Flightcrew Member Line Operational Simulations: Line-Oriented Flight Training, Special Purpose Operational Training, Line Operational Evaluation
This advisory circular (AC) presents guidelines for the design and implementation of Line Operational Simulations (LOS), including Line-Oriented Flight Training (LOFT), Special Purpose Operational Training (SPOT), and Line Operational Evaluation (LOE) for flightcrew members. This document does not interpret the regulations; interpretations are issued only under established agency guidelines. As operators develop LOSs, they should develop an interdependent relationship between their human factors, Crew Resource Management (CRM), flight operations, and safety initiatives, because they are linked to a common safety goal.
This AC describes a means by which LOS scenarios are developed, scripted, tested, evaluated, and (in the case of LOFT and LOE) approved by the Administrator for use in an operator’s training program. The methodology set forth also achieves the Federal Aviation Administration’s (FAA) mandate to ensure that each certificate holder provides the highest level of safety in the public interest, while meeting the agency’s responsibility to reduce or eliminate the possibility or recurrence of accidents in air transportation.
|120-38||AFS-260||Transport Category Airplanes Cabin Ozone Concentrations Provides guidance concerning acceptable means, but not the only means, for an air carrier to demonstrate compliance with the maximum permissible cabin ozone (03) concentrations established by Section 121.578 of the Federal Aviation Regulations.||10-10-1980|
|120-39||AFS-331||Hazards of Waste Water Ice Accumulation Separating from Aircraft in Flight This advisory circular emphasizes the potential hazards to life and property due to lavatory fluid and potable water systems’ ice accumulation and resultant separation from aircraft in flight.||10-31-1980|
|120-40B||AFS-205||Airplane Simulator Qualification Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with the Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) regarding the evaluation of and qualification of airplane simulators used in training programs or airmen checking under Title 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).||07-29-1991|
|120-41||AFS-400||Criteria for Operational Approval of Airborne Wind Shear Alerting and Flight Guidance Establishes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of obtaining operational approval of an airborne wind shear alerting and flight guidance system. It describes acceptable simulation test criteria, wind field modeling data, and minimum performance parameters for evaluating candidate systems.||11-07-1983|
|120-42B||AFS-220||Extended Operations (ETOPS and Polar Operations) States an acceptable means but not the only means for obtaining approval under FAR Section 121.161 for two-engine airplanes to operate over a route that contains a point farther than one hour flying time at the normal one-engine inoperative cruise speed (in still air) from an adequate airport.||06-13-2008|
|120-43||AFS-220||The Influence of Beards on Oxygen Mask Efficiency Provides information about the effects of beards on masks in continuous flow and demand oxygen systems.||01-27-1987|
|120-44A||AFS-203||Air Carrier First Aid Programs Provides guidance about first aid program resources, subjects, equipment, and pertinent regulations. This revision adds information about blood borne pathogen awareness programs.||06-06-2001|
|120-45A||AFS-205||Airplane Flight Training Device Qualification Provides an acceptable means of ensuring compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of all training devices in which flight training, qualification, or certification of airmen under Title 14, Code of Federal Regulations, is accomplished. Specifies the criteria to be used by the FAA when qualifying a device and determining what the qualification level should be.||02-05-1992|
|120-47||AFS-220||Survival Equipment for use in Overwater Operations Provides information regarding the survival items that should be carried during aircraft extended overwater operations. Provides a means, but not the only means, for compliance with the pertinent regulations.||06-12-1987|
|120-48||AFS-220||Communication and Coordination Between Flight Crewmembers and Flight Attendants Presents information on common problems associated with crew coordination between flight crewmembers and flight attendants and how these problems can be avoided.||07-13-1988|
|120-49||AFS-200||Certification of Air Carriers Provides information and guidance material on the certification process of air carriers under FAR Part 121 and Part 135. It provides information that can be used by applicants who desire to be certificated as an air carrier in accordance with FAR Part 121 and Part 135.||11-23-1988|
|120-50A||AFS-210||Guidelines for Operational Approval of Windshear Training Programs Provides guidance for approval of low-altitude windshear training for operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, parts 121 and 135.||02-09-1996|
|120-51E||AFS-210||Crew Resource Management Training Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||01-22-2004|
Guidance for Conduction and Use of Flight Standardization Board Evaluations
a. Evaluating Manufactured or Modified Aircraft. It provides a means but not the only means of evaluating manufactured or modified aircraft by the use of standard systems, processes, and tests necessary to determine pilot training and qualification requirements.
b. Differences in Training and Qualification between Aircraft. It describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of compliance with applicable Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) that provide for differences in training and qualification between aircraft with the same type certificate. It further describes an acceptable means for providing related aircraft differences training and qualification under provision of 14 CFR part 121 between aircraft with different type certificates that have been "designated" by the Administrator as related. Both of these processes use the provision of the Flight Standardization Board (FSB) report as the basis for the approval of pilot training and qualification necessary for the operation of aircraft. This AC is intended to enhance safety by:
(1) Providing a standard method of assessing applicant programs.
(2) Directly relating pilot training and qualification requirements to fleet characteristics, operating concepts, and pilot assignments.
(3) Permitting better industry planning and management by outlining what FAA requirements apply, what training resources or devices are needed, and what alternatives are possible.
(4) Encouraging aircraft manufacturers to design with the goal of developing common characteristics between related aircraft
(5) Providing a recommended framework for application of suitable credits or constraints to better address new technology and future safety enhancements.
|120-54A||AFS-230||Advanced Qualification Program Provides FAA guidance for approval of an Advanced Qualification Program (AQP) under SFAR 58.||06-23-2006|
Air Carrier Operational Approval and Use of TCAS II
This advisory circular (AC) provides an acceptable, but not the only, means to address Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) issues related to installation and use of TCAS II regarding compliance with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 121, 125, and 129 requirements for air carriers.
|120-57A||AFS-400||Surface Movement Guidance and Control System Describes the standards and provides guidance in the development of a Surface Movement Guidance and Control System (SMGCS) plan for U.S. airports where scheduled air carriers are authorized to conduct operations when the visibility is less than 1,200 feet runway visual range.||12-19-1996|
Pilot Guide Large Aircraft Ground Deicing
Contains recommendations for ensuring safe operations of large airplanes during icing conditions and guidelines for the development of adequate procedures for the deicing of large airplanes.
New OPR effectives 10/20/14 is AFS-200
|120-59A||AFS-230||Air Carrier Internal Evaluation Programs Provides information and guidance material that may be used by air carrier certificate holders, operating under Federal Aviation Regulations (FAR) Parts 121 and 135, to design or develop an Internal Evaluation Program. The procedures and practices outlined in this (AC can be applied to maintenance, flight operations, and security aspects of an air carrier’s organization. Internal evaluation guidance for certificate holders other than those operating under FAR Pars 121 and 135 may be issued separately in the future.||04-17-2006|
|120-60B||AFS-220||Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program Provides one means, but not the only means, for obtaining approval of a Ground Deicing and Anti-icing Program, and for ensuring compliance with FAR Section 121.629.||12-20-2004|
In-flight Radiation Exposure
This advisory circular (AC) provides basic background information and links to sources of more detailed information that can be used to improve air carrier programs that inform crewmembers about in-flight ionizing radiation exposure.
|120-62||AFS-210||Takeoff Safety Training Aid Announces the availability of a joint industry/FAA Takeoff Safety Training Aid to help air carriers and pilots increase safety during the takeoff phase of flight.||09-12-1994|
|120-63||AFS-205||Helicopter Simulator Qualification Provides a suggested means of compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of helicopter simulators to be used in training and checking||10-11-1994|
|120-64||AFS-200N||Operational Use & Modification of Electronic Checklists Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, to address the processes for approval, operational use, and modification of electronic checklists (ECL) and ECL data by air carriers.||04-24-1996|