Section 1. Airspace

  1. AIRSPACE NOTAM FORMAT

FIG 6-1-1

Airspace

A graphic depicting the structure of an airspace NOTAM.

…AIRSPACE CRYPT NORTH MOA AND REVEILLE MOA ACT 5000FT-16000FT…

  1. NOTAMs originated for Airspace items will be formatted following 4-2-1 b 1-2, including:
  1. Location identifier - may be AP, NAVAID, or ARTCC depending on NOTAM.
  2. Keyword “AIRSPACE.”
  3. Description of activity, if needed.
  4. Description of area impacted; for example, the name of a published area, an airport, a nautical mile radius of a latitude/longitude, NAVAID or fix-radial-distance from a VOR-type NAVAID, or an area defined by latitude/longitude or NAVAID. When applicable, preface the description with this standard phrase: “WI AN AREA DEFINED AS…”
  5. Plain Language location, when using all latitude/longitude, except Central Altitude Reservation Function (CARF) and surveillance broadcast systems (SBS)-type NOTAMs. In parentheses, specify using nautical miles…direction…airport (5NM E IAD), or F/R/D from the nearest NAVAID.
  6. Condition.
  7. Lower limit/upper limit; for example, 5000FT-16000FT (as specified in 4-2-1).
  8. Remarks (when needed). Other operational information.
  1. When identifying the expected height of a balloon trajectory, express it in FT, 150000FT.
  2. Identifying the frequency transmitting on is an acceptable remark.
  3. Certificate of Authority, when requested by the proponent.
  1. Follow 4-2-1 b 13-14 to complete the NOTAM.
  1. If the area impacts more than one ARTCC, originate a NOTAM for each ARTCC.
  1. SPECIAL ACTIVITY AIRSPACE (SAA)

A NOTAM must be entered through Special Use Airspace Management System to activate permanent or temporary special use airspace if activated by NOTAM only or at other than published times for those SAA that contain a NOTAM provision in their legal description, under the appropriate ARTCC(s):

  1. SAA, for the purpose of this manual, includes Special Use Airspace (SUA) (restricted area, military operations area (MOA), warning area, and alert area airspace), instrument and visual military training routes, aerial refueling tracks and anchors.
  1. A NOTAM must be in effect to activate SAA at other than published or charted times for those areas that contain a NOTAM provision (“BY NOTAM,” “INTERMITTENT BY NOTAM,” or “OTHER TIMES BY NOTAM”) in their times of use legal description per FAA Order JO 7400.10, Special Use Airspace, Flight Information Publications, and related Government charting products, or if that SAA can only be activated by NOTAM. A NOTAM must not be used to make other changes to the charted lateral dimensions or which would exceed the lower or upper published altitude limits.
  2. NOTAMs for SAA activation and cancellation for uncharted and unpublished times must be originated by the appropriate controlling agency, with the overlying ARTCC as the location identifier, using the appropriate accountability of SUAE, SUAC and SUAW, corresponding to the FAA service areas, east, central and west, respectively.
  1. Issue the NOTAM in the format described in 6-1-1 above using the following items:
    Accountability = SUA (E, C, W) Location identifier = ARTCC Condition = “ACT” (active)
  2. Lights Out/Night Vision Goggle Operations in MOAs. Upon notification of a lights out/ Night Vision Goggle operation in an authorized MOA (as listed in FAA exemption 7960 and FAA exemption 3946), issue a NOTAM containing the description of activity information.
  3. SUA NOTAMs are originated by the controlling agency, utilizing the SUA Management System. The type of activity included does not restrict movement into or out of the airspace. TFRs restrict movement. This is an advisory about unusual activity within the airspace. Do not use this to report increased flight movement.
  1. AIRSPACE AND ALTITUDE RESERVATIONS
  1. Central Altitude Reservation Function (CARF) airspace and altitude reservation NOTAMs must be transmitted by the USNOF, after receipt of the candidate NOTAM from the CARF office. The information will be stored in the NS database and available for request/reply. If the altitude reservation affects international airspace, it will be sent and stored as an international NOTAM.

NOTE-

Commercial space operations are examples of activity permitted in ALTRVs within oceanic and offshore airspace

  1. Issue the NOTAM in the format described in 6-1-1 above using the following items:
  1. Accountability = CARF Location identifier = ARTCC
  2. Description of Activity = STNR ALT RESERVATION
  1. Airspace and Altitude reservation involving a single ARTCC.
  2. Missile firing and offshore airspace reservations. ARTCCs must issue as a NOTAM missile firing exercises and offshore airspace reservations. These NOTAMs must be transmitted as an international NOTAM to the USNOF.
  3. Weather Reconnaissance Area (WRA). A WRA is established to support weather reconnaissance/research flights.  ARTCCs must use the CARF location identifier when issuing NOTAMs for a WRA.
  1. SPECIAL AERIAL REFUELING
  1. Where published tracks/anchors are inadequate for special mission/sortie, special track/anchor may be established. Special tracks/anchors must not be published in the DOD Flight Information Publications (FLIP) Planning document but may be described in Letters of Agreement.
  2. NOTAM Ds will be used for special refueling tracks/anchors outside Class A airspace so as to define the refueling area as specifically as mission security will allow.
  3. Issue the NOTAM in the format described in 6-1-1a above with:
  1. Description of Activity = SPECIAL AERIAL REFUELING TRACK/ANCHOR
  2. Condition = “ACT”

REFERENCE-

FAA Order JO 7610.4, Special Operations, Para 10-6-6, Special Exercises, and Para 10-6-7, Issue NOTAM.

  1. OTHER AIRSPACE NOTAMS

With the exception of hot air balloons and commercial space launches and reentries, FAA Authorization will consist of an approved waiver/authorization to 14 CFR Part 101.

NOTE-

14 CFR part 91 applies to hot air balloons

  1. Upon receipt of appropriate notification/authorization, but not more than 7 days prior to the event, originate an AIRSPACE NOTAM using the format described in 6-1-1a above.
  1. Location Identifier =
  1. The nearest public use airport when the full activity is completely within a 5 NM Radius of the airport.
  2. The nearest VOR when any of the activity is more than 5 NM from the nearest public use airport but completely within 25 NM Radius of a VOR
  3. When the activity doesn't fall within either (a) or (b), use the ARTCC.
  1. Description of activity = see TBL 6-1-1 for general types of activity.

TBL 6-1-1

Types of Activity

AIRSHOW ACFT

AEROBATIC AREA

PJE
(parachute jumping)

DEMONSTRATION ACFT

HOT AIR BALLOON

UNMANNED FREE
BALLOON

UNMANNED ROCKET

UAS
(unmanned aircraft system)

GLD

HANG GLD

LGT OUT TRG
(lights-out training)

BALLOON LDG

PYROTECHNIC
DEMONSTRATION
(fireworks)

BLASTING

CONTROLLED BURN

AEROBATIC ACFT

SPACE LAUNCH

SPACE REENTRY

NOTE-

Unmanned rocket activities that will require airspace management such as Temporary Flight Restrictions will require the issuance of an FDC NOTAM.

  1. Controlled Firing Area (CFA) does not require a NOTAM as the activity is suspended immediately when a nonparticipating aircraft approaches the area.

REFERENCE-

FAA Order JO 7400.2, Procedures for Handling Airspace Matters.

  1. For unmanned free balloons the forecasted trajectory and cruising altitude or UNL (unlimited). For operations above FL999/UNL, place expected altitude in remarks. Include a landing area NOTAM, if requested by proponent.
    (Pointer NOTAM)
    …SEE MTU 12/045 UNMANNED ROCKET…
  2. Authorizations and/or Air Traffic notifications are required by the proponent for the following activities; ensure the NOTAM Originator is aware of this. The information is not released in the NOTAM.
  1. Airshows, Demonstrations, Aerobatic Areas.
  2. Unmanned Aircraft Operations.
  3. Parachute Jumping/Sky Diving
  1. SURFACE AREA AIRSPACE

Originate an AIRSPACE NOTAM using the format described in 6-1-1a above.

  1. A NOTAM D may be originated for permanent changes to part time surface area hours of operation only, under the following conditions:
  1. The change in the surface area hours of operation is due to other than seasonal daylight time changes.
  2. Only those surface areas identified as part time in the airspace section of the U.S. Chart Supplement as part time are subject to change by NOTAM. A continuous surface area “hours of operation” is changed only through rulemaking action.
  3. The change in the surface area hours of operation will thereafter be continuously published in the U.S. Flight Information Publication U.S. Chart Supplement, Chart Supplement Alaska, or the Chart Supplement Pacific.
  1. For temporary changes to published part time surface area hours of operation, issue a Services NOTAM (SVC) in accordance with paragraph 5-5-3, Hours of Operation. Do not issue an Airspace NOTAM.
  1. AREA IMPACTED TABLES

The graphs below depict the commonly used airspace areas.

  1. Polygon. Points defining lateral limits of an area must be enumerated in clockwise order. The last and the first points of the list must be the same (TO POINT OF ORIGIN). Latitude/longitude must be followed by plain language location between parentheses.

FIG 6-1-2

Polygon

A graphic depicting a polygon airspace area.

  1. Circle. Define a circular shape as “WI AN AREA DEFINED AS XNM RADIUS” followed by the location of the center of the circle

FIG 6-1-3

Circle

A graphic depicting a circle airspace area.

  1. Corridor. A corridor is a type of polygon defined by a line between points and a lateral distance on either side of the line. The lateral limits are at the end points connected by arcs of circle.

FIG 6-1-4

Corridor

A graphic depicting a corridor airspace area.