Skip to page content
Official US Government Icon

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure Site Icon

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

The latest general information on the Coronavirus (COVID-19) is available on For FAA-specific COVID-19 resources, please visit
United States Department of TransportationUnited States Department of Transportation

International Affairs

The FAA welcomes international inquiries about its commercial space transportation regulations.

As the capabilities of the commercial space industry expands, regulators face new challenges to maintain public safety while enabling industry growth.

Since 1989, the FAA has licensed more than 400 commercial space launches and more than 25 commercial space reentries. The FAA also licenses the operation of spaceports (non-federal launch sites).

U.S. law and FAA regulations can serve as a framework for other countries to consider as they develop their own regulation of commercial space launches, reentries and spaceports. In addition, U.S. launch or reentry operators conducting space activities internationally may have to comply with host country regulations and licensing. As a result, there is the possibility of dual licensing requirements. A common regulatory foundation can increase interoperability between countries and decrease the potential for unnecessary duplication.

Under FAA regulations, any U.S. commercial space launch or reentry operator launching or reentering outside the United States is required to be licensed by the FAA. In addition, any non-U.S. commercial spacel launch and reentry vehicles operating in the United States must be licensed by the FAA.

For additional information about the FAA Commercial Space Transportation International Outreach program, contact:

Pam Underwood
Director, Office of Spaceports
FAA Office of Commercial Space Transportation (AST)
(321) 474-9570

John Sloan
Program Lead for International Outreach
FAA Office of Commercial Space Transportation (AST)
(202) 267-7989

International Memorandum of Cooperation

International Memorandum of Cooperation
Host Country MOC Link
Germany Memorandum of Cooperation — FAA and DLR, signed October 24, 2019 (PDF)
New Zealand Memorandum of Cooperation — FAA and New Zealand MBIE, signed February 27, 2018 (PDF)
United Arab Emirates Memorandum of Cooperation — FAA and United Arab Emirates signed November 13, 2017 (PDF)
Italy Memorandum of Cooperation — FAA and Italy ENAC signed June 30, 2016 (PDF)
Memorandum of Cooperation — FAA and Italy ENAC signed March 12, 2014 (PDF)
France Memorandum of Cooperation — FAA and France CNES signed June 16, 2015 (PDF)
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland Memorandum of Cooperation — FAA and United Kingdom, signed July 2014 (PDF)


Useful Links

Page last modified: