Nationally Scheduled FAA-Approved Industry-Conducted Flight Instructor Refresher Course
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for the preparation and approval of training course outlines (TCO) for Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-approved, industry-conducted flight instructor refresher courses (FIRC) in accordance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 61, § 61.197(a)(2)(iii). The FIRC is intended to keep flight instructors informed of the changing world of General Aviation (GA) flight training, and to enhance aviation safety through continued refresher training of the flight instructor cadre. It is one of several methods by which a flight instructor may renew his or her flight instructor certificate. Adherence to this AC provides one acceptable method by which the FAA may approve the FIRC program. Effective August 4, 1997, the holder of a pilot school certificate issued under 14 CFR part 141 may also obtain approval to provide a FIRC program under the authority of part 141 appendix K, paragraph 11. The holder of a part 141 pilot school certificate that desires to offer a FIRC program under their Air Agency Certificate should refer to this AC, which may be helpful as guidance in developing the TCO for FAA approval.
Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI) Systems
Contains the FAA standards for the Precision Approach Path Indicator (PAPI) systems, which provides pilots with visual glideslope guidance during approach for landing.
Specification for L-890 Airport Lighting Control and Monitoring System (ALCMS)
Specifies the minimum requirements for an Airport Lighting Control and Monitoring System (ALCMS). The ALCMS simplifies the control and monitoring of lighted visual aids and enhances airport safety. The basic function of the system remains the same whether for a general aviation airport that supports only a few operations in a day or a large commercial airport which caters to hundreds of operations on any given day.
Operational Safety on Airports During Construction
Provides guidelines for operational safety on airports during construction. Principal changes include prohibiting construction in safety areas when associated runway or taxiway is open, providing guidance for incorporating safety risk management, and including checklists for writing Construction Safety and Phasing Plans (CSPP) and for daily inspections.
Installation of Electronic Flight Bag Components
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance material on the installation of electronic flight bag (EFB) components including aircraft connectivity provisions. In it, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) describes certification considerations for individual EFB components and for installing EFB aircraft connectivity provisions by addressing the principal elements, or “components,” which comprise a typical EFB device or system.
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 23, 25, 27, or 29. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it entirely. The term “must” is used to indicate mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC. The terms “should” and “recommend” are used when following the guidance is recommended but not required to comply with this AC.
Applicant’s Showing of Compliance and Certifying Statement of Compliance
We, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), wrote this advisory circular (AC) to describe how to comply with the requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 21.20, 21.97 and 21.303(a)(5).
Specification for L-853, Runway and Taxiway Retroreflective Markers
Contains the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) standards for retroreflective markers for airport runways and taxiways. Version D changes Paragraph 18.104.22.168, Cylindrical Markers, to increase the marker diameter and surface area, and Paragraph 22.214.171.124, Mounting System, to clarify Type II marker mounting and tethering requirements.
Effective six months after the issue date of this AC, only equipment qualified per these specifications will be listed in AC 150/5345-53, Airport Lighting Equipment Certification Program.
Approval of Manufacturer's Required Training Program.
This advisory circular (AC) provides information to organizations providing training in aircraft that contain a training requirement in the limitations section of the Airplane Flight Manual (Aircraft Flight Manual (AFM), Rotorcraft Flight Manual (RFM), etc.).
Aircraft Electrical and Electronic System Lightning Protection
This advisory circular (AC) provides you with information and guidance on how you can protect aircraft electrical and electronic systems from the effects of lightning. This AC describes a means, but not the only means, for you to show compliance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 23.1306, 25.1316, 27.1316, and 29.1316, Electrical and electronic system lightning protection, as they pertain to the type or supplemental type certification of your aircraft.
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. However, if you use the means described in this AC to comply with 14 CFR 23.1306, 25 .1316, 27.1316, and 29.131 6, you must follow it in its entirety.
The term "must" is used to indicate mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC in its entirety. The terms "should" and "recommend" are used when following the guidance is recommended but not required to comply with this AC.
Development of State Standards for Nonprimary Airports
Provides guidelines for the development of State standards for and the use of State highway specifications for pavement construction at nonprimary public-use airports as provided for in title 49 United States Code (USC), Sections 47105(c) and 47114(d)(5), respectively.
Fatigue Management Programs for In-Service Issues
a.This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance on developing and implementing a Fatigue Management Program (FMP) to address in-service issues for metallic fatigue critical structure. An applicant may develop an FMP as one method to address an unsafe condition when the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) determines an airplane type design has a demonstrated risk of catastrophic failure due to fatigue. In such cases, the FMP should incorporate damage-tolerance based inspections or a part replacement/modification program to mitigate the demonstrated risk. The FMP should also incorporate other fatigue critical structure inspections to address the broader risk posed by potential cracking of these structures in the airplane. The FAA will mandate the FMP by Airworthiness Directive (AD). The FAA may also approve the FMP as an alternative method of compliance (AMOC) to an AD.
b.This AC includes guidance relevant to developing FMPs for other purposes such as life extensions, type certification requirements, or non-mandatory maintenance programs. This guidance supplements other ACs that contain guidance for developing damage-tolerance based inspection programs to look proactively for potential cracks. Such guidance includes AC 91?56B, Continuing Structural Integrity Program for Airplanes, AC 25.571?1D, Damage Tolerance and Fatigue Evaluation of Structure, and AC 23?13A, Fatigue, Fail-Safe, and Damage-Tolerance Evaluation of Metallic Structure for Normal, Utility, Acrobatic, and Commuter Category Airplanes. Applicants should use product specific guidance in conjunction with this AC.
c. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for maintaining the continued operational safety for airplane type designs that have a demonstrated risk. In this AC, the FAA uses terms such as “must” or “require” only in the sense of ensuring applicability of a particular method of compliance when using a specific acceptable method of compliance described herein.
Compliance with Requirements of § 121.321, Operations in Icing
This advisory circular (AC) describes an acceptable means for showing compliance with the requirements of Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 121.321, Operations in Icing. Part 121 contains the aircraft operating requirements applicable to domestic, flag, and supplemental operations. This AC provides guidance for:
a. Using visible moisture and temperature as a means for the flightcrew to know when the airframe ice protection system (IPS) must be activated.
b. Developing acceptable procedures for activating and deactivating the airframe IPS.
c. Installing a primary or advisory ice detection system.
Development of Training/Qualification Programs for Composite Maintenance Technicians
This document is intended as a guideline for organizations to develop a formal training program for qualification of composite technicians. This advisory circular (AC) contains recommendations for the experience, training, qualification, and examination of persons performing maintenance and repair of aircraft composite structures or other aviation composite components. It recommends criteria for the qualification of personnel to be able to understand the technical principles involved in the maintenance and repair of aircraft composites. This document applies to those individuals directly responsible for providing training, supervision, or oversight of composite maintenance personnel. Organizations may use the information contained in this AC to develop a written program describing the guidelines used to train and qualify personnel.This AC provides a means, but not the only means, of developing a composite maintenance training program.
Specification for Series to Series Isolation Transformers for Airport Lighting Systems
Contains the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) specifications for series to series isolation transformers for use in airport lighting systems.
Engine and Turbosupercharger Rotor Overspeed Requirements of 14 CFR § 33.27.
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance and acceptable methods, but not the only methods, for demonstrating compliance with the rotor strength (overspeed) requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) 33.27.
Guide for Airport Financial Reports Filed by Airport Sponsors
Provides airport sponsors with guidance on filing FAA Form 5100-126, Financial Governmental Payment Report, and FAA Form 5100-127, Operating and Financial Summary. Announces changes to the FAA's financial reporting program and to Form 5100-127.
See also Airport Financial Reporting Program.
RTCA Document DO-160 versions D, E and F, “Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment”
a. This advisory circular (AC) identifies RTCA Document No. (RTCA/DO)-160 versions D, E, F, and G, Environmental Conditions and Test Procedures for Airborne Equipment, dated July 27, 1997, December 20, 2005, December 6, 2007, and December 8, 2010, respectively, as containing acceptable environmental qualifications to show compliance with certain airworthiness requirements. The FAA strongly encourages the use of RTCA/DO-160G for new articles.
b. Appendix 1 of this AC provides a summary of the changes from RTCA/DO-160C to RTCA/DO-160D, version D to E, version E to F, and F to G. The information in the table will assist you in determining if a particular version of RTCA/DO-160 is acceptable.
Guide Specification for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) Vehicles
Provides an interactive specification that airports can use in procuring Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) vehicles. It describes the selection process, vehicle requirements, and how to produce formal specifications.
Airworthiness Directives Management Process
This advisory circular (AC) provides all aircraft operators with information and guidance for assistance in compliance to Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 39, Airworthiness Directives. The recommendations contained in this AC are one means, but not the only means, of complying with part 39 requirements pertaining to Airworthiness Directives (AD). However, individual operations and needs should determine an operator’s AD management process. When developing an AD management process, operators should consider their size, capabilities, resources, and equipment.
Change 1 dated 12/13/11
Automated Weather Observing Systems(AWOS) for Non-Federal Applications
This advisory circular (AC) contains the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) standard for the non-Federal AWOS. This AC applies to anyone proposing to design, procure, construct, install, activate or maintain an AWOS.
United States—Canadian Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement Maintenance Implementation Procedures
This advisory circular (AC) provides information relating to the Bilateral Aviation Safety Agreement (BASA) and accompanying Maintenance Implementation Procedures (MIP) between the United States and Canada. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC presents recommendations for an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with the current revision of the MIP.
Airmen Transition to Experimental or Unfamiliar Airplanes
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance to owners and pilots of experimental airplanes and to flight instructors who teach in these airplanes. This information and guidance contains recommendations for training experience for pilots of experimental airplanes in a variety of groupings based on performance and handling characteristics. This AC does not address the testing of newly built experimental airplanes. The current edition of AC 90-89, Amateur-Built Aircraft and Ultralight Flight Testing Handbook, provides information on such testing. However, if a pilot is planning on participating in a flight-test program in an unfamiliar experimental airplane, this AC should be used to develop the skills and knowledge necessary to safely accomplish the test program using AC 90-89. This AC may also be useful in planning the transition to any unfamiliar fixed-wing airplanes, including type-certificated (TC) airplanes.
Airside Use of Heated Pavement Systems
Establishes minimum performance requirements for the design, construction, inspection, and maintenance of heated pavement systems for use in the Aircraft Operations Area (AOA).
Propeller Vibration and Fatigue
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance and describes one method, but not the only method, for demonstrating compliance with §§ 23.907 and 25.907 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) for the evaluation of vibratory stresses on propellers installed on airplanes. This evaluation uses fatigue and structural data obtained in accordance with 14 CFR part 35.
Propeller Fatigue Limits and Evaluation
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance and describes methods, but not the only methods, for demonstrating compliance with § 35.37, Propeller fatigue limits and evaluation, of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR).