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SpaceX Starship Super Heavy Project at the Boca Chica Launch Site

SpaceX proposes to conduct Starship/Super Heavy launch operations from the Boca Chica Launch Site in Cameron County, Texas. SpaceX must apply for and obtain an experimental permit(s) and/or a vehicle operator license from the FAA Office of Commercial Space Transportation to operate the Starship/Super Heavy launch vehicle. The FAA's evaluation of a permit or license application includes a review of 1) public safety issues (such as overflight of populated areas and payload contents); 2) national security or foreign policy concerns; 3) insurance requirements for the launch operator; and 4) potential environmental impact. Read more about the history of the Boca Chica launch site and the location of the launch site.


The Commercial Space Launch Act of 1984, as amended and codified at 51 U.S.C. §§ 50901-50923, authorizes the Secretary of Transportation to oversee, license, and regulate commercial launch and reentry activities, and the operation of launch and reentry sites within the United States or as carried out by U.S. citizens. Section 50905 directs the Secretary to exercise this responsibility consistent with public health and safety, safety of property, and the national security and foreign policy interests of the United States. In addition, Section 50903 requires the Secretary to encourage, facilitate, and promote commercial space launches and reentries by the private sector. As codified at 49 CFR § 1.83(b), the Secretary has delegated authority to carry out these functions to the FAA Administrator.

For more information, read more about the License Review Process and the Environmental Review Process.


Founded in 2002, SpaceX is a commercial space transportation company headquartered in Hawthorne, California. SpaceX designs, manufactures, and launches advanced rockets and spacecraft. SpaceX developed the Falcon 1 (no longer operational), Falcon 9, and Falcon Heavy vertical orbital launch vehicles, all of which were built with the goal of becoming reusable launch vehicles. SpaceX launches commercial and government payloads, including the Dragon spacecraft, which was recently used to send NASA astronauts to the International Space Station and bring them back to Earth. SpaceX is currently developing a new rocket, Starship/Super Heavy, with the goal of traveling to Mars. For additional information on SpaceX, please visit

Project Updates

Project Status Update

SpaceX, under the supervision of the FAA, is currently drafting responses for the over 18,000 public comments received on the Draft Programmatic Environmental Assessment (PEA). SpaceX is also preparing the Final PEA for the FAA's review and acceptance. In addition, the FAA is completing a number of consultations including Section 4(f) of the Department of Transportation Act, and Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act. The FAA is continuing to work with the Texas Historical Commission (THC) and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) to complete the Section 106 process.

As previously announced, the FAA had planned to release the Final PEA in on December 31, 2021. However, due to the high volume of comments submitted on the Draft PEA, discussions and consultation efforts with consulting parties, the FAA is announcing an update to the schedule. The FAA now plans to release the Final PEA on February 28, 2022.

A notice will be sent to individuals and organizations on the project distribution list when the Final PEA is available.

Programmatic Environmental Assessment

The FAA released the Draft PEA for the SpaceX Starship/Super Heavy Launch Vehicle Program for review and comment.

A copy of the September 2021 Draft PEA is available here for download.

Hardcopies of the Draft PEA are also available for review at the following locations:

  • Brownsville Public Library, Main Branch located at 2600 Central Blvd, Brownsville, TX 78520
  • Brownsville Public Library, Southmost Branch located at 4320 Southmost Road, Brownsville, TX 78521
  • The Dancy Building County Judge Office located at 1100 E Monroe St Suite 218, Brownsville, TX 78520

Involvement Opportunities

Draft Programmatic Environmental Assessment Public Review and Comment Period

The FAA released the Draft PEA for public comment on September 17, 2021. The original comment period was from September 17, 2021 through October 18, 2021. The FAA extended comment period to November 1, 2021. The comment period is now closed.

Public Hearing

The FAA held two virtual public hearings to solicit comments from the public concerning the scope and content of the Draft PEA. The hearings were held October 18 and October 20, 2021 at 5:00 p.m. Central Time. At the start of the hearing, the FAA provided a Power Point presentation in English and Spanish. Afterwards, members of the public provided oral comments. If you were unable to attend the public hearing, you can still provide a comment through:

The FAA provided a Power Point presentation in English and Spanish. Afterwards, members of the public provided oral comments. The presentations will be posted on this website after the public hearing. If you were unable to attend the public hearing, you can still provide a comment through:

The Power Point slides from the hearing are now available in English and Spanish. Please click here to view the Power Point materials in English (PDF). Please click here to view the Power Point materials in Spanish (PDF).

The transcripts from the October 18 and October 20, 2021 hearings are now available. Please note the transcripts do not include the FAA presentations. Instead, you can review the slides and associated scripts in the Power Point links above.

Please find the October 18, 2021 transcript linked here (PDF).

Please find verbal comments submitted in Spanish on October 18, 2021 here (PDF).

Please find the October 20, 2021 transcript linked here (PDF).

No verbal comments were submitted in Spanish on October 20, 2021.

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