Waiver Safety Explanation Guidance

The information on this page is intended to be a guide to help you fill out the Waiver Safety Explanation field in the FAADroneZone operational waiver application. Use this field to:

  1. Describe your proposed operation
  2. Describe possible operational risks and methods to lessen/mitigate those risks
  3. Ensure each “Waiver Safety Explanation Guideline (WSEG)” is addressed in detail

Depending on how complex your proposed operation is, you may need to provide information that is not addressed below. It is your responsibility as an applicant to identify operational risks and mitigations for those risks to ensure you are flying safely. If your waiver application does not identify operational hazards and propose risk mitigation strategies, we will not be able to make a complete safety analysis and will disapprove your application based on insufficient information.

Watch this online tutorial to learn how to identify operational risks and mitigations:

When completing your application in FAADroneZone, you must review the following information when describing your operational details.

Operational Details

  • Where do you plan to operate?
    • Consider providing latitude/longitude and a detailed map of your planned flight area.
  • How high will you fly your aircraft (maximum altitude above ground level)?
  • Do you want to fly in controlled airspace (Class B, C, D, surface E)?
  • Are there any other kinds of airspace within 5 miles of any planned flight area?
  • What kind of area(s) will you fly over?
    • For example: rural, sparsely populated, congested, populated, a neighborhood, within city limits, large outdoor gathering of people, a restricted access site, etc.

Small UAS Details

  • What kind of UAS will you use to fly the operations requested in this application?
    • For example: multi-rotor, fixed wing, hybrid (both multi-rotor and fixed wing), single rotor, lighter than air, etc.
  • What is your UAS's power or energy source in flight?
  • What is your UAS's maximum flight time (in minutes), range (in feet), and speed (in miles per hour)?
  • How big is the aircraft (length/width/height in inches)?
  • How do you ensure the aircraft only flies where it is directed (i.e. ensure containment)?
    • For example: geo-fencing, tether, etc.
  • What kind of termination system, if any, does the UAS have?
    • For example immediate flight termination switch
  • How much will the aircraft and its payload weigh when flying?
  • If the aircraft carries any external or internal load (or object), how is the load secured?
  • What, if any, external or internal load (or object) could be dropped from the aircraft when flying, and how will you assure the safety of people, or other people's property, if it is dropped or detached when flying?

Pilot/Personnel Details

  • What minimum level of experience will the Remote Pilot in Command (Remote PIC) have to fly under this waiver?
  • How many personnel (including the Remote PIC) will you use for operations under this waiver (minimum needed)?
  • What kind of training, if any, will personnel (e.g. visual observer(s)) have prior to flying under the waiver?
    • How will the personnel be trained?
    • How will the Responsible Person know the other personnel are competent and have operational knowledge to safely fly the UAS under the waiver conditions?
    • If personnel will be tested, what kind of testing will be performed, and how will evaluations be conducted and documented?
    • How will personnel maintain the knowledge/skill to fly under this waiver? Will recurrent training or testing be required?

Describe Operational Risks and Mitigations

Provide, to the greatest extent possible, how you propose to address or lessen the possible risks of your proposed operation. This could include using operating limitations, technology, additional training, equipment, personnel, restricted access areas, etc. When reviewing the questions for each section below, the FAA's primary concerns are:

  • How you will ensure your operation(s) remains safe at all times, even in unusual circumstances.
  • What kinds of circumstances could arise, and how you plan to handle each.

The following, Waiver Safety Explanation Guidelines (WSEGs), are associated with each waivable section of part 107. Only answer the questions for the regulatory section applicable to the application you will submit:

  • Operations from a moving vehicle or aircraft (107.25)
  • Operation at night (107.29(a)(2) and (b))
  • Visual line of sight aircraft operation (107.31)
  • Visual observer (107.33)
  • Operation of multiple small unmanned aircraft (107.35)
  • Operation near aircraft (107.37)
  • Operations over human beings (107.39)
  • Operating limitations: ground speed (107.51(a))
  • Operating limitations: altitude (107.51(b))
  • Operating limitations: minimum visibility (107.51(c))
  • Operating limitations: minimum distance from clouds (107.51(d))
  • Operations over moving vehicles (107.145)

Note: The list of questions may not be all-inclusive. You may need to provide additional information based on your specific operation.

Last updated: Thursday, July 14, 2022