Section 1. General Information
This section prescribes guidelines and procedures regarding the use and issuance of regulatory temporary flight restrictions (TFR).
- The FAA Administrator has sole and exclusive authority over the navigable airspace of the United States. The Administrator has broad authority under Section 40103 of Title 49 of the United States Code (U.S.C.) to regulate, control, and develop plans for the use of the navigable airspace and to formulate policy for navigable airspace. See also 49 U.S.C. Section 40101(d).
- Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 91 contains regulations addressing temporary flight restrictions.
While not all inclusive, a TFR may be issued for the following reasons: toxic gas leaks or spills, fumes from flammable agents which, if fanned by rotor or propeller wash, could endanger persons or property on the surface or in other aircraft; volcanic eruptions that could endanger airborne aircraft and occupants; hijacking incidents that may endanger persons or property on the surface, or airborne aircraft and occupants; aircraft accident/incident sites; aviation or ground resources engaged in wildfire suppression; aircraft relief activities following a disaster; aerial demonstrations or major sporting events.
TFRs may be issued under the following regulations:
- Section 91.137, Temporary Flight Restrictions in the Vicinity of Disaster/Hazard Areas.
- Section 91.138, Temporary Flight Restrictions in National Disaster Areas in the State of Hawaii.
- Section 91.139, Emergency Air Traffic Rules.
- Section 91.141, Flight Restrictions in the Proximity of the Presidential and Other Parties.
- Section 91.143, Flight Limitation in the Proximity of Space Flight Operations.
- Section 91.145, Management of Aircraft Operations in the Vicinity of Aerial Demonstrations and Major Sporting Events.
See Chapter 21, Section 6, for information regarding Special Security Instructions issued under 14 CFR 99.7 Special Security Instructions.
- Educational information regarding TFRs can be found in 14 CFR part 91, the Aeronautical Information Manual, and Advisory Circular 91-63, Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) and Flight Limitations.
- National Airspace System () users or other interested parties should review the latest available TFR information at any of the following sources:
TFRs are only implemented for sovereign U.S. airspace and its territories. If restrictions are located in an area that extends beyond the 12-mile coastal limit or a U.S border, the will contain language limiting the restriction to the airspace of the U.S., and its territories and possessions. The FAA may issue an advisory via the System to inform affected users of any hazard or dangerous information outside of the sovereign U.S. airspace and its territories.
Direct any questions or concerns regarding TFRs to the ATO service area director having jurisdiction over the TFR area. You may also contact Mission Support, Rules and Regulations Group, FAA Headquarters, Washington, D.C., at (202) 267-8783.