U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION
Air Traffic Organization Policy

ORDER
JO 7110.65V
Effective Date:
April 3, 2014
 
     
Subject:  Air Traffic Control
 

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. General

Section 1. Introduction

1-1-1. PURPOSE OF THIS ORDER

1-1-2. AUDIENCE

1-1-3. WHERE TO FIND THIS ORDER

1-1-4. WHAT THIS ORDER CANCELS

1-1-5. EXPLANATION OF CHANGES

1-1-6. SUBMISSION CUTOFF AND EFFECTIVE DATES

1-1-7. DELIVERY DATES

1-1-8. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PROCEDURAL CHANGES

1-1-9. PROCEDURAL LETTERS OF AGREEMENT

1-1-10. CONSTRAINTS GOVERNING SUPPLEMENTS AND PROCEDURAL DEVIATIONS

1-1-11. SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (SMS)

1-1-12. REFERENCES TO FAA NON-AIR TRAFFIC ORGANIZATIONS

1-1-13. DISTRIBUTION

Section 2. Terms of Reference

1-2-1. WORD MEANINGS

1-2-2. COURSE DEFINITIONS

1-2-3. NOTES

1-2-4. REFERENCES

1-2-5. ANNOTATIONS

1-2-6. ABBREVIATIONS

Chapter 2. General Control

Section 1. General

2-1-1. ATC SERVICE

2-1-2. DUTY PRIORITY

2-1-3. PROCEDURAL PREFERENCE

2-1-4. OPERATIONAL PRIORITY

2-1-5. EXPEDITIOUS COMPLIANCE

2-1-6. SAFETY ALERT

2-1-7. INFLIGHT EQUIPMENT MALFUNCTIONS

2-1-8. MINIMUM FUEL

2-1-9. REPORTING ESSENTIAL FLIGHT INFORMATION

2-1-10. NAVAID MALFUNCTIONS

2-1-11. USE OF MARSA

2-1-12. MILITARY PROCEDURES

2-1-13. FORMATION FLIGHTS

2-1-14. COORDINATE USE OF AIRSPACE

2-1-15. CONTROL TRANSFER

2-1-16. SURFACE AREAS

2-1-17. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS

2-1-18. OPERATIONAL REQUESTS

2-1-19. WAKE TURBULENCE

2-1-20. WAKE TURBULENCE CAUTIONARY ADVISORIES

2-1-21. TRAFFIC ADVISORIES

2-1-22. BIRD ACTIVITY INFORMATION

2-1-23. TRANSFER OF POSITION RESPONSIBILITY

2-1-24. WHEELS DOWN CHECK

2-1-25. SUPERVISORY NOTIFICATION

2-1-26. PILOT DEVIATION NOTIFICATION

2-1-27. TCAS RESOLUTION ADVISORIES

2-1-28. RVSM OPERATIONS

2-1-29. TERRAIN AWARENESS WARNING SYSTEM (TAWS) ALERTS
2-1-30. "BLUE LIGHTNING" EVENTS

Section 2. Flight Plans and Control Information

2-2-1. RECORDING INFORMATION

2-2-2. FORWARDING INFORMATION

2-2-3. FORWARDING VFR DATA

2-2-4. MILITARY DVFR DEPARTURES

2-2-5. IFR TO VFR FLIGHT PLAN CHANGE

2-2-6. IFR FLIGHT PROGRESS DATA

2-2-7. MANUAL INPUT OF COMPUTER-ASSIGNED BEACON CODES

2-2-8. ALTRV INFORMATION

2-2-9. COMPUTER MESSAGE VERIFICATION

2-2-10. TRANSMIT PROPOSED FLIGHT PLAN

2-2-11. FORWARDING AMENDED AND UTM DATA

2-2-12. AIRBORNE MILITARY FLIGHTS

2-2-13. FORWARDING FLIGHT PLAN DATA BETWEEN U.S. ARTCCs AND CANADIAN ACCs

2-2-14. TELETYPE FLIGHT DATA FORMAT- U.S. ARTCCs - CANADIAN ACCs

2-2-15. NORTH AMERICAN ROUTE PROGRAM (NRP) INFORMATION

Section 3. Flight Progress Strips

2-3-1. GENERAL

2-3-2. EN ROUTE DATA ENTRIES

2-3-3. OCEANIC DATA ENTRIES

2-3-4. TERMINAL DATA ENTRIES

2-3-5. AIRCRAFT IDENTITY

2-3-6. AIRCRAFT TYPE

2-3-7. USAF/USN UNDERGRADUATE PILOTS

2-3-8. AIRCRAFT EQUIPMENT SUFFIX

2-3-9. CLEARANCE STATUS

2-3-10. CONTROL SYMBOLOGY

Section 4. Radio and Interphone Communications

2-4-1. RADIO COMMUNICATIONS

2-4-2. MONITORING

2-4-3. PILOT ACKNOWLEDGMENT/READ BACK

2-4-4. AUTHORIZED INTERRUPTIONS

2-4-5. AUTHORIZED TRANSMISSIONS

2-4-6. FALSE OR DECEPTIVE COMMUNICATIONS

2-4-7. AUTHORIZED RELAYS

2-4-8. RADIO MESSAGE FORMAT

2-4-9. ABBREVIATED TRANSMISSIONS

2-4-10. INTERPHONE TRANSMISSION PRIORITIES

2-4-11. PRIORITY INTERRUPTION

2-4-12. INTERPHONE MESSAGE FORMAT

2-4-13. INTERPHONE MESSAGE TERMINATION

2-4-14. WORDS AND PHRASES

2-4-15. EMPHASIS FOR CLARITY

2-4-16. ICAO PHONETICS

2-4-17. NUMBERS USAGE

2-4-18. NUMBER CLARIFICATION

2-4-19. FACILITY IDENTIFICATION

2-4-20. AIRCRAFT IDENTIFICATION

2-4-21. DESCRIPTION OF AIRCRAFT TYPES

2-4-22. AIRSPACE CLASSES

Section 5. Route and NAVAID Description

2-5-1. AIR TRAFFIC SERVICE (ATS) ROUTES

2-5-2. NAVAID TERMS

2-5-3. NAVAID FIXES

Section 6. Weather Information

2-6-1. FAMILIARIZATION

2-6-2. HAZARDOUS INFLIGHT WEATHER ADVISORY SERVICE (HIWAS)

2-6-3. PIREP INFORMATION

2-6-4. WEATHER AND CHAFF SERVICES

2-6-5. CALM WIND CONDITIONS

2-6-6. REPORTING WEATHER CONDITIONS

2-6-7. DISSEMINATING WEATHER INFORMATION

Section 7. Altimeter Settings

2-7-1. CURRENT SETTINGS

2-7-2. ALTIMETER SETTING ISSUANCE BELOW LOWEST USABLE FL

Section 8. Runway Visibility Reporting- Terminal

2-8-1. FURNISH RVR/RVV VALUES

2-8-2. ARRIVAL/DEPARTURE RUNWAY VISIBILITY

2-8-3. TERMINOLOGY

Section 9. Automatic Terminal Information Service Procedures

2-9-1. APPLICATION

2-9-2. OPERATING PROCEDURES

2-9-3. CONTENT

Section 10. Team Position Responsibilities

2-10-1. EN ROUTE SECTOR TEAM POSITION RESPONSIBILITIES

2-10-2. TERMINAL RADAR/NONRADAR TEAM POSITION RESPONSIBILITIES

2-10-3. TOWER TEAM POSITION RESPONSIBILITIES

Chapter 3. Airport Traffic Control- Terminal

Section 1. General

3-1-1. PROVIDE SERVICE

3-1-2. PREVENTIVE CONTROL

3-1-3. USE OF ACTIVE RUNWAYS

3-1-4. COORDINATION BETWEEN LOCAL AND GROUND CONTROLLERS

3-1-5. VEHICLES/EQUIPMENT/PERSONNEL ON RUNWAYS

3-1-6. TRAFFIC INFORMATION

3-1-7. POSITION DETERMINATION

3-1-8. LOW LEVEL WIND SHEAR/MICROBURST ADVISORIES

3-1-9. USE OF TOWER RADAR DISPLAYS

3-1-10. OBSERVED ABNORMALITIES

3-1-11. SURFACE AREA RESTRICTIONS

3-1-12. VISUALLY SCANNING RUNWAYS

3-1-13. ESTABLISHING TWO-WAY COMMUNICATIONS

3-1-14. GROUND OPERATIONS WHEN VOLCANIC ASH IS PRESENT

3-1-15. GROUND OPERATIONS RELATED TO THREE-HOUR TARMAC RULE

Section 2. Visual Signals

3-2-1. LIGHT SIGNALS

3-2-2. WARNING SIGNAL

3-2-3. RECEIVER-ONLY ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Section 3. Airport Conditions

3-3-1. LANDING AREA CONDITION

3-3-2. CLOSED/UNSAFE RUNWAY INFORMATION

3-3-3. TIMELY INFORMATION

3-3-4. BRAKING ACTION

3-3-5. BRAKING ACTION ADVISORIES

3-3-6. ARRESTING SYSTEM OPERATION

3-3-7. FAR FIELD MONITOR (FFM) REMOTE STATUS UNIT

Section 4. Airport Lighting

3-4-1. EMERGENCY LIGHTING

3-4-2. RUNWAY END IDENTIFIER LIGHTS

3-4-3. VISUAL APPROACH SLOPE INDICATORS (VASI)

3-4-4. PRECISION APPROACH PATH INDICATORS (PAPI)

3-4-5. APPROACH LIGHTS

3-4-6. ALS INTENSITY SETTINGS

3-4-7. SEQUENCED FLASHING LIGHTS (SFL)

3-4-8. MALSR/ODALS

3-4-9. ALSF-2/SSALR

3-4-10. RUNWAY EDGE LIGHTS

3-4-11. HIGH INTENSITY RUNWAY, RUNWAY CENTERLINE, AND TOUCHDOWN ZONE LIGHTS

3-4-12. HIRL ASSOCIATED WITH MALSR

3-4-13. HIRL CHANGES AFFECTING RVR

3-4-14. MEDIUM INTENSITY RUNWAY LIGHTS

3-4-15. SIMULTANEOUS APPROACH AND RUNWAY EDGE LIGHT OPERATION

3-4-16. HIGH SPEED TURNOFF LIGHTS

3-4-17. TAXIWAY LIGHTS

3-4-18. OBSTRUCTION LIGHTS

3-4-19. ROTATING BEACON

Section 5. Runway Selection

3-5-1. SELECTION

3-5-2. STOL RUNWAYS

3-5-3. TAILWIND COMPONENTS

Section 6. Airport Surface Detection Procedures

3-6-1. EQUIPMENT USAGE

3-6-2. IDENTIFICATION

3-6-3. INFORMATION USAGE

3-6-4. SAFETY LOGIC ALERT RESPONSES

3-6-5. RADAR-ONLY MODE

Section 7. Taxi and Ground Movement Procedures

3-7-1. GROUND TRAFFIC MOVEMENT

3-7-2. TAXI AND GROUND MOVEMENT OPERATIONS

3-7-3. GROUND OPERATIONS

3-7-4. RUNWAY PROXIMITY

3-7-5. PRECISION APPROACH CRITICAL AREA

3-7-6. PRECISION OBSTACLE FREE ZONE (POFZ) AND FINAL APPROACH OBSTACLE CLEARANCE SURFACES (OCS)

Section 8. Spacing and Sequencing

3-8-1. SEQUENCE/SPACING APPLICATION

3-8-2. TOUCH-AND-GO OR STOP-AND-GO OR LOW APPROACH

3-8-3. SIMULTANEOUS SAME DIRECTION OPERATION

3-8-4. SIMULTANEOUS OPPOSITE DIRECTION OPERATION

Section 9. Departure Procedures and Separation

3-9-1. DEPARTURE INFORMATION

3-9-2. DEPARTURE DELAY INFORMATION

3-9-3. DEPARTURE CONTROL INSTRUCTIONS

3-9-4. TAXI INTO POSITION AND HOLD (TIPH)

3-9-5. ANTICIPATING SEPARATION

3-9-6. SAME RUNWAY SEPARATION

3-9-7. WAKE TURBULENCE SEPARATION FOR INTERSECTION DEPARTURES

3-9-8. INTERSECTING RUNWAY SEPARATION

3-9-9. TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

3-9-10. CANCELLATION OF TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

Section 10. Arrival Procedures and Separation

3-10-1. LANDING INFORMATION

3-10-2. FORWARDING APPROACH INFORMATION BY NONAPPROACH CONTROL FACILITIES

3-10-3. SAME RUNWAY SEPARATION

3-10-4. INTERSECTING RUNWAY SEPARATION

3-10-5. LANDING CLEARANCE

3-10-6. ANTICIPATING SEPARATION

3-10-7. LANDING CLEARANCE WITHOUT VISUAL OBSERVATION

3-10-8. WITHHOLDING LANDING CLEARANCE

3-10-9. RUNWAY EXITING

3-10-10. ALTITUDE RESTRICTED LOW APPROACH

3-10-11. CLOSED TRAFFIC

3-10-12. OVERHEAD MANEUVER

3-10-13. SIMULATED FLAMEOUT (SFO) APPROACHES/EMERGENCY LANDING PATTERN (ELP) OPERATIONS/PRACTICE PRECAUTIONARY APPROACHES

Section 11. Helicopter Operations

3-11-1. TAXI AND GROUND MOVEMENT OPERATION

3-11-2. HELICOPTER TAKEOFF CLEARANCE

3-11-3. HELICOPTER DEPARTURE SEPARATION

3-11-4. HELICOPTER ARRIVAL SEPARATION

3-11-5. SIMULTANEOUS LANDINGS OR TAKEOFFS

3-11-6. HELICOPTER LANDING CLEARANCE

Section 12. Sea Lane Operations

3-12-1. APPLICATION

3-12-2. DEPARTURE SEPARATION

3-12-3. ARRIVAL SEPARATION

Chapter 4. IFR

Section 1. NAVAID Use Limitations

4-1-1. ALTITUDE AND DISTANCE LIMITATIONS

4-1-2. EXCEPTIONS

4-1-3. CROSSING ALTITUDE

4-1-4. VFR-ON-TOP

4-1-5. FIX USE

Section 2. Clearances

4-2-1. CLEARANCE ITEMS

4-2-2. CLEARANCE PREFIX

4-2-3. DELIVERY INSTRUCTIONS

4-2-4. CLEARANCE RELAY

4-2-5. ROUTE OR ALTITUDE AMENDMENTS

4-2-6. THROUGH CLEARANCES

4-2-7. ALTRV CLEARANCE

4-2-8. IFR-VFR AND VFR-IFR FLIGHTS

4-2-9. CLEARANCE ITEMS
4-2-10. CANCELLATION OF IFR FLIGHT PLAN

Section 3. Departure Procedures

4-3-1. DEPARTURE TERMINOLOGY

4-3-2. DEPARTURE CLEARANCES

4-3-3. ABBREVIATED DEPARTURE CLEARANCE

4-3-4. DEPARTURE RESTRICTIONS, CLEARANCE VOID TIMES, HOLD FOR RELEASE, AND RELEASE TIMES

4-3-5. GROUND STOP

4-3-6. DELAY SEQUENCING

4-3-7. FORWARD DEPARTURE DELAY INFORMATION

4-3-8. COORDINATION WITH RECEIVING FACILITY

4-3-9. VFR RELEASE OF IFR DEPARTURE

4-3-10. FORWARDING DEPARTURE TIMES

Section 4. Route Assignment

4-4-1. ROUTE USE

4-4-2. ROUTE STRUCTURE TRANSITIONS

4-4-3. DEGREE-DISTANCE ROUTE DEFINITION FOR MILITARY OPERATIONS

4-4-4. ALTERNATIVE ROUTES

4-4-5. CLASS G AIRSPACE

4-4-6. DIRECT CLEARANCES

Section 5. Altitude Assignment and Verification

4-5-1. VERTICAL SEPARATION MINIMA

4-5-2. FLIGHT DIRECTION

4-5-3. EXCEPTIONS

4-5-4. LOWEST USABLE FLIGHT LEVEL

4-5-5. ADJUSTED MINIMUM FLIGHT LEVEL

4-5-6. MINIMUM EN ROUTE ALTITUDES

4-5-7. ALTITUDE INFORMATION

4-5-8. ANTICIPATED ALTITUDE CHANGES

4-5-9. ALTITUDE CONFIRMATION- NONRADAR

Section 6. Holding Aircraft

4-6-1. CLEARANCE TO HOLDING FIX

4-6-2. CLEARANCE BEYOND FIX

4-6-3. DELAYS

4-6-4. HOLDING INSTRUCTIONS

4-6-5. VISUAL HOLDING POINTS

4-6-6. HOLDING FLIGHT PATH DEVIATION

4-6-7. UNMONITORED NAVAIDs

4-6-8. ILS PROTECTION/CRITICAL AREAS

Section 7. Arrival Procedures

4-7-1. CLEARANCE INFORMATION

4-7-2. ADVANCE DESCENT CLEARANCE

4-7-3. SINGLE FREQUENCY APPROACHES (SFA)

4-7-4. RADIO FREQUENCY AND RADAR BEACON CHANGES FOR MILITARY AIRCRAFT

4-7-5. MILITARY TURBOJET EN ROUTE DESCENT

4-7-6. ARRIVAL INFORMATION

4-7-7. WEATHER INFORMATION

4-7-8. BELOW MINIMA REPORT BY PILOT

4-7-9. TRANSFER OF JURISDICTION

4-7-10. APPROACH INFORMATION

4-7-11. ARRIVAL INFORMATION BY APPROACH CONTROL FACILITIES

4-7-12. AIRPORT CONDITIONS

4-7-13. SWITCHING ILS/MLS RUNWAYS

Section 8. Approach Clearance Procedures

4-8-1. APPROACH CLEARANCE

4-8-2. CLEARANCE LIMIT

4-8-3. RELAYED APPROACH CLEARANCE

4-8-4. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENT FOR MILITARY HIGH ALTITUDE INSTRUMENT APPROACHES

4-8-5. SPECIFYING ALTITUDE

4-8-6. CIRCLING APPROACH

4-8-7. SIDE-STEP MANEUVER

4-8-8. COMMUNICATIONS RELEASE

4-8-9. MISSED APPROACH

4-8-10. APPROACH INFORMATION

4-8-11. PRACTICE APPROACHES

4-8-12. LOW APPROACH AND TOUCH-AND-GO

Chapter 5. Radar

Section 1. General

5-1-1. PRESENTATION AND EQUIPMENT PERFORMANCE

5-1-2. ALIGNMENT ACCURACY CHECK

5-1-3. RADAR USE

5-1-4. BEACON RANGE ACCURACY

5-1-5. ELECTRONIC ATTACK (EA) ACTIVITY

5-1-6. SERVICE LIMITATIONS

5-1-7. ELECTRONIC CURSOR

5-1-8. MERGING TARGET PROCEDURES

5-1-9. HOLDING PATTERN SURVEILLANCE

5-1-10. DEVIATION ADVISORIES

5-1-11. RADAR FIX POSTING

5-1-12. POSITION REPORTING

5-1-13. RADAR SERVICE TERMINATION

Section 2. Beacon Systems

5-2-1. ASSIGNMENT CRITERIA

5-2-2. DISCRETE ENVIRONMENT

5-2-3. NONDISCRETE ENVIRONMENT

5-2-4. MIXED ENVIRONMENT

5-2-5. RADAR BEACON CODE CHANGES

5-2-6. FUNCTION CODE ASSIGNMENTS

5-2-7. EMERGENCY CODE ASSIGNMENT

5-2-8. RADIO FAILURE

5-2-9. VFR CODE ASSIGNMENTS

5-2-10. BEACON CODE FOR PRESSURE SUIT FLIGHTS AND FLIGHTS ABOVE FL 600

5-2-11. AIR DEFENSE EXERCISE BEACON CODE ASSIGNMENT

5-2-12. STANDBY OR LOW SENSITIVITY OPERATION

5-2-13. CODE MONITOR

5-2-14. FAILURE TO DISPLAY ASSIGNED BEACON CODE OR INOPERATIVE/MALFUNCTIONING TRANSPONDER

5-2-15. INOPERATIVE OR MALFUNCTIONING INTERROGATOR

5-2-16. FAILED TRANSPONDER IN CLASS A AIRSPACE

5-2-17. VALIDATION OF MODE C READOUT

5-2-18. ALTITUDE CONFIRMATION- MODE C

5-2-19. ALTITUDE CONFIRMATION- NON-MODE C

5-2-20. AUTOMATIC ALTITUDE REPORTING

5-2-21. INFLIGHT DEVIATIONS FROM TRANSPONDER/MODE C REQUIREMENTS BETWEEN 10,000 FEET AND 18,000 FEET

5-2-22. BEACON TERMINATION

5-2-23. ALTITUDE FILTERS
5-2-24. INOVPERATIVE OR MALFUNCTIONING ADS-B TRANSMITTER

Section 3. Radar Identification

5-3-1. APPLICATION

5-3-2. PRIMARY RADAR IDENTIFICATION METHODS

5-3-3. BEACON IDENTIFICATION METHODS

5-3-4. TERMINAL AUTOMATION SYSTEMS IDENTIFICATION METHODS

5-3-5. QUESTIONABLE IDENTIFICATION

5-3-6. POSITION INFORMATION

5-3-7. IDENTIFICATION STATUS

5-3-8. TARGET MARKERS

5-3-9. TARGET MARKERS

Section 4. Transfer of Radar Identification

5-4-1. APPLICATION

5-4-2. TERMS

5-4-3. METHODS

5-4-4. TRAFFIC

5-4-5. TRANSFERRING CONTROLLER HANDOFF

5-4-6. RECEIVING CONTROLLER HANDOFF

5-4-7. POINT OUT

5-4-8. AUTOMATED INFORMATION TRANSFER (AIT)

5-4-9. INTERFACILITY AUTOMATED INFORMATION TRANSFER

5-4-10. PREARRANGED COORDINATION

5-4-11. EN ROUTE FOURTH LINE DATA BLOCK USAGE

Section 5. Radar Separation

5-5-1. APPLICATION

5-5-2. TARGET SEPARATION

5-5-3. TARGET RESOLUTION

5-5-4. MINIMA

5-5-5. VERTICAL APPLICATION

5-5-6. EXCEPTIONS

5-5-7. PASSING OR DIVERGING

5-5-8. ADDITIONAL SEPARATION FOR FORMATION FLIGHTS

5-5-9. SEPARATION FROM OBSTRUCTIONS

5-5-10. ADJACENT AIRSPACE

5-5-11. EDGE OF SCOPE

5-5-12. BEACON TARGET DISPLACEMENT

5-5-13. GPA 102/103 CORRECTION FACTOR

Section 6. Vectoring

5-6-1. APPLICATION

5-6-2. METHODS

5-6-3. VECTORS BELOW MINIMUM ALTITUDE

Section 7. Speed Adjustment

5-7-1. APPLICATION

5-7-2. METHODS

5-7-3. MINIMA

5-7-4. TERMINATION

Section 8. Radar Departures

5-8-1. PROCEDURES

5-8-2. INITIAL HEADING

5-8-3. SUCCESSIVE OR SIMULTANEOUS DEPARTURES

5-8-4. DEPARTURE AND ARRIVAL

5-8-5. DEPARTURES AND ARRIVALS ON PARALLEL OR NONINTERSECTING DIVERGING RUNWAYS

Section 9. Radar Arrivals

5-9-1. VECTORS TO FINAL APPROACH COURSE

5-9-2. FINAL APPROACH COURSE INTERCEPTION

5-9-3. VECTORS ACROSS FINAL APPROACH COURSE

5-9-4. ARRIVAL INSTRUCTIONS

5-9-5. APPROACH SEPARATION RESPONSIBILITY

5-9-6. SIMULTANEOUS DEPENDENT APPROACHES

5-9-7. SIMULTANEOUS INDEPENDENT APPROACHES- DUAL & TRIPLE

5-9-8. SIMULTANEOUS INDEPENDENT CLOSE PARALLEL APPROACHES- HIGH UPDATE RADAR

5-9-9. SIMULTANEOUS INDEPENDENT CLOSE PARALLEL APPROACHES - HIGH UPDATE RADAR NOT REQUIRED
5-9-10. SIMULTANEOUS OFFSET INSTRUMENT APPROACHES (SOIA) - HIGH UPDATE RADAR

5-9-11. SIMULTANEOUS INDEPENDENT APPROACHES TO WIDELY-SPACED PARALLEL RUNWAYS WITHOUT FINAL MONITORS

Section 10. Radar Approaches- Terminal

5-10-1. APPLICATION

5-10-2. APPROACH INFORMATION

5-10-3. NO-GYRO APPROACH

5-10-4. LOST COMMUNICATIONS

5-10-5. RADAR CONTACT LOST

5-10-6. LANDING CHECK

5-10-7. POSITION INFORMATION

5-10-8. FINAL CONTROLLER CHANGEOVER

5-10-9. COMMUNICATIONS CHECK

5-10-10. TRANSMISSION ACKNOWLEDGMENT

5-10-11. MISSED APPROACH

5-10-12. LOW APPROACH AND TOUCH-AND-GO

5-10-13. TOWER CLEARANCE

5-10-14. FINAL APPROACH ABNORMALITIES

5-10-15. MILITARY SINGLE FREQUENCY APPROACHES

Section 11. Surveillance Approaches- Terminal

5-11-1. ALTITUDE INFORMATION

5-11-2. VISUAL REFERENCE REPORT

5-11-3. DESCENT NOTIFICATION

5-11-4. DESCENT INSTRUCTIONS

5-11-5. FINAL APPROACH GUIDANCE

5-11-6. APPROACH GUIDANCE TERMINATION

Section 12. PAR Approaches- Terminal

5-12-1. GLIDEPATH NOTIFICATION

5-12-2. DECISION HEIGHT (DH) NOTIFICATION

5-12-3. DESCENT INSTRUCTION

5-12-4. GLIDEPATH AND COURSE INFORMATION

5-12-5. DISTANCE FROM TOUCHDOWN

5-12-6. DECISION HEIGHT

5-12-7. POSITION ADVISORIES

5-12-8. APPROACH GUIDANCE TERMINATION

5-12-9. COMMUNICATION TRANSFER

5-12-10. ELEVATION FAILURE

5-12-11. SURVEILLANCE UNUSABLE

Section 13. Use of PAR for Approach Monitoring- Terminal

5-13-1. MONITOR ON PAR EQUIPMENT

5-13-2. MONITOR AVAILABILITY

5-13-3. MONITOR INFORMATION

Section 14. Automation- En Route

5-14-1. CONFLICT ALERT (CA) AND MODE C INTRUDER (MCI) ALERT

5-14-2. EN ROUTE MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE WARNING (E-MSAW)

5-14-3. COMPUTER ENTRY OF ASSIGNED ALTITUDE

5-14-4. ENTRY OF REPORTED ALTITUDE

5-14-5. SELECTED ALTITUDE LIMITS

5-14-6. SECTOR ELIGIBILITY

5-14-7. COAST TRACKS

5-14-8. CONTROLLER INITIATED COAST TRACKS

Section 15. Automated Radar Terminal Systems (ARTS)- Terminal

5-15-1. APPLICATION

5-15-2. RESPONSIBILITY

5-15-3. FUNCTIONAL USE

5-15-4. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

5-15-5. INFORMATION DISPLAYED

5-15-6. CA/MCI

5-15-7. INHIBITING MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE WARNING (MSAW)

5-15-8. TRACK SUSPEND FUNCTION

Section 16. TPX-42- Terminal

5-16-1. APPLICATION

5-16-2. RESPONSIBILITY

5-16-3. FUNCTIONAL USE

5-16-4. SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS

5-16-5. INFORMATION DISPLAYED

5-16-6. INHIBITING LOW ALTITUDE ALERT SYSTEM (LAAS)

Chapter 6. Nonradar

Section 1. General

6-1-1. DISTANCE

6-1-2. NONRECEIPT OF POSITION REPORT

6-1-3. DUPLICATE POSITION REPORTS

6-1-4. ADJACENT AIRPORT OPERATION

6-1-5. ARRIVAL MINIMA

Section 2. Initial Separation of Successive Departing Aircraft

6-2-1. MINIMA ON DIVERGING COURSES

6-2-2. MINIMA ON SAME COURSE

Section 3. Initial Separation of Departing and Arriving Aircraft

6-3-1. SEPARATION MINIMA

Section 4. Longitudinal Separation

6-4-1. APPLICATION

6-4-2. MINIMA ON SAME, CONVERGING, OR CROSSING COURSES

6-4-3. MINIMA ON OPPOSITE COURSES

6-4-4. SEPARATION BY PILOTS

6-4-5. RNAV AIRCRAFT ALONG VOR AIRWAYS/ROUTES

Section 5. Lateral Separation

6-5-1. SEPARATION METHODS

6-5-2. MINIMA ON DIVERGING RADIALS

6-5-3. DME ARC MINIMA

6-5-4. MINIMA ALONG OTHER THAN ESTABLISHED AIRWAYS OR ROUTES

6-5-5. RNAV MINIMA- DIVERGING/CROSSING COURSES

Section 6. Vertical Separation

6-6-1. APPLICATION

6-6-2. EXCEPTIONS

6-6-3. SEPARATION BY PILOTS

Section 7. Timed Approaches

6-7-1. APPLICATION

6-7-2. APPROACH SEQUENCE

6-7-3. SEQUENCE INTERRUPTION

6-7-4. LEVEL FLIGHT RESTRICTION

6-7-5. INTERVAL MINIMA

6-7-6. TIME CHECK

6-7-7. MISSED APPROACHES

Chapter 7. Visual

Section 1. General

7-1-1. CLASS A AIRSPACE RESTRICTIONS

7-1-2. VFR CONDITIONS

7-1-3. APPROACH CONTROL SERVICE FOR VFR ARRIVING AIRCRAFT

7-1-4. VISUAL HOLDING OF VFR AIRCRAFT

Section 2. Visual Separation

7-2-1. VISUAL SEPARATION

Section 3. VFR-on-top

7-3-1. VFR-ON-TOP

7-3-2. ALTITUDE FOR DIRECTION OF FLIGHT

Section 4. Approaches

7-4-1. VISUAL APPROACH

7-4-2. VECTORS FOR VISUAL APPROACH

7-4-3. CLEARANCE FOR VISUAL APPROACH

7-4-4. APPROACHES TO MULTIPLE RUNWAYS

7-4-5. CHARTED VISUAL FLIGHT PROCEDURES (CVFP). USA/USN NOT APPLICABLE

7-4-6. CONTACT APPROACH

Section 5. Special VFR (SVFR)

7-5-1. AUTHORIZATION

7-5-2. PRIORITY

7-5-3. SEPARATION

7-5-4. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENT

7-5-5. LOCAL OPERATIONS

7-5-6. CLIMB TO VFR

7-5-7. GROUND VISIBILITY BELOW ONE MILE

7-5-8. FLIGHT VISIBILITY BELOW ONE MILE

Section 6. Basic Radar Service to VFR Aircraft- Terminal

7-6-1. APPLICATION

7-6-2. SERVICE AVAILABILITY

7-6-3. INITIAL CONTACT

7-6-4. IDENTIFICATION

7-6-5. HOLDING

7-6-6. APPROACH SEQUENCE

7-6-7. SEQUENCING

7-6-8. CONTROL TRANSFER

7-6-9. ABANDONED APPROACH

7-6-10. VFR DEPARTURE INFORMATION

7-6-11. TERMINATION OF SERVICE

7-6-12. SERVICE PROVIDED WHEN TOWER IS INOPERATIVE

Section 7. Terminal Radar Service Area (TRSA)- Terminal

7-7-1. APPLICATION

7-7-2. ISSUANCE OF EFC

7-7-3. SEPARATION

7-7-4. HELICOPTER TRAFFIC

7-7-5. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENTS

7-7-6. APPROACH INTERVAL

7-7-7. TRSA DEPARTURE INFORMATION

Section 8. Class C Service- Terminal

7-8-1. APPLICATION

7-8-2. CLASS C SERVICES

7-8-3. SEPARATION

7-8-4. ESTABLISHING TWO-WAY COMMUNICATIONS

7-8-5. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENTS

7-8-6. EXCEPTIONS

7-8-7. ADJACENT AIRPORT OPERATIONS

7-8-8. TERMINATION OF SERVICE

Section 9. Class B Service Area- Terminal

7-9-1. APPLICATION

7-9-2. VFR AIRCRAFT IN CLASS B AIRSPACE

7-9-3. METHODS

7-9-4. SEPARATION

7-9-5. TRAFFIC ADVISORIES

7-9-6. HELICOPTER TRAFFIC

7-9-7. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENTS

7-9-8. APPROACH INTERVAL

Chapter 8. Offshore/Oceanic Procedures

Section 1. General

8-1-1. ATC SERVICE

8-1-2. OPERATIONS IN OFFSHORE AIRSPACE AREAS

8-1-3. VFR FLIGHT PLANS

8-1-4. TYPES OF SEPARATION

8-1-5. ALTIMETER SETTING

8-1-6. RECEIPT OF POSITION REPORTS

8-1-7. OCEANIC NAVIGATIONAL ERROR REPORTING (ONER) PROCEDURES

8-1-8. USE OF CONTROL ESTIMATES

Section 2. Coordination

8-2-1. GENERAL

8-2-2. TRANSFER OF CONTROL AND COMMUNICATIONS

8-2-3. AIR TRAFFIC SERVICES INTERFACILITY DATA COMMUNICATIONS (AIDC)

Section 3. Longitudinal Separation

8-3-1. APPLICATION

8-3-2. SEPARATION METHODS

8-3-3. MACH NUMBER TECHNIQUE

Section 4. Lateral Separation

8-4-1. APPLICATION

8-4-2. SEPARATION METHODS

8-4-3. REDUCTION OF ROUTE PROTECTED AIRSPACE

8-4-4. TRACK SEPARATION

Section 5. Offshore/Oceanic Transition Procedures

8-5-1. ALTITUDE/FLIGHT LEVEL TRANSITION

8-5-2. COURSE DIVERGENCE

8-5-3. OPPOSITE DIRECTION

8-5-4. SAME DIRECTION

Section 6. Separation from Airspace Reservations

8-6-1. TEMPORARY STATIONARY AIRSPACE RESERVATIONS

8-6-2. REFUSAL OF AVOIDANCE CLEARANCE

8-6-3. TEMPORARY MOVING AIRSPACE RESERVATIONS

Section 7. North Atlantic ICAO Region

8-7-1. APPLICATION

8-7-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION

8-7-3. LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

8-7-4. LATERAL SEPARATION

8-7-5. PROCEDURES FOR WEATHER DEVIATIONS IN NORTH ATLANTIC (NAT) AIRSPACE

Section 8. Caribbean ICAO Region

8-8-1. APPLICATION

8-8-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION

8-8-3. LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

8-8-4. LATERAL SEPARATION

8-8-5. VFR CLIMB AND DESCENT

Section 9. Pacific ICAO Region

8-9-1. APPLICATION

8-9-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION

8-9-3. LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

8-9-4. LATERAL SEPARATION

8-9-5. COMPOSITE SEPARATION MINIMA

8-9-6. COMPOSITE SEPARATION ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENT

8-9-7. COMPOSITE SEPARATION APPLICATION

8-9-8. PROCEDURES FOR WEATHER DEVIATIONS AND OTHER CONTINGENCIES IN OCEANIC CONTROLLED AIRSPACE

Section 10. North American ICAO Region

8-10-1. APPLICATION

8-10-2. VERTICAL SEPARATION

8-10-3. LONGITUDINAL SEPARATION

8-10-4. LATERAL SEPARATION

Chapter 9. Special Flights

Section 1. General

9-1-1. GENERAL

9-1-2. SPECIAL HANDLING

9-1-3. FLIGHT CHECK AIRCRAFT

Section 2. Special Operations

9-2-1. AIRCRAFT CARRYING DANGEROUS MATERIALS

9-2-2. CELESTIAL NAVIGATION TRAINING

9-2-3. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (DOE) SPECIAL FLIGHTS

9-2-4. EXPERIMENTAL AIRCRAFT OPERATIONS

9-2-5. FAA RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT FLIGHTS

9-2-6. FLYNET

9-2-7. IFR MILITARY TRAINING ROUTES

9-2-8. INTERCEPTOR OPERATIONS

9-2-9. SPECIAL INTEREST SITES

9-2-10. WASHINGTON, DC, SPECIAL FLIGHT RULES AREA (DC SFRA)/ATC SECURITY SERVICES

9-2-11. SECURITY NOTICE

9-2-12. LAW ENFORCEMENT OPERATIONS BY CIVIL AND MILITARY ORGANIZATIONS

9-2-13. MILITARY AERIAL REFUELING

9-2-14. MILITARY OPERATIONS ABOVE FL 600

9-2-15. MILITARY SPECIAL USE FREQUENCIES

9-2-16. AVOIDANCE OF AREAS OF NUCLEAR RADIATION

9-2-17. SAMP

9-2-18. AWACS/NORAD SPECIAL FLIGHTS

9-2-19. WEATHER RECONNAISSANCE FLIGHTS

9-2-20. EVASIVE ACTION MANEUVER

9-2-21. NONSTANDARD FORMATION/CELL OPERATIONS

9-2-22. OPEN SKIES TREATY AIRCRAFT

Section 3. Special Use, ATC - Assigned Airspace, and Stationary ALTRVs,

9-3-1. APPLICATION

9-3-2. SEPARATION MINIMA

9-3-3. VFR-ON-TOP

9-3-4. TRANSITING ACTIVE SUA/ATCAA

Section 4. Fuel Dumping

9-4-1. INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS

9-4-2. ROUTING

9-4-3. ALTITUDE ASSIGNMENT

9-4-4. SEPARATION MINIMA

9-4-5. INFORMATION DISSEMINATION

Section 5. Jettisoning of External Stores

9-5-1. JETTISONING OF EXTERNAL STORES

Section 6. Unmanned Free Balloons

9-6-1. APPLICATION

9-6-2. DERELICT BALLOONS

Section 7. Parachute Operations

9-7-1. COORDINATION

9-7-2. CLASS A, CLASS B, AND CLASS C AIRSPACE

9-7-3. CLASS D AIRSPACE

9-7-4. OTHER CONTROL AIRSPACE

Section 8. Unidentified Flying Object (UFO) Reports

9-8-1. GENERAL

Chapter 10. Emergencies

Section 1. General

10-1-1. EMERGENCY DETERMINATIONS

10-1-2. OBTAINING INFORMATION

10-1-3. PROVIDING ASSISTANCE

10-1-4. RESPONSIBILITY

10-1-5. COORDINATION

10-1-6. AIRPORT GROUND EMERGENCY

10-1-7. INFLIGHT EMERGENCIES INVOLVING MILITARY FIGHTER-TYPE AIRCRAFT

Section 2. Emergency Assistance

10-2-1. INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS

10-2-2. FREQUENCY CHANGES

10-2-3. AIRCRAFT ORIENTATION

10-2-4. ALTITUDE CHANGE FOR IMPROVED RECEPTION

10-2-5. EMERGENCY SITUATIONS

10-2-6. HIJACKED AIRCRAFT

10-2-7. VFR AIRCRAFT IN WEATHER DIFFICULTY

10-2-8. RADAR ASSISTANCE TO VFR AIRCRAFT IN WEATHER DIFFICULTY

10-2-9. RADAR ASSISTANCE TECHNIQUES

10-2-10. EMERGENCY LOCATOR TRANSMITTER (ELT) SIGNALS

10-2-11. AIRCRAFT BOMB THREATS

10-2-12. EXPLOSIVE DETECTION K-9 TEAMS

10-2-13. MANPADS ALERT

10-2-14. UNAUTHORIZED LASER ILLUMINATION OF AIRCRAFT

10-2-15. EMERGENCY AIRPORT RECOMMENDATION

10-2-16. GUIDANCE TO EMERGENCY AIRPORT

10-2-17. EMERGENCY OBSTRUCTION VIDEO MAP (EOVM)

10-2-18. VOLCANIC ASH
10-2-19. REPORTING DEATH, ILLNESS, OR OTHER PUBLIC HEALTH RISK ON BOARD AIRCRAFT

Section 3. Overdue Aircraft

10-3-1. OVERDUE AIRCRAFT

10-3-2. INFORMATION TO BE FORWARDED TO ARTCC

10-3-3. INFORMATION TO BE FORWARDED TO RCC

10-3-4. ALNOT

10-3-5. RESPONSIBILITY TRANSFER TO RCC

10-3-6. AIRCRAFT POSITION PLOTS

10-3-7. ALNOT CANCELLATION

Section 4. Control Actions

10-4-1. TRAFFIC RESTRICTIONS

10-4-2. LIGHTING REQUIREMENTS

10-4-3. TRAFFIC RESUMPTION

10-4-4. COMMUNICATIONS FAILURE

Section 5. Miscellaneous Operations

10-5-1. NAVY FLEET SUPPORT MISSIONS

10-5-2. EXPLOSIVE CARGO

Section 6. Oceanic Emergency Procedures

10-6-1. APPLICATION

10-6-2. PHASES OF EMERGENCY

10-6-3. ALERTING SERVICE AND SPECIAL ASSISTANCE

10-6-4. INFLIGHT CONTINGENCIES

10-6-5. SERVICES TO RESCUE AIRCRAFT

Section 7. Ground Missile Emergencies

10-7-1. INFORMATION RELAY

10-7-2. IFR AND SVFR MINIMA

10-7-3. VFR MINIMA

10-7-4. SMOKE COLUMN AVOIDANCE

10-7-5. EXTENDED NOTIFICATION

Chapter 11. Traffic Management Procedures

Section 1. General

11-1-1. DUTY RESPONSIBILITY

11-1-2. DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
11-1-3. TIME BASED FLOW MANAGEMENT (TBFM)

Chapter 12. Canadian Airspace Procedures

Section 1. General Control

12-1-1. APPLICATION

12-1-2. AIRSPACE CLASSIFICATION

12-1-3. ONE THOUSAND-ON-TOP

12-1-4. SEPARATION

12-1-5. DEPARTURE CLEARANCE/COMMUNICATION FAILURE

12-1-6. PARACHUTE JUMPING

12-1-7. SPECIAL VFR (SVFR)

Chapter 13. Decision Support Tools

Section 1. User Request Evaluation Tool (URET) - En Route

13-1-1. DESCRIPTION

13-1-2. CONFLICT DETECTION AND RESOLUTION

13-1-3. TRIAL PLANNING

13-1-4. URET-BASED CLEARANCES

13-1-5. THE AIRCRAFT LIST (ACL), DEPARTURE LIST (DL) AND FLIGHT DATA MANAGEMENT

13-1-6. MANUAL COORDINATION AND THE URET COORDINATION MENU

13-1-7. HOLDING

13-1-8. RECORDING OF CONTROL DATA

13-1-9. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF AUTOMATED NOTIFICATION

13-1-10. CURRENCY OF TRAJECTORY INFORMATION

13-1-11. DELAY REPORTING

13-1-12. OVERDUE AIRCRAFT

13-1-13. USE OF GRAPHICS PLAN DISPLAY (GPD)

13-1-14. FORECAST WINDS

13-1-15. INTERFACILITY CONNECTIVITY

13-1-16. PRIMARY HOST OUTAGES

13-1-17. URET AIRSPACE CONFIGURATION ELEMENTS

Section 2. Ocean21 - Oceanic

13-2-1. DESCRIPTION

13-2-2. CONFLICT DETECTION AND RESOLUTION

13-2-3. INFORMATION MANAGEMENT

13-2-4. CONTROLLER PILOT DATA LINK COMMUNICATIONS (CPDLC)

13-2-5. COORDINATION

13-2-6. TEAM RESPONSIBILITIES - MULTIPLE PERSON OPERATION

Appendices

Appendix A. Aircraft Information Fixed-Wing Aircraft

Appendix B. Aircraft Information Helicopters/Rotorcrafts

Appendix C. Aircraft Information Specific Amateur- Built/Experimental Aircraft

Appendix D. Standard Operating Practice (SOP) for the Transfer of Position Responsibility

PILOT/CONTROLLER GLOSSARY

INDEX

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