Approval of Propulsion Fuels, Additives, and Lubricating Oils
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance applicable to adding fuels and oils as engine, aircraft, or auxiliary power unit (APU) operating limitations. It also provides guidance on fuel and lubricating oil specifications and standards, and on propulsion fuel and/or lubricating oil certification plans. This AC provides acceptable methods, but not the only methods, that may be used to approve aircraft, engines, or APUs to operate with specified propulsion fuels and lubricating oils.
Airworthiness Approval of Attitude Heading Reference System (AHRS) Equipment
This advisory circular (AC) supplements existing airworthiness approval guidance for attitude heading reference system (AHRS) articles approved under technical standard order (TSO)?C201, Attitude Heading Reference System, or later revisions. TSO-C201 includes performance standards for non-gimbaled attitude, heading, and turn and slip systems.
Airworthiness Approval of Positioning and Navigation Systems
This revision adds minor clarifications and new guidance material based on issues and questions since revision ‘C’ was published. There are several new changes such as: equipment capability versus installed limitations; clarifying database configuration versus equipment capability; adding step-down fixes to navigation databases; a new appendix for demonstrating radius to fix (RF) leg capability; and, including required navigation performance (RNP) prediction guidance for RNP authorization required approach (RNP AR APCH).
Installation Guidance for Domestic Flight Information Services - Broadcast
a. This advisory circular (AC) supports the use of Flight Information Services - Broadcast (FIS-B) weather and other aeronautical data link products for enhanced situation awareness of flight conditions. In this AC, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommends one way to gain airworthiness approval for the installation of FIS-B avionics equipment. We identify safety and installation requirements for continued airworthiness of aircraft FIS-B avionics equipment, systems, and applications. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to gain airworthiness approval for your FIS-B avionics equipment. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in its entirety.
b. FIS-B was introduced to improve safety and to increase the utility, efficiency, and capacity of the National Airspace System (NAS). Timely delivery of quality, accurate, and consistent information is utilized by pilots for assisting in operational decisions.
c. This AC was revised to remove outdated information on the Flight Information Services Data Link (FISDL) program and replace with the current FIS-B system while maintaining alternative third party subscription services.
Airborne Software Assurance
a. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, for showing compliance with the applicable airworthiness regulations for the software aspects of airborne systems and equipment certification. This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. Other ACs may describe alternate means.
b. We, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), wrote this AC to recognize the following RTCA, Inc. documents (RTCA DO):
(1) RTCA DO-178C, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, dated December 13, 2011.
(2) RTCA DO-330, Software Tool Qualification Considerations, dated December 13, 2011.
(3) RTCA DO-331, Model-Based Development and Verification Supplement to DO178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
(4) RTCA DO-332, Object-Oriented Technology and Related Techniques Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
(5) RTCA DO-333, Formal Methods Supplement to DO-178C and DO-278A, dated December 13, 2011.
Note: RTCA DO is hereafter referred to as DO.
c. References to use of DO-178C in this AC include use of supplements and DO-330 as applicable.
d. This AC also establishes guidance for transitioning to DO-178C when making modifications to software previously approved using DO-178, DO-178A, or DO-178B.
07/19/2013 AC 20-115C
e. This AC also explains the use of DO-178C for Technical Standard Order (TSO) authorizations.
f. This AC does not obligate the FAA to approve any data or perform any activities as specified within the referenced RTCA documents.
g. If you use the means in this AC as a means of compliance, you must follow it entirely.
Industry Documents To Support Aircraft Lightning Protection Certification
a. This advisory circular (AC) recognizes several SAE Aerospace Recommended Practices (ARPs) and European Organization for Civil Aviation Equipment (EUROCAE)documents as acceptable methods for showing compliance with airworthiness regulations. These industry documents provide guidance on aircraft lightning environment and test waveforms, aircraft lightning zoning, aircraft lightning test methods, and aircraft lightning direct effects.
b. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. It describes an acceptable means, but is not the only means, to help you to obtain certification for lightning protection.
Approved Model List Supplemental Type Certificate (AML-STC)
This advisorycircular(AC)providesguidelines and requirements to obtain approved model list (AML)supplemental typecertificate(STC). This ACis not mandatoryand does not constitutearegulation. It describes anacceptablemethod, but not theonlymethod to obtain an AML-STC. You mayusean alternatemethod ifyou establish that it adequatelymeets therequirements. However, ifyou usethis ACto obtain approval,you must comply with all ofits provisions.
Airworthiness Approval of Automatic Dependent Surveillance - Broadcast (ADS-B) Out Systems
This Advisory Circular (AC) provides guidance for the installation and airworthiness approval of Automatic Dependent Surveillance – Broadcast (ADS-B) Out systems in aircraft.
Guidelines for Design Approval of Aircraft Data Link Communication Systems Supporting Air Traffic Services (ATS)
This AC provides airworthiness requirements for aircraft with an installed data link system intended to support air traffic services. It identifies specific configurations of aircraft data link systems for applicants seeking approval for type certificates (TC) and supplemental type certificates (STC) in order to facilitate operational approvals. Appendix A of this AC provides a list of related documents. Appendix B of this AC contains a list of applicable acronyms.
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to gain airworthiness approval for your aircraft data link system equipment. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you should follow it in its entirety.
Flammability Testing of Aircraft Cabin Interior Panels After Alterations
This advisory circular (AC) describes acceptable methods to test aircraft cabin interior materials when new finishes are used on existing aircraft cabin interior panels, typically performed on supplemental type certificates (STC) or major alterations. This AC applies to materials for self-extinguishing flammability only. This AC does not apply to materials that must meet heat release or smoke emissions,standards established by Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 25, Amendment 25-61, and 14 CFR part 121, Amendment 121-289. We, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), have written this AC for applicants, offering several methods for demonstrating compliance that may be more cost-effective and less time-consuming than current methods.
Controls for Flight Deck Systems
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the installation and airworthiness approval of flight deck system control devices, from primarily a human factors perspective. It does not address primary flight controls, secondary flight controls, or controls that are not located in the flight deck. This AC addresses traditional dedicated controls such as physical switches and knobs, as well as multifunction controls such as touch screens and cursor control devices.
Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems
This advisory circular (AC) recognizes the Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) 4754A, Guidelines for Development of Civil Aircraft and Systems, dated December 21, 2010, as an acceptable method for establishing a development assurance process. SAE ARP 4754A discusses the development of aircraft and systems taking into account the overall aircraft operating environment and functions. This includes validation of requirements and verification of the design implementation for certification and process assurance.
Installation of Electronic Flight Bag Components
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance material on the installation of electronic flight bag (EFB) components including aircraft connectivity provisions. In it, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) describes certification considerations for individual EFB components and for installing EFB aircraft connectivity provisions by addressing the principal elements, or “components,” which comprise a typical EFB device or system.
This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) part 23, 25, 27, or 29. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it entirely. The term “must” is used to indicate mandatory requirements when following the guidance in this AC. The terms “should” and “recommend” are used when following the guidance is recommended but not required to comply with this AC.
Airworthiness Approval of Satellite Voice Equipment Supporting Air Traffic Service (ATS) Communication
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance on airworthiness approval for designers, manufacturers, and installers of satellite voice equipment supportingair traffic service (ATS). In this AC, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) recommends one way to gain airworthiness approval for satellite voice equipment. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to gain airworthiness approval for your satellite voice equipment. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in its entirety.
Propeller Vibration and Fatigue
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance and describes one method, but not the only method, for demonstrating compliance with §§ 23.907 and 25.907 of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) for the evaluation of vibratory stresses on propellers installed on airplanes. This evaluation uses fatigue and structural data obtained in accordance with 14 CFR part 35.
Alternatives to RTCA/DO-178B for Software in Airborne Systems and Equipment
On January 11,1993, we, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), published Advisory Circular (AC) 20-115B recognizing RTCA/DO-178B, Software Considerations in Airborne Systems and Equipment Certification, dated December 1, 1992, as a means, but not the only means, to seek FAA approval of airborne software. RTCA/DO-178B is recognized by industry and certification authorities as an accepted approach for assuring that software in airborne systems and equipment has been developed to meet the safety objectives of the regulations.
This AC identifies what you, as an applicant, will have to address and document when you propose an alternative approach to that defined in RTCA/DO-178B. This AC is intended to provide you, the applicant, with guidance on how to establish that your proposed alternative provides the same level of assurance as that provided in RTCA/DO-178B for airborne software. Your proposed alternative should be evaluated in conjunction with the certification process and applied to airborne systems and equipment (containing software) for which you are seeking FAA approval in order to obtain a Type Certificate, Supplemental Type Certificate, Amended Type Certificate, or Amended Supplemental Type Certificate.
Hand Fire Extinguishers for Use in Aircraft
This advisory circular (AC) gives you guidance for the fire-fighting effectiveness, selection and safe-use of hand fire extinguishers in airplanes and rotorcraft. In it we will also show you how to gain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval of hand fire extinguishers for aircraft.
Eligibility, Quality, & Identification of Aeronautical Replacement Parts
This advisory circular (AC) provides information and guidance for use in determining the quality, eligibility and traceability of aeronautical parts and materials intended for installation on U.S. type-certificated (TC) products and articles, and to enable compliance with the applicable regulations.
Integrated Modular Avionics Development. Verification, Integration and Approval using RTCA/DO-297 and Technical Standard Order C153
This advisory circular (AC) shows you how to obtain Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) airworthiness approval for the development, verification, and integration of an integrated modular avionics (IMA) system for installation into an aircraft or engine. We cite RTCA, Inc. document RTCA/DO-297, Integrated Modular Avionics (IMA) Development Guidance and Certification Considerations, dated November 8, 2005 and supplement it with this text. This AC also provides guidance on how to show compliance with Technical Standard Order (TSO)-C153, Integrated Modular Avionics Hardware Elements.
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it, we describe an acceptable means, though it is not the only means, to obtain FAA approval of IMA systems.
This AC uses the terminology “should” when discussing compliance to the AC itself, as the AC represents one, but not the only, method of complying with the regulations. This AC uses the term “must” when discussing compliance to the regulations, as compliance to a regulation is not optional. In these cases, the AC text supplies, in square brackets, a reference to the specific rule(s) being discussed.
Guidance for Certification of Military and Special Mission Modifications and Equipment for Commercial Derivative Aircraft (CDA)
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance for the certification of commercial derivative aircraft (CDA). CDA are aircraft that have been modified with specialized equipment to perform military and other non-civil missions. CDA are operated-by, or under the operational control of, governmental entities. With certain limited exceptions, they are operated as public aircraft. This advisory circular (AC) sets forth acceptable means, but not the only means, to show compliance to the provisions of Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR) parts 23, 25, 27, and 29 regarding type certification requirements for commercial derivative aircraft (CDA). This AC is presented as companion material to the procedures outlined in Order 8110.101, Type Certification Procedures for Military Commercial Derivative Aircraft.” The guidance provided in this AC is for use on certification projects for Military CDA. Certain provisions of this AC may also be applicable to certification projects for non-military CDA e.g., aircraft operated by state or local governments under public-use or aircraft owned by a foreign government.
Airworthiness and Operational Approval of Digital Flight Data Recorder Systems
This advisory circular (AC) provides guidance on compliance with the applicable Regulations for the airworthiness and operational approval for digital flight data recorder systems (DFDRS).
This advisory circular (AC) provides information on certification (design and installation) and continued airworthiness of digital flight data recorder systems (DFDRS). DFDRS provide information for an investigative authority—the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) in the United States—to conduct more thorough investigations of accidents and incidents. The data recorded is also used by operators to enable the prediction of trends that may be useful in determining modifications needed to avoid accidents and incidents.
This AC provides information to applicants for a supplemental type certificate (STC), and to individuals who are responsible for establishing and maintaining compliance under the operating rules for digital flight data recorders (DFDR). Aircraft manufacturers who intend to install DFDRs in newly manufactured aircraft could also use this information.
This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR).
Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment (CS&E)
This AC provides the primary certification guidance on how to meet the airworthiness requirements for installation of non-essential, non-required aircraft cabin systems & equipment (CS&E). We incorporate in this AC the guidance in RTCA, Inc. document RTCA/DO-313, Certification Guidance for Installation of Non-Essential, Non-Required Aircraft Cabin Systems & Equipment, dated October 2, 2008. We also clarify certain guidance in RTCA/DO-313. (See paragraph 6.)
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it we describe a means, though it is not the only means, for manufacturers and installers to show their equipment design and installation performs its intended function. If you use the means described in this AC, however, you should follow it in all respects.
Airworthiness Approval of Enhanced Vision System, Synthetic Vision System, Combined Vision System, and Enhanced Flight Vision System Equipment
a. In this advisory circular (AC), the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) provides guidance on airworthiness approval of enhanced vision system (EVS), synthetic vision system (SVS), combined vision system (CVS), and enhanced flight vision system (EFVS) equipment installation.
b. This AC provides specific system performance guidance on enhanced and synthetic vision systems and equipment. Other existing ACs address flight guidance symbology, head-up displays (HUD) and visual display characteristics (for example, AC 25-11A, Electronic Flight Deck Displays, and AC 25.1329-1B, Approval of Flight Guidance Systems). For a complete listing of related regulations and guidance, refer to appendix 9. This AC complements existing guidance.
c . In this AC, terrain awareness and warning system (TAWS) refers to a system used for fixed-wing aircraft and helicopter terrain awareness and warning system (HTAWS) refers to a system used for rotorcraft.
d. This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to install enhanced and synthetic vision technologies. However, if you use the means described in this AC, you must follow it in all aspects.
Issue Paper Process
a. This advisory circular (AC) provides information on the use of issue papers and gives you guidance on your role in describing and tracking the resolution of significant technical, regulatory, and administrative issues derived from the issue paper process. This document provides guidance to you relative to FAA Order 8110.112, Standardized Procedures for Usage of Issue Papers and Development of Equivalent Levels of Safety Memorandums.
b. This AC is not mandatory and is not a regulation. This AC describes an acceptable means, but not the only means, to comply with Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations (14 CFR). However, if you choose to use the means described in this AC follow it in its entirety.
Designing and Demonstrating Aircraft Tolerance to Portable Electronic Devices
This advisory circular (AC) identifies RTCA, Inc., document DO-307, Aircraft Design and Certification for Portable Electronic Device (PED) Tolerance, dated October 11, 2007, and RTCA/DO-307, Change 1, dated December 16, 2008, as an acceptable means for designing and demonstrating aircraft tolerance to potential electromagnetic interference from portable electronic devices (PEDs).
This AC is not mandatory and does not constitute a regulation. In it, we describe an acceptable means, though not the only means, to demonstrate aircraft tolerance to PEDs