|120-49||AFS-200||Certification of Air Carriers Provides information and guidance material on the certification process of air carriers under FAR Part 121 and Part 135. It provides information that can be used by applicants who desire to be certificated as an air carrier in accordance with FAR Part 121 and Part 135.||11-23-1988|
Guidance for Conduction and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations
a. Evaluating Manufactured or Modified Aircraft. It provides a means but not the only means of evaluating manufactured or modified aircraft by the use of standard systems, processes, and tests necessary to determine pilot training and qualification requirements.
b. Differences in Training and Qualification between Aircraft. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with applicable Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) that provide for differences in training and qualification between aircraft with the same type certificate. It further describes an acceptable means for providing related aircraft differences training and qualification under provision of 14 CFR part 121 between aircraft with different type certificates that have been "designated" by the Administrator as related. Both of these processes use the provision of the Flight Standardization Board (FSB) report as the basis for the approval of pilot training and qualification necessary for the operation of aircraft. This AC is intended to enhance safety by:
(1) Providing a standard method of assessing applicant programs.
(2) Directly relating pilot training and qualification requirements to fleet characteristics, operating concepts, and pilot assignments.
(3) Permitting better industry planning and management by outlining what FAA requirements apply, what training resources or devices are needed, and what alternatives are possible.
(4) Encouraging aircraft manufacturers to design with the goal of developing common characteristics between related aircraft
(5) Providing a recommended framework for application of suitable credits or constraints to better address new technology and future safety enhancements.
Pilot Guide Large Aircraft Ground Deicing
Contains recommendations for ensuring safe operations of large airplanes during icing conditions and guidelines for the development of adequate procedures for the deicing of large airplanes.
New OPR effectives 10/20/14 is AFS-200
In-flight Radiation Exposure
This advisory circular (AC) provides basic background information and links to sources of more detailed information that can be used to improve air carrier programs that inform crewmembers about in-flight ionizing radiation exposure.
This advisory circular (AC) updates information regarding the hazards and risks of in-flight fires on transport category aircraft. The information includes recommended crewmember procedures and training for combating in-flight fires. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) issued Safety Recommendations A-11-87 through A-11-91 during the investigation of United Parcel Service (UPS) flight 6 accident on September 3, 2010 in the United Arab Emirates. The flightcrew encountered a "Fire Main Deck" master warning about 22 minutes into the flight; they declared an emergency and initiated a return to Dubai International Airport (DXB). The aircraft crashed inside an Emirate army post 9 miles from DXB, and both flightcrew members were fatally injured. NTSB findings revealed safety issues related to the training and use of oxygen mask; communicating with oxygen masks donned; and oxygen mask stowage and the smoke, fire, or fumes checklists. This revision to AC 120-80 is in response to NTSB recommendations A-11-88 through A-11-90.
Use of Child Restraint Systems on Aircraft
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and practices regarding the use of child restraint systems (CRS) on aircraft. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) intends for operators to use this as a resource during the development, implementation, and revision of an air carrier’s standard operating procedures (SOP), Web sites and training programs regarding the use of CRSs.
FAA Initiatives. This AC is one of several FAA initiatives designed to address safety concerns of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). It is a part of the FAA’s ongoing commitment to educate and inform aircraft operators, crewmembers, and airline passengers regarding the use of CRSs on aircraft in order to encourage and increase the use of approved CRSs. For more information, refer to the following FAA Web site: http://www.faa.gov/passengers/fly_children/.
Regulatory Requirements. In addition, this AC provides information to air carriers conducting Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 operations about the requirement to make available on their Web sites the width of the narrowest and widest passenger seats in each class of service for each make, model, and series (M/M/S) of airplane used in passenger-carrying operations. If an air carrier does not have a Web site, the air carrier is not required to establish a Web site in order to comply with this regulation.
Preventing Injuries Caused by Turbulence
Operations Control Center (OCC) for Helicopter Air Ambulance (HAA) Operations
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and recommendations to assist helicopter air ambulance (HAA) operators with the development, implementation, and integration of an Operations Control Center (OCC). By requiring larger HAA operators (per Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 135, § 135.619) and encouraging smaller HAA operators to implement OCCs and operational control procedures, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) intends to further increase HAA safety through the implementation of OCCs.
Basics of Aviation Fatigue
Summarizes the content of the FAA international symposium on fatigue, “Aviation
Fatigue Management Symposium: Partnerships for Solutions”, June 17-19, 2008;
Describes fundamental concepts of human cognitive fatigue and how it relates to safe Provides information on conditions that contribute to cognitive fatigue; and fatigue and/or mitigate the effects of fatigue. Provides information on how individuals and aviation service providers can reduce performance of duties by employees in the aviation industry;
Part 121 Air Carrier Operational Control.
This advisory circular (AC) provides aviation safety inspectors (ASI) and air carrier management personnel with information to consider regarding certificate management and internal evaluation of operational control functions. This AC provides an accepted means, but not the only means for operators to comply with air carrier operational control regulations in Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, §§ 121.531 through 121.537, and guidance in Flight Standards Information Management System (FSIMS), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8900.1, Volume 3, Chapter 25, Operational Control for Air Carriers. If you use the means described in this AC, you must follow the guidance in all important respects.
Stall Prevention and Recovery Training
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for training, testing, and checking pilots to ensure correct responses to impending and full stalls. For air carriers, Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 contains the applicable regulatory requirements. Although this AC is directed to part 121 air carriers, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) encourages all air carriers, airplane operators, pilot schools, and training centers to use this guidance for stall prevention training, testing, and checking. This guidance was created for operators of transport category airplanes; however, many of the principles apply to all airplanes. The content was developed based on a review of recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations.
Aircraft Secondary Barriers and Alternate Flight Deck Security Procedures
This advisory circular (AC) calls attention to RTCA Document (RTCA/DO-329) Aircraft Secondary Barriers and Alternative Flight Deck Security Procedures, as guidance to achieve effective protection of the flight deck as required by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 § 121.584(1)(a).
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with pertinent regulatory requirements.
Upset Prevention and Recovery Training
This advisory circular (AC) describes the recommended training for airplane Upset Prevention and Recovery Training (UPRT). The goal of this AC is to provide recommended practices and guidance for academic and flight simulation training device (FSTD) training for pilots to prevent developing upset conditions and ensure correct recovery responses to upsets. The AC was created from recommended practices developed by major airplane manufacturers, labor organizations, air carriers, training organizations, simulator manufacturers, and industry representative organizations. This AC provides guidance to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 air carriers implementing the regulatory requirements of §§ 121.419, 121.423, 121.424, and 121.427. Although this AC is directed to air carriers to implement part 121 regulations, the FAA encourages all airplane operators, pilot schools, and training centers to implement UPRT and to use this guidance, as applicable to the type of airplane in which training is conducted.
Although a stall is by definition an upset, stall prevention and recovery training is contained in the current edition of AC 120-109, Stall Prevention and Recovery Training.
Use of Liquid Water Equivalent System to Determine Holdover Times or Check Times for Anti-Icing Fluids
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) standard for a Liquid Water Equivalent System (LWES). This AC applies to anyone proposing to design, procure, construct, install, activate, or maintain an LWES. An LWES is an automated weather measurement system that determines the Liquid Water Equivalent (LWE) rate in conditions of frozen or freezing precipitation. The LWE rate is used by the system with the appropriate endurance time (ET) regression equations and regression coefficients specified in an FAA-approved current database at http://184.108.40.206/RegressionInformation.html to determine the holdover time (HOT) or check time (CT) for an aircraft’s applied anti-icing fluid (Society of Automotive Engineer (SAE) Types I, II, III, and IV). Thus, the LWES incorporates a Holdover Time Determination System (HOTDS) or Check Time Determination System (CTDS). The HOT is used to determine how long a fluid would provide protection assuming that the current conditions do not change. The CT is used to determine the fluid’s current protection capability, while incorporating varying weather conditions.
|120-27E||AFS-200/AFS-300||Aircraft Weight and Balance Control Provides one means, but not the only means, for obtaining approval of a weight and balance control system. It provides guidance to certificate holders that are required to have an approved weight and balance program by Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) Part 121 or choose to have an approved program under 14 CFR Part 135.||06-10-2005|
|120-64||AFS-200N||Operational Use & Modification of Electronic Checklists Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, to address the processes for approval, operational use, and modification of electronic checklists (ECL) and ECL data by air carriers.||04-24-1996|
|120-81||AFS-200W||Whistleblower Protection Program (Air Carrier) Provides guidance for air carrier employees, air carrier contractor employees, and air carrier subcontractor employees, concerning the joint Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)/Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Whistleblower Protection Program.||03-25-2004|
|120-44A||AFS-203||Air Carrier First Aid Programs Provides guidance about first aid program resources, subjects, equipment, and pertinent regulations. This revision adds information about blood borne pathogen awareness programs.||06-06-2001|
|120-40B||AFS-205||Airplane Simulator Qualification Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) regarding the evaluation of and qualification of airplane simulators used in training programs or airmen checking under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).||07-29-1991|
|120-45A||AFS-205||Airplane Flight Training Device Qualification Provides an acceptable means of ensuring compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of all training devices in which flight training, qualification, or certification of airmen under Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, is accomplished. Specifies the criteria to be used by the FAA when qualifying a device and determining what the qualification level should be.||02-05-1992|
|120-63||AFS-205||Helicopter Simulator Qualification Provides a suggested means of compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of helicopter simulators to be used in training and checking||10-11-1994|
|120-50A||AFS-210||Guidelines for Operational Approval of Windshear Training Programs Provides guidance for approval of low-altitude windshear training for operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, parts 121 and 135.||02-09-1996|
|120-51E||AFS-210||Crew Resource Management Training Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||01-22-2004|
|120-62||AFS-210||Takeoff Safety Training Aid Announces the availability of a joint industry/FAA Takeoff Safety Training Aid to help air carriers and pilots increase safety during the takeoff phase of flight.||09-12-1994|
|120-71A||AFS-210||Standard Operating Procedures for Flight Deck Crewmembers. Presents background, basic concepts and philosophy in respect to SOP. SOP’s are universally recognized as basic to safe aviation operations. Effective crew coordination and crew performance, two central concepts of crew resource management depend upon the crew’s having a shared mental model of each task. That mental model, in turn, is founded on SOP’s. This AC emphasizes that SOP’s must be clear, comprehensive, and readily available in the manuals used by flight deck crewmembers. A comprehensive SOP template is provided.||02-27-2003|