|120-63||AFS-205||Helicopter Simulator Qualification Provides a suggested means of compliance with the FAR regarding the evaluation and qualification of helicopter simulators to be used in training and checking||10-11-1994|
|120-64||AFS-200N||Operational Use & Modification of Electronic Checklists Provides an acceptable means, but not the only means, to address the processes for approval, operational use, and modification of electronic checklists (ECL) and ECL data by air carriers.||04-24-1996|
|120-66B||AFS-230||Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP) This AC provides guidance for establishing an air transportation Aviation Safety Action Program (ASAP). This objective of the ASAP is to encourage air carrier and repair station employees to voluntarily report safety information that may be critical to identifying potential precursors to accidents. Under ASAP, safety issues are not resolved through punishment or discipline.||11-15-2002|
Pilot Records Improvement Act of 1996
The Pilot Records Improvement Act of 1996 (PRIA), as amended, was enacted to ensure that air carriers and air operators adequately investigate a pilot’s background before allowing that pilot to conduct commercial air carrier flights. Under PRIA, a hiring employer cannot place a pilot into service until he or she obtains and reviews the last 5 years of the pilot’s background and other safety-related records as specified in PRIA.
This advisory circular (AC) is supplemented by the current edition of Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 8000.88, PRIA Guidance for FAA Inspectors, and numerous other documents available on the PRIA Web site at http://www.faa.gov/pilots/lic_cert/pria. These sources of detailed information related to PRIA provide invaluable assistance to the certificate holder or others concerning the PRIA records request process as well as other compliance issues.
Operational Authorization Process for Use of Data Link Communication System
This advisory circular (AC) applies to all operators conducting data link operations and presents various methods for all air operators using data link systems to meet Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Standards, to include as well-recommended practices. The AC introduces U.S. domestic Controller-Pilot Data Link Communication Departure Clearances (CPDLC-DCL) and the European LINK 2000+ CPDLC program. This revision also incorporates an expanded description of event reporting and defines the roles and responsibilities during the authorization process. It provides operational approval information for operators conducting operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91, 91 subpart K (part 91K), 121, 125, 129, 133, and 135. For complete airworthiness guidance for new aircraft and systems, refer to the current edition of AC 20-140, Guidelines for Design Approval of Aircraft Data Communications Systems Supporting Air Traffic Services (ATS). Authorizations to conduct data link operations approved under previous versions of AC 120-70 do not require further evaluation.
|120-71A||AFS-210||Standard Operating Procedures for Flight Deck Crewmembers. Presents background, basic concepts and philosophy in respect to SOP. SOP’s are universally recognized as basic to safe aviation operations. Effective crew coordination and crew performance, two central concepts of crew resource management depend upon the crew’s having a shared mental model of each task. That mental model, in turn, is founded on SOP’s. This AC emphasizes that SOP’s must be clear, comprehensive, and readily available in the manuals used by flight deck crewmembers. A comprehensive SOP template is provided.||02-27-2003|
|120-72||AFS-300||Maintenance Resource Management Training Presents guidelines for developing, implementing, reinforcing, and accessing Maintenance Resources Management Training Programs for improving communication effectiveness, and safety in maintenance operations.||09-28-2000|
|120-73||ANM-100||Damage Tolerance Assessment of Repairs to Pressurized Fuselages Provides guidance to operators of certain transport category airplanes operated under 14 CFR Parts 91, 121, 125, and 129. The guidance provides an acceptable means of compliance with the regulations that require incorporating FAA-approved “repair assessment guidelines” into an operator’s FAA-approved maintenance or inspection program. The means of compliance described is intended to provide guidance to supplement the engineering and operational judgment that must form the basis of any compliance findings relative to repair assessments for pressurized fuselages.||12-14-2000|
Parts 91, 121, 125, and 135 Flightcrew Procedures During Taxi Operations
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidelines for the development and implementation of standard operating procedures (SOP) for conducting safe aircraft operations during taxiing to avoid causing a runway incursion. In accordance with Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Order 7050.1, Runway Safety Program, the definition of a runway incursion is any occurrence at an aerodrome involving the incorrect presence of an aircraft, vehicle, or person on the protected area of a surface designated for the landing and takeoff of aircraft. It is intended for use by persons operating aircraft with two or more pilots on the flight deck under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 91, 121, 125, and 135. The FAA recommends that these guidelines become an integral part of all SOPs, flight operations manuals (FOM), and formal flightcrew member training programs. The use of flightcrew SOPs should be emphasized and employed during all phases of flight, including ground operations. Appendices 1 and 2 of this AC contain examples of SOPs that are identical or similar to some SOPs currently in use. These appendices are not directive or prescriptive in nature and do not represent a rigid FAA view of Best Practices. SOPs may vary among fleets and among certificate holders and may change over time. Operators may integrate the information contained in Appendices 1 and 2 into their fleet-specific, route-specific, and equipment-specific operations and checklists. They are shown to denote how the SOPs and Best Practices can be integrated into the context of specific flight operations.
Guidelines for the Certification, Airworthiness, and Operational Use of Electronic Flight Bags
This joint Flight Standards Service (AFS) and Aircraft Certification Service (AIR) advisory circular (AC) contains guidance on the operational use of Electronic Flight Bags (EFBs). It is intended for all operators conducting flight operations under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121, 125, 135, or 91 subpart F (part 91F) and part 91 subpart K (part 91K) who want to replace required paper information or utilize other select functions of an EFB. This AC sets forth an acceptable means, but not the only means, to obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) authorization for the operational use of EFBs. Part 91 operators can find additional EFB information in the current edition of AC 91-78, Use of Class 1 or Class 2 Electronic Flight Bag (EFB). For guidance on the installation of EFB components, refer to the current edition of AC 20-173, Installation of Electronic Flight Bag Components.
|120-77||AFS-300||Maintenance and Alteration Data This advisory circular (AC) provides one means, but not the only means, of ensuring that the contemplated maintenance, alteration, or continue-in-service condition is in compliance with applicable regulations and existing policy.||10-07-2002|
|120-78A||AFS-300||Electronic Signatures, Electronic Recordkeeping, and Electronic Manuals This advisory circular (AC), as any AC, is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation; rather, it provides standards and guidance for electronic signatures, electronic recordkeeping, and electronic manual systems. Electronic recordkeeping systems/programs are used to generate many types of records (e.g., load manifests, dispatch release, aircraft maintenance records, maintenance task cards, pilot training records, flight release, and/or airworthiness release). This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for a certificate holder to utilize an electronic signature, electronic recordkeeping, and electronic manual systems.||06-22-2016|
Developing and Implementing an Air Carrier Continuing Analysis and Surveillance System
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for developing and implementing a Continuing Analysis and Surveillance System (CASS). This AC applies to you if you are a Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 119 certificate holder conducting operations under 14 CFR part 121 or 135. For part 135 operations, this AC applies if you conduct your maintenance operations under part 135, § 135.411(a)(2). This AC also applies to each person employed or used by you as a part 119 certificate holder for any maintenance, preventive maintenance, and alteration of your aircraft. Title 14 CFR part 1, § 1.1 defines “person” as “an individual, firm, partnership, corporation, company, association, joint-stock association, or governmental entity. It includes a trustee, receiver, assignee, or similar representative of any of them.”
This advisory circular (AC) updates information regarding the hazards and risks of in-flight fires on transport category aircraft. The information includes recommended crewmember procedures and training for combating in-flight fires. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) issued Safety Recommendations A-11-87 through A-11-91 during the investigation of United Parcel Service (UPS) flight 6 accident on September 3, 2010 in the United Arab Emirates. The flightcrew encountered a "Fire Main Deck" master warning about 22 minutes into the flight; they declared an emergency and initiated a return to Dubai International Airport (DXB). The aircraft crashed inside an Emirate army post 9 miles from DXB, and both flightcrew members were fatally injured. NTSB findings revealed safety issues related to the training and use of oxygen mask; communicating with oxygen masks donned; and oxygen mask stowage and the smoke, fire, or fumes checklists. This revision to AC 120-80 is in response to NTSB recommendations A-11-88 through A-11-90.
|120-81||AFS-200W||Whistleblower Protection Program (Air Carrier) Provides guidance for air carrier employees, air carrier contractor employees, and air carrier subcontractor employees, concerning the joint Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)/Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Whistleblower Protection Program.||03-25-2004|
|120-82||AFS-230||Flight Operational Quality Assurance Provides guidance on one means, but not necessarily the only means, of developing, implementing, and operating a voluntary Flight Operational Quality Assurance (FOQA) program that is acceptable to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).||04-12-2004|
|120-83||AFS-220||Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment Provides guidance for 14 CFR parts 121, 125, and 135 certificate holders for obtaining an FAA finding regarding the operational safety/suitability of the Flight Deck Observer Seat and Associated Equipment.||06-03-2004|
Aging Aircraft Inspections and Records Reviews
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance pertaining to aging aircraft inspections and records reviews accomplished to satisfy the requirements of the Aging Aircraft Safety Final Rule. This information represents an acceptable way, but not the only way, for an aging airplane inspection and records review to be conducted. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all important aspects.
Change 1 dated 01/15/2009
Air Cargo Operations
This advisory circular (AC) provides operators with recommended procedures for managing cargo operations. Developing and using these comprehensive procedures is key to establishing a safe and efficient cargo operation. The AC provides guidance for aircraft cargo loading systems (CLS), restraints, special cargo, and unit load devices (ULD)This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, of complying with applicable regulations to manage cargo operations.
Use of Child Restraint Systems on Aircraft
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and practices regarding the use of child restraint systems (CRS) on aircraft. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) intends for operators to use this as a resource during the development, implementation, and revision of an air carrier’s standard operating procedures (SOP), Web sites and training programs regarding the use of CRSs.
FAA Initiatives. This AC is one of several FAA initiatives designed to address safety concerns of the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB). It is a part of the FAA’s ongoing commitment to educate and inform aircraft operators, crewmembers, and airline passengers regarding the use of CRSs on aircraft in order to encourage and increase the use of approved CRSs. For more information, refer to the following FAA Web site: http://www.faa.gov/passengers/fly_children/.
Regulatory Requirements. In addition, this AC provides information to air carriers conducting Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 operations about the requirement to make available on their Web sites the width of the narrowest and widest passenger seats in each class of service for each make, model, and series (M/M/S) of airplane used in passenger-carrying operations. If an air carrier does not have a Web site, the air carrier is not required to establish a Web site in order to comply with this regulation.
Preventing Injuries Caused by Turbulence
|120-89||AFS-220||Ground Deicing Using Infrared Energy Provides guidelines and recommendation for deicing aircraft with infrared technology. Also provides means for obtaining approval for the use & inclusion of infrared technology in an operators deicing program.||12-13-2005|
|120-90||AFS-230||Line Operations Safety Audits Provides the rationale and procedure for conducting an Line Operations Safety Audit (LOSA) at an airline.||04-27-2006|
|120-91||AFS-400||Airport Obstacle Analysis Describes acceptable methods and guidelines for developing takeoff and initial climb-out airport obstacle analyses and in-flight procedures to comply with the intent of the regulatory requirements of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations part 121,§§ 121.177, 121.189, and part 135, §§ 135.367, 135.379 and powered airplanes operated under parts 121 and 135||05-05-2006|
Safety Management Systems for Aviation Service Providers
This advisory circular (AC) provides information for Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 121 air carriers that are required to implement Safety Management Systems (SMS) based on 14 CFR part 5. Specifically, this document provides a description of regulatory requirements, guidance, and methods of developing and implementing an SMS. This AC may also be used by other aviation service providers interested in voluntarily developing an SMS based on the requirements in part 5.
An SMS is an organization-wide comprehensive and preventive approach to managing safety. An SMS includes a safety policy, formal methods for identifying hazards and mitigating risk, and promotion of a positive safety culture. An SMS also provides assurance of the overall safety performance of your organization. An SMS is intended to be designed and developed by your own people and should be integrated into your existing operations and business decisionmaking processes. The SMS will assist your organization’s leadership, management teams, and employees in making effective and informed safety decisions.
Part 5 specifies a basic set of processes integral to an effective SMS but does not specify particular methods for implementing these processes. In other words, the regulation defines "what" must be accomplished, not "how" it must be accomplished. This AC provides additional guidance on how the SMS may be developed to achieve the safety performance objectives outlined by your organization. As is demonstrated by this AC, there is no one-size-fits-all method for complying with the requirements of part 5. This design is intentional, in that the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) expects each air carrier to develop an SMS that works for its unique operation. Thus, this AC provides guidance regarding designing and implementing acceptable methods of compliance with the requirements of part 5. These methods, however, are not the only means of compliance.