regarding compliance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 121, 125, and 129 requirements for air carriers.
Incorporation of Fuel Tank System Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into Operator Maintenance or Inspection Programs
On May 7, 2001, the Transport Airplane Fuel Tank System Design Review, Flammability Reduction and Maintenance and Inspection Requirements final rule was published in the Federal Register (FR). It has since been referred to as the 2001 Fuel Tank Safety (FTS) rule. It adopted amendments to part 25, Special Federal Aviation Regulation (SFAR) 88 and operating requirements related to SFAR 88. The operating requirements included requirements to implement instructions for continued airworthiness (ICA) that design approval holders (DAH) developed in compliance with SFAR 88. On November 8, 2007, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) published the Enhanced Airworthiness Program for Airplane Systems (EAPAS)/FTS final rule. The purpose of the rule is to help ensure the continued safety of transport category airplanes by improving the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical wiring systems. The EAPAS/FTS rule amended the operating requirements to implement FTS actions developed in accordance with SFAR 88. Integrating the incorporation of the fuel tank system and electrical wiring interconnection system (EWIS) requirements helps to ensure compatibility and to eliminate duplication. Additionally, the EAPAS/FTS rule redesignates (replaces) Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91, § 91.410(b); part 121, § 121.370(b); part 125, § 125.248(b); and part 129, § 129.32(b) of the FTS rule. The new sections are §§ 91.1507, 121.1113, 125.507 and 129.113. These new rules also clarify language with reference to the approval process of the operator’s program. This advisory circular (AC) only addresses the fuel tank system safety requirements and describes acceptable means of compliance (AMC) accordingly. The current edition of AC 120-102, Incorporation of Electrical Wiring Interconnection Systems Instructions for Continued Airworthiness into an Operator’s Maintenance Program, addresses EWIS requirements in the EAPAS/FTS rule.
Operator Information for Incorporating Fuel Tank Flammability Reduction Requirements into a Maintenance or Inspection Program
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and describes an acceptable means of compliance (AMC) with the Reduction of Fuel Tank Flammability in Transport Category Airplanes, final rule. It is commonly called the Fuel Tank Flammability Reduction (FTFR) rule. This AC describes acceptable means, but not the only means, for demonstrating compliance with the applicable regulations. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will consider other methods of demonstrating compliance that an applicant may elect to present. While these guidelines are not mandatory, they are derived from extensive FAA and industry experience in determining compliance with the relevant regulations. If the FAA becomes aware of circumstances that convince us that following this AC would not result in compliance with the applicable regulations, the FAA may require additional substantiation or design changes as a basis for finding compliance. This material does not change or create any additional regulatory requirements, nor does it authorize changes in or permit deviations from existing regulatory requirements.